Keywords : performance


EFFECT OF EXOGENOUS FIBROLYTIC ENZYMES ON PERFORMANCE OF LOCAL MALE GOATS

S. S. Khalifa; S. Sh. Khalaf

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2021, Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 96-105
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2021.176226

The study was carried out at the Ruminant Researches Station, Department of Livestock Research, and Section of Agricultural Research, in the district of Abu Ghraib / Baghdad.  The objective of this study was to assess the effect of exogenous fibrolytic enzyme (EFE) (Safizym®- France) on the performance of local male goats. The study included two experiments: Experiment 2 (Nutritional Trail), the experiment was conducted during the period from 22 May 2017 to 17 July 2017. Eighteen males of local goats aged 4-5 months were used in this experiment. The animals were randomly assigned to three equal groups (6 animals/group). The first group (control) without enzyme, the second group (T1) treated with the EFE of 500g/ton of concentrate feed, the third group (T2) treated with the EFE of 1000g/ ton of concentrate feed. Experiment 2 (Digestion Trail), The digestion trail continued for a week during the period from 22 July 2017 until 28 July 2017. In this trail, nine local male goats were used. Three males from each group from experiment 1 were selected and submitted to the same previous treatments. The results showed no significant differences in body weight among the treatments during the duration of the experiment as well as between the weeks within the same treatment as a result of treatment with EFE of 500 g/ ton and 1000 g/ ton of concentrate feed. There were no significant effect on dry matter intake, daily weight gain and feed conversion efficiency. The results of the second experiment showed no significant effect of the treatment with EFE in the digestion coefficient of all nutrients as well as the total digestible nutrients.

The Effect of planting date on growth and yield of five potato varieties Solanum tuberosum L.

Maath. M. Al-Abdaly; Ahmed Abood Al Zobaay

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 237-245

The experiment was conducted in the field of Agriculture college _Baghdad University, Abu Ghraib. Alternation location for Anbar University during spring season 2016. The objective was to evaluation of five varieties performance of potato Solanum tubeorosum L (Volare, Arizona, Hermes, Riviera, Arnova) imported recently seeds of elite rank. The study was done as a factorial experiment based on randomized complete block design with three replicates (R.C.B.D) under effect of three punting dates (15 december,1 January,15 January ) the field experiment was divided into three blocks with 15 treatments randomly distributed and thus there were 45 experimental units. Within R.C.B.D the plants of (Volare) growing in first date were significant superiority in, plant height, number of stems per plant, dry weight of vegetative and leaf area, with 81.76 cm plant-1, 2.733 stem plant-1, 203.5 gm, 49.08 dm2) respectively. The plant of (Volare) growing in fittest date were surpassed in most of yield traits as tuber weight average, plant yield, marketable yields and total yields, with 242.0 gm, 1801.7 gm plant-1, 96.209 ton ha-1, 97.341 ton ha-1, respectively. The plants of (Arizona) growing in first date were significant superiority in characters of yield quality as dry weight percent , starch percent ,specific gravity, protein percent and T.S.S, with 17.67%, 19.67% , 2.068 gm.(cm3)-1, 8.76% , 7.987%, respectively.

Effect of feeding different types of roughage on the performance of pregnant Awassi ewes

Ali H. Jassim

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1-5

This experiment was designed to study the performance of Awassi pregnant ewes fed different types of roughage (green, hay and silage) during late pregnancy.
Twenty four Awassi ewes (initial weight 47.01 ± 0.9 Kg) aged 2-3 years mated in mid June were used in a three treatments completely randomized design. Animals were housed and grouply penned 8 weeks before lambing. Treatment 1 (G1) consisted of alfalfa green roughage, Treatment 2 (G2) was fed whole crop maize silage and treatment 3 (G3) was fed dried alfalfa hay. All treated ewes were fed roughages ad libitum pluse 200 g/day concentrate.
Types of roughage had no significant effect on ewes body weight changes (changes from the start of the experimental feeding to 24 hours post lambing).Ewes fed green roughage (G1) had heavier post-lambing weight than G2 and G3. lambs born from group 1 were heavier (P<0.01) than G2 and G3. Similar results were obtained for growth rate and weaning weight of lambs.

Effect of adding different levels of faba beans (Vicia faba L.) during summer season to diets on laying hens performance

A. A. Majed

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 288-296

This study was conducted in poultry farm of College of Agriculture, Al-Anbar University. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of partial and total replacement of (Vicia faba L.) instead of Soybean meal and this effect on laying hens performances. Five treatments were obtained with 5 replicates for each. Seventy-five ISA Brown layers were used in this study which lasted for three periods (July-September) the duration of each periods was 28 days.
The results indicated (2.5% Vicia faba L.) showed significant increase (P<0.05) in egg production and egg mass while the control showed significant increase (P<0.05) in egg weight, feed consumption and feed conversion efficiency than other treatments. The results showed that egg production, egg mass, egg weight, feed consumption and feed conversion efficiency were significantly reduced at August than July and September.

Performance of two Genotypes of Maize (Zea mays L.) Under Different Spaces

M. K. Alik

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 200-218

A field study was conducted during Autumn season 1999 and Spring season 2000 at experimental farm department of Field Crop Science, College of Agriculture, Abu-Ghraib.Univ. of Baghdad.
The aim of the study was to investigate performance of Genotypes of maize (Bohoth 106 and IBA 3001) to difference densities with different spaces (80 cm 20 cm,100 cm  16cm , 40 cm  40 cm, 80 cm  30 cm, 80 cm  15 cm and 80 cm  10 cm) The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications.
The results obtained could be summarized as following:
The lower density (80 cm  30 cm) gave the highest value of number grain of ear (668.4 and 735 .4 grain) , weight of single grain (261.6 , 223.9 mg) and yield of plant (120.1 and 87.0 gm) respectively in Autumn and Spring while treatment of highest density (80 cm  10 cm) gave high value of yield grain (9.40 5.4 ton.ha-1) respectively at both seasons.
Iba 3001 under density 62500 plant.ha-1 (80 cm  20 cm) gave high value of grain yield 11.1 and 5.2 ton.ha-1 respectively in both seasons.

Effect of vaccination by Eimeria tenella vaccine locally produced on immune response and performance of broilers.

A. A. Al-Hamadani; I. K. Shubber

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 215-225

Efficacy of vaccination against coccidiosis by using local produced Eimeria tenella vaccine was tested. This had been done by testing vaccine roles in protection of broilers against the infection with Eimeria tenella. Four different routs of vaccinations namely (crop inoculation, drinking water, feed, and spray) were applied. Three attenuated gamma-radiation dozes for oocysts were tested (200 – 250 – 300) and two diffrernt oocysts number (1000 – 2000) as vaccine doze were implemented in this experiment on 10 days old chicks. The results revealed that vaccination with any routs with any numder of oocysts attenuated with any dozes of gamma-radiation gave significant (P< 0.05) differences in immune response and birds performance when compared with two control treatments which were not vaccinated. Birds vaccinated through crop inoculation or drinking water of 2000 oocysts which attenuated by 200

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gray of gamma radiation gave a significant improvement in both of birds immunity and performance than the other routs and dozes.

Comparison of three rabbit breeds on performance, carcasses characters and meat chemical composition

S. A. Zaidan

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 203-210

Sixty rabbits from three breeds (Local, Albino, Angora) were used to determine the impact of the breeds specificity on the performance parameters, some of the carcass characters and meat composition of deferent breeds. The rabbits were equally divided into 3 groups. Each batch contain both sexes of four weeks old. The rabbits were fed a standard ration consisting 16% CP, 2380 KCal as ametabolizable energy for sixteen weeks. At the termination of the experiment, all rabbits were weighed, sacrificed. Various carcass measurements were conducted, including carcass weight, edible offal w.t, dressing percentage. Whole chemical analysis of rabbits meat were abo couied out. Significant increase (p>0.5) of finished w.t, weekly body gain of the local breed were obtained which were 1296; 1151; 1187; 61; 51 and 53 gm for the local, Albino and Angora breeds, respectively. Concerning feed conversion efficiency, the local breed showed better feed utilization than Angora breed, while similar results were found to that of Albino breed which were 6, 7, 5.8 kg ration/ kg body gain. Carcass w.t (650 gm) and dressing percentage (55%) of local breed were higher than other breeds which were 554 and 555 gm, 52% and 52% for Albino and Angora, respectively.
In all the breeds, there were no significant difference in chemical composition of the meat, except for ether extract which were higher (p>0.5) for Angora than other breed. Ether extract was records to be 5.3%, 4% and 4.2% for Angora, local and Albino breeds, respectively.
Depending upon productivity index and carcass characters, it can be concluded that the local breed is better than Albino or Angora.