Document Type : Research Paper
Salmonella is a bacterial diseases that caused by many strains of salmonella. Salmonellosis is a disease occur in human and chicken, salmonellosis in poultry sometimes causes economic losses, also international trade can be affected if the salmonella presents in poultry products or poultry meat as in this case the infection can transmit to humans. Salmonella is a considered the most important and serious pathogen of bacteria that responsible of food borne infection all over the world. In Kurdistan region, Erbil city the common shapes of poultry are broilers and backyard. This study was done to inform the impact of salmonella epidemic chicken and the prevalence of salmonella's genetic types and serotypes among broilers and raw meat of chickens in Kurdistan, Iraq. Samples were collected from about fifty broiler chickens that suffered from diarrhea, fifty raw chickens meat and "30" patients that had diarrhea and signs of food poisoning. The serological identification of salmonella after isolation was "58.33%" salmonella enteritidis and "41.66%" salmonella typhimurium. Serotype salmonella enteritidis antigenic formula has "O" somatic antigen "1, 9, 12" and flagellar antigen "H", while the serotype salmonella typhimurium had the "O" somatic antigen "1, 4". The main infection source of humans includes; meat products that comes from consumption of contaminated meat of chicken. Scientifically, the control programs of impact of salmonella control are based on general procedures of hygiene on the campylobacter prevalence at the holding in broiler flocks and at the end of the process of slaughter on the broiler meat.
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