An estimation of individual demand function for meat in Iraq during the period 1995-2014
ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES,
2017, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 673-689
AbstractRed meat is an essential and important source of human consumption because it is rich in human protein. It is expected that the consumption of red meat will increase significantly in the coming years. Therefore, the problem of the study is the decline of the Iraqi share of consumption for global and Arab consumption due to high commodity prices resulting from the difference between supply and demand, Alternative products, including fish meat during the current years, the study aimed to estimate the function of individual demand for red meat by studying the effect of explanatory variables (prices of red meat, price of chicken meat, price of fish meat, share of Response from the national income on the dependent variable (average per capita red meat) search time series data was adopted Time series Data Eviews were used and the mean squares method was estimated and the function was estimated. The results showed that the double logarithmic function is the best of these functions according to the statistical tests such as T, F, R2, and the second-degree tests, which proved to be free of standard problems. The elasticity of the price demand was 0.94 - less than the correct one. The elasticity of the demand is 1.78, which is positive to explain the positive relationship between income and quantity, which is consistent with the economic logic A number of conclusions were reached, the most important of which is the Iraqi consumer pattern, which is illustrated by the cross-elasticity of chicken meat and fish meat 1.008 and 0.19, which showed that these commodities are alternative to red meat. The annual growth rates during the study period per capita of red meat the prices of meat, chicken meat prices, fish meat prices and annual per capita income 7, 13, 6, 6, 19%. The study suggested a number of recommendations, the most important of which are the need to pay attention to the animal production sector and provide all means to develop the red meat production sector Available for consumption and reduce the phenomenon smuggling.
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