Keywords : Spraying


RESPONSE OF GROWTH AND PRODUCTIVITY OF TOMATO FOR SPRAYING WITH BOTANICAL EXTRACTS AND CHEMICAL AND ORGANIC FERTILIZER UNDER GREENHOUSE CONDITIONS

S. M. Ahmed; R. S. Ibrahim; G. K. Abbas; A. K. Suhail; H. S. Hussain

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2022, Volume 20, Issue 1, Pages 72-84
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2022.175424

Two experiments were conducted in a plastic house at AL-Latifia Research Station, Agricultural Research Directorate, Plant Breeding and Improvement Center during the spring season of 2018 to study the response of growth and productivity of tomatoes for spraying with botanical extracts (Roselle and Fenugreek) with concentrations (0,2,4g.L-1 and fertilization experience included (chemical fertilizer recommendation, poultry residues, humic acid liquid, and powder).  Two Experiments' within Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D) were adopted. The first experiment results showed the superiority of the treatment of spraying with Roselle extract (4 g.L-1) significantly of increasing the leaf area, the content of chlorophyll, and the number of fruit 327.10 dcm2 47.88   SPAD and51.89 respectively, while were 221.40 dcm2,39.90   SPAD and 40.57 respectively in the control treatment. And there is a non-significant influence of the source of botanical extracts on the weight and size of fruits, Moreover, the treatment of spraying with Roselle extract (2 g.L-1) showed a significant increase in the plant yield and total yield of 6.02, 3765.00 kg respectively compared with control treatment 3.90, 2465.00 kg respectively. While the second experiment results showed, that the treatment of chemical fertilizer showed significant increase in the plant yield and total yield which were 8.63 and 5392.00 kg respectively, and non-difference significantly with the treatment of manure of poultry, which was 8.61 and 5383.00 kg respectively compared with the treatment of control that was 4.69 and 2929.00 kg respectively

Effect of spraying with seaweed jump start and phosphorous fertilizing on growth and yield of two spinach varieties

Eman G.Taha; A. A. Ismaeil; C. H. Mahmood

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2017, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 191-201
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2017.129084

The research was conducted in bakrajo district, sulaimaniyah governorate in 2015-2016 season for studying the effects of spraying with seaweed jump start in three levels 0, 0.3 and 0.6 ml L-1, and three levels 0, 20 and 40 kg P2O5 donum-1, of phosphorous fertilizing on growth and yield of two spinach varieties (local and French variety). Factorial experiment conducted with randomized completely block design with three factors.
Seeds sown on 26/10/2015 in blocks 6m2 area in lines with 3 gm m-1 and the fertilizer super phosphate was applied once and the seaweed was sprayed three times the first when the seedlings get to a four-leaves stage and after that each three weeks.Results showed that the two varieties differ in all characteristics however their response to the extracts and phosphorous are the same, as there were a significant effect of the extract and phosphorous fertilizer and the interaction between them in improving of yield characters and seeds, the treatment P2S2 preeminence significantly in total yield, single leaf area, number of clusters and seed weight.plant-1. percentage gave the best results about 4.35 Ton donum-1, 90.49 Cm2, 43.06 and 6.06 gm plant-1 respectively according to control P0S0 which gave 3.14 Ton donum-1, 71.08 Cm2, 34.19 and 4.59 gm plant-1 for the characteristics respectively.

Effect of Pyridoxine Spraying in Growth and Yield of four Cultivars of Broad Bean ( Vicia faba L. )

Anwar Sabah Ahmed Al-Janabi; Hamdi Jassim Hommadi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 178-187

A field experiment was carried out in winter season of 2015-2016 in department of field crops farm-Agriculture college- Anbar University (alternative site) in Abu Ghuriab, to study the effect of spraying with different concentration of pyridoxine (Vit B6) 0, 100, 200 B6 mg L-1 in growth and yield of four broad bean cultivars (Spanish, Holland, Italic and local variety). The experiment was conducted in split plot arrangement in Randomized Complete Block Design RCBD where the main plots were occupied by cultivars while the sub plots were occupied by pyridoxine concentrations. The results were summarized as follows:
The increment in B6 concentration 200 mg B6 L-1 led to increment in most studied traits namely: plant height 75.19 cm, leaf area 3542 cm2, 100 seed weight 141.07 gm, seed yield 6.025 ton ha-1, protein yield 1.4 ton ha-1 and biological yield 10.613 ton ha -1 . The Holland variety achieved highest in plant height 93.47 cm, leaf area 4145 cm2, while Spanish variety achieved highest in weight of 100 seed 166.36 gm. and Italic variety achieved highest in number of seed in pod 5.89 seed pod-1, seeds yield 6.371 ton ha-1 , protein yield 1.501 ton ha-1 and biological yield 12.189 ton ha-1.

Effect of Spraying Peat Reeds Extract, Irrigation with Saline Water on Growth of Corn (Zea mays L.) and Some Soil Properties

Y. K. AL; Hadithiy; W. B. AL- Kalifawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 109-121

Pot experiment was conducted at the Faculty of Agriculture / Anbar University during the Fall 2014 season as the study included two factors: the first is the irrigation water and three types: water and river water with salinity 4 dS m-1. In addition, with salinity 6 dS m-1, and the second factor is the organic extracts (Peat reeds) and three levels: 10, 20 g L-1 and it was sprayed three times. The study was conducted using three replications and randomized complete design sectors (RCBD). 2014 to study the effect of salt water and peat reeds use in some recipes the soil and the growth of corn, the results showed the following: -
Plant high and dry weight were decreased when irrigation done with salty water 4.0, 6.0 dS m-1 since they were 33.11 cm and 9.80 g pot-1, respectively, comparing with river water 0.92 dS m-1, which showed 33.94 cm and 10.27 g pot -1 respectively. Increasing organic extracts led to increase in dry weight, since it was 8.74 g in no- spray and increased to 11.21 g in spray level 20 g L-1., plant height increase with in organic extract spray level from 32.72 cm to 34.55 cm. Increasing salinity of irrigation water has led to a decrease in the concentration of each of the elements nitrogen and phosphorus in soil, reaching 63.74 and 1.31 mg. kg-1, respectively, comparing with control 103.71 and 2.14 mg kg-1. Potassium was non- significantly, increase was 32.37 mg kg-1 in the level of 6.0 dS m-1., comparing with irrigation with sweet water 0.92 dS m-1. Which was 24.57 mg kg-1 in the soil after planting Decrease in concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the dry weight of corn in the level of 6.0 dS m-1. It amounted to 10.56 and 1.97 and 32.3 mg.kg-1, respectively, an increase of salinity levels in irrigation water comparing with sweet water 11.12 and 2.76 and 4 0.07 mg kg-1 respectively.
Increase concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium when sprayed organic extracts (Peat reeds) in the dry weight of the plant maize the highest concentration 12.10, 2.90 and 38.8 mg kg-1, respectively, were obtained from comparing with control 9.45, 1.95 and 32.5 mg kg-1 respectively. Concentration of nitrogen of potassium, phosphorus, Increase in the soil after planting organic levels of organic extracts (Peat reeds) of the level 20 g. L-1, they were 96.39, 1.85 and 33.93 mg kg-1, respectively, comparing with control 69.53, 1.53 and 19.89 mg kg-1 respectively. Values of soil pH were decreased with increases of organic extract levels and irrigation water salinity they decreased from 7.65 to 7.56 and from 7.65 to 7.51 respectively. Values of electrical conductivity in the soil was increase with salinity of irrigation water it become 1.62 dS.m-1. In the level of (6.0 dS m-1). After it was 1.24 dS.m-1. In the irrigation with sweet, water 0.92 dS m-1. Value of electrical conductivity was increase when using organic extract, it decreased from decreased from 1.47 dS m-1. Spray level of 10 g L-1 of the organic extract to 1.33 dS m-1, at the level 20 g L-1.

Effect of spraying the nutrients in the vegetative growth and yield of potato Solanum tuberosum L. CV. Savanna at spraying season

Mead L. A. A Aldulime; OMAR H. M. ALMEHEMDI

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 237-246

This experiment was conducted in a field at Hameed Shaaban, Abu Ghraib during the spring season 2015. Seeds of Elite rank of Savanna potato were planted in 4m rows …75 cm between each other and 25 cm between tubers. The depth of cultivation was 10-12 cm. The field was divided into three blocks with 11 treatments randomly distributed and thus there were 33 experimental units within randomized complete block design (RCBD) to test five types of nutrients; i.e. Biohorm, a growth regulator and enzymatically activator; Foliartal, a neutral leaf nutrient; Grow more, a leaf nutrient high in potassium; Multisource- N, a leaf nutrient high nitrogen and Foliartal, a phosphorus-rich fertilizer. Each was applied in two concentrations 100 and 250 ml.L-1. The treatments were assigned as (F0 to F10). Results showed a significant superiority of Biohorm treatment at 250 ml. L-1 for most traits as dry weight of vegetative 153.43 g , leaves content of chlorophyll 92.10 (mg 0.100 g-1 fresh weight) , leaf area 28.59 dm2 , tuber average weight 116.56 g and plant yield 1220.1 g.plant-1. Foliartal (neutral) treatment at 100 ml. L-1 rivaled significant tubers per plant 6.487 tuber. Plant-1.

Effect of spraying with Bark extracts and Grofalcs on physical characters of fruits of sours orange Citrus aurantium L

Zainab Oudah Oubed Al-augany

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 247-251

This study was carried out in a private orchard at AL-Kefl. Babylon during the growing of season 2014 on the local sours orange fruit 12 years age. The trees were sprayed at 1 / 10 / 2014 with three concentrations of Bark extracts 20, 30 and 40 % and Grofalcs (200, 300 and 400) mg. L-1. The results indicated that spraying trees with treatments caused a significant increasing in the rate of length, diameter, weight, size, percentage of peel, peel thickness, percentage of juice. There was significant differences between these treatments. The treatments of concentration of Grofalcs 400 mg /L gave the best results of studied characteristics.

Effect of spraying with Growth Regulators and some nutrients in quality characters of Potato plants Solanum tuberosum L. Burren cv

Omar H. M. AL-muhamadi; Ali kh.H. AL- essawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 267-276

The experiment was conducted in a field of Anbar governorate /Fallujah city 60 km western of Baghdad at near Euphrates river bank were planted at 20th of January during for 2013 and2014 Potato tubers Solanum tuberosum L. cultivar barren class Elite, the Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD)was used and L.S.D. test at level 5%. The chemical fertilizer treatment T14 (400.120.240) NPK increase N and K in leaves and NO3 in tubers for both season significantly to 1.93% ,1.76%, 47.66 mg.kg-1 and 1.89% , 1.75% ,47.66 mg.kg-1 respectively and the content of N and protein in tubers for both seasons to 2.37% , 0.31% and 0.32% , 2.44% on respectively. The influence of Cytokinin treatment CPPU 10 ,5 mg.L-1 on qualitative properties of yield were given the highest dry matter%, starch%, specific gravity g.cm-3and TSS% at first season which were 20.95%,14.67% , 1.083 g.cm-3 , 6.86% respectively, and were given the highest dry matter ,starch 19.69% and 6.25% respectively. The control treatment increase the content of NO3 in tubers to 28.33, 27.66 mg.kg-1 for both season respectively.

Effect of Vapor Grad spraying and irrigation intervals on some growth criterions and yield of corn (Zea mays L.)

Rassmi M. H. Al-Dolaymi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 199-214

A field experiment was carried out during two autumn seasons, of 2013 and 2014 in Ramadi City/AL-Anbar province (first season experiment was conducted in field at north of Ramadi and the second season experiment was conducted in field at east of Ramadi) on corn plant (Zea mays) cv. 5018 .The lay out of the experiment was RCBD under split-split design with three replicates. The experiment included studying effects of two factors: Vapor Gard spraying with three concentrations (0, 1 and 2) ml.l-1 and irrigation periods at (5, 7 and 9) days when depleted available water by 55,65and 75%, and their interaction on growth and yield criterion of corn plant. The results showed that there was a significant effect of vapor Gard concentration W2 (2ml. l-1) in traits of plant height, leaf area, average of grain number per cob, weight of 1000 grains and grain yield, of (213.11 and 205.3) cm, (4969 and 4802) cm2, (720.2 and 715.3) grain.cob-1, (209.11 and 200.3) g, (9.94 and 9.25) t . ha-1, for each seasons, respectively. However, the 5 days irrigation interval was most superior over the other by (203.44 and 205.3) cm, (4528 and 4802) cm2, (689.2 and 679.9) grain.cob-1, (205.42 and 197.4) g, (8.99 and 8.61) t.ha-1. The results indicated that the interaction between W2 concentration level (2ml.l-1) and 5 days irrigation was more effective in increasing studied growth and yield traits.

The spraying with some nutrients onPotatoPlantsSolanum tuberosum L.cv. Burren and its effect in growth and production

Omar H. M. AL-muhamadi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 362-372
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2015.120039

The field experiment was conducted in Anbar governorate /Fallujah city 60 kmwestern of Baghdad onEuphratesriver bank 20th of Januaryduring thespring seasons from 2013 and 2014 Potato tubers of Burren CV. (class Elite) were planted for tow above seasons and the experiment was conducted depending on Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and the results were tested depending on the lest significant differenceL.S.D on probability level 5%.
The chemical fertilizer treatment T14 (400.120.240)(NPK) recorded a high fresh weight in both of season to 53.96 gm and the potassium treatment T10 250 m.l-1increase the plant hight up to 60.03 cm for (gm) first season 53.96(gm), while the CK treatment 10 m.l-1T9 effect in vegetative growth characters like number of stems per plant and leave area (cm) 2 for plant in both seasons which reached to 4.30 stem/plant and 11327 cm2 and 4.50 stem/plant and 12073 cm2 respectively. The salicylic acid treatment 250 m.l-1T7 showed a high chlorophyll ratio in leaves for two seasons to (52.73 and 54.83 SPAD-UNIT).Respectively. The CK treatment T9 10 m.l-1 and Amino Acid treatment T13 500 m.l-1given a high ranges of tuber numbers were recorded9.30 and 9.50 tuber/plant for both seasons respectively,
while the Amino Acids treatment T12 250 m.l-1 gave a high average in tuber weight and plant yield for the first season were reached 166.90 gm and 1050 km per plant, the salicylic acid treatment T7 250 m.l-1gave high average of marketable yield for both season to 31.55 and 32.42 ton/harespectively and the Amino Acids treatment T12250 m.l-1 gave high average of total yield was reached 46.95 ton/ha for the first season.

Effect of Foliar application of Micronutrient levels spraying on growth and yield of three Wheat Varieties .

Al Jumelly; Ismael A.Serhan

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 80-90

Field experiment was conducted in a sandy loam soil during winter season of 2009 . In the Falluja city Al – Anbar Governorate to know the effect of four levels of mixed micronutrient sprayed (Fe, Zn, Cu and B ) on wheat plants which were ( 0 , 50,100,150) m.g./l in growth and yield of three wheat varieties ( Abu Ghraib , Ipa 99 and Sham6 ).A factorial experiment arrangement in randomaized complete block design ( R.C.B.D.) with three replicates . The most important result were :-
* Wheat varieties showed a different significant . The variety Ipa 99 gave a highest average in : flag leaf area , long of spike , number of spike /m2 , number pf grains per spike , weight of 1000 grain and grains yield (5.83 tan . h-1 ) . But the Sham 6 variety gave a highest rate in plant hight only .
* Spraying micronutrient showed a significant effect for all traits. The leaf nutrition in leval 100 m.g .L-1 gave a highest rate in : plant hight, long of spike and number of grain per spike . While the high level 150 m.g . L-1 gave a highest rate in : flag leaf area .number of spike /m2 , weight of 1000 grain, and grains yield (5.79 tan.h.-1).
* The interaction between varieties and sprayed micronutrient was significant effect in : flag leaf area , number of spike/ m-1 , number of grains per spike and grains yield (6.45 tan . h-1 ) .

Effect of spraying with pinolene and potassium on seed yield and its quality of two sesame varieties (Sesamum indicum L.)

B. H. A. Al-Solagh

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 66-82

Field trial was carried out in sandy – clay soil in Abu-Sdera region – Alsaqlawiyaa district – falluja – Al-Anbar Province, during the Summer season of 2002. To investigate the effect of application the anti – vapor (Vapor gard) at 0 , 0.25 and 50% wax and potassium at 0 , 0.10 and 0.20 % K from K2So4 fertilizer on yield, yield components and seed quality and another characters of two sesame cultivars (Local and Ishtar). A split-split plots in randomized complete block design was used with three replication. Results revealed that:
The local variety was significantly superior (P > 0.05) in No. of capsule per plant (133.28 capsule) and seeds oil content (51.27%) compared with Ishtar variety (73.75 capsule, 49.60%) while the Ishtar had higher number of seeds per capsule. The variety did not effect significantly on the other traits.
The nutrition with high conc. of potassium (0.20% K) increased Percent of moisture in the capsules, number of seeds/capsule and weight of 1000 seeds, while nutrition with 0.10% K gave ahigh percent of oil and total yield of seeds and oil (1941.25 , 996.29) kg. ha-1 respectively, compared with the untreated.
Spraying 0.50% of Vapor Gard significantly decreased percent of shattered capsules at harvest to only 3.9% and increased their moisture content in Capsules, number of capsules per plant, weight of 1000 seeds and seeds and oil yields (2071.79 , 1034.42) kg. ha-1 respectively compared to the untreated. However spraying pinolene caused areduction in seeds oil content.
It can be concluded from this study that the local cultivar was superior to Ishtar cultivar in lower shattered capsules and high seed yield and its interaction with the anti – Vapor and potassium nutrients resulted in better yield and higher oil content compared to Ishtar cultivar.

The effect of spraying with pinolene and potassium in characteris of growth of two varieties of sesame ( Sesamum indicum L.)

B. H. Abduallah Al- solagh; R. M. Hamd Al-duliamy; M. H. Iedan Al-issawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 99-109

Afield experiment had been per formed in sandy – Clay texture soil in Abu–sdera. area – Al–saqlawiyaa district – falluja – Al–Anbar Government during the summer season 2002 to know in fluence of spraying with pinolene (0 , 0.25 , 0.50) % and potassium (0 , 0.10 , 0.20) % K on the eharacteristics of growth of two varieties of sesame (Al–mahelli and Ishtar). The resuites were: super macy of Al–mahelli variety significantly to Ishterr one in number of branches, leaves area (m2) and dry weight (gm). Also the probabilith of injuring with phyllody less than in Al-mahelli one. the spraying with potassium (0.20 %K) had led to significaut increase in leaves area (m2) and dry weight of plant (gm). So this percentage of concentration wouid decrease the probability of injuring with phyllody (89.57 %) basing of control (without spraying).
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The concentration (0.50%) of pinolene had led to increase probability of injuring with phyllody. The interaction between the variety and potassium was significant in leaves area (m2) and the probability of injuring with phyllody. The interactions (potassium × pinolene) and (variety × potassium × pinolene) had displayed significant in fluence in the probability of injuring with phyllouy.