Keywords : nutrients


THE INTERACTED EFFECTS OF WATER STRESS, PHOSPHORUS AND POTASSIUM IN SOME NUTRIENTS ABSORPTION BY MAIZE(ZEA MAYS L.)

R. M. Fahimi; W. M. Abdulateef

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2018, Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 1101-1111
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2022.170567

A field experiment was carried out in Al- Saqlawyah – Fallujah /Anbar Governorate during Fall season of 2017 in order to study three levels of water stress Depletion of 25% , 50% and 75% of available water and application of phosphorus and potassium levels in increasing availability nitrogen , phosphorus and potassium in soil and their absorbance by maize . The Farm was divided into three replication according to split plots arrangement in RCBD where water stress treatments Occupied the min plots. While fertilizers levels occupied the sub plots in the sub plots in three replications. The field experiment included giving the whole recommended amount of required fertilizers, the same recommended amount and adding phosphorus, Potassium only and adding phosphorus and potassium together. The results showed: The treatment of adding phosphorus and potassium to the recommended amount was superior in availability of Nitrogen in soil, while the treatment of adding phosphorus only our the recommended amount in the availability of Phosphorus in soil. The treatment of adding potassium to the recommended amount was superior in the availability of potassium in soil. The treatment of depletion 75% of available water gave the highest average of element availability in soil. The treatment of adding phosphorus and potassium our recommended amount was superior in Nitrogen , phosphorus and potassium absorption in vegetative part of plant. While treatment of 25% depletion of available water gave the highest average of absorbance of Nitrogen , phosphorus and potassium in vegetative part of plant. Generally, the application of fertilizers enhanced the performance of plant under water stress.

Effect of combinations of fertilizer of macro and micronutrients on nutrients content of garlic cloves Allium sativum L.

Fawzi M.A; Hussein J.M. Alhadithi; Haneen Shartoh sharqi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 14-25

A field experiment was conducted in Silt loam soil at Al-bu-farraj Northern Ramadi (110 km west of Baghdad) to study the effect of fertilization with different levels of macro- and micronutrients on garlic cloves content (Allium sativum L.) of some nutrients, using randomized complete block design( RCBD) with three replicates for treatment. Four fertilizer formulations from nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium; i.e. A0: 0, 0, 0, A1: 80, 80, 80, A2: 120, 120, 120 and A3: 160, 160, 160 kg.ha-1 were applied and four concentrations of the nutrient solution microm 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 gm. L-1 were sprayed results showed significant differences among garlic cloves content of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium 33.86, 2.578, 32.79 gm. kg-1, iron, zinc, copper, manganese 19.49, 27.00, 18.00, 44.090 mg. kg-1 comparing with control. The increases were significant (0.05) with addition levels of the single treatment and interactions for all studied elements with the exception of copper, in which the interactions was non-significant.

Effect of spraying the nutrients in the vegetative growth and yield of potato Solanum tuberosum L. CV. Savanna at spraying season

Mead L. A. A Aldulime; OMAR H. M. ALMEHEMDI

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 237-246

This experiment was conducted in a field at Hameed Shaaban, Abu Ghraib during the spring season 2015. Seeds of Elite rank of Savanna potato were planted in 4m rows …75 cm between each other and 25 cm between tubers. The depth of cultivation was 10-12 cm. The field was divided into three blocks with 11 treatments randomly distributed and thus there were 33 experimental units within randomized complete block design (RCBD) to test five types of nutrients; i.e. Biohorm, a growth regulator and enzymatically activator; Foliartal, a neutral leaf nutrient; Grow more, a leaf nutrient high in potassium; Multisource- N, a leaf nutrient high nitrogen and Foliartal, a phosphorus-rich fertilizer. Each was applied in two concentrations 100 and 250 ml.L-1. The treatments were assigned as (F0 to F10). Results showed a significant superiority of Biohorm treatment at 250 ml. L-1 for most traits as dry weight of vegetative 153.43 g , leaves content of chlorophyll 92.10 (mg 0.100 g-1 fresh weight) , leaf area 28.59 dm2 , tuber average weight 116.56 g and plant yield 1220.1 g.plant-1. Foliartal (neutral) treatment at 100 ml. L-1 rivaled significant tubers per plant 6.487 tuber. Plant-1.

Effect of some nutrients in Olive seedlings growth that grown in desert lands

Ahmed. F. Z. Al-Dulaimy; Shahbal A. Z. Al-Marsoomi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 348-361
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2015.120034

A study was conducted in one of the olive orchard at Al-Forat governorate in Heet city of Al-anbar province during the season 2014 to investigate the effect ofapplying the industrial chicken manure the Orgevit (P) and spraying the Reef PlantCare (V) on some vegetative growth traits of olive seedlings Ashrasi cultivar.
Thirty sex identical seedlings as possible were chosen at age of two years with interspace of 6x6 m. The Orgevit was applied in the middle of March, while the Reef PlantCare was at monthly intervals, starting from the 1st of April to October the 1st . A factorial experiment was carried out in R.C.B.D. design (3×4) included 12 treatments repeated three times, using one tree for each experimental unit, The first factor (Orgevit) was used in three levels ( 0 , 0.5 and 1 kg.seedling-1 ), whereas the second factor was spraying with the Reef PlantCare in four levels (0 , 1 , 1.5 and 2 ml.l-1 ) .
The results showed the Orgevit manure was significantly affected in growth of olive seedlings Ashrasi cultivar, especially the highest level used (P2) which showed the best values for all the studied traits (average of high increment, average of branches number increment, average of a new branches length, average of leaves number increment and branches dry matter percentage) which reached (11.7 cm, 11.83 branch.seedling-1 , 13.5 cm, 56.4 leaf.seedling-1 and 67.29%) respectively, only the average increment of stem diameter didn't show any significant difference. Treatment of spraying Reef PlantCare at the highest level (V3) was the best by giving the highest significant effect for the two traits (average of branches number increment and branches dry matter percentage) that reached 11.00 branch.seeedling-1 and 65.03%, respectively. Treatment V2 was came after and showed significant effect on traits (average of high increment, average of a new branches length and average of leaves number increment) that reached 11.8 cm, 13.4 cm and 54.7 leaf.seeedling-1, respectively. The interaction combinations gave a significant level for the all studied traits, the highest effects for most traits was for the interaction treatment P2V2

The spraying with some nutrients onPotatoPlantsSolanum tuberosum L.cv. Burren and its effect in growth and production

Omar H. M. AL-muhamadi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 362-372
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2015.120039

The field experiment was conducted in Anbar governorate /Fallujah city 60 kmwestern of Baghdad onEuphratesriver bank 20th of Januaryduring thespring seasons from 2013 and 2014 Potato tubers of Burren CV. (class Elite) were planted for tow above seasons and the experiment was conducted depending on Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and the results were tested depending on the lest significant differenceL.S.D on probability level 5%.
The chemical fertilizer treatment T14 (400.120.240)(NPK) recorded a high fresh weight in both of season to 53.96 gm and the potassium treatment T10 250 m.l-1increase the plant hight up to 60.03 cm for (gm) first season 53.96(gm), while the CK treatment 10 m.l-1T9 effect in vegetative growth characters like number of stems per plant and leave area (cm) 2 for plant in both seasons which reached to 4.30 stem/plant and 11327 cm2 and 4.50 stem/plant and 12073 cm2 respectively. The salicylic acid treatment 250 m.l-1T7 showed a high chlorophyll ratio in leaves for two seasons to (52.73 and 54.83 SPAD-UNIT).Respectively. The CK treatment T9 10 m.l-1 and Amino Acid treatment T13 500 m.l-1given a high ranges of tuber numbers were recorded9.30 and 9.50 tuber/plant for both seasons respectively,
while the Amino Acids treatment T12 250 m.l-1 gave a high average in tuber weight and plant yield for the first season were reached 166.90 gm and 1050 km per plant, the salicylic acid treatment T7 250 m.l-1gave high average of marketable yield for both season to 31.55 and 32.42 ton/harespectively and the Amino Acids treatment T12250 m.l-1 gave high average of total yield was reached 46.95 ton/ha for the first season.

تأثیر السماد العضوی- الحیوی فی نمو وحاصل البطاطا والمتبقی من بعض العناصر الغذائیة فی التربة

Abed; W. M. Aljoboory; H. M. Salih; I. A

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2013, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 168-180
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2013.87245

Filed experiment was undertaken in private field in Al-ramadi area Anbar Governorate in the right side of Euphrates river in silt loam soil during the spring season of 2012 to test the effect of bio- organic fertilizer in growth and yield of potato and the residual of some plant nutrients in the soil.
The experiment involved 9 treatments among them adding the recommended N, P and K fertilizer for potato (220 kg N h-1, 52 kg P h-1 and 167 kg K h-1)as control. The other treatments were adding the recommended rates of N,K and 1/2 P , N and K for potato fertilizing with and without adding 1.5% of sold bio- organic fertilizers (prepared by composting mixture of chicken manure with wheat straw inoculated with solubilizing phosphate and free fixing nitrogen microbes and enriched with 0.46 by weight of phosphate rock powder ) by weight of the soil to the depth of 15 Cm and using liquid part of the bio- fertilizer to soak the potato seed before planting and to spray the foliage part of potato plant.
The results showed the superiority of all the treatments receiving solid bio-organic fertilizer in containing the highest residual of available N, P, K, Fe, Zn in the soil at the end of the experiment in comparison with other treatments including the control treatment(adding the recommended N, P and K fertilizer for potato). Adding the recommended N, K and 1/2 P plus solid bio-organic fertilizer with or without spraying of potato plant with liquid bio-organic fertilizer gave the highest plant height, stalk numbers plant-1, vegetative plant dry matter weight, uptake of N, P and K by vegetative growth and tuber yield of potato. Soaking potato seed in liquid bio-organic fertilizer resulted increases in all above mentioned variables in comparison with same treatment without soaking potato seed in liquid bio-organic fertilizer.

Effect of foliar sprays of some nutrients on some vegetative and yield traits of grape cv, Black Hamburg ( Schiava Grossa L. )

A. F. AL-Dulaimy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2012, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 66-81

This study was conducted in private vineyard in Al-Ramadi city/ Al-Anbar province during the growing seasons 2009 and 2010 to investigate the effect of spraying Yeast suspension, Licorice roots extract and Amino quelant-K on growth, yield and some other traits of grape Vitis vinifera L,cv, Black Hamburg.
Eighty one of 8 years old vine have been selected, These vines were trained as arbors training and planted on (4 m width x 20 m length) distance with 2,5 m between vines, Winter pruning was performed at the middle of January for both seasons by leaving 120 eye vine distributed on 8 canes, 15 eye in each, also two spurs were left 2 renewing buds for each.
Study factors, which were involved three concentrations of Yeast suspension (0, 5 and 10 g/l), Licorice roots extract (0, 2 and 4 g/l) and Amino quelant-K (0, 2 and 4 ml/l) were applied at three times, The totals of 27 treatments were distributed in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) in factorial experiment with three replicates, Each vine was considered as a single experimental unit.
Results indicated that foliar spraying with these materials was resulted in significant increment in yield in both seasons, The treatments of 10 g/l , 4 g/l and 4 ml/l of Yeast suspension, Licorice roots extract and Amino quelant-K, respectively gave the highest yield and reducing sugars in berry that were ( 32,78 ، 31,18 and 32,9 kg/vine ) and ( 26,87 ، 26,28 and 27,12 kg/vine ) in both seasons, respectively, While the reducing sugars in berry were ( 13,72 ، 13,51 and 14,04 % ) in the first season and ( 15,48 ، 15,66 and 15,80 % ) in the second season, respectively, Also, there were significant increments in cluster weight and berries size that were ( 566,2 ، 552,55 and 579,37 ) , ( 382,41 ، 378,43 and 376,87 ) in the first season , ( 523,90 ، 525,35 and 534,12 ) , ( 435,76 ، 435,89 and 441,56 ) in the second season, respectively, Also, the treatments significant increments anthocyanine pigment content accompanied with significant reduction in total acidity content.

The soil compaction effect on some nutrients availability, Uptake and growth of Corn

A. H. Al-Bayat; B. R. Serhed; M. A. Al-Ani; M. R. Mohamad

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 32-45

This experiment was conducted at the wood shader according to complete randomized design by using clay loam texture soil columns with 15 cm diameter and 40 cm height. which have been accomplished by compacted the soil after wetning it to the optimum water coutent for compaction by procter equipment to reached the bulk density levels 1.25, 1.30, 1.35, 1.40, 1.45, 1.50, 1.55 and 1.60 Meg. m-3 After addition of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and micro nutrients, Iron, manganise, Zinc and copper with levels 240 kg N, 40 kg P, 40 kg K per hectar and (50 mg Fe, 2.5 mg Mn, 2.5 mg Zn and 1.0 mg Cu) per kilo of soil.
Corn seedes (Behoth 106) variety was sown and after first week one plant was left in every experimental unit (after 60 days from planting) the aerial parts were harvested and roots system were separated from the soil samples were taking from plants rizosphere zone. palnt height and dry weight for both aerial and root parts were measured, so that plant samples were digested, also rizosphere soil for estimated its contents from nutrients N, P, K, Fe, Mn and Cu to calculated the total uptake.
The results showed there is a second degree relation ship between compaction levels and studied growth parameters. also incneasing the compaction level negatively effecte on a vailability of N and Cu in the soil, while there were an increasing in the P, K, Fe, Mn and Zn availability.
The increasing in the Zn availability was due to the increase in of phosphorus availbality in the soil.
The study of plants total uptake after 60 days from planting were showed significant increase in the uptake of N, P, K, Fe, Mn and Cu with increasing bulk density from 1.25 to 1.35 Meg. m-3 there was gradnal decrease down to lowest value at density 1.60 Meg. m-3 with the second degree relarionship.

The effect of Interaction between Compaction and agricultural sulfur on Availability and uptake of some nutrients and growth of Corn Plant (Zea mays L.)

A. H. Al-Bayati

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2006, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 1-14

This experiment was conduted to study the effect of stress caused by Soil Compaction on Agricultural Sulfur oxidation and their interaction effects on availability and uptake of some Nutrients (N, P, K, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu) and their relationship on Corn plant growth (Synthetic Var.106).
Agriculture Sulfur was added to the Clay loam soil Classified Typic Torrifluvent at three levels 0, 1, 2, MgS˚. hg1 (S0, S1 and S2) respecrively than it was compacted to following bulk density levels 1.25, 1.35, 1.45, 1.55 Meg/m-3 (B1, B2, B3 and B4) respecrively .
Results indicated significant affect for compaction on the studied growth indexes (plant height, leaf area, Root and Shoot dry matter) also on the uptake of (N, P, K, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu).The uptake of these nutrients were positively up to 1.35 Meg.m-3 . then it showed negative effect as bulk density level was increased. We showed that addition of the Sulfur significantly increased availability of nutrients and growth indexes when it was addition at level S1 increased up to S2. N, P, K and Cu uptake significantly affected .But Zn, Mn, and Fe uptake were not affected. S2B2 treatment was showed best values for studied indexes. Incompertion to the S0B4 tyreatment which showed lower values.