Keywords : Cadmium


THE GROUNDWATER CONTAMINATED WITH CADMIUM: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

N. M. Jebril; R. Boden; C. Braungardt

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2022, Volume 20, Issue 2, Pages 483-494
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2022.176912

Cadmium (Cd) groundwater contamination is a widespread problem that causes severe environmental and health concerns. Excessive concentrations of Cd, which contaminate water, have been detected in several countries, have consequently attracted attention, and raised significant concern. The differences in Cd contamination relate not just to the source strength but also to the pathways whereby the Cd transfer to and transport within aquifers depends on its chemistry and geochemistry. Cadmium is a non-essential element for life, and it is toxic to Homo Sapiens. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified some elements, including Cd, As, Hg, and Pb, as human carcinogens based on animal, molecular, and epidemiological models. The current information on cadmium contaminated groundwater was summarised in this review in response to this concern.

Evaluation of some Rocks and Clay Mineral in Adsorption of Cadmium from Wastewater of Chemical Complex of Phosphate in Iraq

Akram A. Al-Hadethi; F. M. Al-Greary; A. M. Al-Zawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 20-32

The presence of high concentration of cadmium (Cd) in the by-product treated wastewater of phosphate industry in west of IRAQ caused real heavy metal pollution for soil, water resources, and crops in the area. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effective method to reduce cadmium concentration of treated wastewater. Four locally available materials namely rock phosphate, bentonite clay, lime and silicate rocks were evaluated as cadmium adsorbing agents. Effect of weight and piratical size in Cd adsorption capacity of each material were also evaluated.
Results showed that adsorption capacity of the tested materials in the following order: rock phosphate> bentonite clay> lime> silicate rocks. Results also showed that the that the best size making higher adsorbing is < 0.1 mm, then 0.1 – 0.5 mm and then 0.5 – 1.0 mm. Also, the amount of Cd adsorbed by each material increase with the increase of weight of adsorbing material added per unit of wastewater. Amount of Cd adsorbed in relation to weigh of material added is in the following order: 0.5 gm > 0.25 gm > 0.1gm. While the adsorbing decrease with the increase of material particle size. Also First order equation was the best fit equation which is described the adsorption of cadmium in four tested materials, particles size and weights of materials added.