Measuring the economic and technical efficiency of wheat varieties cultivated in Erbil using an envelope data analysis method DEA
ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES,
2017, Volume 15, Issue 0, Pages 611-619
AbstractIt should be searching for new and useful methods and techniques to increase local production as population increasing; this will depends on increasing productivity and decreasing costs. One of these techniques is selecting the most efficient and the most economical varieties for the effective in Erbil wheat fields which is irrigated by rain and the efficiency of these parameters in that affect production (Area, seeds amounts, fertilizers amounts, pesticides, Hand and mechanical labor.
Stratified random sample were selected from population in rate 8% according to planted varieties 222 farms for the season 2014-2015 using questionnaire filled by researcher while visiting farmers. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method were used to determine the technical and economic efficiency of wheat farms in the search sample, and use the inputs way under production functions variables which relevant the conditions of agricultural production, and according to variable return scale (VRS) and according to the constant return scale (CRS), either estimated technical efficiency (TE) and the capacity scale efficiency (SE). This research didn’t study the outputs way because it wasn’t suitable to agricultural realty work.
The analysis results showed that the technical efficiency average for rough wheat (Cemito) under conditions of CRS was 38% and 80% for the VRS, and was 48.8% for scale efficiency. For the smooth wheat (Adana), the technical efficiency average was 42% under CRS and 85% under VRS.
The field study concluded that class Cimeto had been planted more than Adana, the specificity efficiency results was almost the same that refer to non-significant difference between them. From the economic efficiency, average farmers were the most economically important for them.This study recommend that cultivation of Adana have more economically importance in the provision of people’s livelihood.
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