Issue 2

Evaluation of aggregate stability of some Iraqi western desert soils 2- Relationship between mean weight diameter and some soil properties

Wathib Sh. Sh. Alnuaymy Isam K. H. Alhdithi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 1-18

Soil samples were collected during the season of summer of 2011, from different locations of unused soil, in the western Iraqi desert. Soil samples conducted analyzes of soil taken from the horizons of the soil to investigating the depth of 30 cm. Soil sample passed through 8 and 4 mm sieves respectively, with natural moisture then air dried, took the soil aggregate on the sieve of 4 mm for the purpose of estimate the mean weight diameter(MWD).
The results showed that the MWD Scattered with the soil characteristics, and shows the regression analysis that the characteristics of the soil in general do not give a significant correlation for each properties individually with MWD. The correlation is significant exponential decrease with the clay percentage when pre-wetting samples by flood with r2 equal 0.31, and logarithmic decrease with pre-wetting by steam and under 10 cm tension with r2 about 0.35 and 0, 18. Significant exponential increase to MWD with increasing the percentage of gypsum in soil sizes 0.25 – 0.5, but increase with power function with r2 0.47 for size less than 2 mm.
MWD was increased with increasing soil gypsum content, with exponential relations, for particles size less than 0.25 mm with r2 around 0.51. The overlap, shows that the values of the r2 increase with 0.30, 0.27 and 0.20 for group soil separate and groups the physical and chemical properties respectively, to 0.65 when overlapping groups properties as average for all pre-wetted method, and gave the groups overlap ratios of lime, gypsum and organic matter r2 equal to 1.00, as well as when overlapping each studied properties, with different input regression analysis.

Detection agriculture land degradation west Falluja project using remote sensing data

M.K. AlM. K. Al-Rawi; S.M. AlS. M. Al-Juraysi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 19-29

The study area is located in Iraqi Mesopotamain plain in the Western of Falluja city between longitude 43 36 to 43 50 East and latitude 33 16 to 33 38 North. Assessing the plant cover degradation and related it to soil salinity. Three landsat7 image were taken by (ETM+) during 2003, and 2008, and 2012. NDVI Index and Four type of Salinity indices were used in this study. The study included some representative pedon and located using GPS during fieldwork. The samples were brought to the lab to measurement of EC and ESP. The results indicated that the bare soil has created an average about (121.18 ha./year) nearly 1.5% at year, and the correlation between the NDVI and Salinity indices(SI1,SI4)were(-0.58),(-0.79) respectively, and the correlation between EC and salinity indices (SI1,SI4) showed highest correlation (0.38,0.35) respectively

Evaluate several types of soils casing prepared locally in the production of mushroom Agaricusbisporus

H. A. Abdulkareem; B. Hasan; Idham A.A

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 30-42

Carried out research in the production unit of the pilot project for the cultivation of mushrooms / College of Agriculture / University of Tikrit, used the isolation of A. bisporus mushroom food, a strain of fungus A.bisporus B62 Dutch origin were also used bacterial isolation P. putida, To inoculated casing layer that attended, including 12 treatment of soils casing included , soil casing Top Terra Dutch origin (T1) and soil casingPettmos German origin type SAB Substrate 1 (T2) and soil casing of local (a mixture of sand with Pettmos ratio of 1: 1) (T3) and 9 mixtures of different proportions of them with the use of ratios of Vermiculite and Hematite.Used the above mixture with or without the inoculate bacterial P. putida to become the number of treatment 24 treated with three replications to become the number of units and 72 experimental pilot unit.And used a design by CRD system two study its role the production A. bisporus and evolution the spent as biofertilizer.The most important results: Treatment T1 increased the highest production rate amounted to 21.48 kg m-2 and recorded the transaction T2 lower rate of total production amounted to 14.04 kg m-2 and gave interaction withcasing soil inoculum and the highest production with T1 treatment with inoculum amounted to 22.66 kg m-2 better efficiency biological achieved 61.68% with the use of a inoculum, and has interaction withinoculum and better biological efficiency rate of 75.54% with T1 treatment using inoculum.The impact of the use of the inoculum in reducing the percentage of C / N in the middle reached 16.89 and nitrogen by 1.61% and outperformed T11 registered ratio C / N 16.46 and nitrogen ratio of 1.63%. And found to interaction with the inoculum treatment T5 best ratio C / N reached 16.32. Showed treatment T11 significant effect on the rate of the values of conductivity electrical amid depleted as it reached 8.22 DS m-1, and gave the overlap between the treatment T8 and the inoculumsignificantly affected, amounting to 8.69 Dessie Siemens m-1 8 and had no significant effect for treatment of T3 in pH values reaching the highest rate of 7.24. And decreased to reach 6.06 with treatment T8, and gave the interaction between T3 treatment and inoculum significant effect reaching the highest rate of 7.90.increased use of the inoculum proportion of phosphorus in the middle reaches 0.54%, and T4 treatment showed the highest rate of 0.40%, and was found to interaction with the inoculum T4 treatment significantly affected 0.52%. It also gave the treated soil coverage T12 significant effect to the middle of the potassium content 1.56% and gave the T12 overlap with the moral influence of the inoculum to reach 1.61%, the highest recorded transaction T6 significant effect on the rate of iron 0.442 mg L-1. T12 showed treatment had no significant effect in the middle depleted content of manganese and recorded a rate of 2.56 mg L-1,And gave interaction treatment T12 and the inoculum significant effect was 2.56 mg L-1. Showed treatment T6 significant effect on the rate of zinc amounted to 0.083 mg L-1, and found to interaction treatment T7 and inoculum significant effect amounted to 0.085 mg L-1 . significant effect of the use of the inoculums in the rate of content center depleted of copper, which reached 0.036 mg to Tr-1, T8 treatment also showed a significant effect amounted to 0.045 mg l -1 also gave interaction T8 treatment and inoculum significant effect amounted to 0.045 mg l -1

Effect of Sterilization methods and Replication in the Microbial community and the Growth of the Soybean plant Glycine max L. in the Gypsum soil

Abedul Kareem Erabi; Shaimaa abd mohhamed ali

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 43-49

Pots experiment was conducted to study the effect of sterilization methods and resterilization on the microbial community and numbers and the growth of soybean plant characteristics, The results indicated that the effect of sterilization methods and replicated were significant on the number of bacteria and fungi , and on growth characteristics of soybean plant , the number of bacteria and fungi were decrease significantly before and after the sowing by the effect of Autoclave and formalin sterilization in compare with non sterilized treatment , the two time of sterilization cause additional significant decreas , the lowest number recorded at replicated formalin treatment ,The percentage of mycorrhizal infection was decrease significantly by sterilization , the replicated cause additional decrease , the mycorrhizal infection decrease significantly at formalin sterilization in compare with autoclave , the replicated formaline treatment gave the lowest value , this treatment dry soil compare with 1-CFU gm 51 x 10 whichthe number of bacteria and fungi gavefor fungi 510 x 10d for bacteria an 5sterilization treatment which gave 44 x 10 nonrespectively , as well as the mycorrhizal infection percentage of replicated formalin treatment was 20% in compared with 71.60 , 51.66 ,35 and 31.66% for control , Autoclave for one time , Autoclave replicated and formalin fore one time respectively .Also the results showed that sterilization with Autoclave and formalin cause significant decrease in germination percentage, height of soybean plant and the dry weight of shoot and root part in compare with non sterilized treatment , the results indicated that the growth characteristics value of Autoclave treatment was higher than formaline treatment , the formaline replicated treatment gave the lowest value of germination percentage hight plant , shoot and root dry weight .

Effect of bio-fertilizer with phosphate Solubilizing Actinomycetes on the growth of wheat

Hussein A. Faraj

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 50-62

A pot factorial experiment was conducted at the lath – house at the College of Agriculture University of Baghdad during 2011-2012. Under RCBD. The experiment included 36 experimental units of a combination of bacterial bio-fertilization (Actinomycetes) with using two treatments (inoculation and non- inoculation), three levels of Compost cows manure (C1,C2,C3) and R1 that equivalent to a total rock phosphate fertilizers recommendation and R2 that equivalents to double of the fertilizers recommendation, in three replicates
Results showed that there was a significant increase in plants shoots dry weight, which reached 8.12 gm.plant-1 with treated R2C20A+ to compare with non- inoculation R2C20A- Which gave 6.44 gm.plant-1, and yield grains weight which gave 4.99 gm.plant-1 with treated R2C20A+ compare with non- inoculation R2C20A- 4.53 gm.plant-1, and concentration of nutrients (N,P,K), (Fe ,Mn) addition bio-fertilizer with compost and Rock phosphate increased significantly to gave high values 0.77%,0.25%,1.31%,442 mg.g plant-1 and 123.5 mg.g plant-1, for nutrients N,P,K,Fe and Mn respectively .

Use of some methods in the removal of hydrogen sulfide from sulfide water and used it for irrigation of barley crop

Akram A. Alhadethi Saddam H. Alrawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 63-74

Laboratory experiment was carried out in the laboratories of the college of Agriculture, University of Anbar to study the properties of sulfide water and processing methods for the disposal of hydrogen sulfide, which is toxic to humans, animals and plants alike. A treatments using were aeration, activated carbon, bentonite clay, nitric acid, hydrogen peroxide and manganese oxide, has been compared to the results of the processors in terms of rates of removal of hydrogen sulfide. The field experiment of the barley crop irrigated with water treated in various methods and untreated sulfide water compared with of the Euphrates River water and drainage water with electrical conductivity equal to the electrical conductivity of untreated sulfide water. The results showed that the best treatment for the removal of hydrogen sulfide are using nitric acid by removing 88%, followed by hydrogen peroxide treatment, removal by 77% and the least of which is the removal of treatment and ventilation by removing 40%. The results showed that more methods reduction of potential salinity was nitric acid is then followed by ventilation. All methods treatment led to an increase in dry weight and grain yield of barley crop compared with the weight of untreated sulfide water, but the increase was not significant for the treatment of bentonite and activated carbon while there is a significant increase for nitric acid, hydrogen peroxide and chlorine treatments

Effect of different quality of ground water in Rutba City on growth and uptake of some nutrient elements of corn.

Noori Hamd Arzaik

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 75-80

This study was carried out in a plastic pots to show the effect of five typs of ground water in Rutba City in growth and nutrient contents of corn (Zeamays L.) the electric conductivity of water was 1.09,2.4 , 3.5 , 4.6 , 6.2 ds-m-1 respectively. ineach pot add 5Kg of silty loam soil was with 200 Kg N.h-1 Urea and 120Kg P2O5.h-1 Super phosphate and 60 Kg K2O.h-1 Potassium
Sulphate as Fertilizer. Complete Randomized design (CRD) was Used with Four replicates . The Corn Plants were harvested in the Flowering Stage after Plants heights were measured .weight of dry matter of vegetative parts and roots were calculated . The Uptake of Ca, Mg, N, P, K, Na also estimated-The results Showed:
1. Significant decrease in the plant Length , dry weight of the vegetative and roots with increase of water Salinity For each treatment except the Second treatment So we recommend to use the Second treatment in Case of Fresh water shortage .
2. Significant in Crease in the Uptake of Ca, Mg , P and Non-Significantincrease in Uptake K, Na and Significant decrease of N with the in Crease of water Salinity.

Response of two Wheat Cultivars ( Ipa 99 and Dor 29) to Spray by Iron and Zinc

Jawad Taha Mhmood; Hameed Kalf Al Salmani; Mohammed Sallal AL. Temmi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 81-89

To study the effect of spraying concentrations of Iron and Zinc on some yield components of two varieties of wheat ( Ipa 99 and Dor 29). Factoral Field experiment was conducted at Field of crop production Sciences, College of Agriculture – university of Baghdad, at silty clay loam soil. Requirements of N, P and K fertilizers were added. Concentrations of Fe ( 0, 50 and 100) mgFe.L-1 and ( 0, 50 and 100) mgZn.L-1 were sprayed at three stages of plant growth ( vegetative growth, boating and flowering stages). Randomized complete block design was used at three replicates. Results showed that:
All concentrations of iron and zinc were significantly increased all studied
, weight of 1000 grain, biological yield 1-parameters which were number of grain.spikeed high of those parameters of Ipa produc 2Zn2and grain yield. Interaction treatment Feweight of 1-variety except weight of 1000 garain and grain yield, ( 47.3) grain.spike 1-and grain yield (4.91) t.ha 1-1000 grain ( 46.00) gm, biological yield ( 13.39) t.ha( 46.8) gm, (12.5) 1-.5) grain. spikerespectively, While Dor 29 variety produced ( 43. Ipa variety superior on Dor 29 variety in all respectively 1-and (5.33) t.ha 1-t.haproperties except grain.

Effect of nitrogen source and Zinc foliar on growth and yield of corn (Zea mays L.)

Bassam Khaleel Al-Nuaime Mahmmod huedy Al-flahi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 90-104

Afield experiment was carried out in autumn season (2012), at a farmer's field in Anbar province, Ramadi city in soil silt loam, classified as (Typic Torrifluvent),in order to study the impact of applied nitrogen fromurea, ammonium sulphate, and calcium nitrate with level (0 and 360 kg N.h-1 ), and five concentration of zinc (0.25, 50, 75 and 100 mg Zn. L-1 ) in the form of Zn-EDTA ( 14 % Zn ) as a source of zinc in growth and yield of corn (Zea mays L) variety -5018. Factorial experiment used according to design (RCBD) with three replicates, plant height leaf area, grain yield,N and Zn concentration in vegetative ,seed and soil after planting was measured. Results of the experiment showed that Ammonium sulfate fertilizer and concentration Zn ( 50mg Zn. L-1 ) achieved significant superiority in the rate of plant height, leaf area ,seed yield of plant while the ammonium sulfate achieved superiority in N concentration the vegetative seed and soil after harvests, well the Zn concentration (100 mg Zn. L-1 ) achieved superiority in Zn concentration in the vegetative seed and soil after harvests.

The role conservation agricultural sustainable development and it experience in Anbar Governorate.

Dulaimi; Amna .J . Al

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 105-118

The land regard one important the main factors one associated with achive of sustainable development in systems of Agricultural environment, because it cradle of plants variable intveduce the food and clothes for man , and hay to Animal , therefore must work for reduce land erosion and keep on virility and it production .
There for the study aim to disclose system of reserve Agricultural for purpose conservation , improvement and increase efficiency the using of nature resources during whole management for soil , water and vitality resources , moreover inputof externalare contribute in conservation an environment agricultural production and focus on experience this system in Anbar Governorate .

The Use of the Soil Infrared Emissivity Parameters in the Prediction of the Soil Moisture and Scheduling Irrigation for Yellow Corn

Ahmed M. Mohammed Al; Kubiasi Noor Sh. Thanoon Alrawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 119-133

Afield Study was conducted at the University of Anbar Campus / Anbar Province during autumn season 2012 to predict soil moisture and scheduled the irrigation of yellow corn by measuring infrared emissivity of soil .corn seeds (var. 5018) were planted on 7/20/2012. Agricultural practices such as fertilization , plant protection ….. etc were
achieved according to the scientific recommendations , while the irrigation of the crop was scheduled after 60% depletion of soil available water.FLIR i7 camera was used to record each of the absolute soil temperature (Tk) and Digital Number (DN) in synchronous when soil moisture reached at the levels of field capacity , after 15% , 30% , 45% and 60% depletion of the available water.Freguency Domain Reflectometry (FDR) sensor was used to measure the pre-mentioned soil moisture levels. Data acquired from the camera were processed through using ERDAS IMAGINE software (ver. 8.4) . The relationships among volumetric soil moisture (Pv) , DN and Tkwere plotted by SPSS software (ver.19).
The results showed that a significante regression(R2 = 0.944)between DN as aparameter for soil emissivity and soil moisture . Also , a significante regression (R2 = 0.990) was obtained between DN and TK . However , the relationship between soil moisture and temperature was unclear .The average seasonal consumption of water for yellow corn was about (835.0)mm during the execution year of the experiment and under its conditions.

Estimation some genetic parameters and path coefficient analysis of the soybean effected by plant density.

M. R. Azzam H. J. Hamadi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 134-145

Field experiment was conducted at the farm AL Sofia place in Ramadi /Anbar Province (22.35º north, 12.34º south) on the right side of the Euphrates during summer season of 2013. Arandomized complete block design with three replication. the aim of this study was to study genetic parameters and path analysis in soybean . in a split plot design three plant densities which were (80000 plant.ha-1) (66666 plant.ha-1) and (57142 plant.ha-1) as main plots and five soybean cultivars (Giza 35, Giza 111, Giza22 , Taka 2, ALshaima ).Estimated Genotypic, phenotypic variances and coefficient of variability, broad sence heritability percentage, genotypic and phenotypic correlation coefficient and other characters were estimated. Path coefficient analysis carried out to partition the genotypic correlation coefficient to the direct and Indirect effects.
The results showed that values variances and coefficients variation of genetic and phenotypic differed depending on plant density, and the values the genetic variation is greater than the values of variance environmental for all traits with the exception of the adjectives number of seeds in pod and weight of 100 seed, in the density D1 The values of the coefficient of variation phenotypic higher than the values of the coefficient of variation genotype for all traits. The highest heritability percentage in the broad sense of the trait number of seeds in pod amounted (96%).Explained analysis of the path coefficient that the number of seeds in pod for all plant densities achieved the highest direct effect in the yield of seeds was (1.156), while given the weight of 100 seed highest sum total of the effects of direct and indirect yield the seeds of (3.562) and all plant densities, we conclude from the study to adopt number of seeds in pod as a criterion for the development of electoral yield in soybean seeds.

Detection of Molecular Variation Among Maize Lines and Their Hybrids Using RAPD Markers

Akram M. Abood Sadie S. Khamees AbdAljasem M. J

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 146-160

A laboratory experiment was carried out at the Biotechnology Research Center – Nahrain University – Baghdad for the year 2013 at the aim of assessing the extent of genetic divergence among seven inbred lines of maize and the twelve single hybrids results from Line X Tester crossing among these lines. Ten of RAPD molecular markers have been used for this purpose (OPA-07, OPA-09, OPA-11, OPA-13, OPC-12, OPD-20, OPI-01,OPO-04, OPN-16 and GB8), just five of these (OPA-09, OPC-12, OPD-20, OPN-16 and GB8) were succeeded in distinguishing among parent lines per se and their F1 hybrids by showing different pattern of DNA fragmentation. The results of genetic similarity analysis and dendrogram tree revealed that the inbred lines T1 and T6 were the most genetic divergent lines as they gained the minimum value of genetic similarity reached 68.6%, which indicates their important role in the future studies and to produce elite hybrids.


Hashim .R. L; Maha . A . H

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 161-172

Afield experiment was conducted at the field farm located in Al – Mussiab project 30 km north of Babylon through two season fall of 2011 and spring of 2012 On season 2011 seeds were planted (Sy7, Dr-c-10, HS, Zp607,and Zp707) with tester (Al–Maha, Spanish hybrid and Sy1) was don. In spring 2012 for crosses and parents using R.C.B.D with three replication to evaluate and estimate some genetic parameters. The results of statistical analysis for these parents and their crosses were highly significant differences for all traits. Genetic analysis show superiority the inbred (Zp607) in gca for plant height , ear Length and no. of rows and leaves area, the hybrid Dr-c-10 X Al – Maha characterized by specific combining ability in all the studied characters specially in the total grain yield . σ2gca / σ2Sca were less than one for all inbred and tester traits. The traits controlled by over dominance where average dgree of dominance was more than if could be concluded the possibility of using superior inbreds or use selection for it to produce hybrids and synthetic varieties.

Taxonomic, anatomical and chemical study for different species of the family Cruciferae in Anbar Government

Ashwaq T.H.AL-Rajab Pro. Dr. Ali H. AL-Musawi Dr. Wajeeh Y.AL-Ani

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 173-181

The present study acomprses a comparative anatomical and chemical species of Cruciferae family belong to four genera namely Cardaria draba, Eruca sativa,Diplotoxisharra, Sisymbriumirio, we comparison between this species anatomical. Result show that some characters like epidermis, thickness, the cortex layer thickness too. And we study the shape of stem, the arrangement of vascular Bundal and pith thickness.We study the chemical characters, we found the content of some chemical compound in the leaves of species namely Alkaloids, Tannic acid and Glycosids we measure the ìmax by spectrophotometer between (200-800)nm.

Estimation of Gene action and some Genetic Parameters in Maize Using Triple Test Cross

AbedMserbet Al- Jumaily; Omar MahmoodDhannoon

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 182-190

Six inbred lines of maize (ART-B21,ART-B46,ART-B26,ART-B37,ART-B34 and DL.A3) were crossed with three testers DL.B3, DL.C3 and (DL.B3 x DL.C3)L3 using triple test cross system. Seeds of genotypes (lines, testers and crosses) weregrown in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replicates, in autumn season 2012,
Todetect of hybrid vigor, and some genetic parameters for traits plant height, ear height, ear length, number of rows per ear, 250-grain weight and grains yield per plant using triple test cross. Results of statistical analysis showed that there were found significant differences among genotypes (parents and crosses) for all studied traits. The cross (ART-B37 x DL.B3) was the superior for number of rows per ear (18.60) and grains yield per plant (181.05g.plant-1). The cross (ART-B46 x DL.B3) gave the highest hybrid vigor in grains yield per plant (69.71%). Analysis of variance for epistemic gene action test indicated non-significant lines mean square for all traits that indicated the absence of epistasis except 250- grain weight. Additive variances was significant for all traits, except grains yield per plant was non-significant, while dominance variances wasnon- significant for all traits, except number of rows per ear was significant. These results showed that the additive genetic variance was more important, and this reflects on the average degree of dominance values which were less than one in all traits, except grains yield per plant which was over dominance. The broad sense heritability was more than 90% for all traits, while the narrow sense heritability was high for all traits, except grains yield per plant was lower. The negative simple correlation coefficients showed that there is increasing of dominant genes for ear height, number of rows per ear, 250-grain weight and grains yield per plant, while the positive simple correlation coefficients for plant heightindicated the reverse. It concluded that hybrid vigor is a quantitative trait results from the polygenes action that may act with dominance or partial dominance.

The effect of the treatment weeds in some thickness plantcharacteristics of growth and production and its containers of sesame

A. M. Al-kaisy B. N. F. AL- kubaisi; E.A. mohmad

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 191-205

Afield experiment had been performed in Zngura field /Ramdi/ ALAnbar at width line 38◦ North and length line 43◦ east in summer season in 2013. It is clay- garnet texture to know the effect of treatment on weeds and thickness plants in some characteristics of growth ,production and its containers of sesame The system of split spot had been used in performing the experiment according to randomizing complete blocks with three replications. The results are the three main blocks have three thickness of plants (D3,D2,D1) which led to(66667,80000,100000)plants.H-1
The secondary blocks have five treatments of weeds .They are once, twice and three times hand weeding for addition, tow comparative treatments ( weeds and absence of weeds).
The results show the significant effects of the weeds treatments in characteristics that are still studied. Three times hand weeding (W4) led to dry weight weeds (40,6g) which increased the constriction percentage to( 93.27% )also the treatment for absence of weeds led to increased most of characteristics of growth and production and its containers which have no significant dereferences with( W4) treatments for three times hand weed . The effects are :the length of plant(164,172 c) .area of leaves ( 0.64 , 0.65 )m ,number of branches (7.83,848),numbers of capsules in every plant (244.8,300.2) .the whole production is( 24 82 , 2652 ) kg .H-1 for each treatments sequence. according to weeds treatment which record lest percentage for all these characteristics .
Also the results record that no significant differences of plant thickness effects to decreased the dry weight of weeds and the constriction percentage which effects on most of plant characteristics of sesame and its production. The results record there are no differences in height of plant, the average of leave area , numbers of capsules in every plant , numbers of seeds in every capsule with, thousand seeds.
So the thickness of plants(D2) records highest average numbers of branches (74) that effects on whole production which records the same thickness, the highest average is (1931kg) mixture between the three times (W4) and plant thickness (D3) record lest dry weight of weeds, so this mixture records (31.7 g), the treatment of twice hand weeding with plant thickness (D3) records the highest constriction percentage (%94.61) and this treatment isn’t significant different with the treatment of three times hand weeding with tow plants thickness (D2,D1) which is (%92.84,92.38)so this effects positively led to improve all characteristics of growth and production and its containers.
we conclusion from this studying is that the treatment of three times hand weeding led to constriction of thickness of weeds and their dry weights which effects on improvement of characteristics of growth and production and its contianers.

Evaluation Response of Severeal Durum Wheat Triticum durum Varieties Newly Derived to plant Density in Anbar Province Conditions

HyfaaKaream Al-Asafy Mohammed Owid Al-Ubaidi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 206-217

A Field experiment was carried out on the right bank of the Euphrats river north west of the Ramadi city in Anbar Province in a farmers field (Al-Dawwar area) during the winter season 2013-2014 . Use RCBD design with split-plot arrangement with three replications. The objective of this study was to know the effect of plant densities on the growth and yield of wheat cultivares to determine the best cultivares suitable to the environment of the experiment .Used four cultivares (Dor-29 , Dor-85 , Baghdad-2 , and Wahat Al-Iraq ) in (Main-plots) , and plant densities (100 , 120 ,140 , 160 Kg.ha-1) in (sub-plots)Results of the study were summarized as follows: Plants of varieties which planted of different densities shows significant differences , which low plant density( 100kg.ha-1 )gave higher 1000 kernel weight (47.33 g), number of grains (44.25 grain . spike-1),grain yield (7.20 to.ha-1) and the largest value of harvest index (51.24%)while the higher plant density( 160 kg.ha-1 ),significant in the characteristics of number of spikes (395.92 spike . m-2).The result showed a significant difference between varieties that is Baghdad-2 cultivar superior in number of spikes (379.52 spike.m-2),grain yield (6.04 to.ha-1) and harvest index (40.58%).Wahat Al-Iraq was superior significantly in 1000 grain weight (45.25 g). While Dor-29 cultivar superior in number of grain (38.00 grain . spike-1).and there was is a significant interaction between cultivars and plant densities

The effect of spraying of Iron and Boron in growth characters for two soybean cultivars (Glycine max (L) Merrill.

BasheerHamed Abdulla Al-Dulaimy; Abdulla majedAbdulhameed Al-mehemdy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 218-233

A field experiment was carried out in sandy loam soil in Dawayahregion, which is located in northern Falluja district-Al-Anbar government in summer season of 2013. This experiment aimed to study the effect of three concentration of Iron (0, 75,100 mg Fe.L-1)and three concentration of Boron (0, 0.75, 1.50 kg B.ha-1) in growth characters for two varieties of soybean (Industrial2, Lee 74) .split-split plot design were used which distributed according to R.C.B.D. design for three replications, the results were summarized as follow:
The effect of Fe levels were significantly differed in all studied characters, where the concentration 150 mg.L-1 gave the highest average of plant height, number of branches, leaf area per plant, plant dry weight, the main root length, and Fe and B concentration in leaves in increasing percent 5.07, 12.14, 6.86, 9.94, 8.36, 1.19 and 6.78% in compared with the control (Fe0) which gave the lowest average of all those traits respectively.Result showed levels of the concentration 1.50 kg B.ha-1 gave the highest average for the mentioned traits in significantly increasing percent of19.04,53.79,36.42,31.97,18.82, 3.15 and 36.92% comparingwith the control respectively.
Lee 74 was superior in leaf area and B concentration in leaves comparing with Industrial 2which in turn was superior in plant height while there were no significant differences between the two varieties in number of branches per plant, plant dry weight, the main root length and Fe concentration in leaves.The two-way interaction between variety and B significantly affected in leaf area, root length, B concentration in leaves, whereas the interaction between B and Fe significantly effected in B concentration in leaves. The three-way interaction significantly effected in leaf area.

The Effect of cutting and distance between hills in some growth characters and forage yield for sorghum.

Samer A. H. Al-NemramyN; Nihad M.A. AL-dulimi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 234-245

A field experiment was conducted at one farmer’s field in AL-kaldeia city-Anbar province in the growing season of the year 2013, at the aim of studying the effect of cutting (cutting at vegetative growth stage, at 50% flowering stage and at seeds
dough stage) and distance between hills (3, 6, 9 and 12 cm) in some traits growth and green forage yield for sorghum (Abu Saba’aeen cv.).
Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D.) with split plot arrangement and three replicates have been used. As distance between hills occupied the main plot, cutting stages occupied the sub plot, meanwhile three cuts were taken during the growing season and results of the study could be summarized as follows:
1. The cutting treatment at seeds dough stage was superior significantly in most of studied traits (plant height, stem diameter, green forage yield (31.87, 36.39 and 28.29 t.ha-1) for the three cuts and dry forage yield for the three cuts. While, the cutting stage of vegetative growth was superior in the traits of green leaves no., leaves/stems ratio, while 50% flowering cutting stage was superior in leaf area.
2. The distance of 3cm showed significant superiority in many traits at the first cut, such as plant height, green forage yield (33.16 , 34.06 and 30.16 t.ha-1) for the three cuts; whereas the hills distance of 12cm was superior in plant height for both the second and third cut; and leaf area, green leaves no. in all cuts.
3. The most of studied traits were affected significantly by the interaction between cutting stages and distances between hills, from these plant height, leaf area, treatment superior (C3D1) gave higher of green forage yield (38.60 and 31.73 t .ha-1) for both the first and third cut and dry forage yield

Response of Maize (Zea mays L.) to organic fertilization under different irrigation periods

Sami Noori Ali AL-Sadoon and Mohammed Owaid AL-Ubaidi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 246-256

This study was carried out in the two autumn seasons 2011 and 2012, in the experiment field of Field Crops Science Department - College of Agriculture - Baghdad, University - Abu - Ghraib. In order to know the response of maize (variety 5012) to organic fertilization under different irrigation periods. A split-plot arrangement R.C.B.D. design was used with three replications. Irrigation periods (4, 8 and 12 days) occupied the main plots, and the fertilization levels occupied the sub plots (F1= organic fertilizer-Pert Humus - 1000 kg.ha-1, F2= 200 kg N.ha-1 +100 kg P2O5.ha-1 and F3= without Fertilizer). The following characteristics were studied: plant height, Leaf area, number of grain. ear-1, 500 grain weight and plant yield.
Results of the experiment showed the following:
The F1 treatment surpassed the other F2 and F0 in all studied traits for the two seasons, the average of plant height (205.5 and 213 cm), Leaf area (6146 and 6121.3 cm2.plant-1), number of grain (593.6 and 597.3 grain.ear-1), 500 grain weight (153.4 and 148.9 gm) and plant yield (182.5 and 181.4 gm) for the two seasons respectively . While the 4 days irrigation surpassed the other in the same traits, with average (205.5 and 207.6 cm), (5769 and 5765 cm2.plant-1), (539.8 and 549.7 grain, ear-1) (147.4 and 150.8 gm) and (162.3 and 169.3 gm.plant-1) for the abovementioned traits for the two seasons respectively. As shown, a significant interaction between studies factors, where F1 treatment with 4 days irrigation outperformed in all studied traits. However, the F1 treatment with 8 days irrigation significantly outperformed of the F2 treatment with 4 days irrigation in plant yield by 181.8 and 189.2 gm for the two seasons respectively

Growth, Yield And Quality Of Bread Wheat As Effected Of Irrigation Interval And Sowing Date

Hanaa KH. Al; Haydary; Emad KH. Hashim

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 257-269

A field experiment was conducted at the farm of Dept. of Field Crop Sciences, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, during 2008-2009 and 2009- 2010. That was to study performance of growth, yield and quality of bread wheat under sowing dates and irrigation intervals for IPA 99 variety. A randomized complete block design with three replicates with a split-plot arrangement was used. The sowing dates (November 20, December 5 and December 20) occupied the main plots, while irrigation intervals (2, 3, 4, and 5 weeks) occupied the sub plots.
Results showed superiority of the sowing date November 20 in giving the highest averages of number of days from sowing to 100% anthesis (118.34 – 105.67 days), Chlorophyll Concentration in flag leaf (48.75 and 49.66), grain yield(5.03 and 4.82 t. ha-1), during the two seasons respectively. The treatment of 2 – weeks irrigation was superior by giving the highest averages of spike Length (11.63 and 11.38)cm, number of spikelets spike (20.13 and 19.98). Grain yield (5.20 and 4.98 t. ha-1), and minimum averages of protein 12.34% and 11.59% and moist gluten percentage 32. 50% and 31. 07 % during the two studying seasons respectively. There was a significant interaction between irrigation intervals and sowing dates. The combination of 2-weeks irrigation interval with sowing date November 20 gave the highest of number of days from sowing to 100% anthesis(119.67 – 107.33 days), Chlorophyll Concentration in flag leaf (50.38 and 51.30), grain yield(5.71 and 5.49 t. ha-1), during the two seasons respectively.
The treatment of 5 – weeks irrigation intervals with sowing date December 20 gave less averages of spike Length, number of spikelets spike, grain yield and the maximum averages of protein and moist gluten percentage during the two studying seasons respectively. Can be conclude that delay of planting with increase irrigation intervals led to decreased yield and increase protein and moist gluten percentage. Therefore can be recommend to Sowing this cultivar during in 20 Nov. under 2-weeks irrigation interval to obtain higher growth and yield. To attain best quality advise to delaying sowing with increase irrigation intervals

Response of Cotton Cultivars to Mineral and organicFertilization

I. H. H. AL. Hilfy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 270-281

Afield experiment was conducted at the Experimental Farm, Department of Field Crop, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad during 2009 and 2010 Seasons to study the response of Cotton cultivars to mineral and organic fertilizers mixed in different rates or lonely. RCBD in split plots arrangement with three replications was used, main plots includedfertilizers treatments, control treatment (without fertilization), 100% mineral fertilizer as recommendation, 100% organic fertilizer (poultry manure) at rate of 10 ton.ha1-, 75% mineral fertilizer of recommendation + 25% organic, 50% mineral fertilization of recommended + 50% organic and 25% mineral fertilizer of recommendation + 75% organic. While subplot included four cultivars of cotton (Mersomi-1, Coker 310, Ashaur and Lachata.
The results showed that Mersomi-1 was superior in plant height (122.8, 126.7 cm), boll weight (4.4, 4.3 gm) for boll seasons, while coker variety was superior in number of sympodial (13.8, 12.6), boll number (28.1, 27.6) so gave highest seed cotton yield about 4.225 and 4.331 ton.ha1- for both seasons. Mineral and organic fertilization caused significant increases in most growth characters and yield compared with control treatment (without fertilizers). The treatment 50% mineral of the recommended + 50% organic increased seed cotton yield about 32.11% and 30.84% compared with mineral fertilizers only and 52.66% and 44.62% for organic fertilizers onlyfor both seasons as a results for-its superior in sympodial numbers (17.5 and 16.2) and boll numbers (37.5 and 35.5) resp. There was significant interaction between cultivars and fertilization treatments in all characters except monopodial numbers. Cokers 310 cv. In the treatment of50% mineral + 50% organic gave highest seed cotton yield about 6.239 and 6.320 ton.ha1- for both seasons resp.We can concluded that organic fertilizers may replace some of mineral fertilizers to improve growth and increasing the yieldof cotton

Response of cottonby different irrigation intervals and Salicylic acid

Naser T. M. Al; Rawi; Abd Al; Muaiad H. I. Al. Ani; Tailb M. H. Al-Saad

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 282-294

Afield experiment was carried out at special farm, right bank of Euphrates river in Al-Khaldiya, AL-Anbar Governorate, Iraq during growing summer season 2013 to study the effect of water stress and Salicylic acid foliar application on growthcharacters, yield and yield components of cotton (var. lashata).The experimental design was aRandomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) in split plot with three replicates. The main plots involved the three irrigation intervals (6, 12 and 18 day) and The sub plots involved the Salicylic acid concentrations (0, 50, 100 and 150 ppm). The results showed the irrigation interval at 6 days gave highestrate for plant high (143.17 cm),The irrigation interval at 12 days gave highest rate on number of fruiting (sympodia) branches per plant (40.41),number of total bolls ( 29.15), number of opened bolls ( 24.37), total cotton yield (3747. 4 Kgm. ha-1), lint yield (1433.6 Kgm.ha-1).The Salicylic acid has shown a clear significant effect, the concentration of Salicylic acid(150ppm) give the highest rate for plant high (143.80 cm), number of fruit branches (34.28),total cotton yield (3371. 9 Kgm. ha-1) and lintyield (1241.0 Kgm.ha-1).

Effect of mowing numbers and planting distance on green forage yield and some agronomic and quality characters for three barly varieties

Salsm T. asal; Saied E. faiyth

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 295-308

A Field experiment was carried out in one of the farmers field in AL-Soraa area in the east of Ramadi city , AL- Anbar during the winter season (2012-2013 ). To study the effects of row spacing, number of cutting on Green forage yield , dry yield and some quality characteristics of Green forage yield for three cultivars of barley. The achievement of the experiment , a split-split-plot in Randomized complete block design (R.C.B.D) with three replications was used . The rows spacing (10,15) cm between the rows were taken as main plots , while cultivars (Samir, bohuth 244, bohuth265) were taken as the sub-plots . and clipping (cut once, cut twice and three time) were taken as the sub-sub plots . The important results were as the following. Row spacing 10cm was superior significantly in green forage yield , dry matter , fibers percentage (18.87 ton , 5.39 ton , 24.99%) respectively. Smire cultivar was superior significantly in plant height 1cm green forage yield dry forage yield . protein percentage yield (61.62 cm, 20.21 ton , 5.746 ton, 15.317%) respectively. Result show that interaction between cultivar samire and the treatment three time cutting give asignificant increasing in all studding characteristics without protein percentage , green forage yield .There was significant interaction between 10 cm row spacing and three time cutting in green forage yield , dry matter yield , crude protein percentage , crude fiber percentage . And their values were (29.15% , 30.24 ton/ha , 8.860 ton/ha , 15.944% , 25.27% ) respectively . There was a significant interaction between 10 cm row spacing for samire cultivar with three time cutting on green forage yield , dry forage yield and its give (35.05 ton/ha , 10.39 ton/ha ) respectively

Estimation Of Combining Ability And HeterosisIn Maize By Half Diallel Crossing

Waleed Abd-Alsatar Taha; Nawfle adnan sppri abd- gapar

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 309-316

Six inbred lines of corn (Zea mays L.) were studied (S2 , ZP607 , HS ,
AGR183 , ZM7R and ZM19R( to attain hybridization program of Half – Diallel Cross. The research included 21 genotypes (6 parents + 15 hybrids) grown in fields of farmers field in AL- sofia area in east of Ramadi city in AL –anbar for spring season 2012 by using RCBD design with three replications , to study combining ability and heterosis for characters (number of days to female flowering ,plant hight, leaf earea, number of ear grains, weight of 300 grains and individual plant yield . Two parents (ZM19R and AGR183) showed good and desired general combining ability , whilethe hybrids (ZM19R×S2) , (ZM19R×AGR183) were showed high and good desired specific combining ability in most of the studied characters . The research showed that there were significantly differences at for all characters,also showed that the hybrids (ZM19R×S2) , (ZM19R×AGR183) showed desired heterosis for character plant yield and weight of 300 grains as compared with mid parents.

The Effect of Errigation Water Source and Nutrient Solution of Polixal on the Growth of Olive Seedlings cv. Khestawe

T.H Al-Salhi; A.A Suidan

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 317-333

The experiment was carried out in Al-Musayab Technical Collage – Babylon governet for the years 2010/2011 on the olive seedling of Khestawe cultivar in order to study the effect of irrigation water source (river water ، ، ground waterA,B and drainage waterA and B ), and effect of foliar fertilization by Polixal with the concentrations (0 , 4 and 8 cm3L-1) and effect of interaction in the shoot and root properties and in addition to the leaf contents of the mineral elements.factorial experiment in complete randomized block design with three replicates in 15 treatments was carried out. Mean differences tests according to least significant different (LSD) on 0.05 probability level was used.
results of this study was as follows:
Significant domination of irrigated olive seedling with river water and treatment with ground water in all other water sources, in most vegetative and roots growth under study،also this treatment dominate in the contents of Nitrogen, calcium and magnesium, and decreases the leaf content of sodium, chloride and proline compare with Drainage irrigation treatment (9.11 ds.m-1) which reduced all growth parameters and contents of leaves from the mineral element, but it was increase the rate of sodium, chloreide and proline. Spraying with polixal (8cm3 L-1) caused Significantly domination in all studied characteristic. also decreases contents of leaves from sodium, chloreide and proline.The interaction of the irrigation with river water or grounds water with spraying by 8 cm3 L-1 polixal significantly in all characteristic including the mineral content of the leaves and decrease the proline and contents of leaf from non - essential the (sodium and chloride)

The Effect Cuttings Type and Trees Mother Age in Rooting ficus nitida.L Cuttings

Mahmood Shacher ahmed salah alalwani

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 334-342

The, present work was carried out to study the effect of cutting type , mather trees age , on rooting ability of ficus nitida.L result obtained from this study showed
that the medial cutting and trees age small showed treatment gave the high rooting percentage (69.0 , 60.6 % ) , a length of roots ( 21.6 , 19.6 cm ) percentage chlorophyll ( 17.3 , 16.9 % ) and leaves ( 15.5 ) . Shoots (3.27, 2.62) Results obtained from this study showed that the medial cuttings and treatment trees age small interaction signification in crease in for all rooting and vegetate growth compared.

Effect of pigeon, cattle feces and bread yeast on some growth traits of Pomegranate trees

Ahmed. F. Z. Al-Dulaimy; Mazin M. O. Alrawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 343-355

study was carried out in the Pomegranate orchard at Ramadi city center of Anbar province during the growing season 2013, to show the effect of organic fertilizers (Cattle and Pigeon manure) that combined with the dry bread yeast(Saccharomyce cerevisiae) on growth of two pomegranate cultivars Salimi and Wonderful. Homogenous trees have been selected at age of two years.
The two organic manures were added in the middle of January, whereas the yeast suspension was added at the three times (middle of February, at the flowering and four weeks after the second time). A factorial experiment with three replicates was carried out in a split plot design, using one tree for each experimental unit. Results revealed that the organic fertilizers as added alone or combined with the dry yeast affected significantly in all of vegetative growth traits. The T9 treatment was gave the best percentages in leaves dry matter, phosphorus and potassium reached 56.81%, 0.54% and 0.89%, respectively. The high average of new branches length and percentage of Nitrogen in branches were in T8 treatment reached 34.35 cm and 1.76%, respectively. While the T7 treatment was showed high level of Carbohydrates in branches was 8.55%. On the other hand, the low values of the above traits were at the T0 treatment reached 48.62%, 0.34%, 0.72%, 1.48%, 22.79 cm, and 5.18%, respectively.
No significant effects have detected in the rest of traits as a response to cultivars change except the length of new branches, and percentages of dry matter, and carbohydrates. The interaction between studied factors reached a significant level in all of study traits except the percentages of dry matter and phosphorus. The lowest value of interactions between the study factors showed by the control treatments of both cultivars.

Effect of shade and mixtures seeds to growth and evolution of turf grass in AL-Anbar Governorate

Luay H. Hazeem; Hautham M. AL-Abdaly

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 356-365

The experiment was conducted in Ramadi city central Al-Anbar Gov. from 2012-2013, Include determine studied 7 mixtures of seeds and shadowing (0% and 50%) to study characteristics of lawn in addition of some vegetative growth . Factorial experiment (7×2) used within split randomized complete block design consisting 12 treatments in three replicated for each experimental unit (1m2). The results as follows number of lawn cut under saran shadowing in spring and summer season increasedcompared of without shadowing autumn and winter (3.7, 3.6, 2.9 and 0.3) (2, 3.1, 1.8 and 0.9) respectively increased lawn cut in spring wile lowest in autumn for mixture of seeds as 3.2 cuts to (T1, T2, T3, T4 and T6) and 3.7 cuts to (T1, T2, T3 and T4) respectively. Accumulative height value was 77.73 cm under saran shadowing and 60.8 cm without shadowing; Dichondra T7 gives lowest accumulative height was 26.77 cm. Under Saran shadowing density of plant was 104.39 plant/100cm2 while 59.57 plant/100cm2 without Saran and 85.46 plant/100cm2 to T2 , and 71.04 plant/100cm2 to T1 treatment. The degree of color was best under Saran at without shadowing in autumn was 7.29 and 5.86 degree and the mixture T4 gives best degree of color through four seasons (7, 7, 7.33 and 6.67) degree respectively. The degree of lawn type under Saran shadowing was best from without shadowing specially in spring and summer and mixture T4 was best from other mixtures and was 5.67 degree in autumn and 6.6 degree in winter and in spring and summer was 6.63 degree

Economic evaluation of honeybee breeding projects in Anbar province productive season (2011-20012)

ahmed ali bilal; thahid faleh hassan; mashaal abd khalaf

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 366-377

Occupies honey production projects economic importance to being an important agricultural commodity produced in terms of food, medical and aimed atanalyzing the costs of study economic development. so this production of honeybees projects, data were obtained through the form of statistical data collection of apiaries owner > the number of cells in varied projects bees bred in anbar province, so it was tab beekeeping projects into three categories according of the number of cells in the project ,and containing category Alaoli (1-15) cell, the second category (15-30) and third cell (30-45) cell was calculated costs of cost and revenue and economic evaluation criteria of cost.
Show that a valuable contribution to bee communities in the composition of capital cost of the promiscuous, occupies first place for the first category, second and third, as a percentage of 85%, 81%, and 79% respectively of the capital costs for the first category, second and third respectively. has indicated all the evaluation criteria to the profitability of beekeeping project and its ability to recover capital in a short period of time, as it was the time required to recover capital (1.09) and (1.5) and (2.1) for the three groups, respectively, and this mean that the first category able to recover the capital during a productive season and one second category and the third it may ability to recover capital after two seasons and that large size costs used. Either the simple rate of return was 48%, 38.7%, and 37.8% respectively, for the three categories. and show us the results of the evaluation criteria that the first category superior to other groups in a standard rate of return Albusat and capital recovery period , but large groups excel in the value-added criteria of gross and net addition to the standard net profit.

The Evaluation of Financial and Economical for Calves Project in Iraq

Khalid Yasseen; Yousra Tarik

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 378-387

In this research the total cost and the total revenue and the finantial evaluation indexes were conducted for (300) calves fatting the total cost mounted to (361920000) din the total revenue mounted to (548510000) and the total net revenue (186590000)din .the net revenue for each calve .mounted to (26196) . Thefiniantial evaluation indexes are as follow. The net return for one dinar invested was (1.52) and payback period (0.59) years, and the average rate of return (2.08) din. Itwas recommended in order to increase the supply of this commodity in Iraq are to facilate the agri-loans. And to subsisidize the concentrated forrager on addition to encourage the Arabic and forighen companies to invest in this important projects the financial evaluation of calves in Iraq

Social empowerment of rural women to participation in sustainable development and its relationship to some percinalti, social, economic variables

Nadia Kadhum Annon

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 388-405

This study aimed at identifying the level of social empowerment, of rural women, in the sustainable development in each one of main fields, self confidence and self esteem, feeling appreciated by others, female education and marriage, the ability to made family decisions, membership of manegment and leadership, knowing that she is any to face any, membership in social commities, ability of management and leadership. And to identifying the relationship between the percinalti, social, economic variables and the level of social empowerment of rural women to participle in the sustainable development. And to determine the relative contribution of most important variables in explaining the variance in the level of social empowerment of rural women. The study was conducted in six sectors of the rural areas of Baghdad governorate, by sleeting one agricultural division representing each sector them random sample from the rural women was selected from these agricultural division the total sample of the study was 225 respondents, the data were collected by personal interview questioning and the statistical program used a statistical package for social science, it analyzes the collected data and the following statistical methods were used: person simple correlation coefficient, stepwise analysis, frequencies and percentages, chi square .
The following represent the most important result of the research
focused the majority of respondents were in the middle class and the percentage of the field self-confidence and self esteem were 61% while the field in the middle class and the percentage were 65.6%, while the field female education and marriage in the middle class and the percentage 55.5%. The field feeling appreciated by others in the high class and the percentage 76.1%, while the field the ability to made family decisions in the middle class and the percentage 59.01 %, the field membership in social commities grate namber of women were unmembership in social commities and the percentage 42%. And finally the field ability of management and leadership in the high class and the percentage 71.7% The result showed that there were amoral positive correlation between the social empowerment level of the rural women and the following research variables, income, housing status, social status, ambition level, women's self awareness in the society, leadership, informal social participation. There were four independent variables explains the variance in the social empowerment level of rural women, which are ambition level, women's self awareness in the society, informal social participation, housing status

Knowledge of planning staff working in Agricuitual Extension state with some criteria of planning Extension programs and its development

Raad M. ismail

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 406-419

The research aimed to identify the level of planning knowledge of staff working in Agricultural extension state board with. the gension frame work (quide curriculum) of the planning extension programs and its development structure stages performance level. data was collected from sample of 74 planning extension employers working in different organizational level, by question naïve, a scale of three degrees was prepared including 5 axes consisted of 33 items which are concept of extension planning, philosophy of extension planning, objectives, policies, way and methods planning, the scale ranking between 33-99 degree, the average of knowledge planning level was 37.6 degree, and the standard deviation 3.26 degree, the results showed that the extension planning staff was lower limit categories tends to rise towards thmediterranean of 81% employers.
also a scale was prepared to performance level for extension programs and its development structure stage including 5 axes for 33 items and select the rank measure of three degrees , so the scale was ring (165-495) degree with weighted average (190) degree , and standard deviation 4.885 degree and the performance level for (42) employers with percentile 62% all for employers was in the often limit categories the nature relationship between planning knowledge level and performance level for extension programs development stage was 0.248 statistical significant. the search recommended the recommend to participation all extension staff in planning programs especially in development structure stage as planning, executive, evaluation and training for all extension planning programs to improve staff effectiveness and the recommend is to extension programs to the rural communities level

Seasonal occurrence of white fly Acaudaleyrodesalhagii p. (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on Zizyphusspin-christi (L.) wild

Dr. F.M. Aziz; Dr. N.Th. Saeed

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 420-425

A study was conducted in the collage of Agriculture – Baghdad in 2010.Theresults indicated that the nymphs of Acaudaleyrodesalhagii p. appeared on Zizyphus during the first week of April until the end of November on Zizyphusspin-christi (L.) wild . High density of insect population was observed during April,May, June and October. The highest population density of the white fly occurred on the middle level of the tree while the lowest population density was in the upper level ofthe tree. Five overlapping generations per year were recorded. The highest infestation percentageswere 39% and 54% during May and November respectively .The predators chrysopa sp. Andorius sp. Were recorded. The white fly Acaudaleyrodesalhagii p. in infested also leaves of pomegranate and some ornament plants and the population density concentrate on upper surface of Zizyphus leaves and spends hibernation during winter.

Effect of static magnetic fields (SMFs) on Protein bonds resolved on polyacrylamide electrophoresis PAGE in male mice

Mehdi S. Sallal; Nedhal I. Lateff; AbidA. Thaker; SallalEmad M. Salah

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2014, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 426-435

In the density and number of protein bands in all organs and at all intensities when electrophoresis was carried out on PAGE .The present study aims to know the effect of static magnatic fields on protein bounds resolved on polyacrylamide electrophoresis PAGE in the extract of the liver kidney , heart and spleen .
In this study white BALB/C type of 30 days age wete selected and divided in to four groups (control and 3 experimental)while control was not exposed to SMF experimental group was exposed to SMF 750 G ,1500 G and 3000 G for 30 deys.
At the end of 30 days , the mice were weighted sacrificed dissected after then the liver ,kidney , heart and spleen were removed from the animals and weighted and those on protein bands resolved on polyacrylamide electrophoresis PAGE
The result of this study showed that there was increase in the body weight but this increase was not statistically significant. Exposing the animal to static magnetic fields showed that there was changes