Keywords : Genotypes


MOLECULAR STUDY OF HUMAN HEAD LICE, PEDICULUS HUMANUS CAPITIS COMPARISON WITH GOAT SUCKING LICE, LINOGNATHUS STENOPSIS (BURMEISTER) STRAINS

S.N. Al-Doury; O. I. Mahmood; S. M. Lafta

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2020, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 132-139
DOI: https://doi.org/10.32649/ajas/2020/12

In this study, only (122) out of (915) primary school students were shown to be infected with head lice Pediculus. humanus capitis. The number and percentage of infected males was 46 (11.3%), while the number and percentage of infected females was 76 (14.9%). The results in our study also showed that the number and percentage of goats infected with goat sucking lice, Linognathus stenopsis was 70 (21.7%) of the total 322 animals, with the highest number and percentage among female goats 44 (62.9%) compared to the male goats 26 (37.1%). The study demonstrated that rate of genetic difference between the studied samples was 89% and the similarity rate was 11%. Detection of OP-K01 gene pieces by PCR products showed that the amplicon size was 520 bp for P. humanus capitis isolated from humans, while the detection of OP-E20 and OP-M05 gene pieces with PCR product showed the lowest amplicon size 230 bp for Linognathus stenopsis isolated from goats.

EFFECT OF BETWEEN PLANTS SPACES AND LEVELS OF THIAMINE IN GROWTH AND YIELD OF FOUR GENOTYPES OF FABA BEAN (VICIA FABA L.)

A. M. Halil; A. L. Ali

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2018, Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 1044-1062
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2022.170563

The experiment was carried out in Anbar province during the two winter seasons 2016 -2017 and 2017-2018. For study the effect of plant spaces between plants and levels of thiamine on the growth and yield of four genotypes of faba bean using randomized complete block design in split-split plots system with three replicates. The study included four concentrations of thiamine 0, 50, 100 and 150 mg.L-1 in the main experimental units and two planting spaces between the plants 25 and 35 cm. in the split plots and four genotypes of the faba bean: are American Sakis, Turkish Ecuadichi, Dutch Aquadulce and Italian Ackerbhone ,distributed in split split plots. The results showed a clear effect of the spraying of thiamin in most of the studied traits, the concentrations of 50 mg L-1 showed the highest mean of net photosynthesis 3.76 gm-2 leaves, day-1 and 4.37 g for the first season and number of pods and protein 6.050 pod plant-1 and 25.82 % for the second season. With regard to genotypes, the American achieved the highest mean for most traits of growth and yield and qualitative traits, such as net photosynthesis 4.12 gm m-2 day-1 for the first season only, plant height 57.38 cm, protein 23.77% for the second season only, number of pods and number of seeds 11.37, 6.80 pod plant-1, 3.80 and 3.84 seeds pod-1 for the two seasons. The space 35 cm between plants surpassed in most traits, such as protein percentage 24.03 % for the first season and net photosynthesis 3.09 gm .m-2 leaves, day-1 for the second season and the number of pods 10.77 and 6.24 pods. plant-1 for both seasons. The Turkish genotype at the planting displace 35 cm achieved higher mean of number of pods and protein ratio 12.93 pods plant-1 and 24.95% for the first season respectively. As for the combination of the genotypes and the concentrations of thiamine, the American genotype was achieved with a concentration of 50 mg L-1 the highest mean of net photosynthesis (4.28 gm.m-2 leaves.day-1 for the first season ,plant height and number of pods 78.50 cm and 7.77 pod plant-1 for the second season respectively. The planting space 35 cm with a concentration of 100 mg L-1 of thiamin was achieved the highest mean for both net photosynthesis and number of seeds 4.02 and 3.30 gm m-2 leaves day-1 and 3.92 and 4.07 seed plants-1 for the two seasons thiamine in most of the studied traits. As for the genotypes, the American genotype gave respectively.

The effect of foliar application boron and salicylic acid in the Production and quality characteristics of two genotypes of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.)

Ehab J. J. Al-Dabbagh; Basheer H. A. Al-Duleimi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2017, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 162-180
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2017.129082

A field experiment was carried out in the spring and autumn season of 2016 in fields of Field Crops Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Anbar,( Abu Gharib), in soil with a clay-silty texture, to determine the effect of foliar application with three concentrations of Boron; 0, 90, 180 mg L-1, and Salicylic acid; 0, 150 and 300 mg L-1, in the productive and quality traits of two mung bean genotypes, local and Indian cultivars. The experiment was took place using Split-Split Plot arrangement in randomized complete block design, where genotypes occupied main plots while salicylic acid concentration occupied sub plot and Boron concentration in the sub-sub plot. Obtained results were summaries as follow:
The concentration of 90 mg B L-1 in the two seasons showed the highest average fertility rate in pods and seeds with 696.90 and 789.70 kg-1, and protein about 188.50 and 191.30 kg-1 respectively, Concentration of 180 mg B L-1 in the same season achieved the highest mean weight of 100 seeds and protein ratio in seeds 25.15%. Boron did not significantly affect the length of the pod in the two seasons.
The concentration of 150 mg SA L-1 in both seasons gave the highest fertility rate in the pods as 69.76 and 77.53%, and the highest average yield of the seeds with 698.4 and 760 kg-1 respectively, and recorded in the spring season the highest weight for 100 seeds, In the protein content about 185.50 kg e-1, and the concentration of 300 mg SA L-1 exceeded in the autumn season in the number of seeds by pod. The genotypes differed significantly in the studied traits except for the percentage of protein in the seeds and both seasons. The local genotype showed the highest mean number of seeds by pod and seed yield by 789.20 and 791.5 kg e -1, and protein with 210.20 and 187.30 kg-1, While the Indian genotype in both seasons showed the highest average length of pod and 100 seed weight 6.74 and 7.02 g, for the two seasons respectively. The effect of triangular interference (genotype * salicylic * boron) in the two seasons was significant in the weight of 100 seeds, seed yield, protein content and yield. The local genotype with spraying with concentrations 90 mg B + 150 mg SA L-1 achieved the highest mean yield of 988.6 and 1092.9 kg e-1 for the seasons respectively and for the protein yield in the autumn season 239.9 kg h-1 protein Indian genotype with the same treatment spray highest protein content in seeds by 29.48%.

Evaluation of several genotypes of wheat and triticale under rain fed conditions in Sulaimaniyah province

Mohammed Mahmoud Al-Amiry; Mohammed Owaid Al-Ubaidi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 163-171

Two field experiments were carried out in a farmer’s fields in Sulaimaniyah Governorate (Bakra Joe region) in winter season of 2014-2015. Randomized complete block design (RCBD) were used with three replicates, in order to evaluate 14 genotypes with local cultivar (Araz) as a control of Wheat (Triticum spp) and 6 genotypes of Triticale (X. Triticosecale wittmack). The study results were summarized as following: the genotypes of Wheat significantly varied in all studied traits. The genotype AL-LSSN 108 in highest average of number of grains in spike 49.77 grain spike-1 and grain yield about 4.29 ton ha-1, and the genotype AL-ESW 139 was superior in spike with 442.7 spike m-2 and average of protein percentage in grain %17.15. The genotype AL-LSSN 143 has recorded highest average of 1000-grain weight 26.73 gm. The genotypes of Triticale varied in most of studied traits where the genotype Triticale 49 was superior in number of grains in spike 47.12 grain. spike-1, weight of 1000-grain weight 31.14 gm, grain yield 5.27 ton. ha-1.

Seed size and Fe fertilization effects on seedling growth of wheat genotypes grown in Fe deficient calcareous soil

M. S. Dohuki; S.N Al-Niemi; S. S. Barwary

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2012, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 1-10

Greenhouse experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of seed size and Fe fertilization on the early growth of wheat genotypes grown in Fe deficient clay soil which characterized by high pH and high level of calcium carbonate. Seedling of 15 wheat genotypes were grown under factorial combinations of four levels of Fe treatment and two seed size groups to evaluate the effects of seed size and Fe application on the early growth and Fe efficiency of wheat genotypes. Leaf area, chlorophyll, plant height and the shoot and root dry matter production were decreased in seedling grown from small seed size which had the low seed quality (lower seed Fe content). High Fe seed resulted better root and shoot dry matter production and root depth than high soil applied Fe. The results also demonstrated that seed Fe content can improve vegetative growth of wheat genotypes grow in Fe – deficient soil more effectively than application of Fe fertilizer to soil. A considerable variation within wheat genotypes for the ability of plant to grow and yield well when the availability of Fe is low was found.. This significant genetic variation in Fe efficiency indicated that selection for improved micronutrient efficiency is possible and will allow more efficient genotype of wheat to be developed.
Key words: seed size, iron efficiency, deficiency, calcareous soil

Effects of sowing dates on yield and yield components of five maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes

Nawfal A. Al-Mashhadani

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 64-70

Five Genotype of maize were used in this study were planted in autiem seoson of 2009 by using arandomiz complete blook design with three replication . The aim of this study was study the effect of sowing dates on yield and yield components of five maize genotypes. Results showed that sowing plants on 30th july give the highest earlength (23cm ), row number perear( 18 row ) weight of 1000 kernels ( 325 gm), and total grain yield (11.5 t / ha ) . grain yield per hectare ( 11.5 t/ ha ) by sowing during 30 July.

Performance of two Genotypes of Maize (Zea mays L.) Under Different Spaces

M. K. Alik

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 200-218

A field study was conducted during Autumn season 1999 and Spring season 2000 at experimental farm department of Field Crop Science, College of Agriculture, Abu-Ghraib.Univ. of Baghdad.
The aim of the study was to investigate performance of Genotypes of maize (Bohoth 106 and IBA 3001) to difference densities with different spaces (80 cm 20 cm,100 cm  16cm , 40 cm  40 cm, 80 cm  30 cm, 80 cm  15 cm and 80 cm  10 cm) The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications.
The results obtained could be summarized as following:
The lower density (80 cm  30 cm) gave the highest value of number grain of ear (668.4 and 735 .4 grain) , weight of single grain (261.6 , 223.9 mg) and yield of plant (120.1 and 87.0 gm) respectively in Autumn and Spring while treatment of highest density (80 cm  10 cm) gave high value of yield grain (9.40 5.4 ton.ha-1) respectively at both seasons.
Iba 3001 under density 62500 plant.ha-1 (80 cm  20 cm) gave high value of grain yield 11.1 and 5.2 ton.ha-1 respectively in both seasons.

Effect of Boron spraying on yield and quality of some peanut genotypes

Adel Y. Nasralla

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 140-149

نفذت تجربة حقلیة فی حقل التجارب التابع لقسم المحاصیل الحقلیة – کلیة الزراعة – جامعة بغداد . خلال الموسمین 2005 و 2006 بهدف دراسة الحاصل ومکوناته وبعض الصفات النوعیة لستة تراکیب وراثیة من فستق الحقل (کرز ، MH383 ، مدنی ، ICCV – 86230 ، 4C9713 و R211/86868) ومدى استجابتها للرش بتراکیز مختلفة من البورون (صفر و100 و 200 و 300) ملغم B / لتر. فی تجربة عاملیة ضمن تصمیم القطاعات الکاملة المعشاة بثلاثة مکررات. اظهرت النتائج تفوق الترکیب الوراثی کرز فی حاصل القرنات لوحدة المساحة ولکلا الموسمین واعطى 2925.7 و 2946.2 کغم / هـ على التوالی نتیجة لتفوقه فی عدد القرنات للنبات (49.16 و 47.6 قرنة / نبات) وعدد البذور للنبات (76.7 و 82.9 بذرة / نبات). تفوق الترکیب الوراثی R211/86868 فی نسبة الزیت التی بلغت 25 و 50 % ولکلا الموسمین بینما تفوق الترکیب الوراثی 4C9713 فی نسبة البروتین فی الموسم الاول (25.6%) والترکیب الوراثی MH383 فی الموسم الثانی 25.5%. اعطى اعلى ترکیز للبورون (300 ملغم B / لتر) اعلى حاصل قرنات لکلا الموسمین (2589.25 ، 2616.45 ) کغم / هـ على التوالی نتیجة لتأثیره المعنوی فی بعض المکونات، بینما لم تتأثر نسبتا الزیت والبروتین معنویاً ولجمیع التراکیز المستعملة ولکلا الموسمین.

Response of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes to Planting Dates

A. M. Al-Jumeily

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 110-124

نفذت تجربة حقلیة فی محطة ابحاث المحاصیل الحقلیة التابعة لمرکز إباء للأبحاث الزراعیة خلال الموسمین 2000-2001 و2001-2002 على التتابع, لمعرفة استجابة الحاصل ومکوناته وصفات أخرى لمواعید الزراعة لسبعة تراکیب وراثیة من حنطة الخبز. استعمل ترتیب التجارب العاملیة وفق تصمیم القطاعات العشوائیة الکاملة RCBD بثلاثة مکررات, کانت مواعید الزراعة 5 تشرین ثانی و25 تشرین ثانی و15 کانون أول. أظهرت النتائج تفوق موعد الزراعة 5 تشرین ثانی فی ارتفاع النبات وطول السنبلة فیما تفوق موعد الزراعة 25 تشرین ثانی فی عدد السنابل للمتر المربع وعدد الحبوب للسنبلة ووزن الحبة وحاصل الحبوب والحاصل البایولوجی ودلیل الحصاد. اختلفت التراکیب الوراثیة معنویاً فی صفات النمو والحاصل ومکوناته, إذ أعطى الترکیب الوراثی سدس1 أعلى قیم لارتفاع للنبات ولطول السنبلة ووزن الحبة وأعطى الصنف مکسیباک أعلى حاصل بایولوجی, بینما أعطى الصنف إباء 99 أعلى عدد سنابل للمتر المربع وعدد حبوب للسنبلة وحاصل حبوب ودلیل حصاد. حصل تداخل معنوی بین التراکیب الوراثیة ومواعید الزراعة، فقد أعطى الصنف إباء 99 عند موعد الزراعة 25 تشرین ثانی أعلى حاصل حبوب بلغ 8.28 و8.77 طن/هـ فی الموسمین على التتابع نتیجة لمکونات الحاصل (عدد السنابل/م2 وعدد الحبوب للسنبلة). یستنتج من البحث أن أفضل موعد لزراعة محصول الحنطة یقع ضمن المدة مابین 20-30 تشرین ثانی وأن الصنف إباء 99 کان الأفضل فی الأداء مقارنة ببقیة التراکیب الوراثیة.

Response of growth of Genotypes of maize (Zea mays L.) under different spaces

R. K. Shati; M. K. Allak

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 78-96

A field study was conducted during Autumn season 1999 and Spring season 2000 at experimental farm department of Field Crop Sciences, College of Agriculture, Abu-Ghraib.

بحث مستل من رسالة ماجستیر للباحث الثانی
The objective of the study was to investigate response of growth of Genotypes of maize (Bohoth 106, IPA 3001) to densities with different spaces (80 cm  20 cm, 100 cm  16 cm ,40 cm  40 cm , 80 cm 10 cm, 80 cm 15 cm and 80 cm  30 cm).
The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications.
The result obtained could summarized as following:
All treatments caused significant effect on all studied characteristics. The density (125000 plant .ha-1) which planted with spaces 80 cm  10 cm gave the highest value of leaf area index (5.40, 5.90), weight of dry matter (19.76, 30.29 t. ha-1) respectively in Autumn and Summer seasons. There fore we get high crop growth rate (32.69, 60.52) respectively in both seasons then other treatments.
Genotype bohoth 106 gave high value of leaf area index (3.59, 4.69) respectively in Autumn and Spring seasons.
The interaction between genotypes and spacing was significant. The genotypes bohoth with space 80 cm  10 cm gave high value in weight dry matter (20.41, 31.30) and crop growth rate (37.70, 68.21 gm. m-2. day-1) in both seasons.

Effect of dusts fungicides on common smut and characteristics yield for many genotypes of corn (Zea mays L.)

Tarik M. Al-Fahdawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2006, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 109-116

A field experiment was carried out at the research farm, college of Agric. Al-Anbar University, during the autumn season of 2003. The Objective was to determin the effect of fungicides dusts on common smut and sume yield characteristics and yield for five genotypes of corn, Rabia alawal, Almassara, Alssaffa, Shahad and Buhooth 106. It seeds were dusts by fungicides; Carboxin, Dithane M45 and Dividend.


البحث مستل من أطروحة ماجستیر للباحث الاول
A split-plot arrangement in R.C.B.D with three replications was used, genotypes were assigned in the main plots, while fungicides in subplots. Fungicides carboxin significant effect had given a lowest infection percentage. While Diathine M45 and Dividend significant difference with Carboxin in row No. / ear. But dividend significant effect had given highest 300 grain weight (gm). At genotypes, Shahad and Assaffa significant difference with infection percentage was lowest then 20% for for both. Alssaffa significant deference with ather genotypes in ear No. / plant, also Buhooth 106 in row No. / ear but wasn’t Significant difference with genotypes Almassara and Rabia alawal, and genotype Almassara yield / plant but wasn’t with Rabia in alawal and Shahed.
Interaction between fungicides Carboxin and genotype Shahad was significant effect in infection percentage.

Effects of sowing dates on yield and yield components of two Maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes

S. N. Al-sadon

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2006, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 100-108

S. N. Al-Sadoon
College of Agriculture / University of Al-Anbar

Abstract
A field trial was conducted at the field crop station of IPA Agricultural Research Center in Abu-Ghraib during the autumn seasons of 2000 and 2001. The objective was to study the effect of sowing dates on yield and yield components of two maize genotypes. A split plot arrangement in a randomize complete block design with three replications was followed. Planting dates (1st , 15th and 30th July) were assigned in the main plots, Where as the two genotypes (IPA 3001 and Buhooth 106) were assigned to the sub plots. Results showed that sowing plants on 15th July gene the highest ear length (18.3 cm), row number per ear (17.3 row), weight of 1000 kernels (346.7 gm) and total grain yield (9.3 t/ha). Results also showed that the hybrid IPA 3001 gave the highest ear length (18.9 cm), row number per ear (17.7row), weight of 1000 kernels (341.7 gm) and total grain yield (9.6 t/ha). Where as the lowest values of the above mentioned characteristics were found in Buhooth 106 plants. The hybrid IPA 3001 plants produced the highest grain yield per hectare (10.4 t / ha) by sowing during mid July.

Effect of dusts by some fungicides on infection percentage of common smut disease and growth characteristics oil percentage for many genotypes of corn (Zea mays L.)

A. Y. Al-Zwobaie; T. M. Al-Fahadawie; S. A. Al-Mahamdie

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 110-117

A field experiment was carried out at the research farm, college of Agric. Al-Anbar University, during the autumn season of 2003. The Objective was to determin the effect of fungicides dusts on common smut disease and some growth characteristics and oil percentage for five genotypes of corn, Rabia alawal, Almassara, Alssaffa, Shahad and Buhooth 106. Seeds were dust by fungicides; Carboxin, Dithane M-45 and Dividend. A split-plot arrangement in R.C.B.D with three replications was used, genotypes were assigned in the main plots, while fungicides in subplots. Fungicides carboxin significant effect had given a lowest infection percentage. And highest oil percentage also Dithan M-45 effect was significant in oil percentage. Significant effects for genotypes in dry weight/h., Buhooth 106 genotype had given highest significant effect but wasn’t significant with Rabia alawal genotype.
In infection percentage, Shahad and Alssaffa genotypes significant difference with other genotypes. Interaction between fungicides carboxin and genotype Shahad was significant effect in infection percentage. Buhooth 106  carboxine treatment and dithane M-45 had highest significant with other treatmants and Rabia alawal dividend. Treatment in dry weight/h. and in interaction alssaffa  diathan M-45 and Alssaffa  control had given highest significant in oil percentage.