Keywords : Probiotic


The effect of adding (seidlitzia rosmarinus), probiotic, fermentation feed, yeast to the ration of male broiler breeder (Ross 308) contaminated with Aflatoxin B1 on some blood traits and visceral organ weight

Adil Abdullah Yousif

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 78-87

The study was carried out at the field of animal Resources –College of Agricultural – University of Al-Anbar form 19/2/2013 to 19/3/2013.Thirty, five rosters of (Ross 308) at the age of thirty eight weeks were distributed on five treatments with five replicates per treatment. The first treatment T1 control treatment, the second T2 added 1.5 mg Aflatoxin kg feed, The third T3 add 1.5 mg Aflatoxin / kg feed and 2% S.R, The fourth add 1.5 mg Aflatoxin / kg feed and 4% S.R, The fifth T5 add 1.5 mg Aflatoxin kg feed and 2kg probiotic /ton feed , The sixth T6 add 1.5 mg aflatoixn kg feed and 50% fermentation feed ,The seventh T7 add 1.5 mg Aflatoixn kg feed and 1kg saccharmyces cerevisiae /ton feed .The experiment was conducted to explain the role of Seidlieza rosmarinus and probiotic ,Saccharomyes cervisiae, fermentation feed in reduction the negative effect of Alfatoxin B1 in some and biochemical blood traits and the relative organ weight. The result of experiment showed significant (p≤0.05) differences in the activity of AST, ALT and in the albumin concentration in blood plasma and in the relative weight of pancreas, kidney and there were no significant differences in other parameters of experiment.

The effect of using eshnan (Seidlitzia rosmarinus) and some biological treatments to reduce Mycotoxins effect an broiler breeders (Ross308) progene performance of the descendants

Adil. A. Yousif; Walled. E. Kurdi Al-Jugifi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 112-122
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2015.120010

Abstract
This study had been conducted in the animal resources department, college of agriculture, university of Anbar. eshnan (seidlitzia rosemarinus) used in order to reduce undesirable effects of Flatoxine in comparison with some biological cures such as saccharomyces and Iraqi probiotic. This experiment had been done within 24 weeks (168 days) for the period from 17/1/2013 till 3/7/2013. Two hundred broiler breeder chickens (Ross 308) used, starting with the age of 27 weeks and finishing by 50 weeks at the end of the 168 days.
The chickens grew up in coops and the process of artificial insemination had been done twice in the week. Experimental treatments were T1 / ration without any addition as (control), T2/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed +2% Shinan, T4/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed +4% eshnan, T5/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed +2 kg probiotic / ton feed, T6/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed + 50% probiotic fermentation daily and T7/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed + 1 kg saccharomyces / ton feed. Two shots of baby chicks had been breaded. The first broiler breeder age were 33 weeks (7 weeks of the experiment's age).
The second was at 47 weeks (20 weeks of the experiment's age).They weight the chicks in earth treatment. Each treatment had been divided into three replicates, each replicate contain six chicks. The body weight, weight gain, feed and feed consumption had been studied. Then, at the end of growing Perrier, relative growth rate and production efficiency factor had been calculated.
The results showed that adding (4%) of eshnan to the diets contaminated breeders with Aflatoxin led to significant increase (P<0.05) in the mean weight gain, body weight and relative growth rate in comparison to the Aflatoxin treatment. There was not any significant differences between the treatments in feed consumption, feed conversion coefficient, mortality rate and production efficiency factor in the first experiment. There was not any significant differences in all traits studied during 42 days of the second experiment.

Effects of use of Prebiotic and Probiotic in growth of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) Fingerlings

Hassan Ali Mottar Al-Dolaemy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 189-202
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2015.120017

The experiment was conducted for 112 days in 20 Aquariums with dimension of 80×30×30 cm and a capacity of 70 liters. A hundred and eighty (180) common carp fingerlings (Cyprinus carpio L.) were distributed randomly on seven treatments with three replicates per treatment except control (2 replicates). Each replicate had 9 fingerlings/ aquarium with an average body weight of 10.37 ± 0.14 g/ fish.
Fish were fed seven experimental diets which were mixed locally with a protein content of 31.79- 32.24% and a metabolizable energy of 1428.194-1437.919 kcal./kg feed. Probiotic and prebiotic were added as 5, 10 and 15 gm/ Kg feed to the experimental diets except for the control diet. The results indicated no significant differences (P>0.05)among fish fed the experimental diets in final body weight, weight gain, daily weight gain, relative growth rate, feed conversion ratio, feed efficiency ratio, protein efficiency ratio and the amount of protein consumed by fish throughout the study period. However the specific growth rates of the experimental diets were significantly different (P<0.05) compared to the control diet.

The effect of locally produced probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic on histology and intestinal microflora of gut White Leghorn*

S. Zangana; Bushra; Saad A. Naji

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 197-207

This study aimed to study the effect of diet supplementation with probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic on histology and intestinal of White Leghorn (WL) laying hens. A locally prepared probiotic were used each one gram of this probiotic contain at least 1010 Colony Forming Units of Bifidobacterium, L.acidophilus bacteria and 108(CFU) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast and Aspergillus niger fungal respectivally. The prebiotic used in this study were consist a non starch oligosaccharide of S.cerevisiae yeast after crashing of cell wall .The synbiotic used in this study were prepared by mixed an equael amount from probiotic (Iraqi probiotic) and prebiotic. A total of 180 WL laying hens, 16 weeks old were randomly allocated into four treatment groups . Hens in T1 group were fed a standerd laying diet and used as control group. Hen in T2,T3 and T4 were fed diet supplemented with 5 Kg/ton of probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic respectively. The experiment was conducted in poultry farm at Agriculture College– University of Baghdad for the period from 27th May 2005 to first of Jully 2006.
The data for the present study showed that feed supplementation with probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic were significantly (P<0.01) increased villi length and cryps depth of the duodenum region as compared with the control group. The microbiological study data also revealed feed supplementation with probiotic, prebiotic and symbiotic were significantly (P<0.01) increased Lactobacilli and decresced Coliform bacteria count in crop, jujinum and cecum of laying hens.

Effect of supplementation of locally prepaired probiotic to the diets containing diffirent levels of barley on productive performance of laying chicks at one day old upto 20 weeks

Muttana A. Al-Nori

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 311-322

This experiment was conducted in therthar poultry fields. The effect of adding local probiotic to the feed was studied with different levels of barley on productive traits of laying chicks at one day old upto 20 weeks of age. Four hundred and five chicks were used in an experiment included 9 treatments, with three replicates for each treatment. The local probiotic was used at three levels 0, 3 and 5 kg/ ton feed with three levels of barley 12, 22 and 32% of the diet. The results of this experiment showed significant reduction (P<0.01) in feed conversion coefficient at 3, 17 and 20 weeks of age and average body weight at 3 weeks of age and significant increase (P<0.01) in feed intake with increasing the level of barley in the diet. The resultsof this experiment showed significant improvement (P<0.01) treatments with added local probiotic in feed conversion coefficient and average body weight 3, 17 and 20 weeks of age and significant reduction (P<0.01) in feed intake at 10, 17 and 20 weeks of age, as compared with treatment without any additive. whereas, treatment of adding local probiotic with defferent levels of barley showed significant reduction (P<0.01) in feed intake at levels of barley 12, 22% of the diet. The results of this experiment showed significant improvement (P<0.01) in feed conversion coefficient and significant increasing. (P<0.01) in average body weight at 3, 17 and 20 weeks of age for treatments of local probiotic with different levelsof barley of the diet .

The effect of dietary supplementation with locally prepared probiotic and imported product (Biotronic SE) on laying Performance diets contain diffirent levels of barley

M .A. Al-Noori; H. L. Sadik; M. F. Abdul Ghani

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 183-193

This experiment was conducted in Therthar poultry fields of the animal's product Theraar company. The effect of adding local probiotic and the imported Biotronuc SE to the feed was studied with different levels of barley on productive traits of laying hens at 21 weeks upto 40 weeks of age. Two hundred and fourty three laying hens at 21 weeks of age distributed on 9 treatments with three replicates for each treatment. The local probiotic was used at a level of 5 kg / ton fed with 3 levels of barley 12, 22 and 32 % of diet. The Biotronic SE was used at a level of 2 kg / ton fed with the presence of 3 levels of barley 12, 22 and 32 of the diet and 3 levels of barley 12 , 22 and 32% of the diet without any additive. Using 5 kg/ ton local probiotic and 2 kg / ton Biotronic SE in this experiment according to the manufacturing company of these products. The results of this experiment showed significant reduction (P < 0.01) in egg production rate , accumulative egg per hen, feed conversion coefficient, feed intake, egg mass and accumulative egg weight with increasing the level of barley in the die. whereas, treatments of adding Biotronic SE and local probiotic with different levels of barley were improved significantly (P < 0.01) as compared with treatments contained the same levels of barley without any additives in productive traits of laying hens. Morever, Biotronic SE treatments were significantly improved over local probiotic treatments with these levels of barley 22 and 32% of the diet in productive traits of laying hens. Morever, local probiotic treatments were significantly improved over Biotronic SE treatments with the level of 12% barley of the diat.

The effect of dietary supplementation with locally prepared probiotic and comertial product ( Biotronic SE ) on productive performance of laying hens

M .A. Al-Noori; H. L. Sadik; M. F. Abdul Ghani

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 174-182

This experiment was conducted in Therthar poultry fields of the animal's product Theraar company consist two periods. The first period from one day old up to 20 weeks of age. 315 chicks were used in an experiment included 7 treatments. (3 replicat/ treatment. Each repl. Consist of 15 chicks). The second period of experiment started at 21 weeks up to 40 weeks of age. 189 laying hens of the first peroid were used in an experiment contained 7 treatments (3 replicat/ treatment. Each repl. Consist of 9 hens). Two periods included, the first treatment considered as control (T1) without any additive, in the 2nd t‌reatment (T2) supplemented with 3kg local probiotic / ton feed , the 3rd t‌reatment (T3) supplemented with 5kg local probiotic / ton feed, 4th t‌reatment (T4) supplemented with 7kg local probiotic/ ton feed, the 5th t‌reatment (T5) supplemented with 1kg Biotronic SE/ ton feed, the 6th t‌reatment (T6) supplemented with 2kg Biotronic SE / ton feed, the 7th t‌reatment (T7) supplemented with 3kg Biotronic SE/ ton feed. The results of the first stage showed that using 3, 5 and 7 kg of local probiotic/ ton feed caused significant reduction (P < 0.01) in feed intake as compared with Biotronic SE treatment and control treatment. Significant improvement (P < 0.01) was obtained in feed conversion coefficient in local probiotic and Biotronic SE treatments compared with control treatment at 20 weeks of age. The results of second stage showed Significant improvement (P < 0.01) for treatments with added local probiotic in egg production rate (HD%),egg numbers for hen, feed conversion coefficient, accumulative egg mass and meat and blood spots. and significant reduction (P < 0.01) in accumulative feed intake as compared with control treatment. The treatment with added 2 kg Biotronic SE / ton feed improved significantly (P < 0.01) as compared with control treatment in egg production rate (HD%), egg numbers for hen, feed conversion coefficient, accumulative egg mass and meat and blood spots. But treatments of added local probiotic improved significantly over Biotronic SE treatments in most productive traits except accumlative feed intake during the accumulative period (140 days).