Keywords : Thymus vulgaris


The effect of using different levels of Thymus vulgaris to the ration on physiological traits and enzymes of broiler chicks (ROSS 308) blood

Walid I. AlJugifi; Ahmed A. Maged; Ammar A.T. Alani

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 101-110

This study was done in a private field in Al Anbar governorate. 150 bird of ROSS 308 type had been used in this experiment, were divided into five treatments. Each treatment contains thirty bird distributed into three replicates with ten bird in each one of them. The chicks were fed on ration. Contains different percentages of Thyme 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8) % in two stages starting with primary ration at the age of 1 day to 28 days or the first stage. The second stage Finishing ration staring with 29 days until the end of the experiment. Some criteria of blood, the levels of AST, ALT and ALP enzymes and some internal organs such as liver, heart and gizzard were studied. The results showed significant increase of 0.8% rate of Thyme in each of RBC number, Hb and PCV with noticeable Improvement in AST, ALT and ALP. In addition, there was an improvement in triglycerides TG at the rate of 0.2% Thyme and in cholesterol at all the rates of Thyme especially T3. The rates of blood protein also raised in all Thyme treatments. T4 had the best results without any significant differences in the rational weight of the heart and gizzard, but the rational weight of the liver had been raised in T2 in the Thyme of 0.2%. Thus, we concluded that using of Thyme with 0.2% and 0.4% had improved significantly all the studied criteria.

Chemical composition of thyme seeds Thymus vulgaris and its antimicrobial activity

A. J. Abbas; M. A. Mousa; I. M. Kh. Al-aubadi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 294-305

The chemical composition of thyme seeds Thymus vulgaris and phytochemicals were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant seeds. The proximate analysis showed the percentages of moisture, ash, crude protein, lipids and crude fibers content of the seeds on dry weight basis as 7.00%, 10.00%, 7.55%, 35.00%, 9.87 % respectively. The qualitative determination of seeds showed the presence of phytochemicals tannins, alkaloids, resins, flavonoides, phenols, saponins and free of glycosides. The aqueous extract of the plant had acidic pH 6.2. Aqueous extracts were prepared in concentrations (25,50,75,100%) and alcoholic extracts 100% Each aqueous and alcohol extracts were tested for antimicrobial activity towards seven different strains of microorganisms included three bacterial which were Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus as well as four Fungal strains which were Alternaria alternata ,Aspergillus niger, Penecillium italicum and Trichoderma harzianum. The inhibitory activity of extracts were varying based on kind of extract, concentration and microorganism.
It was shown that inhibition activity of aqueous extracts against Pseudomonas aeruginosa higher compared with other bacteria. The water extracts at (25,50,75) % concentration were not showed any inhibition effect against Staphylococcus aureus. The alcoholic extract was more effect on Pseudomonas aeruginosa than another bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Each aqueous and alcohol extracts displayed antifungal activity it was observed decline in diameter growth with increased of aqueous extracts concentrations. The aqueous extract 100% had high inhibition activity compared with other aqueous extracts
This study confirms that thyme is one of plants that can used of its extracts in field of food preservation and the medicine. The presence of phytochemicals indicates its importance as a source of useful drugs.

Effect of Adding Different Concentrations of Thymus vulgaris and Curcuma longa in the Ration on Productive Performance of Broiler

Mothana A. Al-Noori

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 180-191

This experiment aimed to study the effect the adding different levels of thymus vulgaris and curcuma longa powder in the diet on the productive performance of broiler chicken . A total of 225 day old, non sexed Ross broiler chicks were randomly distributed into five treatment groups assumed of : control group (T1) , T2 and T3 treatment, supplemented with thymus vulgaris powder to birds diet at the levels of 0.5 and 1.0 % of diet, respectively . Treatment 4 and T5 supplemented with curcuma longa powder to birds diet at levels of 0.5 and 1.0 % of diet respectively .
Results revaled that, the addition of different levels of thymus vulgaris powder (T2 , T3) and one level of curcuma longa powder (T4) to the broiler diet noted in significant improvement as productive characteristics included the body weight and body weight gain as compared to control (T1) and (T5) .
The results also revaled that the addition of different levels of thymus vulgaris and curcuma longa powder were significant improvement the feed conversion efficiency and significant decreased in feed consumption as compared to control group.
In conclusion, the supplementation of curcuma longa powder at a level of 0.5 % (T4‌) and thymus vlugaris powder at levels of 0.5 and 1.0 % (T2 and T3) to the diet resulted in obvious improvement respecting many aspects of productive performance of broiler chicken.
There for , both thymus and curcumin can be used as nutritive supplements in broiler diet to improve productive efficiency of broiler.