Keywords : Chemical


Chemical Physico study on two species of Euphorbia Spp Wildly grown in Anbar Province

Hiba Fouad Abdulfatah; Asma Abd Alamer Bidan; Hanan Fozy Salman

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 290-296

Analytical laboratory experiment carried out in order to determine some of the chemical and physical properties of the two types of species Euphorbia spp that Euphorbia peplus and Euphorbia helioscopia wildly grown in Anbar province, since some of the chemical characteristics estimated Moisture, with a maximum of 4.50% in the type E. Helioscopia, as well as the case was the largest percentage of the content of dissolved ash in the water and ash dissolved in acid, amounting to 59.43 mg g-1 and 35.06 mg g-1 sequentially in the same type as estimated sugars were highest in type E. helioscopia reached 20% while the percentage in the type E. peplus 16%, either protein has the highest content has reached 1.7% in the type E. helioscopia recorded saponins, phenolic materials a large proportion in the type E. peplus amounted to 0.03 mg and 0.97% sequentially, from the other side was the least content of materials glycosides.
The physical properties measured refractive index (RI), density and color reached in the type E. peplus 1.44 and 0.99 g ml-1 and 0.22 sequentially The type E. helioscopia were 1.33 and 0.89 g ml-1 and 0.32 sequentially, also used the technology UV rays to diagnose active membership totals have measured the highest absorption in the alcoholic extract and amounted to 502 nm in kind E. peplus and 325 nm in kind E. helioscopia.

Impact of tomato lycopene on the chemical and physical properties for beef burger, which was preserved by cooling for 3 weeks.

Mohammed Abd Hemed Al-esawi; Ethar Zaki Naji Al-farraji

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 300-313

Each of concentrated extract of tomato by-products with addition ratio 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4%, signed as T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively and crude tomato by-products with addition ratio 3, 4.5, 6 and 7.5%, respectively, signed as T5, T6, T7 and T8, respectively as additives in beef burger manufacture. Results of sensory evaluation of manufactured samples did detect any significantly differences between them in studies characters whereas T8 was the highest in color, treatments T1 and T8 showed its strike in flavor and the juiciness character was relevant in treatments T2 and T8. Tenderness was high for temperature T2 and T8, general acceptance in treatments T2, T7 and T8 and odor was not affected by treatments.
Study of chemical and physical characters of manufacture burger through storing times which is ranged between 0-3 weeks confirmed in that samples T5-T8 maintained hydrogen number not more than 6.12 comparing samples T0 , T1, T2 , T3 and T4 which in their hydrogen numbers was increase to higher than 7.28 in the first week from storage. Water holding capacity (WHC) in samples T1, T4 and improved by 7.44% as compared with control sample (T0) which lost 12.56%. From WHC. The WHC in samples T5-T8 increased with adding percent of crude by-products and reached 7.67%. Also, the results showed that free fat acids (FFA) increased in control sample (T0) more than in other samples that increased in its peroxide value discriminately but less share; the most stable sample peroxide value was the treatment T8 that included the highest proportion of by-products 7.5%. Results of peroxide value and thiobarbituric acid value insured free fat acids tests. Whereas all samples showed stability in peroxide value and thiobarbituric acid with special superiority of samples T6, T7 and T8. For lycopene and concentration test all samples maintained saved at concentrations of lycopene and which increased with addition value. According to this, T8 had higher concentration 20.760 mg. g-1 than control sample (T0) which reached 1.285 mg. g-1 of lycopene.

Some botanical and chemical methods to control Aphis gossypii Glover and Aphis nerii Boyer

Z.A. AL-Ghadban

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2012, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 371-376

A laboratory trials were conducted to evaluate the efficacy of some plants extracts against two different aphid species.Evaluation included carnation (fruit and flowers) and neem (seeds) at rate of 2 1.5 ,1 and 2 ml/L respectively.The insecticides , Neemrich10% Ec and Dinomite50% w.p were used as control treatments.
Results showed that hexane exctrat of carnation gave a high activity against the two species of aphid (Aphis gossypii , Aphis nerii) reached to100 , 96.6 , 93.3% and 96.6, 93.3, 83.3 at concentrations of 2, 1.5 , 1 ml/L for the two species respectively, results also showed that the mortaliti percentages for Neemrich and Dinomite and hexanal extract of neem seeds was 100% for Aphis gossypii after the same time of treatment while it was 93.3 , 100 , 100% mortality percentage respectively for Aphis nerii.

Effect of Gibberellic acid and Organic fertilizer on certain chemical compounds for Wheat plant Triticum aestivum L.

Rajaa Fadel Hamdi; Saadi Sabaa Khamees

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 70-79

The experiment was conducted on plastics pots with capacity 9 kgs soil according to completely randomized design (CRD) with three replicates and used wheat cultivar (Abu-Ghraib) and used in this experiment the plant hormone gibberillic acid (100ppm) and organic fertilizer (144 gm/pot) and (gibberellic acid 100 ppm + organic fertilizer 144 gm/ pot). The aim of this research to study the effect of gibberillic acid and organic fertilizer and (gibberellic acid 100 ppm +organic fertilizer 144 gm/ pot) with control treatment on qualitative of amino acid in grain and dry shoot of wheat plant and also to study the effect of experimental treatments on Fe, Mn, Mg concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot. The results showed: gibberellic acid (100 ppm) and organic fertilizer and (gibberillic acid + organic fertilizer) lead to new amino acids comparative with the amino acid in the control treatment in wheat grain and dry shoot. And the results also showed,The gibberellic acid treatment led to increased Fe concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot, Their values were 148.6 and 114 ppm respectively. And also for organic fertilizer treatment this led to increase Fe concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot this value were 173.3 and 175.3 ppm respectively. The treatment (gibberellic acid + organic fertilizer) showed great increase in Fe concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot also and the results showed also, gibberellic acid led to decrease of Mn concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot of plant, Their values were 112.6 and 101 ppm respectively. While the organic fertilizer led to increase Mn concentration in grain and dry shoot of wheat plants and intraction in grain and dry shoot of wheat plants and increase Mn concentration in treatment (gibberellic acid + organic fertilizer) comparative with the control and the results also showed: gibberellic acid and organic fertilizer and (gibberillic acid + organic fertilizer) increased Mg concentration in grain and dry shoot of wheat plants comparative with the control treatments, Their values were 1359 and 1569 and 1899 ppm in wheat grain respectively and 2299 , 2308 , 3859 ppm in dry shoots of wheat respectively.

Evaluation of some Rocks and Clay Mineral in Adsorption of Cadmium from Wastewater of Chemical Complex of Phosphate in Iraq

Akram A. Al-Hadethi; F. M. Al-Greary; A. M. Al-Zawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 20-32

The presence of high concentration of cadmium (Cd) in the by-product treated wastewater of phosphate industry in west of IRAQ caused real heavy metal pollution for soil, water resources, and crops in the area. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effective method to reduce cadmium concentration of treated wastewater. Four locally available materials namely rock phosphate, bentonite clay, lime and silicate rocks were evaluated as cadmium adsorbing agents. Effect of weight and piratical size in Cd adsorption capacity of each material were also evaluated.
Results showed that adsorption capacity of the tested materials in the following order: rock phosphate> bentonite clay> lime> silicate rocks. Results also showed that the that the best size making higher adsorbing is < 0.1 mm, then 0.1 – 0.5 mm and then 0.5 – 1.0 mm. Also, the amount of Cd adsorbed by each material increase with the increase of weight of adsorbing material added per unit of wastewater. Amount of Cd adsorbed in relation to weigh of material added is in the following order: 0.5 gm > 0.25 gm > 0.1gm. While the adsorbing decrease with the increase of material particle size. Also First order equation was the best fit equation which is described the adsorption of cadmium in four tested materials, particles size and weights of materials added.

Chemical study for three Iraqi truffles types

Ali A. Al-Rawi; Amal M. Taha

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 33-41

The chemical composition and nutritional quality of three types of truffles were studied. Samples collected from Al-qaim and Hadytha , are Terfezia boudieri (black truffles), Terfezia claveryi (brown truffles) and Tirmania nivea (white truffles).
The results could be summarized as follows:
The truffles could be considered nutritionally as a good source for protein, fats and ascorbic acid . and the results also showed the range 23.0–26.1% protein, 3.1–6.9% fat, 6.8–12.9% cured fiber, 5.2–6.1% ash and 1.5–4.9 mg. 100 g (truffle) ascorbic acid for Al-qaim truffles and for Hadytha 23.1–25.3% protein, 3.5–6.5% fat, 6.5–11.3% cured fiber, 4.1–6.3% ash and 1.8–4.8 mg. 100g (truffle) ascorbic acid. The types of truffle were higher in: protein (T. n. > T. b. > T. c.), fat (T. n. > T. b. > T. c), cured fiber (T. n. > T. c. > T. b.), ash (T. b.>T. n.>T. c.) and ascorbic acid (T. b. > T. c. > T. n.). The truffles could be regarded as a good source for essential amino acids.

Evolution some varieties of broad bean with effect of some chemical herbicides

M. H. Kadhum

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 379-385

A field study was carried out during the winter season of 2005 – 2006 at the farm of field crops department , Collage of Agriculture , University of Baghdad, Abu Ghraib, to study yield and yield components of four varieties of Broad bean (Spanish, Cyprus, IPA, Ekwadilgy) and study the effect of herbicides (Paraquat , Ronstar) on weed plants growing at broad bean field the results indicated that the treatments hand weeding, Paraquat, and Ronstar redused the number of narrow leaved weeds by 90% , 87% , 85.6% and broad leaved weeds by 82.8% , 58.6% , 66.1% respectively. And redused the number of weeds both narrow and broad leaved by 86.1% , 70.2% , 72.0% respectively. Ronstar redused number of Betavulgaris, Sweet clover, Button weed, Rigid rye grass, Milk thistle, Annual darnel, Common bishop weed, Field bind weed, Bur weed by 41.5% , 67.9% , 65.5% , 88.8% , 100% , 100% , 100% , 87.5% , 100% respectively. Paraquat redused the number of same weeds by 28.8% , 55.5% , 62.7% , 66.6% , 86.7% , 100% , 100% , 100% , 100% , and wild oats not affected. Ronstar Paraquat redused at the total dry weight of weeds by 51.3% , 49.5% respectively compare with control. And Cyprus variety was significant at pods / plant (10.62) , Ekwadilgy was significant at seeds / plant (45.26) unless the variety Spanish and this variety was significant at weight of 100 seeds (145. 2 gm) and the yield of seeds per hectare (4.024 Km / h) but this significant was only from the variety IPA that gave les value at all characters under study.

Effect of planting methods and chemical control of stem borer Sesamia cretica Led. on some growth characters of two cultivars of Sorghum bicolor L.

A. H. Abd Al- Kaffor; T. M. Al-fahdawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 37-48

This study which was done using soil of loamy sand texture at Al-Husy location/Amiriya of Al-Anbar govern mate during fall of 2004, aimed to understand the cultivation methods effects (lines and furrows), two kinds of pesticides (cruiser and match) on the some development characters of two cultivars of sorghum (Inqath, Jiza-15). Results can be summarized as follows: Jiza-15 cultivar took less time to reach the 50% inflorescence and the physiological maturity stages, it got the highest mean for development characters of plant heights growth and dry matter yield, while Inqath cultivar recorded a highest mean of leaf area and gave a lowest percentage of infestation. Plants cultivated with furrows gave a highest significant mean of leaf area and dry matter yield, that method also recorded a lowest percentage of infestation. It also no effected significant of plant height, day number from sowing up to 50% flowering and day number from sowing up to physiological maturity stage. Treatment of control plant with in pesticide cruiser showed a lowest percentage of infestation and high significant in leaf area and dry matter yield as compared to match pesticide and control treatment. The interaction between varieties and cultivation methods, varieties and pesticides had a significant effects on some development characters (leaf area and dry matter yield), as Jiza-15 cultivar planted on furrows recorded a highest mean of dry matter yield (17.82 ton/ha), while Inqath cultivar treated with cruiser pesticide recorded a highest mean of leaf area (5118.67cm2). The interaction between varieties, planting methods and pesticides showed a highest mean of leaf area and dry matter yield, as Inqath cultivar treated with cruiser pesticide and planted on furrows recorded a highest mean of leaf area (5230.33 cm2).

Effects of Aflatoxin B1 on some chemical characteristics of blood plasma in broilers

Th. Th. Mohamad

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2006, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 182-188

The objectives of this study was to study the effect of Aflatoxin B1 on the some chemical characteristics of blood plasma. In broiler atotal of 210 male 21 days old chicks of broiler breeder (Fawbro) were used in this experiment fed for 42 day on diets contaminated with aflatoxine B1 at level of 0 (T1-control), 0.357 (T2), 0.75 (T3), 1.5 (T4) and 2.5 (T5) mg aflatoxine/kg feed.
The results showed that aflatoxine caused adecrease in concentration of Alkaline phosphates enzyme, lactate dehydrognase enzyme and uric acid, and an increase in concentration of acid phosphates enzyme, Alanine Amino transaminase enzyme and Aspartate Amino transaminase enzyme in blood plasma. withdrawn the contaminated feed has a significant effect on improving all traits under study.

EFFECT OF SOAKING SPENT HENS MEAT IN VINEGER ON CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND SENSORY EVALUATION

Hamdi A. Al; Fayadh

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 159-165

This study was conducted at the Department of Animal Resources , College of Agriculture/ University of Baghdad , to study the effect of soaking the spent hens meat in natural vinegar on its chemical composition and sensory evaluation. The data detained revealed the following:
Soaking breast and thighs meat of the spent hens in natural vinegar for 6 and 12 hours result in highly significant (P<0.01) decrease of moisture of both treatments , at the meantime, significant increase in protein, lipid and ash contents of both treatments were noticed. The decreased in moisture and the increase in protein, lipid and ash contents were noticed to have been increased as the time of soaking increased from 6 to 12 hours. Soaking both breast and thigh meats of spent hens in vinegar was shown to enhanced significantly (P<0.01) their tenderness, flavor and acceptability, whereas, juiciness was shown to decreased, due to moisture bees which increased as the soaking time increased from 6 to 12 hours. Due to karamel pigment in the vinegar used the color of the soaking meat was turned into dark brown with acidic flavor.

Effect of age in the proportions of dressing and internal organs and chemical analysis of the domestic chicken brown

M. I. Homadi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 196-200

This study was conducated at libraries of agric. college, university of baghdad, by using therty local hens aged 26 & 75 week.
The hens were slughtered, scaldis and evisacrated to magor & secondly pecies and after that all these, pecies were weighted and chemically analysis.
The resultes andicted there were siginificunt increase for live weight carcass, dressing percenteg, relateve weight of liver & abdomal fat, splean & pencrease.