Keywords : cellulose

A study of some physical and chemical characteristics for compost of heterogeneous of cellulose during the fermentation period for mushroom cultivation of Agaricus bisporus

Moustafa N. Al-Heeti; I.A. Assaffii; Moufak M. Muslat

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 197-206

The study was conductedto prepare a compost in a favorable formola for white botton fungi to achieve the best results and to identify the most important masurments that must be taken into account when preparing the compost.
The results indicated that the highest temperature during fermentation period was obtaind in the mixture compost (50% wheat straw with 50% reed straw) inoculated with Streptomyces O3 which was reached 32 degree centigrade on the seventh day after the fermentation start. Fermentation period and temperatures were inversely related for all the treatments, and ammonia smell disappeared from wheat straw compost after 30 days after the fermentation start. However ammonia smell continued to 41 days in the mixture compost. Wheat straw compost recorded the highest electric conductivity and total dissolved salts which were 21.30 Ms / cm ; 10.76 g / liter respectively. On the other hand the concentration of hydrogen ion in all composts were between 7.79-8.14 pH.