Keywords : Anatomical


T. A. Hamid; S. A. Eiliwi; A. W. Jumaa

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2018, Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 1176-1184
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2022.170571

This study aimed to studied importance of Artimisa herba-alba were growth wildly in west of Anbar governorate, when we studied anatomical and chemically It was performed for many organs include from root to fruits and seeds, the anatomically study description different tissues of organs (leaves blades, petioles, stems and roots), and measured the details. Compositions and chemical contents showed some vitamins i.e. A,C and minerals (Na, Ca, P, K, Fe and Zn), and essential nutrition's contents like proteins, carbohydrate, for that’s the Artemisia was important sources of nutrition and therapeutic benefit, Aim of this study was to assessment a dosage of equeous of vegetative for A. herba alba growth in Iraq on glucose level in rabbits after 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours, this research showed a scientific result in reduced a sugar in serum blood of experimental animal


ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2018, Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 976-986
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2018.153344

Five species of fruits and seeds for five genera of Papilionaceae have been studied which are from the wild species of Dicotyledonous growing in the study area at the Seffen mountain in Erbil. The study included appearance criteria for the seeds including, form, dimensions, colour, type of Surface configuration of the seeds and the anatomical criteria of the seed including thickness of the cover of seeds, number of layers, number of lines and the form of cells in every layer, In addition to the type of embryo, its shape, dimension, and the form of the cots, its dimensions and location of stored nuttition whether in endsperm or in the emberyo tissue. The fruits have been mentioned as they have a very close relation with the seeds, The fruits have been characterized concerning (form, type, dimensions, number of seed in every fruit) due to the importance of these characteristics and their use in many vegetarian books and encyclopedias in order to classify the vegetarian types. The results of this study show the variations in the seeds form, colours, dimensions, and type of surface configuration where all studied seeds were with smooth surface except for one type with granular surface scorpurus muricatus Also, the result of the anatomical study have showed variation in thickness of the seeds cover between the studied types and form of cells in the layers. It has been found that the seeds cover is more thick in the species Scorpurus muueicotus where the cover thickness was 82.5 micrometer, and the last cover thickness was in the species Hippocrips unisiliquous where the cover thickness is 37.5 micrometer, but the forms of embryos and lobes showed a clear variation between the studied types as mentioned in the results. This study which handled the anatomical side of the seeds represents one of the few studies for the wild Iraqi types and it emphasized the classifying importance for those characteristics in isolating the classification different ranks especially those similar in appearance

The Effect of several Levels from Magnesium Application foliar spray on some Anatomical properties of wheat plant Triticum aestivum L. (var. Fatah)

Dahri; Abdullah Abdull jalil Yassen AL; Sameer sarhan khaleel AL-Rawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 235-241

This experiment has been carried out in the Biology Dept. - Collage of Education for Woman –University of Anbar during the Winter Season 2012-2013. The aim has been to study the effect of several levels of magnesium (0, 100, 150, 200 and 250)mg.L-1 Mgo, Application foliar spray on some anatomical properties of wheat plant leaves (Fatah) which include count, length, width of epidermal cell, length, width of stomata, No. stomata in the upper and the bottom surface and No. of motor cell. The experiment has also included (CRD) was used at three replicates for each treatment. Flowerpots with a capacity of (8) kg of soil have been prepared: Fertilizers have been added to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) according to recommendation. The sprayed on plant leaves, seven times each levels of added magnesium, one spraying for each ten days. The results could be summarized as follows. Increasing levels of magnesium addition had significantly affect; addition magnesium level at 200 mg.L-1. The highest value was; (147.5 micrometer) of length of epidermis cell, (25 micrometer) of width of epidermis cell, (45.3 micrometer) of length of stomata, (25 micrometer) of width of stomata, (17 stomata. Microfield-1) in the upper surface, (26 stomata. Microfield-1) in the bottom surface and (5.3motor cell), except epidermal cells count where addition level at zero mg.L-1the excelled, and the highest value was (62cell. Microfield-1).

Anatomical study of epidermis of dicotyledonous wild species grown in Al-habania city

Ashwaq H.H.AL-Ragab; Deffaf A. A.S. Alabdelly; Baydaa A.A. Al-alwani

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 338-347
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2015.120033

This study includes the characters the leaves epidermis of fourteen species of dicotyledon in Al- Habania city: Aizoon hispanicu, arvensis Arnebia decumbens, Aste, Cardaria draba, Chenopodium murale, Convolvulus arvensis, Euphorbia peplus, Gymnarrhena micrantha, Plantago lanceolata, Plantago ovate, Polygonum aviculare, Silybum marianum ,Sisymbrium irio Ad axial and abaxial epidermis of prior species were studied, Wherefrom shape of epidermis cells and the tangential wall the most of adaial was undulating, from abxial epidermis cells were slightly undulating. Kind stomata measured with micrometer, Wherefrom stomata was difference in dimension the abxial epidermis the higher length of stomatal was 29 ᴍm in Chenopodium murale, and the lower length in Aster sublutus was 18 ᴍm. and the width the height was 99 ᴍm in Silybium maranium , and the lower was 19 ᴍm in Gymnarrhena micrantha. The study was recorded between (11 in Gymnarrhena micrantha- and 24 in Euphorbia peplus)