Economic Analysis of the demand for poultry Meat in Iraq for the period 1995-2015
ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES,
2017, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 636-647
AbstractThe most important sources of food for human is the poultry meat. The demand for this kind of meat has increased due to the increase of alternative meat such as red meat and fish. So a study is needed to identify the nature of demand for poultry meat in1995-2015, it also demands studying the specific factors of demands. The Estimated of variable in formation was estimate using a standard model in various formats; the result showed that the double logarithmic function is the best of that entire log. Function according to the statistical tests and the second-class tests, which showed free of measurement criteria and its agreement with the demand function that the variable per capita income and the variable price of poultry and red meat were all have moral effect because their elasticity is greater than one.
This good have been classified as luxuries goods for their internal elasticity is greater than one. The effect of the price of fish meat is negative on the demand for poultry meat, indicating that it's a complementary commodity and that doesn't correspond to the economic theory for the reasons that may be attributed to the price may rise and fall at same time. The study included the economic forecast of the demand for poultry meat until 2020 and through the results obtained, we note the continuous increase in the average per capita share of poultry meat for the coming years to 2020. Finally, the study contained a group of conclusions and recommendations and the most important of these conclusions and recommendations is that the local production is growing at a rate of growth less than the rate of growth of quantity consumed, leading to increasing the size of food gap, so Iraq meet the need of poultry meat through the import of the product from abroad .the study recommended the necessity of working towards achieving self. Sufficiency and preserving the financial resources from leaking to foreign countries because of the importation of livestock products to fill the deficit in supply.
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