Keywords : Production


The effect of foliar application boron and salicylic acid in the Production and quality characteristics of two genotypes of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.)

Ehab J. J. Al-Dabbagh; Basheer H. A. Al-Duleimi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2017, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 162-180
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2017.129082

A field experiment was carried out in the spring and autumn season of 2016 in fields of Field Crops Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Anbar,( Abu Gharib), in soil with a clay-silty texture, to determine the effect of foliar application with three concentrations of Boron; 0, 90, 180 mg L-1, and Salicylic acid; 0, 150 and 300 mg L-1, in the productive and quality traits of two mung bean genotypes, local and Indian cultivars. The experiment was took place using Split-Split Plot arrangement in randomized complete block design, where genotypes occupied main plots while salicylic acid concentration occupied sub plot and Boron concentration in the sub-sub plot. Obtained results were summaries as follow:
The concentration of 90 mg B L-1 in the two seasons showed the highest average fertility rate in pods and seeds with 696.90 and 789.70 kg-1, and protein about 188.50 and 191.30 kg-1 respectively, Concentration of 180 mg B L-1 in the same season achieved the highest mean weight of 100 seeds and protein ratio in seeds 25.15%. Boron did not significantly affect the length of the pod in the two seasons.
The concentration of 150 mg SA L-1 in both seasons gave the highest fertility rate in the pods as 69.76 and 77.53%, and the highest average yield of the seeds with 698.4 and 760 kg-1 respectively, and recorded in the spring season the highest weight for 100 seeds, In the protein content about 185.50 kg e-1, and the concentration of 300 mg SA L-1 exceeded in the autumn season in the number of seeds by pod. The genotypes differed significantly in the studied traits except for the percentage of protein in the seeds and both seasons. The local genotype showed the highest mean number of seeds by pod and seed yield by 789.20 and 791.5 kg e -1, and protein with 210.20 and 187.30 kg-1, While the Indian genotype in both seasons showed the highest average length of pod and 100 seed weight 6.74 and 7.02 g, for the two seasons respectively. The effect of triangular interference (genotype * salicylic * boron) in the two seasons was significant in the weight of 100 seeds, seed yield, protein content and yield. The local genotype with spraying with concentrations 90 mg B + 150 mg SA L-1 achieved the highest mean yield of 988.6 and 1092.9 kg e-1 for the seasons respectively and for the protein yield in the autumn season 239.9 kg h-1 protein Indian genotype with the same treatment spray highest protein content in seeds by 29.48%.

Economic analysis of production function broilers productions in Anbar province, the 2014

Mishaal Abid Khalaf; Sahar Mohmad Shartoh

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 319-328

The production of broiler chickens is of great importance and back its importance to the high yield and the speed of capital, As a result of the increasing demand for pottery meat with low volume of production it was necessary to study the reality of the production of broiler chickens and estimate the production functions in order to determine the efficiency of the use of production elements and the study belong to a sample from a breeder broiler chickens in Anbar province. It emerged from the results of the study that the production function of the type of cup dokas passed the standard statistical and economic tests, and found that the sum of the elasticities of elements equal to (0.651) which suggests that producers are working in stages economies of scale.

Use Lactobacillus acidophilus to production therapeutic drink from fortified soft cheese whey

Ali Ameen Yaseen; Nedhal Mohamed Saleh; Asmaa S.Ahmaed

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2012, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 235-244

The Study pointed to Possibility using Lactobacillus acidophilus to ferment the soft cheese's whey to produce therapeutic drink, after adding 10% of different fruits juice added to fortification and to obtain a good test for the final product. Also the study pointed to the role of fruit juices to increase the whey's acidity before the inoculation from 0.28 to 0.52 , 0.62 , 0.62 and 0.54 in the whey fortified by juice of muskmelon, grape, orange and pineapple respectively. In addition the study pointed out that the average of growth bacteria was slowly in the first hours after the inoculation and then it became faster were recorded and higher numbers of bacteria after 24 hours of inoculation at 37oc 119×107, 133×107, 108×107 and 125×107 c.f.u. /ml in the whey fortified with juices of muskmelon, grape, orange and pineapple respectively. The study pointed to bacteria's ability to increase the acidity to 0.63, 0.72, 0.80 and 0.60 in the whey fortified with juices of muskmelon grape, orange and pineapple respectively, it was shown that the bacteria kept its survivality under cool storage at 8o.

The Economic Using of Fertilizers on the Wheat Production

Imad A. Al-Sonbul

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 323-331

This research aims studding the optimal economic using for varieties levels of nitrogen and sulfuric fertilizers added in field experiment on breads Wheat (class Abu Graib 3) during two seasons respectively at Baghdad University. Application of (60 kg N and 400 kg Sulfur) per hectare resulted the optimal combination with maximize profit which difference from the combination technicians choose (180 kg N and 1200 kg Sulfur) per hectare.
Another aim to this research to be application stretch for the econometric researches, include all the crops, agricultural food products and for the agricultural production resources to raise the level of technical field and the agricultural experimental and researches centrals.

Effect of number of spray with spray with nutrient fertilizer (Scotts) on growth and production of potato cv. Desiree

Omar H. Al-Mohammedi; W. A. Hussein

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 152-158

An experiment was carried out at the field of Agriculture college/ Abu-Ghraib during fall season of 2006 to study the effect of number of sprays with Foliar nutrient fertilizer (Scotts) on growth and production of potato Cv. Desiree in Soil (pH = 7.5) and (Ec = 4.2). Scotts foliar fertilizer (Scott Company product) contains 10% N, 15% P2O5, 31% K2O, 0.1% MgO 0.1 and amount of chelated B, Cu, Mg, Zn and Fe at the rate of 2 ml/ L of water, plants were sprayed to drip point with either distilled water (30 days), or with nutrient solution, once (45 days), twice (45 and 60 days), or three times (45, 60 and 75 days) after planting plus control. Randomize Complete Block Design was adapted with three replicates. Plant height and number of branches/ plant increased when sprayed three times to 49cm and 13.67 branch/plant respectively, All treatment increased vegetative growth dry weight to 68, 64 and 61.7 g/ plant when sprayed three times, twice, once respectively. Dry weight percentage, tuber weight and plant yield increased when sprayed three times at 26.67%, 93.7 g/ tuber and 883.3g/ plant.

Evaluation of laying hens (ISA Brown) under commercial production during force resting

Zeyad A. Al-Daraji

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 218-233

This experiment was conducted in one of privet commercial field at Al-Nahrowan , South of Baghdad, from 8/11/2005 to 17/7/2006. Force resting were used to face low prices of eggs because of avian influenza outbreak, 33 thousand of brown layer (ISA Brown) from 48 to 83 weeks of age (36 weeks) were used, the layer were distributed into 5 houses (mean of layer were 5500 to 6500), force resting were conducted at 61 weeks of age , the layers were fasted for 15 days, after that , the evaluation were lasted for 13 weeks before and after force resting.
The results from this study showed that force resting significantly improve accumulated egg at rate of 10.92 egg/layer/13 wks , also, significantly improve feed conversion at rate of 14.90 gm per egg, also, daily feed intake were significantly improve at rate of 6.8 gm/layer/day for period after force resting. The conclusion of the study was the force resting is a good method for some problem that faces layer management.

Effect of continuous and Alternative Irrigation with saline Drainage water on salt balance in soil and growth and production of Sorghum (Variety Ankath)

M. F. Yasein

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 16-27

This experiment was conducted at one farms of the farmers Garma during atum season 2004 in silty loam texture, classified vertic terrifluvent to study the effect of continuous Irrigation saline Drainage water 3.45 ds/m and Alternative with river water 1.25 ds/m (Irrigation twice river water followed once by drainage water T2, Irrigation once with river water followed once by drainage water T3, Irrigation once with river water followed twice by drainage water T4) irrigated with river water was used as a control. On salt balance in the soil and growth and production of Sorghum (Variety Ankath).
Results showed the river water was suitable water for irrigated and drainage water was non suitable water for irrigated, and appeared at incensed number of drainage water irrigated (T4, T5) caused significantly higher in soil saline (5.9, 8.8) ds/m respectively and significantly higher in SAR 4.4, 5.4 (mmol.L-1)1/2 respectively compared with irrigated river water 4.3 ds/m, 2.1 (mmol.L-1)1/2. Caused irrigated T1, T2 decreased in soil saline and irrigated T3, T4, T5 caused accumlalion in soil saline comported with soil saline before farming 4-9 ds/m. also irrigated T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 caused increased in SAR comported with SAR before farming 1.55 (mmol.L-1)1/2.
Irrigated alternative and continuous T3, T4, T5 caused significantly decreased in plant high and dry weight compared with irrigated T1, T2, also alternative Irrigated T2 caused decrease 14.5% in production, its still during the produces use of saline water in Irrigation for economics fields and saved about 28.57% sutiable water.

Effect of depth and Irrigation Interval on some charcteristics growth and production for mung bean in gypsiferious soil under sprinkler irrigation.

I. K. Al-Hadithi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-9

The experiment was conducted during (Autumn season 2002) in gypsiferious soil in Al-anbar governorate, Al-Majid company Field under sprinkler irrigation system, by using randomized complete block design with two irrigation water depth (642 , 514mm) and two irrigation interval (2/4 days) with three replicates for each treatment.
The height of plant, Leaf area were measured at complete maturity stage of crop. Also the distribution roots was studied at 30 cm depth. Plants were harvested, the dry Yield of grains was determined. The best distribution of roots was achieved by using water depth (514 mm) and irrigation interval (2 days) with increasing in yield about 62%.