STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN THE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION FUNCTION AND A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN THE TWO PERIODS (1971-2002) AND (2004-2014)
ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES,
2021, Volume 19, Issue 2, Pages 234-247
AbstractThe structural changes that occurred in the Iraqi economy affected many factors, including these external factors and pressures imposed on the country, including internal variables such as nationalization of oil in the seventies and reflected on the investments of the agricultural, industrial and services sectors represented by agricultural, industrial and service projects. Structure and lack of integrity of the pattern that the indicators of structural changes associated with this sector have had or have had a negative impact on economic growth at the level of the economy in general. The researcher adopted the analytical, mathematical and standard approach to extract the agricultural production function for the period (1971-2002) and the period (2004-2014). The research aimed to measure the role of the agricultural sector in the gross domestic product, and to know the structural imbalances and the nature of their development during the study stages, and to find opportunities for solutions to obstacles or obstacles related to the agricultural sector by improving its position and performance in the Iraqi economy. The research concluded that there are structural imbalances in the ratio of agricultural work to the agricultural area (one per acre). Therefore, it is recommended that attention be paid to expanding the agricultural area, preserving its assets and not transferring it to the residential, service, and industrial sector, and reducing the number of workers according to the real needs of the agricultural sector, which is equivalent to the value of the marginal production for each worker, keeping pace with modern technological developments in agricultural production, and stopping the flight of capital to outside the agricultural sector , And reinvest it into the agricultural sector.
- Agricultural Planning Authority. (1971). The relationship between production and investment in the agricultural sector - Ministry of Planning, Baghdad.
- Al-Najafi, S T., and Al-Quraishi M. S. (1989). Introduction to Development Economics - Dar Al-Kutub for Printing and Publishing, University of Mosul.
- Al-Najjar, Y. G., and Shalash, A. A. (1991). Economic Development, Theories, Problems, Principles and Policies - Dar Al-Kutub for Printing and Publishing, University of Mosul.
- Al-Sunbul, I. A. I. (2002). Economic Growth and Structural Changes in the Iraqi Agricultural Economy for the period (1970-1999) - PhD thesis, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad.
- Attia, M. A. (2000). Econometrics between theory and practice - University House for Printing and Publishing, Alexandria.
- Charles, P. K., and Bruce, H. (1977). Economic Development- McGraw Hill Book Company.
- Chatfield, C. (1995). The analysis of time series: an introduction- 5th ed., Chapman and Hall, London.
- Chaya, I. A. (1979). Evolution of Keynesianism and the New Classical Composition- Translated by Aref Dalila, Dar Al-Taleah Printing and Publishing, Beirut.
- Dickey, D. A. and Fuller, W. A. (1981). Likelihood ratio statistics for autoregressive time series with a unit root. Econometrica.
- John, S., and Carl, E. (1989). Agricultural Development in the Third World - Part 1, translated by Samir Abdel Halim Chalabi, House of Cultural Affairs, Baghdad.
- Hallam, D., and zanoli, R. (1993). Erro correction models and agricultural supply response. European Review of Agricultural Economics.
- Greene, W. H. (2008). Econometric Analysis- 6th ed. Upper Saddle River: Pearson, Prentice Hall.
- Gujarati, D. N., and Porter, D. C. (2009). Basic Econometrics- 5Th (international) ed. McGraw-Hill.
- Obben, J. (1998). The demand for money in Brunei- Asian Economic Journal, 2: 12.
- Robinson, R. (1973). Third World Development - translated by Abdul Hamid Al-Hassan, Publications of the Ministry of Culture, Damascus.
- Article View: 4
- PDF Download: 1