Keywords : economic

Measurement of technical and economic efficiency and determine the economic size of wheat farms in Erbil using the data envelope analysis method (dea) in agricultural season 2014-2015

Sura Abbas jasim; Imad Ammar Al-Snbll

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2017, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 244-256
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2017.129089

This research have its importance from the strategic importance of wheat, And that different cases of area for wheat farms reflects on the economic and technical efficiency, As the area impact on production costs with respect to the use of machinery work upon which mainly in rain-fed agriculture in Erbil research topic, And research assumes the existence of at least one class of area is characterized by a high level of total efficiency estimated for the other classes , So was the study of the economic efficiency of utilization of resources as one of the goals of the economic systems to improve the economic performance of farms, In order to determine the optimal farm size within the category achieved the optimum size of the use of resources, Use the envelope method of data analysis (Data Envelopment Analysis) (DEA), Data was collected by the questionnaire and personal interviews to farmers in the sample of 222 farm is divided into five categories according to farm size , And use trends in the analysis of this data type style, first trend is using a method (DEA) on according to variable returns to scale (Variable Return to Scale) (VRS), and according to the constant of returns to scale (CRS), (Constant Return to Scale, The research concluded that where the greater size of the area categories decrease the losing in the of productive resources clearly, which goes with what came in economic theory for it with increased production volume increases the marginal productivity of land unity, Taking that pattern in wheat farmer in Erbil is the pattern of the family farm, which takes into consideration not to break up large areas, especially among members of one family to achieve economic efficiency and technical exploitation of the productive resources, especially with regard to the machinery and agricultural machinery.

Economic analysis of production function broilers productions in Anbar province, the 2014

Mishaal Abid Khalaf; Sahar Mohmad Shartoh

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 319-328

The production of broiler chickens is of great importance and back its importance to the high yield and the speed of capital, As a result of the increasing demand for pottery meat with low volume of production it was necessary to study the reality of the production of broiler chickens and estimate the production functions in order to determine the efficiency of the use of production elements and the study belong to a sample from a breeder broiler chickens in Anbar province. It emerged from the results of the study that the production function of the type of cup dokas passed the standard statistical and economic tests, and found that the sum of the elasticities of elements equal to (0.651) which suggests that producers are working in stages economies of scale.

The Effect of War on the Social Aspect Under Economic Development in Iraq

Hameed Rasheed al-Dulaimi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2006, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 294-307

Experiment in the developing countries have shown that economic development alone is not enough as ultimate goal for development. This goal must go hand in hand with other goals planned for national development so as to lead to decreasing poverty and increasing the fair distribution of national income as well as providing the basic elements of life.
The present paper explores two objectives; the first the extent of development in the social aspect and standards of living in Iraq since 1970 till 1985. The second objective explores the characteristics of war and its consequences on the social and living standards of the population.
The researcher has used “Standard Digits Method” due to its reliability and coherence to measure the social and living standards. These periods within the temporal sequence from 1970 - to - 1985 have been identified. It has been found that indicators in the south region in 1985 are generally less in comparison with other regions in Iraq. This can be attributed to the fact that these regions suffered greatly from war in comparison with other regions.
Samples estimating the relationship between standards of living and investment expenditures and war show that each general standard of living and the economic and social aspects depend significantly on investment expenditures achieved before the war.