Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, Anbar University, Iraq
Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, Anbar University, Iraq.
Document Type : Research Paper
The structural changes that occurred in the Iraqi economy affected many factors, including these external factors and pressures imposed on the country, including internal variables such as nationalization of oil in the seventies and reflected on the investments of the agricultural, industrial and services sectors represented by agricultural, industrial and service projects. Structure and lack of integrity of the pattern that the indicators of structural changes associated with this sector have had or have had a negative impact on economic growth at the level of the economy in general. The researcher adopted the analytical, mathematical and standard approach to extract the agricultural production function for the period (1971-2002) and the period (2004-2014). The research aimed to measure the role of the agricultural sector in the gross domestic product, and to know the structural imbalances and the nature of their development during the study stages, and to find opportunities for solutions to obstacles or obstacles related to the agricultural sector by improving its position and performance in the Iraqi economy. The research concluded that there are structural imbalances in the ratio of agricultural work to the agricultural area (one per acre). Therefore, it is recommended that attention be paid to expanding the agricultural area, preserving its assets and not transferring it to the residential, service, and industrial sector, and reducing the number of workers according to the real needs of the agricultural sector, which is equivalent to the value of the marginal production for each worker, keeping pace with modern technological developments in agricultural production, and stopping the flight of capital to outside the agricultural sector , And reinvest it into the agricultural sector.
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