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Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences (AJAS) is a Journal of Scientific Research on Agricultural Sciences published by the University Of Anbar - College Of Agriculture since 2003 under the license of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY). The journal publishes twice a year (June and December). AJAS aims to disseminate distinguished scientific research to various fields of agricultural sciences. We invite original work and research in various fields of agricultural sciences and related papers, reviews and short communications of content related to agriculture written in Arabic...
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EFFECT OF MELATONIN IMPLANTS AND NUTRITIONAL RESTRICTION ON SOME BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF LOCAL MALE LAMBS

B. N. R. Al-Obeidi; A. Mansoor

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2022, Volume 20, Issue 1, Pages 1-11
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2022.174994

This experiment was conducted in the sheep farm of Department of Animal Production, College of Agriculture, University of Anbar, during the period of 17/10/2021 to 9/1/2022. Sixteen local male lambs were chosen between 5-6 months of age and 35.31 ± 3.72 kg of average body weight. The aim of the experiment was to determine the effect of melatonin implants and nutritional restriction on some blood biochemical parameters of local male lambs. The experimental period lasted for 69 days, the experiment involved two phases, feed restriction phase (42 days), and realimentation phase (27 days). Lambs were randomly distributed into four equal groups with four lambs of each. During the restriction phase, first group (T1) was used as a control and feed ad libitum. The second group (T2) was feed ad libitum and treated with two implants of melatonin (36mg) subcutaneously at the base of the ear. The third group (T3) was feed restriction 75% of ad libitum intake. The fourth group (T4) was feed restriction 75% of ad libitum intake and treated with two implants of melatonin subcutaneously at the base of the ear. Blood samples were collected from all treated groups at day 0, 42 and 69 for the measurement the level of glucose, total protein, triglyceride, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the plasma. The results restricted feeding, with or without melatonin, did not affect significantly on blood biochemical parameters, while it was observed that the restricted feeding with or without melatonin significantly reduced the level of malondialdehyde. It was concluded from this experiment that feeding local male lambs at a level of 75% of ad libitum  with or without melatonin implants for 42 days followed by realimentation for 27 days improved oxidative status in male lambs.

EFFECT OF ADDING VITAMIN D3 AND VARIOUS PARTICLE SIZE OF OYSTER SHELL TO DIETS IN CALCIUM AND VITAMIN D3 CONCENTRATION, EGG SHELL AND BONE BREAKING FORCE IN LAYING HENS

A. M. Rashed; A. A. Yousif

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2022, Volume 20, Issue 1, Pages 12-21
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2022.174995

This study was conducted in the poultry farm belong to Department of Animal Production at College of Agriculture, University of Anbar, from 20/7/2021 to 15/10/2021, to show the role of vitamin D3 and multi particle size of oyster shells to providing the needed calcium for laying hens in order to manufacture the eggshell throughout the hours of the day and its impact on shell quality and bone health.one hundred-eight Lohman Brown laying hens, 43 weeks of age, were distributed randomly to nine treatments, four replicates for each treatment and three hens for each replicate. The experimental treatments were as follows: T1/ control diet without any additives, T2/ calcium source 50% limestone + 50% oyster shell size less than 1 mm + vitamin D3 4000 IU kg-1, T3/ calcium source 50% limestone +50% oyster shell size 1-2 mm + vitamin D3 4000 IU kg-1, T4/ calcium source 50% limestone + 50% oyster shell size 2-3 mm + vitamin D3 4000 IU kg-1, T5/ calcium source 50% Limestone + 50% oyster shell size 3–5 mm + Vitamin D3 4000 IU kg-1, T6/ Calcium source 50% limestone + 50% oyster shell size less than 1 mm + Vitamin D3 8000 IU kg-1, T7 / Calcium source 50% limestone + 50% oyster shell 1-2 mm +Vitamin D3 8000 IU kg-1, T8 Calcium source 50% limestone + 50% oyster shell 2-3 mm + Vitamin D3 8000 IU kg-1, T9/ Calcium source 50% limestone +50% oyster shell size 3-5mm + Vitamin D3 8000 IU kg-1. The results showed a significant increase (P≤0.05) in levels of calcium in blood plasma for fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth treatments. The results indicated a Significant increase (P≤0.05) in level of vitamin D3 in blood plasma for the sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth treatments. The results showed a significant increase (P≤0.05) in tibia bone breaking strength and Calcium content in tibia bone for the sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth treatments. The results of eggshell breaking force trait indicated significant increase (P≤0.05) for fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth treatments.

The Study of Selenium’s effect on Histological Structure in Guinea Pigs

Hassan A. M

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 258-269

Tissue sections under light microscope shows differences in the effect selenium on the liver. A wide range of precipitates for mineral was detected in the cells. Some effects with abnormal architecture, irregular nuclear membrane and abnormal mitochondria were detected under electron microscopy in the S1 group. This electron microscope picture was more intensified in S2 group. Some cells looked with a cancer cell appearance.

The influence of host plant on the efficacy of the growth regulator Applaud and the parasitoid Diaeretiella rapae (Mcintosh) for the control of green peach aphid Myzus percicae Sulz. in the field

A. A. Ali

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 205-216

Field experiments were undertaken to evaluate the influence of eggplant, tomato and pepper, as a host plants, on the efficacy of the growth regulator Applaud and the parasitoid Diaeretiella rapae (Mcintosh) against the green peach aphid Myzus persicae Sulz. Results indicated that both the growth regulator and the parasitoid were more effective when used on eggplant than on tomato or pepper plants. Aphid insects disappeared from the plants after four weeks of treatment when the parasitoid and the growth regulator were used together. However, the general means were 30.2 and 33.6 insect/plant for Applaud and applaud with the parasitoid treatments respectively .The general mean of the parasitoid treatment alone was 50.4 insect/ plant while it was 114.7 insects/ plant in the control treatment. Result also indicated that the parasitoid was more effective on pepper plants than on eggplant and tomato. Mean of insects was 46.5 insects/ plant while it was 37.8/ plant for applaud and the parasitoid treatment. Results have also indicated that parasitoid emerged from aphid treated with applaud were less effective against aphid than the normal individuals. Percent parasitism was 81.5 and 48.0% for normal and Applaud treated parasitoid. Therefore the application of the growth regulator should be considered with minimum dosage in order to help in conserving the parasitoid and may be other natural enemies which will contribute in achieving an effective and safe integrated control practice against this pest in the field.

Evaluation of two methods, the direct method and sweeping– net for sampling of some arthropoda insects associated with foliage of some cotton varieties

Intisar M. Amen Al-Jboory; Hasnawy; Musa M. Al; Hameed H. Al; Karboli

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 207-214

Afield experiment was conducted at the field of the College of Agriculture, Abu-Ghraib, Baghdad to evaluate the efficacy of two sampling methods, the direct method and the sweeping – net , to estimate the population density of some insects and mites associated with the foliage of three cotton varieties (Abu-Ghraib , Daes and Ashur). A sampling program on a regular basis has been developed during the season. Results showed clear differences in the types and numbers of insects collected in every method way. The main species collected by the two methods were: the whitefly, Bemesia tabaci, leaf hopper, Asymmetrasca decedents and cotton thrips, Thrips tabaci. There were no significant differences in the numbers of the whitefly for the three varieties by the direct method which amounted to (3.89, 4.39, 4.09) individual/ 5 leaves respectively, while there were significant differences when using the sweep– net, in which the highest numbers was recorded on Daes (6.05/ 5 leaves), which/ differed significantly from the numbers on the varieties Ashur and Abu-Ghraib (11.7 and 13.00)/ 5 leaves respectively. There were no significant differences in the numbers of leaf hopper, A. decedents and cotton thrips T. tabaci colleted in every way for the three varieties. The leaf hopper numbers ranged between 15.39 to 16.19/ 5 leaves by the direct method and 1.80 to 1.39/ 10 sweep-net, while thrips numbers ranged between 1.29 to 1.39/ 5 leaves and, 1.19 to 1.42/ 10 sweep– net. In addition to the main insects species collected above, other species collected by the sweep– net alone included: the cotton seed bug, Oxycarenus hyalipennis, bud and flower bug, Crenotides pallidus (Rambur). Among insect predators collected both methods on all varieties the ladybird, Coccinella septumpuntata L., the ladybird with 11– spots, C. undecimpuntata L., numbers of the last species have been higher on Abu– Ghraib variety (1.32/ 5 leaves), compared 0.89 and 0.99/ 5 leaves for the varieties Daes and Ashur respectively. The anthocorid bug, Orius albidipennis (Reuter) numbers were higher on the variety Ashur (1.06/ 5 leaves), compared with (0.79, 0.89)/ 5 leaves on the varieties Abu-Ghraib and Daes, respectively. Numbers of syrphid fly was relatively similar on all varieties and ranged between (2.18– 2.39)/ 5 leaves. The, aphid lion, Chrysoperla sp. and Scymnus sp. Were collected in low numbers from the varieties by the sweeping– net. The possibility of benefit from the use of the two sampling methods for detecting the presence of insect pests and their predators and to assess vital numerical density in cotton fields also discussed.

The effect of using eshnan (Seidlitzia rosmarinus) and some biological treatments to reduce Mycotoxin effects (aflatoxin B1) in the performance of broiler breeder (Ross 308)

Adil. A. Yousif; Walled. E. Kurdi Al-Jugifi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 96-111
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2015.120009

Abstract
This study conducted in the field of animal resource department / College of Agriculture/ University of Anbar from 17/1/2013 till 3/7/2013. Two hundred ten female breeders (Ross 308) used in the study from the age of 27 weeks to 50 weeks (168 days) divided into seven treatments with six replicate and six birds with each replicate. The birds were reared in cages the artificial insemination had been done twice weekly. The meal and the female were fed separately. The Experimental treatments were T1 / control ration without any addition, T2/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed, T3/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1 /kg feed + 2% eshnan, T4/ ration contaminated by 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1 /kg feed + 4% eshnan, T5/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed + 2 kg probiotic / ton fodder, T6/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed + 50% probiotic fermentation daily and T7/ ration contaminated 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1 /kg feed + 1 kg yeast / ton feed. The results showed the following:
1- The treatments of fermentation 50% proportion were recorded the best result it in the percentage of eggs' production eroding to the HH% and HD,HH and the cumulative egg mass gm/egg/hen/168 days and with significant difference with the result of aflatoxin treatments but without significant 4% and the yeast.
2- There was an obvious improvement in all the herbal and biological treatments used in the experiment in accumulative feed conversion factor (g. feed / g. eggs) and (g. feed / egg) in comparison with aflatoxin treatment and without difference with the control feed one.
3- There was a significant reduction (P> 0.05) in fertility eggs number and in the accumulation chick's number for every hen in the first hatch in aflatoxin treatment and recorded 7.30, 9.65 consecutively. Yeast treatment showed significant improvement with (P> 0.05) in that trait criterion with 15.74, 17.67 fertility egg/hen chicks consecutively. However, yeast treatment recorded worst results in the second hatch whereas it significant recurred in the number of fertility eggs, the number of accumulation chicks for every hen in 28 days in comparison with the control and eshnan 4% and the result of aflatoxin treatment reveled no significant reduction in accumulation chicks number and the number of fertility eggs reduced with hen in comparison with central. The treatment of yeast and eshnan reveled arithmetic improvement in those traits

Effect of container , medium weight , and moisture content on aflatoxin B1 production on rice

Salim H. S. AL-warshan; O. N. AL- Hadethy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2012, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 11-17

Laboratory experiment was carried out to evaluate three kinds of media containers for aflatoxin B1 production on rice . One liter volume flasks , one kilogram silicon bag, and 25 Cm wide ,5Cm high Petri dish ,with three media weight , 50 , 150 and 250 gram / container at three moisture content , 18% , 20% , 22%. Results showed highly significant differences ( P< 0.01 ) in amount of aflatoxin B1 concentrations between treatments , and the Petri dish was superior among treatments followed by flask while silicon bag resulted in the least of aflatoxin production at 18% of moister content for all used weights . The results also showed adverse effects of increased weight and moisture content of culture media on fungal growth and inhibition of toxin production in all treatments .

The Study of Selenium’s effect on Histological Structure in Guinea Pigs

Hassan A. M

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 258-269

Tissue sections under light microscope shows differences in the effect selenium on the liver. A wide range of precipitates for mineral was detected in the cells. Some effects with abnormal architecture, irregular nuclear membrane and abnormal mitochondria were detected under electron microscopy in the S1 group. This electron microscope picture was more intensified in S2 group. Some cells looked with a cancer cell appearance.

Effect of sowing date in growth characteristics for several cultivars of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)

B. H. A. Al-Solagh

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 97-109

A field experiment has been fulfilled in sandy - clay texture soil in Al-Jazira region in Al-Khalidia town in Al-Anbar province during summer season of 2000 ac. To study the effect of sowing dates (1st may, 15th may, 1st June and 15th June) in growth characteristics of four cultivars from sesame (Al-Mahali, Ishtar, Babel and Rafadeen) and determine the best cultivar and date of sowing given the best growth for sesame under the climate of Al-Anbar governorate. The factorial experiment has been used according to random complete block design (R.C.B.D.) with three replicate. The following were obtained results:
The cultivars different significantly in growth characters, the derivative cultivars especially Ishtar are earlier in duration (period) of maturity (ripening) and mean 15.64 day compared with Al-mahali cultivar whose overcame on them in stem diameter (1.36 cm), number of branches per plant (4.10 branch) dry weight of plant (16.83 g / plant). while Ishtar and Babel are overcame in shortest of stem height from ground (earth) until the beginning of branching (12.54 , 13.12) cm. The last cultivar also overcame in high mean of plant height (149.13 cm) as compared with other varieties.
There was a significant effect for sowing dates in most growth characters. The plants which are planted at 1st may recorded a high mean for dry weight of plant (15 g / plant) and number of day from sowing to ripening (150.82 day) compared which are planted in 15th June which earlier in ripening (110 day) and overcame in stem diameter (1.27 cm), while the plants are sowing in 1st June recorded a high mean of plant height (153.35 cm). the dates of sowing not effect significantly in the stem long from earth surface until beginning of branching and number of branches / plant.
The interaction between sowing dates and cultivars had significant effect in all growth characters except number of branch / plant. The local cultivar that sowing in 1st June gave a highest mean of plant height (182.15 cm), stem diameter (1.58 cm) and plant dry weight (27.75 g / plant). The Ishtar cultivar that sowing in the same date also recorded a less distance to beginning of branches (9.83 cm) and earlier in ripening when sowing in 15st June (104.66 day) as compared with other treatments especially with local cultivar that planting in 1st may (164.66 day).

The effect of dietary supplementation with locally prepared probiotic and imported product (Biotronic SE) on laying Performance diets contain diffirent levels of barley

M .A. Al-Noori; H. L. Sadik; M. F. Abdul Ghani

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 183-193

This experiment was conducted in Therthar poultry fields of the animal's product Theraar company. The effect of adding local probiotic and the imported Biotronuc SE to the feed was studied with different levels of barley on productive traits of laying hens at 21 weeks upto 40 weeks of age. Two hundred and fourty three laying hens at 21 weeks of age distributed on 9 treatments with three replicates for each treatment. The local probiotic was used at a level of 5 kg / ton fed with 3 levels of barley 12, 22 and 32 % of diet. The Biotronic SE was used at a level of 2 kg / ton fed with the presence of 3 levels of barley 12, 22 and 32 of the diet and 3 levels of barley 12 , 22 and 32% of the diet without any additive. Using 5 kg/ ton local probiotic and 2 kg / ton Biotronic SE in this experiment according to the manufacturing company of these products. The results of this experiment showed significant reduction (P < 0.01) in egg production rate , accumulative egg per hen, feed conversion coefficient, feed intake, egg mass and accumulative egg weight with increasing the level of barley in the die. whereas, treatments of adding Biotronic SE and local probiotic with different levels of barley were improved significantly (P < 0.01) as compared with treatments contained the same levels of barley without any additives in productive traits of laying hens. Morever, Biotronic SE treatments were significantly improved over local probiotic treatments with these levels of barley 22 and 32% of the diet in productive traits of laying hens. Morever, local probiotic treatments were significantly improved over Biotronic SE treatments with the level of 12% barley of the diat.

Effect of foliar application of Boron and magnetized water on flowering and tuberous root characters of Dahlia variabilis and Ranunculus asiaticus

Sami K. M. Ameen

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 262-272

This study was carried out from March/2005 to March/2007 to investigate the effect of Boron concentrations and magnetized water in flowering and tuberous roots production of Dahlia and Ranunculus. Plants were irrigated by either Tap water or magnetized water. Boron Concentrations tested were (0, 29.5, 59.0, 88.5) mg/ L.

البحث مستل من رسالة ماجستیر للباحثة الثانیة
Boron concentrations were improved most flowering and tuberous root characteristics. Dahlia plants, Boron levels fastened flowering date and enhanced no. and diameter of flowers; length and diameter of flowering stem; vase life; fresh weight of flowers and length and diameter of tuberous roots (188 days; 5.29 flower/plants; 6.57 cm; 24.04 cm; 2.76 mm; 9 days; 9.53 gm; 5.96 and 3.53 cm) respectively. Ranunculus plants, Boron levels increased no. and diameter of flowers; length and diameter of flowering stem; fresh and dry weight of flowers and length and diameter of tuberous roots (3.08 flowers/ plants; 6.18 cm; 29.38 cm; 3.01 mm; 2.43 gm; 0.39 gm; 2.32 cm and 3.24 cm) respectively.
Flowering characters were improved by using magnetic water as well. Watering Dahlia plants by magnetized water increased no. and diameter of flowers; length and diameter of flowering stems and no.; length and diameter of tuberous roots. (5 flowers/plants; 6.93 cm; 23.38 cm; 2.76 mm; 11.54 root/plant; 5.66 cm and 3.25 cm) respectively. In addition, flowering characters of Ranunculs plants were enhanced. Number and diameter of flowers; length and diameter of flowering stems; vase life and length and diameter of tuberous root were increased (3.15 flowers/plant; 4.97 cm; 28 cm; 3.11 mm 10 days; 2.84 cm and 2.28 cm).

Evaluation of two methods, the direct method and sweeping– net for sampling of some arthropoda insects associated with foliage of some cotton varieties

Intisar M. Amen Al-Jboory; Hasnawy; Musa M. Al; Hameed H. Al; Karboli

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 207-214

Afield experiment was conducted at the field of the College of Agriculture, Abu-Ghraib, Baghdad to evaluate the efficacy of two sampling methods, the direct method and the sweeping – net , to estimate the population density of some insects and mites associated with the foliage of three cotton varieties (Abu-Ghraib , Daes and Ashur). A sampling program on a regular basis has been developed during the season. Results showed clear differences in the types and numbers of insects collected in every method way. The main species collected by the two methods were: the whitefly, Bemesia tabaci, leaf hopper, Asymmetrasca decedents and cotton thrips, Thrips tabaci. There were no significant differences in the numbers of the whitefly for the three varieties by the direct method which amounted to (3.89, 4.39, 4.09) individual/ 5 leaves respectively, while there were significant differences when using the sweep– net, in which the highest numbers was recorded on Daes (6.05/ 5 leaves), which/ differed significantly from the numbers on the varieties Ashur and Abu-Ghraib (11.7 and 13.00)/ 5 leaves respectively. There were no significant differences in the numbers of leaf hopper, A. decedents and cotton thrips T. tabaci colleted in every way for the three varieties. The leaf hopper numbers ranged between 15.39 to 16.19/ 5 leaves by the direct method and 1.80 to 1.39/ 10 sweep-net, while thrips numbers ranged between 1.29 to 1.39/ 5 leaves and, 1.19 to 1.42/ 10 sweep– net. In addition to the main insects species collected above, other species collected by the sweep– net alone included: the cotton seed bug, Oxycarenus hyalipennis, bud and flower bug, Crenotides pallidus (Rambur). Among insect predators collected both methods on all varieties the ladybird, Coccinella septumpuntata L., the ladybird with 11– spots, C. undecimpuntata L., numbers of the last species have been higher on Abu– Ghraib variety (1.32/ 5 leaves), compared 0.89 and 0.99/ 5 leaves for the varieties Daes and Ashur respectively. The anthocorid bug, Orius albidipennis (Reuter) numbers were higher on the variety Ashur (1.06/ 5 leaves), compared with (0.79, 0.89)/ 5 leaves on the varieties Abu-Ghraib and Daes, respectively. Numbers of syrphid fly was relatively similar on all varieties and ranged between (2.18– 2.39)/ 5 leaves. The, aphid lion, Chrysoperla sp. and Scymnus sp. Were collected in low numbers from the varieties by the sweeping– net. The possibility of benefit from the use of the two sampling methods for detecting the presence of insect pests and their predators and to assess vital numerical density in cotton fields also discussed.

Publisher: University of Anbar

Email:  ajas@uoanbar.edu.iq

Editor-in-chief: Prof. Dr. Thafer Thabit Mohammed

Managing Editor: Assist. Prof. Dr. Salwan Mahmood Abdulateef

Print ISSN: 1992-7479

Online ISSN: 2617-6211

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