Keywords : GROWTH


EFFECT OF WHEY AND BANANA FRUIT PUIP EXTRACT IN GROWTH OF KHASTAWI OLIVE TRANSPLANTS

E. A. Rashed; A. F. Al-Dulaimy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2020, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 85-96
DOI: https://doi.org/10.32649/ajas/2020/8

Lath trail was laid out at Department of Horticulture and Landscape, College of Agriculture, University of Anbar during growth season of 2018, to investigate the effect of Whey with three levels of (0, 250 and 500 ml L-1 distilled water) and Banana fruit pulp extract with three levels of (0, 25 and 50 ml L-1) on vegetative growth of Khastawi olive transplants. Eighty-one identical saplings as possible were chosen (27 saplings for each replicate). The two study factors were added at the (1/4, 1/6, 1/8 and 1/10). A factorial experiment was carried out in two factors (3×3) by R.C.B.D. design included 9 treatments replicated three times, using three transplants for each experimental unit. Applying the Whey was significantly affected all the studied traits of the vegetative growth of olive transplants (except the leaves dry weight percentage), especially the highest level (W2) which showed the best values for traits (increased of shoot number 16.52 shoot transplants -1, shoot length 23.8 cm, increased of leaves number 169.7 leaf transplants -1. While W1treatment achieved highest value for leaves area as it reached 978.89 cm2. The highest level of Banana fruit pulp extract (P2) was the best by giving the highest significant effect for all traits (increased of shoot number, shoot length, increased of leaves number, leaves dry weight percentage and leaves area) which gave 16.63 shoot transplants -1, 22.3 cm, 168.2 leaf transplants -1, 60.98% and 1013.23 cm2, respectively. The interaction between the two factors reached a significant level for the traits (increased of shoot number, shoot length and leaves area).

Effect of spraying with seaweed jump start and phosphorous fertilizing on growth and yield of two spinach varieties

Eman G.Taha; A. A. Ismaeil; C. H. Mahmood

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2017, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 191-201
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2017.129084

The research was conducted in bakrajo district, sulaimaniyah governorate in 2015-2016 season for studying the effects of spraying with seaweed jump start in three levels 0, 0.3 and 0.6 ml L-1, and three levels 0, 20 and 40 kg P2O5 donum-1, of phosphorous fertilizing on growth and yield of two spinach varieties (local and French variety). Factorial experiment conducted with randomized completely block design with three factors.
Seeds sown on 26/10/2015 in blocks 6m2 area in lines with 3 gm m-1 and the fertilizer super phosphate was applied once and the seaweed was sprayed three times the first when the seedlings get to a four-leaves stage and after that each three weeks.Results showed that the two varieties differ in all characteristics however their response to the extracts and phosphorous are the same, as there were a significant effect of the extract and phosphorous fertilizer and the interaction between them in improving of yield characters and seeds, the treatment P2S2 preeminence significantly in total yield, single leaf area, number of clusters and seed weight.plant-1. percentage gave the best results about 4.35 Ton donum-1, 90.49 Cm2, 43.06 and 6.06 gm plant-1 respectively according to control P0S0 which gave 3.14 Ton donum-1, 71.08 Cm2, 34.19 and 4.59 gm plant-1 for the characteristics respectively.

Effect of Electric shock on growth characteres yield and yield component of two varieties of sorghum

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2017, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 143-151
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2017.129080

To investigate the effect of electric shock on growth variation of sorghum. Seed of two Varieties Inkath and Gezea113 of crop were germinated. Seedling were socked in 1% NaCl solution for 6h then transferred to container with same solution. Wire with two polar were connected to the container and AC current 220V was switched with 2, 4 and 6 Amber for 5 minutes. Seedling then washed and planted at the field. Electric shock induced significant variations in most of agronomic traits studies. Inkath variety showed response to electric shock an increase 35% in grain yield. Electric shock induced an increase in plant height, leaf area per plant, number of pod per plant, number of head per plant, plant dry weight and grian weight per head for SH3 treatment in M1 and M2.

Effect of Pyridoxine Spraying in Growth and Yield of four Cultivars of Broad Bean ( Vicia faba L. )

Anwar Sabah Ahmed Al-Janabi; Hamdi Jassim Hommadi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 178-187

A field experiment was carried out in winter season of 2015-2016 in department of field crops farm-Agriculture college- Anbar University (alternative site) in Abu Ghuriab, to study the effect of spraying with different concentration of pyridoxine (Vit B6) 0, 100, 200 B6 mg L-1 in growth and yield of four broad bean cultivars (Spanish, Holland, Italic and local variety). The experiment was conducted in split plot arrangement in Randomized Complete Block Design RCBD where the main plots were occupied by cultivars while the sub plots were occupied by pyridoxine concentrations. The results were summarized as follows:
The increment in B6 concentration 200 mg B6 L-1 led to increment in most studied traits namely: plant height 75.19 cm, leaf area 3542 cm2, 100 seed weight 141.07 gm, seed yield 6.025 ton ha-1, protein yield 1.4 ton ha-1 and biological yield 10.613 ton ha -1 . The Holland variety achieved highest in plant height 93.47 cm, leaf area 4145 cm2, while Spanish variety achieved highest in weight of 100 seed 166.36 gm. and Italic variety achieved highest in number of seed in pod 5.89 seed pod-1, seeds yield 6.371 ton ha-1 , protein yield 1.501 ton ha-1 and biological yield 12.189 ton ha-1.

Effect of Spraying Peat Reeds Extract, Irrigation with Saline Water on Growth of Corn (Zea mays L.) and Some Soil Properties

Y. K. AL; Hadithiy; W. B. AL- Kalifawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 109-121

Pot experiment was conducted at the Faculty of Agriculture / Anbar University during the Fall 2014 season as the study included two factors: the first is the irrigation water and three types: water and river water with salinity 4 dS m-1. In addition, with salinity 6 dS m-1, and the second factor is the organic extracts (Peat reeds) and three levels: 10, 20 g L-1 and it was sprayed three times. The study was conducted using three replications and randomized complete design sectors (RCBD). 2014 to study the effect of salt water and peat reeds use in some recipes the soil and the growth of corn, the results showed the following: -
Plant high and dry weight were decreased when irrigation done with salty water 4.0, 6.0 dS m-1 since they were 33.11 cm and 9.80 g pot-1, respectively, comparing with river water 0.92 dS m-1, which showed 33.94 cm and 10.27 g pot -1 respectively. Increasing organic extracts led to increase in dry weight, since it was 8.74 g in no- spray and increased to 11.21 g in spray level 20 g L-1., plant height increase with in organic extract spray level from 32.72 cm to 34.55 cm. Increasing salinity of irrigation water has led to a decrease in the concentration of each of the elements nitrogen and phosphorus in soil, reaching 63.74 and 1.31 mg. kg-1, respectively, comparing with control 103.71 and 2.14 mg kg-1. Potassium was non- significantly, increase was 32.37 mg kg-1 in the level of 6.0 dS m-1., comparing with irrigation with sweet water 0.92 dS m-1. Which was 24.57 mg kg-1 in the soil after planting Decrease in concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the dry weight of corn in the level of 6.0 dS m-1. It amounted to 10.56 and 1.97 and 32.3 mg.kg-1, respectively, an increase of salinity levels in irrigation water comparing with sweet water 11.12 and 2.76 and 4 0.07 mg kg-1 respectively.
Increase concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium when sprayed organic extracts (Peat reeds) in the dry weight of the plant maize the highest concentration 12.10, 2.90 and 38.8 mg kg-1, respectively, were obtained from comparing with control 9.45, 1.95 and 32.5 mg kg-1 respectively. Concentration of nitrogen of potassium, phosphorus, Increase in the soil after planting organic levels of organic extracts (Peat reeds) of the level 20 g. L-1, they were 96.39, 1.85 and 33.93 mg kg-1, respectively, comparing with control 69.53, 1.53 and 19.89 mg kg-1 respectively. Values of soil pH were decreased with increases of organic extract levels and irrigation water salinity they decreased from 7.65 to 7.56 and from 7.65 to 7.51 respectively. Values of electrical conductivity in the soil was increase with salinity of irrigation water it become 1.62 dS.m-1. In the level of (6.0 dS m-1). After it was 1.24 dS.m-1. In the irrigation with sweet, water 0.92 dS m-1. Value of electrical conductivity was increase when using organic extract, it decreased from decreased from 1.47 dS m-1. Spray level of 10 g L-1 of the organic extract to 1.33 dS m-1, at the level 20 g L-1.

Effect of seed priming with Salicylic acid and foliar application with Zinc to enhance SOD activity and some growth and yield traits of Sunflower

Basheer H. Al-Duleimi; Hesham S. Ali; Fhadoy; Mohammed I. K. AL

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 162-177

A field experiment was carried out in silty loam soil in General commission of agricultural researches station in spring season and in Field crops department research station- University of Anbar (Abu-Ghariab) in the fall season of 2015 that located on latitude 33.22 ˚ N, longitude 44.24 ˚ E and altitude 34.1 meter from sea level, in order to study seed priming with salicylic acid 0, 150, 300, 450 mg SA L-1, with four concentration of foliar application with Zinc 0, 50, 100, 150 mg Zn L-1) on form of ZnSo4.H2O (Zn 35%) in enhancing SOD activity and some of growth and yield of sunflower crop (cv. Luleo). The experiment was carried out in arrangement of Split plots in RCBD with three replications. The results of the experiment were summarized as following:
The seed priming with 150 mg SA L-1 has led to give highest activity of SOD after 30 days after sowing date, weight of 100 seed and seed yield 4.65 ton ha-1, while the concentration 300 mg SA L-1 led to give highest activity of SOD at the beginning of flowering stage and Zn concentration in leaves in both seasons as well as the same concentration has led to highest average of leaf area, number of seeds in disc, weight of 100 seed 6.91 gm and seed yield 3.91 ton ha-1 in second season. The foliar application with Zn led to significant increase in most studied traits, the concentration 100 mg Zn L-1 gave highest activity of SOD at the beginning of flowering stage, highest average of number of seeds in disc, weight of 100 seed and seed yield 4.56 and 3.92 ton ha-1 in both seasons respectively. The same concentration recorded highest average of oil content in seeds 48.31% in second season, while concentration of 150 mg Zn L-1 gave highest average of this trait in the first season 51.78%. The two interaction between SA and Zn significantly affected in most studied traits, therefore the treatment of 150 mg SA L-1 with 100 mg Zn L-1 gave highest average seed yield in the first season of 5.04 ton ha-1.

Effect of plant spacing and foliar feeding of iron in growth and yield traits of maize.

Ismail Ahmed Sarhan Al- Jumaili

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 214-225

ield experiment was carried out in a loamy sand soil mixture, at Al-Naemea region, Fallujah City of Al–Anbar province, during the spring and autumn seasons of 2013, to study the effect of three plant spacing between plants10, 15 and 20 cm and four concentrations of foliar feeding of iron 0, 50, 75and100 mg Fe L-1 in growth and yield of maize Ipa 5018. Factorial arrangement was use with R.C.B.D.in three replicates. The results showed that a distance of 10 cm of planting gave the highest mean for each of the plant height, leaf area index and total grain yield 4.75 and 6.15 t ha-1 for two seasons respectively. While the distance of 20 cm planting gave the highest mean for each of the leaf area in autumn season, ear number per plant, number of rows per ear and weight of 500 grain for two season respectively. The concentration 100 mg Fe L-1 gave the highest mean for each of the leaf area ,leaf area index, ear number per plant, number of rows per ear, weight of 500 grain and total grain yield 4.82 and 6.38 t ha-1 for two season respectively. While the concentration 75 mg Fe L-1 gave the highest mean of plant height. The interaction between planting distance of 20 cm and a concentration of 100 mg Fe L-1 was significant effect in ear number per plant and number of rows per ear in autumn season and leaf area and weight of 500 grain in both season respectively. While the interaction between 10 cm distance with concentration 75 mg Fe L-1 significant effect in leaf area index and total grain yield in both season respectively.

Measurement of water consumptive use, growth, and yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum L) under drip irrigation system

B. A. AlKhateeb; B. M. yousif; W. F. Abed Al Rahman

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 36-52

A field experiment was conducted during the spring of 2015 in the Al- Chaksaliah village in Hit district - Anbar province in sandy Loam soil texture, to study water consumptive use in different ways under the drip irrigation system, style of addition on growth and yield of potatoes. Water consumption measured in four methods, depending on climatic data using Najib Kharofah equation, depending on evaporation pan and water tensiometer and moisture sensor, water added in two ways firstly addition depth once, for Added half the depth and the addition of the second half after 12 hours of The first add-on, the study treatments distributed in accordance with the randomized complete block design (RCBD) of three replicate. Potatoes were planted on 05/02/2015, was given five irrigations before germination and then was irrigation scheduling, where perfusion has operations at 40% depletion of available water using of tensiometer and moisture sensor with an irrigation intervals of three days when using Najib Kharofah and pan evaporation equation. The water consumption calculation and measurement of plant height, root length, dry weight, total yield and calculated the efficiency of water use.
Results showed, that Water consumption values increased with advancing stages of plant growth, and decreased in the mature stage, with the highest water-consumption reached in the swollen tubers stage as it reached values of 533, 405, 360 and 337 mm for the way Najib Khrovh, pelvis, tensiometer and sensors humidity, respectively, while the total is less watery consumption to plant potatoes in the vegetative stage of growth, reaching 85, 74, 60 and 30 mm for the way Najib Khrovh, evaporation pan, tensiometer and moisture sensors, respectively. The Najib Kharofah equation gave the highest value for the consumption of water in comparison with the rest of seasonal treatments reaching 996, 772, 668 and 595 mm Season-1 for the treatment of Najib Kharofah and evaporation pan, tensiometer and moisture sensors, respectively. The Najib Kharofah treatment prevailed for both ways of addition to give a higher yield of tubers and higher dry weight and height of the plant amounted and length of the roots to 40.75 Ton h-1 and 96.74 g Plant-1 and 41.83 cm and 31.31 cm, for complete treatments, respectively. And amounted to 43.19 Ton h-1 and 98.5 g Plant-1 and 43.4 cm and 32.56 cm, for the mid-term treatments, respectively. While the lowest values of the tuber yield, dry weight and length of the roots and plant height under the treatment of moisture sensors amounted to 29.28 Tun h -1 and 65.56 g Plant-1 and 25.93 cm and 28 cm full of treatments, respectively. And 30.46 Tun.h-1 and 65.81 g Plant-1 and 27.6 cm and 29.88 cm for the mid-term treatments, respectively. Tensiometer treatment gave midterm best efficiency of water use for tubers to reach an average of 8.53 kg m-3 compared with other treatments.

The effect of organic fertilize level, extract and drip discharge on the availability of nutrient and properties of Cucurbita pepo L

M. H .munajed; B. Al Khateeb Husham; K. J. Farhan

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 147-161

A field experiment was carried out in a clay soil in the district of Daquq, south of Kirkuk province, to study the effect of the level of organic fertilization and emitters discharge in some properties of the soil and the growth and holds pumpkin squash. The Organic fertilizers were added with four different amounts 0, 10, 15 and 20 ton per hectares, Organic Fertilization extract with two different levels 0, 20 gm per Liter, the irrigation was supplied by using drip Irrigation System. Water was supplied with two Discharge levels 3.93 and 7.86 Lh-1.Some of the chemical properties of soil such us of N, P, and K have been calculated. Number of foots and yield have been measured as a properties of the plant and the efficiency of water use have been calculated. The results showed an increase of the concentration of N, P, and K that available within the soil at 20 ton h-1 of fertilization level, which is 23.50, 108.70, and 203.7 respectively. The concentration of N, P, and K increase in the plant, which is 2.64, 0.39, 2.32% respectively. The 20 gm per liter has a significant of N, P, and K concentration in the soil with an average of 94.55, 19.80. 170.62 mg kg-1 respectively. Similarly, this concentration has an increase of N, P, and K concentration in the plant, which record 1.97, 0.41 and 2.11%. The result have showed that the best growth of the number of fruit and a total yield ,which is 8.87 fruit per plant and 25.11 ton h-1 respectively, at 20 ton h-1 fertilization level and 20 gm per liter extract concentration. In addition, at this result, combined with best water use efficiency that is 10.60 kg per meter

Effect of treated sewage effluent by different material and Levels of Organic matter on growth of Barley (Hordeum Vulgare L.)

F. M. Al-Hamdani; Y. K. AL-Hadithi; K. H. Ahmaid

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 83-98

The study was conducted at the College of Agriculture-University of Anbar during the autumn of 2013 to study the effect of treated sewage effluent by decomposed hay waste and Rock phosphate on growth of Barley. The study included four quality of irrigation water (w): fresh water (w1) sewage effluent treated by decomposed hay waste (w2), treated by Rock phosphate (w3) and untreated sewage effluent (w4). Second factor is poultry manure levels: (O0) no added, (O1) 10 mt ha-1 , (O2) 20 mt ha-1, (O3) 30 mt ha-1 with three replication using (RCBD). At end of the experiment, dry weight and plant heights were measured, in addition to concentrations of Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, Cd and Pb for Barley seeds.
Results showed a significant increase in shoot dry weight and plant heights with treated sewage by decomposed hay waste and Rock phosphate with values 50.44, 46.70 gm and 54.0, 50.58 cm respectively compared with fresh water and untreated water and increase in shoot dry weight and plant heights with levels of poultry manure. Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, Cd, Pb concentrations decrease in Barley seeds with irrigated sewage treated by decomposed hay waste and treated by Rock phosphate, with 41.35, 31.0, 11.09, 1.31, 0.275, 0.621 mg kg-1 and 40.84, 29.5, 10.95, 1.30, 0.295, 0.635 mg.kg-1respectively. Compared with untreated sewage water and increasing of poultry manure levels resulted in increase of Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu concentration in Barley seeds giving 43.34, 33.40, 11.75, 1.63 mg kg-1 respectively compared with control , while concentration Cd, Pb decrease with poultry manure addition.

Response of growth, yield and quality of soybean (Glycine max (L.) merr) to some agronomic techniques

A. F. Ramadan; B. H. Abduallah; F. H. Meckhlif

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2012, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 257-272

A field experiment was conducted on silty clay loam soil at Alkarmah– Al-Anbar province during summer season of 2009. The objective was to investigate the effect of three factors in vegetative, root growth, yield and quality of soybean Glycine max L. CV Forrest sowing method (furrow and lines sowing) weeding (twice weeding, once weeding and without weeding) and sowing dates (22 April, 1 June and 11 June). RCBD was used to arranged treatments in split– split plot system with three replicates.
Results were as followed:
1. Furrow sowing was significantly superior compared with lines sowing in all studied traits.
2. During the growing season, twice weeding was the best treatment compared with once weeding treatment and the control (without weeding) in most of the studied traits except for internode length rate which the control showed its higher value.
3. The sowing date of April 22 gave the highest means in all studied traits against the other sowing dates, 1 and 11 May.
It could be concluded that the best results had been achieved by furrow sowing compained with twice weeding during the growing season and the sowing date of April 22.

Effect of Organic fertilizer and Mineral fertilizer on some properties of Soil , growth and Onion ( Allium cepa L.) yield.

Hassan Bardan Aswad

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 269-278

This experiment was conducted in loamy soil at farm Al-qaim region 400 Km west of Baghdad – Iraq to study the effect of organic matter (Fertilizer manure) instead of mineral fertilizer on growth and yield of Onion (Allium cepa L.) using six treatment (control & 72 + 240 Kg P +N /hr as super phosphate + urea & 8 ton/ hr organic manure & 10 ton/hr organic manure & 36 +120 Kg P + N /hr with 8 ton organic manure/hr and 36 + 120 Kg P + N /hr with 10 ton organic manure/hr). The results were indicated that the treatment (36 + 120 Kg P + N /hr with 8 ton organic manure /hr ) and (36 + 120 Kg P + N / hr with 10 ton Organic fertilizer/hr) the best percentage of germination , plant height , Leaves number , Blub volume , average of five blubs wieght ,and gave heigh rate of dry yield 26.20 ton/hr. on other hand the best results were obtained by using organic manure with or with out mineral fertilizers reduced bulk density , penetration resistance and increase Organic matter soil content, N and, P availability which were 1.33g/cm3 , 1.33 Kg / cm2 , 8.3 g / Kg , 85.4 mg / Kg , and 18.3 recepectivly and which tend on the percentage of N and P in the leaves of plant effective by this treatments.

Effect of Foliar application of Zinc and Potassium Fertilization on growth . yield and quality characteristics of two varieties of Sorghum bicolor ( L.) Moench

A. A. G. H. Alani; B. H. A. Al-Dulami

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 117-135

Two field experiment ware conducted in a private farm in the city of Rumadi- Anbar in the spring and autumn seasons of 2009, at silt clay loam soil. To study the effects of three levels of Potassium fertilizer (0, 90 and 180) Kg K. ha-1 from potassium sulfate (K %41.5) and three levels Zn add asd foliar application (0, 1 and 2) Kg Zn.ha-1 as Zinc Sulphate (Zn %23). on the growth, yield and quality characteristics of two genotypes of Sorghum (Rabih and Inkath) . The experiment split- split plot with R.C.B.D design was used with three replications. The important result for this study were: Inkath genotype has significant effect on weight of 500 grain, grain yield. harvest index and the percentage of protein in grain in both seasons respectively. The application level 90 Kg K. ha-1 caused highest average for leaf area, weight of 500 grain, grain yield and harvest index in both seasons, While 180 Kg K. ha-1 gives the highest average the percentage of protein in grain (8.14 and 8.09) % in both seasons. Increase level foliar feeding of Zinc have been caused increasment in all the growth, whereat at zinc at level 2 Kg Zn.ha-1 gave high average in both seasons. effect the double and triple interaction had significant effect in most of considered characteristics and Inkath genotype at the middle level of potassium and highest level of Zinc fertilizers (90 Kg K + 2 Kg Zn) . ha-1 give the highest average for leaf area, weight of 500 grain, grain yield (12.64 . 6.76) T. ha-1. while the same genotype at the highest level of both fertilizers (180 Kg K + 2 Kg Zn) . ha-1 give the highest average in percentage of of protein in grain (8.53 and 8.50) % in both seasons. from this study are conclude the Inkath genotype was more efficiency in exploiting the environmental condition and available nutrition especially at the level 90 Kg K. ha-1 with foliar feeding of level 2 Kg Zn is realize highest average in most of the characteristics in both seasons measure with Rabih genotype.

Effect of spraying boron on growth and yield of three varieties of cotton Gossypium hirsutum L.

Raad L. Aboud; Fahdel R. Othman; Assaf; Mohammed A. AL

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 1-7

Field experiment was conducted during the spring season of 2008 in the fields of Mosul Technical Institute Cotton research unit to study the in pact of spraying boron in different concentrations (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 mg. g-1) on three varieties of cotton plant (Ashore, Lashata & cooker 310) for cotton yield addition components of spraying boron was applied in three times: first spray was stated with the stage of vegetative growth after 45 from planting, where the second applied with the stage of vegetative and flowering buds after 75 from planting, and the third spray after two weeks from the second spray.
The result of the study showed that the Lashata variety was significantly dominated the other studied. Varieties in terms of plant height, number of vegetative and fruiting branches, number of open bolls and technological changes varieties which are: boll weight, seeds index, lint index, hair weight and total cotton yield: 107.1 cm., 18.46, 4.64, 41.9, 4.54 gm., 8.08, 5.78, 622.1 kg/ d. and 4.53 ton/ h. respectively. The responses was obvious in high concentration of boron used for the three studied varieties .

Effect of spraying some organic fertilizers on growth and yield and quality of three potato cultivars

Omar H. Muslah; Sadek K. Sadik; Majed A. Hanshal

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 68-78

Abstract
An experiment was carried out in one of the private fields in Amiriya (10 km south of Fallujah), Anbar province, to study the effect of spraying some organic fertilizers on growth , yield and quality of three potato cultivars during spring season of 2010, seed tubers (class Elite) were planted at 6-2-2010. Plants were spread at 45 days and 65 days from sowing. Use the randomized block design full RCBD (Randomized Complete Block Design) with three replicates, the means were compared according to L.S.D. test at 5% significant level.
Spraying of Bepton was superior in plant length 104.44 cm, leaf area 49.86 dm2, chlorophyll 49.18 SPAD unit, number of marketable tubers plant 6.67 tubers, total plant yield 889.1 gm, dry matter 16.88 %, starch 11.56% and specific density 1.0640 g/cm3 , compared with Bihorm solution. Desiree cv. was superior in plant length 114.56 cm, marketable tubers yield plant 630.1 gm, dry matter 15.93 % and specific density 1.0594 g/cm3, compared with Avalon and Arizona cv.

Influence of Nitrogen Fertilizer and Spraying Terra-Sorb on Growth and Yield of Some Potato Cultivars Solanum tuberosum L.

Shaymaa A. Al-Qaisy; Sadeq Q. Al-Baity

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 139-150

This study was conducted in vegetable farm, Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad for fall season 2008 and spring season 2009. To investigated the influences different applied to the soil of nitrogen fertilizer and foliar sprays (Terra-Sorb) on growth yield some potato cultivars. RCBD design for split-plot was adapted, the cultivars Binella and Riviera for fall season and Desiree and Riviera for spring season were main-plot.
البحث مستل من رسالة ماجستیر للباحث الأول
While the seven levels of N fertilizer with control treatment in sub-plot as follows: (T0) as control (without fertilizer) and (200 , 400 , 600 Kg N/ha) and ((200 , 400 , 600 Kg N/ha + 3ml/L terra-sorb) and only (3ml/L terra-sorb).
The results shown the superior of Binella and Desiree cultivars in vegetative and yield characters, compare with Riviera cultivar. While the fertilizer treatments significantly influenced the vegetative characters, the highest level of( 600 Kg N/ha + terra-sorb) significantly gave the highest emergence percentage (92.12 and 100.0%), numbers of main (4.15 and 4.70 stem/plant), the highest of plant (68.41 and 77.55 cm), leaf area (7793.4 and 10534.4cm2), leaf area index (4.15 and 5.61), the percentage of chlorophyll in leaf (41.83 and 45.83 SPAD), the dry weight of vegetative parts (63.13 and 66.78 g/plant) for fall and spring season respectively. While (400 kg N/ha + terra-sorb) significant influenced the number of tubers (9.50 and 10.78 tuber/plan), plant yield (1033.3 and 1034.3g/plant), total yield (49.11and 53.52tan/ha) for both season respectively.

Response Cotton Variety Lashata to Levels and Dates Foliar of Boron for Some Growth Characters and Qualitative

Rajaa M. Hameed

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 29-38

The experiment was conducted at the field of Kerbala during the two seasons of 2001 and 2002, to investigate response cotton variety Lashata to levels of Boron levels (0, 8, 16, and 24 mg.kg-1) and three dates foliar (after thinning , during flowering and after 50% flowering) on growth and qualitative. The experimental design was a randomized complete block design with three replicates.
The results showed that Boron applied at 24 mg.kg-1 increased plant height (156.33 and 158.36 cm), number of sympodia branch per plant (37.44 and 36.00 branches), lint yield (2297.10 and 2212.00 kg/ha) respectively in both season, and reduced height first sympodia branch. In addition, it increased fiber length (21.77 and 24.96%) and fiber strength (24.45 and 23.90%) respectively in both season. The date foliar during flowering of both season increased plant height , height first sympodia branch, number sympodia branch per plant, lint yield (1264.30 and 1326.00 kg/ha) respectively, and fiber strength (5.77 and 4.79%) in both season respectively as compared with foliar boron after thinning. Significant effect of interaction between level 24 mg.kg-1 of boron and date foliar during flowering in all the properties were studied in his research.

Effect of Sowing Rates on Growth and Yield of Some rice cultivars

Aeid K. Maseer

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 74-81

Field experiment was conducted at Kadisaea Governorate to investigate effect of three swing rates (100, 140 and 180 kg. ha) on growth and yield of four rice cultivars (Anber- 33, Anber Menathera, Anber Baghdad and Anber Furat).
The results indicated that Anber Baghdad C. V. gave significant increment in plant height, number of panicles per m2, weight of 1000 grains and yield. The cultivar of Anber Menathera gave largest flag leaf area and highest number of grains per panicle.
Sowing rate (180 kg. ha-1) superior in no. days (planting to 50% flowering), FLA (Flag Leaf Area), No. panicle per m2, which rwflected in highest yield.
Data showed significant interaction between sowing rate and cultivars, and that increasing of sowing rate of CV. Anber Baghdad to 180 kg/ ha, encouraged the plant to posses highest No. panciles/ m2 No. grain/panicle, weight of 1000 grain, so these all reflect in highest yield.

The effect of interaction between soil moisture and organic wastes on growth and uptake of N, P on corn plant

Y. K. Hamza

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 30-39

أجریت تجربة سنادین فی کلیة الزراعة/ جامعة الأنبار خلال الموسم الخریفی لعام 2007 لدراسة التداخل بین الرطوبة والمخلفات العضویة على نمو وامتصاص N وP فی نبات الذرة الصفراء. کانت معاملات التجربة مستویین من الرطوبة هما السعة الحقلیة و50% من السعة الحقلیة, وثلاثة أنواع من المخلفات العضویة هی (مخلفات الدواجن, مخلفات الأغنام وکوالح الذرة الصفراء).نفذت تجربة کما یلی باعتماد التصمیم التام التعشیة (C. R. D) وبثلاثة مکررات.أظهرت النتائج مایلی:1- إضافة المخلفات العضویة بأنواعها المختلفة أدت إلى زیادة معنویة فی معدل ارتفاع النبات ووزن المادة الجافة والحاصل الکلی للنبات وزیادة کمیة N وP الممتص من قبل النبات.2- تفوقت مخلفات الدواجن معنویا بجمیع الصفات حیث سجلت أعلى المعدلات.3- زیادة المحتوى الرطوبی (السعة الحقلیة) زاد من ارتفاع النبات ووزن المادة الجافة والحاصل الکلی والکمی الممتصة من N وP.4- انخفاض المحتوى الرطوبی للتربة إلى 50% من السعة الحقلیة أدى إلى انخفاض جمیع الصفات المدروسة.5- لم یتحقق أی حاصل (إنتاج) عند المحتوى الرطوبی 50% من السعة الحقلیة.

Effect of tillers in growth and yield of maize

A. M. Dahi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 125-130

نفذت تجربة حقلیة بتصمیم القطاعات العشوائیة الکاملة وبأربعة مکررات فی تجربة عاملیة فی محطة أبحاث المحاصیل الحقلیة فی أبی غریب /الهیأة العامة للبحوث الزراعیة فی الموسمین 2006 و 2007. الهدف من الدراسة معرفة تأثیر الأشطاء على صفات النمو وحاصل الحبوب لنبات الذرة الصفراء، شملت التجربة على ستة تراکیب وراثیة هی" بحوث106"و "5012"و" مسره"و" ربیع"(مجامیع ترکیبیة) والهجینان 3003 و A5XR5 کانت مواعید الزراعة للموسمین منتصف شهر تموز . أظهرت النتائج بأن معدل عدد الأشطاء فی النبات تباینت من موسم لآخر حیث أعطى " بحوث106" أعلى عدد من الأشطاء وکان (2.1) شطأ فی موسم 2006 بینما فی موسم 2007 أعطى الهجین "A5XR5" أعلى معدل لعدد الأشطاء (2.3). لم یکن لعدد اشطاء النبات تأثیراً معنویا فی ارتفاع النبات فی الموسم الأول فیما أثرت فی ارتفاع النبات فی الموسم الثانی حیث أعطت نباتات التراکیب الوراثیة بدون أشطاء أعلى معدل للارتفاع بلغ1.17 م. أعطت نباتات التراکیب الوراثیة بدون أشطاء أعلى معدل للمساحة الورقیة فی کلا الموسمین بلغت 0.33 و0.29 م2على التوالی. لم یتأثر معدل عدد أوراق النبات الواحد معنویا للتراکیب الوراثیة بوجود أوعدم وجود أشطاء فی الموسم الأول، أما فی الموسم الثانی فقد تفوقت نباتات التراکیب الوراثیة الخالیة من الأشطاء بإعطائها أعلى معدل لعدد الأوراق (14 ورقة) للنبات. اما بالنسبة الى حاصل النبات فقد تفوقت نباتات التراکیب الوراثیة الخالیة من الاشطاء فی کلاالموسمین حیث اعطت اعلى معدل من الحبوب بلغ 121.1 و 95.71 غم/النبات على التوالی. نستنتج من هذا البحث بان للاشطاء تاثیر سلبی على حاصل النبات وعلیه یجب ان ننتج تراکیب وراثیة خالیة من الاشطاء.

Effect of number of spray with spray with nutrient fertilizer (Scotts) on growth and production of potato cv. Desiree

Omar H. Al-Mohammedi; W. A. Hussein

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 152-158

An experiment was carried out at the field of Agriculture college/ Abu-Ghraib during fall season of 2006 to study the effect of number of sprays with Foliar nutrient fertilizer (Scotts) on growth and production of potato Cv. Desiree in Soil (pH = 7.5) and (Ec = 4.2). Scotts foliar fertilizer (Scott Company product) contains 10% N, 15% P2O5, 31% K2O, 0.1% MgO 0.1 and amount of chelated B, Cu, Mg, Zn and Fe at the rate of 2 ml/ L of water, plants were sprayed to drip point with either distilled water (30 days), or with nutrient solution, once (45 days), twice (45 and 60 days), or three times (45, 60 and 75 days) after planting plus control. Randomize Complete Block Design was adapted with three replicates. Plant height and number of branches/ plant increased when sprayed three times to 49cm and 13.67 branch/plant respectively, All treatment increased vegetative growth dry weight to 68, 64 and 61.7 g/ plant when sprayed three times, twice, once respectively. Dry weight percentage, tuber weight and plant yield increased when sprayed three times at 26.67%, 93.7 g/ tuber and 883.3g/ plant.

Effect of soil mulching on growth and yield of broad bean and some properties of soil

N. A. Katab; I. K. Hamza; Y. K. Hamza

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 8-12

*University of Al-Anbar / College of Agriculture
** Commission of technical education

Abstract
The field experiment was conducted during winter season in 2005/ 2006 to study the effect of soil mulching using plastic and plant residual mulching on soil water consumption and growth of broad bean plant and some soil properties.
The results showed that, the use of mulching caused a significant increase in water holding capacity of soil and the emergence rate and decrease soil salinity. Further more, the total yield and growth pod yield for broad bean crop were increased comparatively with control treatment, a considerable saving 25% in the quanitiy of water used for irrigation was achieved under soil mulching. Water use efficiency also increased about 50% by using soil mulching.

Effects of Organic and Nitrogen Fertilizers on Growth and Productivity of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)

H. N. Farhan

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 136-146

The study was conducted in the west area of Iraq on the right side of Euphrates river, during Spring season of 2004. The goal was to study the effects of organic fertilizer (cow manure) and nitrogen fertilizer (urea N 46 %) on growth and productivity of potato crop var. Diesseri. Cow manure fertilizer used in two levels (0, 20 ton/ h) while nitrogen fertilizer used also in two levels (0, 200 kg N/ ha). Complete Block Randomized Design with three replicates was used in this experiment. The results showed the following:
1. Superiority of organic fertilizer treatment (20 ton/ ha) in comparing with nitrogen fertilizer treatment in most morphological, physiological and productivity characters.
2. Superiority of nitrogen fertilizer treatment (200 kg N/ ha) in comparing with organic fertilizer treatment in chlorophyll contents and total tuber number per plant.
3. Organic fertilizer treatment gave total yield and protein percentage in tuber 34.844 ton/ ha and 1.78% respectively. While nitrogen fertilizer treatment gave 30.636 ton/ ha and 1.68% respectively. Control treatment gave total yield 19.511 ton/ ha and protein percentage 1.32% respectively.
4. Organic fertilizer treatment increased yield and protein percentage by 78.5% and 34.6% respectively compared with control treatment.
5. No significant interaction between nitrogen and organic fertilizer treatments.

EFFECT OF NETROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS FERTILLZATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF WHITE MUSTARD (Sinapis alba L.)

M. A. Al-Naqeeb

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 154-164

A field experiment was conducted at the Experimental Farm, Department of Field Crops Sciences, College of Agriculture, Abu-Ghraib during 2001-2002 and 2004-2005 season to determinate the best interaction effect between nitrogen and phosphorus gave a higher yield and quality of white mustard. The layout of the experiment was RCBD with three applications. The results showed that the combination of 280 Kg N/h and 55 Kg P/h surpassed the other treatments in plant height, number of branches/ plant, number of capsule/plant weight of 1000 seeds, yield of plant. Number of seeds/ capsule and percentage of oil in seed were not significantly affected treatments compared with control. The combined effect of 280 Kg N/h and 55 Kg P/h produced the highest seed yield 6.39 gm. 9.28gm compared with control 2.80 gm, 4.66 gm in both seasons, respectively.

EFFECT OF FERTILIZATION OF, NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS, AND POTASSIUM ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SOYBEAN CROP

J. M.Al-Jumeily

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 135-140

The study was conducuted during 2004 season in Esehaki To find out the response of growth and yield soybean crop to nitrogen ,phosphorus and potassium Fertilizer in defferent levels. A randmized complete block design was used in afactorial experiment with three replication .The treatments included Tow cultivars (TN12 and DT84) with seven levels of NPK Fertilizer. The results showed that TN12 had higher yield of seed (1187.9) Kg/ ha. and nomber of pods per plant (33.3), No. of seed per pod (2.5) and higher plant height (65.1) cm. The treatment 140 kg N + 240 kg P2O5 + 75 kg K2O/ ha. was gaves higher yield (1309.2 Kg/ ha), (34.2) pods/ plant and (12.7) gram wieght of 100 seeds. A significant interaction between cultivars and Fertilizer levels was found. with treatment (T6) and cultivars (TN12 and DT84) produced higher yield and yield components.

Effect of foliar fertilization on growth and yield of broad bean Vicia faba L.

A. H. Jasim

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 177-182

A field experiments was conducted at Al-hashimia (25 km south of Babylon, Iraq) in 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 growth seasons to study the effect of five treatments of foliar fertilizer (0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 spray times) on growth and yield of broad bean. Dust fertilizer (N 12%, P2O5 3%, K2O 43%, Magnesium 300 ppm, Manganese 300 ppm, Zinc 300 ppm, Iron 500 ppm and Copper 100 ppm) was used at con. Of 0.5%. Random complete block design was used with 4 replications. The results showed that foliar fertilization in the range of 4-8 spray times caused an increase in plant height, branches /plant number, pod numbers per plant, as compared with control. It caused also an increase in the average green pod weight, yield of green pods and dry seeds yield significantly as compared with control and 2 times of spray.

The effect of potassium Fertilization and the Direction of furrows on the growth and yield of potato Solanum tuberosum L.

S. A. M. Al - Muhamadi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 244-250

This experiment was conducted on potato cultiver Solanum tuberosum L. (desiree cv.) during winter season (2000 – 2001 ) in the west of Faluja city in loamy salt clay soil with a split-plot design, to study the effect of three levls of k-fertilizer. these levels are 0.00, 300, 600 k.g. ha-1 and also the effects of two directions of rows directions paralled to sun light, (from the east to the west) on vertical directions to sun lights .
Results indicated that number of tubers / plant, weight of dry matter and percentage of N in leaves where increased significantly upon the use of K.fertilizer applied vertical directions of rows. Plant hight and total yield were also increased significantly upon the use of K. fertilizer.

EFFECT OF PLANTING DATE ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SOYBEAN (Glycine max L. Merrill)

J. M.Al-Jumeily

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 141-148

The study was conducted during 2003 and 2004 season in Esghaki to find out the response of growth and yield soybean crop to planting dates. A Randomaized Complete Block Design was used in Afactorial Experiment with three replications. The treatments included three planting dates (Mide Jun, end Jun and Mid July) and three cultivars (Lee74, TN12, DT84). The results showed significant differences among planting dates in seed yield and number of pods in plant. The planting date in the end of Jun gave (2302.52, 2001.96) Kg/ ha. And (32.56, 31.51) pods/ plant in both year of study. The cultivar Lee74 produced higher seeds yield (2265.95, 2170.43) Kg/ ha. Caltivar DT84 gave higher plant hight (61.21, 78.95) cm. The interaction between Lee74 and the planting date in the end of July gave higher seeds yield.

Effect of sowing date in growth characteristics for several cultivars of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)

B. H. A. Al-Solagh

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 97-109

A field experiment has been fulfilled in sandy - clay texture soil in Al-Jazira region in Al-Khalidia town in Al-Anbar province during summer season of 2000 ac. To study the effect of sowing dates (1st may, 15th may, 1st June and 15th June) in growth characteristics of four cultivars from sesame (Al-Mahali, Ishtar, Babel and Rafadeen) and determine the best cultivar and date of sowing given the best growth for sesame under the climate of Al-Anbar governorate. The factorial experiment has been used according to random complete block design (R.C.B.D.) with three replicate. The following were obtained results:
The cultivars different significantly in growth characters, the derivative cultivars especially Ishtar are earlier in duration (period) of maturity (ripening) and mean 15.64 day compared with Al-mahali cultivar whose overcame on them in stem diameter (1.36 cm), number of branches per plant (4.10 branch) dry weight of plant (16.83 g / plant). while Ishtar and Babel are overcame in shortest of stem height from ground (earth) until the beginning of branching (12.54 , 13.12) cm. The last cultivar also overcame in high mean of plant height (149.13 cm) as compared with other varieties.
There was a significant effect for sowing dates in most growth characters. The plants which are planted at 1st may recorded a high mean for dry weight of plant (15 g / plant) and number of day from sowing to ripening (150.82 day) compared which are planted in 15th June which earlier in ripening (110 day) and overcame in stem diameter (1.27 cm), while the plants are sowing in 1st June recorded a high mean of plant height (153.35 cm). the dates of sowing not effect significantly in the stem long from earth surface until beginning of branching and number of branches / plant.
The interaction between sowing dates and cultivars had significant effect in all growth characters except number of branch / plant. The local cultivar that sowing in 1st June gave a highest mean of plant height (182.15 cm), stem diameter (1.58 cm) and plant dry weight (27.75 g / plant). The Ishtar cultivar that sowing in the same date also recorded a less distance to beginning of branches (9.83 cm) and earlier in ripening when sowing in 15st June (104.66 day) as compared with other treatments especially with local cultivar that planting in 1st may (164.66 day).

Effect of Space between plants and Nitrogen fertilizer on Growth and Grain yield of Corn

A. Salama

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 143-148

A field trial was conducted at farm of Qaim region silty caly soil to study the effect of space between plants and nitrogen fertilizer on growth and yield in Qaim .The objective of research is to determine the response of corn ( Booheth 106 ) in autumn season of 2005 fertilizer using three levels (80, 160, and 240) kg N/ha and using three spacing between hills (15, 25, and 35) cm, as sup plot. These factors( 3*3 ) were input in split plot design with three replication, seeds were planted at 20 july in rows 0.70 m spacing between. Nitrogen application incrased leaf area. Plant height and yield signifcantaly. So that 25 cm between hills gave the best means of these characteristics and resulted height rate of yield with using 160 and 240 kg N/ha.

EFFECT OF COMPOUND SULPHER FERTILIZER ADDITION ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD FOR SUNFLOWER Helianthus annuus L.

A. H. Al-Bayati

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2006, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 115-126

Two field experiments were carried out at the college of agriculture - university of Al-Anbar in spring season of 2001 and 2002 years. To study the effect of three treatments. The first was application of agricultural sulpher at level 2 Meq S°. ha-1 (T1) the second was application phosphorus and nitrogen at level 240 kg P2O5 . h-1 and 180 kg N. ha-1 respectively (T2), and third treatment was application compound sulpheric fertilizer (6 : 19 : 65) (N : P2O5 : S) to soil with level 3 Meq. ha-1 (T3). Which replicated third time on growth and productivity of sunflower (Euro-flower hybrid) and to limitation the fertilizer efficiency for production. Same chemical properties of rizosphere soil were determined with crop growth parameters and total uptake of nitrogen also phosphours during flowering and maturation stages. Addition to yield properties. The results were showed significantly superiority for T3 treatment in reduction the soil pH and increasing soil EC also soil content from nitrogen and available phosphors with increasing them uptake at the two studied stage of plant growth during the two years. Which positively reflect on growth parameters (plant height, leaf area and plant dry matter) also yield components, head diameter, number of seeds per head and total seeds yield. which superiority with 27.3 and 10.65 % portion on T1 during the two studied years respectively. Oil contains and its yield was increased at T3 treatment also. Which gets best fertilizer efficiency for production reached 19.8 % as average in comparison to T1. the results were showed that addition of sulpher with crop recommendation of nutrients more efficiency to increase the yield which reflected the importance in improvement of nutrient availability when we added it to the soil as fertilizer.

EFFECT OF NITROGEN FERTILIZER IN GROWTH AND YIELD (Zea mays L.)

OmarA. Al-Dolimy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2006, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 84-91

Field experiment was conducted at field crops dep.-Agriculture college / Al-Anbar University for two Seasons, spring and fall during 2000. the objective of study was to study the effect of nitrogen fertilizer in growth and yield of corn. Split-Plot Design was used with three replicates. N fertilizer levels took up the main plot, while genotypcs were arranaged into Sub-Plot. The results showed significant differences among all of two factors levels, for all characteristics exception of humidity %. The increasing in N addition, increased the total, grain total, thickness of Ear, CoZ weight and leaf area of plant, for Both Seasons, respectively. Highest grain yield was gained from 320 kgm N . ha-1 of (10.2 and 4.7) ton . ha-1, for Both season, respectively. 320 kgm N. ha-1 gave highest coz weight of (700.6 and 600.0) gm and ear thickness of 16.0 and 17.2 cm, for both season, respectively. Also, the same level gave higher leaf area of (53.28 and 58.83) cm2, for both seasons, respectively. There wasn't significant differences in grain humidity %.

Effect of soil mulching on growth , sweet pepper Capsicum sp yield and some properties of salty soil

I. K. Al-Hadithi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2006, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 15-20

Field experiment was conducted at the period from March 1996 to November 1996 to study the effect of soil mulching on growth, yield of sweet pepper and some soil properties of salty soil. Results showed that soil salinity at depth (0-20) decreased from 9.5ds/m to 5ds/m and the temperature of soil decreased for depth 10cm by mean 5 c in April and 4 C in June under soil mulching conditions. The yield of pepper increased about 50%.Aconsiderable saving (39%) in the quantity of water used for irrigation was achieved under soil mulching. Water use efficiency also increased about 146% by using at soil mulching.

EFFET OF HIGH LEVELS OF NITROGEN FERTILIZER ON GROWTH AND GRAIN YIELD OF TRITICALE

S. A. Faiath; yahoo.com; H. J. Homadi; H. K. Saleh

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 35-40

Field experiment was carriedout in the seasons of 2002 – 2003 and 2003 – 2004 at the fieldsof Saqlawala Zone to study the effects of gigh levels from nitrogen fertilizer of (80 – 160 – 240) kg N / ha on growth, yield components, grain yield of triticale, the experiment was designed according to R.C.B.D. with four replication. Significant differences were found for all characteries in two seasons. The highest plant height, number of tillers, ieaf area and ieaf area index of 120 day, 132.19, 241.47, 125.15 and 3.29 respectively was obtained from treatment (240) kg N / ha and aiso give the maximum numder of spikes, numder of graim per spike, weight of thousand grains / g, biological yield, grain yield and harvest index 201.75, 76.05, 38.93 gm, 13333.07 kg / ha, 4600.48 kg / ha and 34.92 % respectively for both seasons 2002 – 2003 and 2003 –2004.

EFFECT OF FERTILIZATION AND PACLOBUTRAZOL ON SOME VEGETATIVE GROWTH CHARACTERISTICS OF PAPAYA CV. HONEY DEW

Farouk Faraj; Jabbar Abbass

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 81-87

This study was conducted during the season of 2002-2003 at Latifia Research station, the general company for horticulture and forestry, on Papaya Cv. Honey Dew. This study aimed to evaluate the vegetative growth under the plastic house as affected by the treatments with Paclobutrazol and NPK nutrient.
A blends of 0: 0: 0 NPK , 10: 10: 10 NPK and 20: 10: 10 g/plant NPK were added three times. The Paclobutrazol was added at three levels 0, 1, 1.5 g/plant at the anthesis stage. A factorial experiment with (RCBD) was used .
The results showed a successful plant growth under plastic house with the ability to modifying the height of the plant and its vegetative growth.Treatment(1.5gm paclobutrazol with the combination 10:10:20 gm NPK )gave the highest charbohydrate ratio and chlorophyll with lowest plant length at the first flower opening ( 12.12% , 42.33 microgram / mm2 , 125.95cm) for these parameters respectively.

EFFECT OF SEEDING ON GROWTH AND CRAIN YIELD OF TRITICALE

H. K. Saleh; H. J. Homadi; S. A. Faiath

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 41-46

Field experiment was carriedout in the seasons of 2000 – 2001 and 2001 - 2002 at the fields of Saqlawaia Zone to study the effect of seeding rateS (100 - 160 - 220) kg/ha on growth and grain yield triticale. The experiment was designed according to RCBD with four replication .Significant differenceswere found for some characteries for both seasons and the mean of two seasons such as the plant height, number of tiller, ieaf area and leaf area index, numder of spikes, biological yield, grain yield and harvest index, but no significant differences detween numder of grain per spike, weight of 1000 graibs (g), The seeding rate (220) kg/ha gave the highest plant height, numder of tillers, numder of spike, biological yield, grain yield in both seasons and the mean of two seasons.
The seeding rate (220) kg/ha gave biological yield (16476.87) kg/ha and grain yield (4939.79) kg/ha.

EFFECT OF CALTURE SUBSTRATE AND DISBUDDING ON THE GROWTH AND FLOWERING OF CARNATION

R. M. H. Al-Dulimi; S. A. M. Al-Muhamadi; H. M. Al-abdily

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 57-66

The experiment was carried out in college of agric. Baghdad Univ. during 2001, 2002 seasons, to study the effect of (7) different culture substrates on the growth and flowering of normal and disbudded plants. The results indicated that, disbudded plants grown in different mixtures of substrate increased both stem length, dry weight of flowers, and the contents of leaves and flower stems from N , P and K. On the other side number of flowers, dry weight of flower stem were increased in budded plants grown in different substrate. In most cases, the best substrate for carnation was peatmoss which resulted in increasing total number of flowers / plant and calcareous soil which produced the flower stem. Generally, peatmoss, mixture of clay + peatmoss or sand + peatmoss were the favorable substrate for the growth of carnation plants.