Keywords : Productivity

province spend hit practical case for the period 1980-2013

Marwan mother Abd AL wahab; Hameed Rasheed AL-Abtan

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 329-343

The Peanut pistachio harvest field of oil and industrial crops important to the advantage of its high nutritional value economic payoff rewarding compared with other summer crops, Constitute an important part in the Economies of several countries in the world, including the Arab world Who characterized some of the efficiency of the productivity of countries comparative advantage which generate foreign currency for the benefit of their national economies. This study aimed to shed light on the cultivation of this crop and find out the comparative advantage of this crop and the extent of local competence and a global rival to know the nature of then terventionist policy of the production in Anbar Governorate Hit spend a practical state of matter 1980-2013 using the style of modern analytical athlete knows policy analysis matrix (PAM).
The show from results matrix that own profitability (D) was 21365 Dinar, While the social profitability (H) reached 787883 dinar, Net transfers which came negative worth -49250, this explains the lack of support for producers by the stat for this crop. The cost of local resources coefficient (DRC value positive 0.88, this means that the crop has a comparative advantage at the local level. The back of the nominal protection coefficient for output (NPCO) value positive 0.92, this explains that producers receive their product prices lower than world prices. However, the nominal protection coefficient of input, which was, value positive 1.04, this underlines the lack of real income by the state. The back of the effective protection coefficient (EPC) value positive 0.89 this indicates that producers receive lower returns in the absence of interventionist policy, the price of any absence of government support for the production of this crop in Iraq. The study found a number of recommendations, most notably the need for attention and support of the state of the domestic product direct government support aggressive policy of raising the efficiency of resource use and achieve comparative advantage of the crop in An bar Governorate .

Impact of Competition in Sorghum Productivity

A. M. H. Al-Jumeily

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 51-60

A field experiment was carried out at the Field Crop Research Station of State Board of Agricultural Research during 2004 and 2005 seasons to investigate the impact of competition on growth and yield of sorghum. Ankath cultivar was grown at three planting spaces (15, 20 and 25 cm) and three levels of number of plants per hill (1, 2 and 3 plants/hill) in RCBD arrangement in experimental factorial design with three replicates. The results showed that increasing plant competition by reduce of plant spacings and increase number of plants per hill reduced number of days from sowing to 50% anthesis, length of panicle, number of branches/panicle, grain weight and grain yield/plant while plant height and total grain yield were increased.
It can be concluded that close spacing and number of plant per hill gave more effectiveness competition in sorghum. However to obtain higher grain yield for individual plant it should be planted at spacing 20-25 cm with one plant per hill. But to obtain higher grain yield per unit area regardless of productivity of individual plant can be increasing plant population by reduce of plant spacing to15-20 cm and increase number of plants per hill to 2 and 3 plants.

Studying about the reality of a grain production in AL-Anbar province by following the modern style for increasing a productivity

Y. K. Hamza

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 219-235

The reality of strategy crops planting (Wheat, barely and corn) was studied in constituencies and districts of AL-Anbar since 2004-2007. study started with theory to the effect reduction in the production in each area unit of land because the some of problems are related wit nature land and other part of problem related with weather and technical elements. The study depend on description and analysis course by the researches, documents and formal reports with preceded study in gathering information including its studying, comparison result concludes. The nature constituents of agriculture and the reality of seeds production in province were studies by the modern styles in the agriculture that help to support production increasing.
The driving of the studying as following:
1. practicability of expansion and increasing of implanted area by reclamation the saline, desert and gypsum lands.
2. Following modern styles in agriculture with depending on integral fagot system. And good types. Manuring a land and agriculture cycle with serving land.
3. Supplying the water and the rationalists using it and deending modern mouthed irrigation all these are led to increasing production.

Effect of Planting Dates on the Productivity of Six Barely Cultivars

A. M. A. Al-Kaisy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 71-77

A field study was carried out during the winter of 2004-2005 at AL-Hamidiya, AL-Jazeera in Anbar province, (150 km to the west of Baghdad) on clay mixed–type soil to study six typys barely (Samir, Shuaa, Thowaitha and Warkaa) responses to two planting dates (15th of Nov. and 10th of Dec.).
Split–plot design with six replicates was used in the experiement. Planting dates included the main split plots, whereas types of barely included secondary split plots. Spike length (by cm), rate of spike count (m2), rate of 1000 grains weight (g) and rate of yield weight have been studied at the time of harvesting.
The experiement was statistically analyzed according to the differential analysis. Least significance difference was used for mean comparisons at 5% probability.
Results of spike length rate/ cm have shown that there were no significant differences between the two dates of planting, nor in the interaction of plant dates with types of barely. There were significant differences among the types themselves. Warka gave the highest rate of spike langth of about 12.04 cm, whereas Shuaa gave the lowest rate of about 5.72 cm.
There were no significant differences between the two planting dates and the interaction between them and cultivars. Significant differences were detected among cultivars.
Towaitha gave the highest spike count rate of about 598 spike/ m2, whereas Shuaa gave the lowest spike count rate of about 365.91 spike/ m2.
As for the weight of 1000 seeds/ m2, the results have shown significant differences between the two planting dates and the interaction between the two planting dates and cultivars and among cultivars themselves. Samir cultivar excelled in the trait of 1000 seeds weight and yield weight of about 53.49 seed/ gr. Warka cultivar gave the lowest rate for 1000 seeds weight of about 35.52 seeds/ gr.
As for yield weight trait, there were no significant differences between the two planting dates and the interaction with cultivars. There were significant differences among the cultivars themselves. Samir cultivar excelled in the two dates of planting of about 1246.71 gr. as a rate of planting dates followed by Amal, Warka, Shuaa and Hadhar with 1062.35 gr, 1057.41 gr, 1014.41 gr, 1009.57 gr. rates, respectively. Twaitha cultivar gave the lowest rates in the two datas of planting of about 753.95 gr.

Effects of Organic and Nitrogen Fertilizers on Growth and Productivity of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)

H. N. Farhan

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 136-146

The study was conducted in the west area of Iraq on the right side of Euphrates river, during Spring season of 2004. The goal was to study the effects of organic fertilizer (cow manure) and nitrogen fertilizer (urea N 46 %) on growth and productivity of potato crop var. Diesseri. Cow manure fertilizer used in two levels (0, 20 ton/ h) while nitrogen fertilizer used also in two levels (0, 200 kg N/ ha). Complete Block Randomized Design with three replicates was used in this experiment. The results showed the following:
1. Superiority of organic fertilizer treatment (20 ton/ ha) in comparing with nitrogen fertilizer treatment in most morphological, physiological and productivity characters.
2. Superiority of nitrogen fertilizer treatment (200 kg N/ ha) in comparing with organic fertilizer treatment in chlorophyll contents and total tuber number per plant.
3. Organic fertilizer treatment gave total yield and protein percentage in tuber 34.844 ton/ ha and 1.78% respectively. While nitrogen fertilizer treatment gave 30.636 ton/ ha and 1.68% respectively. Control treatment gave total yield 19.511 ton/ ha and protein percentage 1.32% respectively.
4. Organic fertilizer treatment increased yield and protein percentage by 78.5% and 34.6% respectively compared with control treatment.
5. No significant interaction between nitrogen and organic fertilizer treatments.