Keywords : Cultivars


RESPONSE OF YIELD AND ITS COMPONENT OF FOUR MAIZE CULTIVARS FOR FOLIAR SPRAYING WITH GLUTATHIONE

R. H. Mahmood; N. H. Zeboon

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2021, Volume 19, Issue 2, Pages 207-220
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2021.175992

 A field experiment was conducted in the experimental field affiliated to the college of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, the University of Baghdad, Jadrya during the fall season 2018 to investigate the response of the yield of four varieties of corn to the spray of glutathione. The Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) was used with three replications in order of factorial experiments. The experiment included two factors, the first was represented by four maize varieties (Fajer 1, Baghdad 3, 5018, and Al-Maha) and the second by four Glutathione concentrations 0, 100, 200, and 300 mg.L-1 sprayed at the two plant stages of 6 and 12 leaves for 75% of the total plants. The results showed a significant difference among varieties, The variety 5018. was superior in most of yield traits. So It produced the highest averages of the traits, ear length 20.79 cm, number of rows per 18.433 rows. ear-1, number of grains per a row 77.6 grains.row-1, area unit yield 9.076 Mg.ha-1, and biological yield 18.202 Mg.ha-1 compared to the other varieties. The Spraying with Glutathione had significant effect on the yield and its components. The concentration 300 mg.L-1 was superior in the most studied traits such as ear number 1.800 ears.plant-1, ear length 20.78cm, row number per an ear 19.317 rows.ear-1, 100-grains weight 32.68g, area unit yield 9.202 Mg.ha-1, and biological yield 19.500 Mg.ha-1, whereas the plats treated by spraying 200 mg.L-1 of Glutathione gave the highest averages of the traits, number of grains per a row and number of grains per an ear 44.82 grains.row-1and 809.ear-1 respectively, and the spray treatment 0 mg.L-1 gave the lowest averages of the most studied traits. We can conclusion from this study, it can be foliar spraying maize plants 5018 variety with 300 mg L-1 concentration from glutathione, because it improved from yield traits and its components.
 

Effect of Pyridoxine Spraying in Growth and Yield of four Cultivars of Broad Bean ( Vicia faba L. )

Anwar Sabah Ahmed Al-Janabi; Hamdi Jassim Hommadi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 178-187

A field experiment was carried out in winter season of 2015-2016 in department of field crops farm-Agriculture college- Anbar University (alternative site) in Abu Ghuriab, to study the effect of spraying with different concentration of pyridoxine (Vit B6) 0, 100, 200 B6 mg L-1 in growth and yield of four broad bean cultivars (Spanish, Holland, Italic and local variety). The experiment was conducted in split plot arrangement in Randomized Complete Block Design RCBD where the main plots were occupied by cultivars while the sub plots were occupied by pyridoxine concentrations. The results were summarized as follows:
The increment in B6 concentration 200 mg B6 L-1 led to increment in most studied traits namely: plant height 75.19 cm, leaf area 3542 cm2, 100 seed weight 141.07 gm, seed yield 6.025 ton ha-1, protein yield 1.4 ton ha-1 and biological yield 10.613 ton ha -1 . The Holland variety achieved highest in plant height 93.47 cm, leaf area 4145 cm2, while Spanish variety achieved highest in weight of 100 seed 166.36 gm. and Italic variety achieved highest in number of seed in pod 5.89 seed pod-1, seeds yield 6.371 ton ha-1 , protein yield 1.501 ton ha-1 and biological yield 12.189 ton ha-1.

Effect of the seeding rates in grain yield and its quality for four cultivars of barely

Basheer H. A. Al-Dulaimy; Wassan A. H. Al-Janabi; Yas A. Al-Dulaimy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 203-212
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2015.120019

A field experiment was conducted in Sowairah Research Station-General commission for Agriculture Researches during the winter season of 2012-2013, in order to study the effect of four seeding rates 100, 120, 140 and 160 kg.ha-1, on grain yield and its quality for four cultivars of barely (shua'a, Amal, Sameer and Al-khair), using a split-plot arrangement in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) in three replicates.
The results showed the following:
The seeding rate 160 kg.ha-1 was significantly superior in plant height 99.06 cm, number of spikes.m-2 270.20 spike grain yield 3.67 ton.ha-1, protein concentration in grain 8.82% and protein yield 322.72 kg.ha-1, while there was no significant effect of seeding rate on number of grain per spike.
Significant differences were found between all cultivars in all characters, Sameer cultivar was superior in plant height and protein concentration in grain (9.39%), Shua'a cultivar was superior in number of spikes.m-2 260.5 spike, and Al-Khair cultivar was superior in number of grain per spike 50.74 grain, grain yield 4.10 tonne.ha-1 protein yield 380.36 kg.ha-1. The interaction between seeding rate and cultivars effect in number of spikes. m-2, protein concentration in grain and protein yield. The combinations between Al-Khair cultivar and seeding rate of 140 and 160 kg.ha-1 gave highest average of protein yield of 416.11 and 417.31 kg.ha-1 respectively.

Economic losses of lesser date moth (Batrachedra amydraula. Meyrick) (Cosmopterygidae:Lepidoptera) on the two cultivars, Varieties Khastawi and Zahdi of date palm in the middle of Iraq

Khamees A. Al-Dolimey; Reda S. Al-jorany

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 256-265

The study was conducted in date palm plantation in Tarmiia, Baghdad province, Iraq, during 2003 growing season in order to estimate the economic losses of lesser date moth (Batrachedra amydraula. Meyrick) on two cultivars of date palm (Phoenix dectylifera L.).
The results showed that average number of fruits in Zahdi was 30801 fruit / tree at the last week of April and became 17238 fruit / tree at the second week of July . Of the 15349 fallen fruit / tree there were 980 infested fruits which amounts to a percentage economic loss of 5.37% equaling about 7.84 kg / tree . Where as in Khastawi there were 29844 fruit / tree at the first week of May and became 11200 fruit / tree at the end of July ، so that the number of fallen fruits were 18644 of which 6702 were infested amounting to a percentage economic loss of 37.43% equaling 44.68 kg / tree.
The study indicated a significant positive relationship between number of larvae and number of fallen infested fruits . It was averaged between 0.004 – 12.76 larvae / 100 fallen infested fruits in Zahdi , and 0.43 – 32.02 larvae / 100 fallen infested fruits in Khastawi , when the percentage of infestation in fallen fruits was 0.2 – 45.6% and 5.4 – 94.2% in Zahdi and Khastawi respectively . Coefficient of correlation (r) was 0.990 in Zahdi and 0.994 in Khastawi .

Genetic parameters for some physiological characters in cultivars crosses of tobacco

F. Y. Baktash

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 39-50

Full diallel crosses coducted to develop tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L) hybrids using three cultivars; Corjo (A), Sumer48 (B) and Croillo (C), during 2004, at the field of Field Crops Dept., Coll. Of Agric. Univ. of Baghdad. Hybrid trail carried out at the open field and green house using Randomized Complete Block Desighn with 3 parents , 6 hybrids and 2 control, Habana and CV. 48.
Significant differences were found between open field and green house plants in all the studied characters.The hybrid (BxC) was earlier in 50% flowering, which not differed from (CxB) in green house. The crosses (AxB) and (BxC) superior in plant height, while did not differed significantly from the crosses (CxB). The higher number of leaves/plant produced in the hybrid plants (CxB). Several crosses revealed positive and negative heterosis in the studied traits. Genetic analysis revealed that, number of days to 50% flowering, plant height and number of leaves/plant were under non additive gene action.
The results revealed that the plant characters in the green house, better than in the open field. It was recommended the reciprocal cross (CxB), which superior in plant height and number of leaves/plants.

Study on quantity and quality of some Iraqi apricot cultivars

S. R. Abdullah

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 211-216

Study was conducted of Husaynia, Kerbela, province using seven local cultivars of apricot (Harvi, Kaisi, Zakenia yellow Ardebel, Red Ardebel, Ahmar Bathri and Hashri).
Protuct from direct planting of seeds. The trees used were similar in age trained on ordinary pyramid method and planted 7 x 7 m distance.
The experiment was done for two seasons. Data on average yield of tree, fruit weight, flesh weight of fruit. pit weight, and percentage of total soluble solids of the fruit juice were recorded.
Results showed that Zakenia, yellow Ardebel, Red Ardebel, and Kaisi cultivar were superior than other cultivars studied. It is recommended to plant these cultivars in the middle and southern parts of Iraq.

Effect of Planting Dates on the Productivity of Six Barely Cultivars

A. M. A. Al-Kaisy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 71-77

A field study was carried out during the winter of 2004-2005 at AL-Hamidiya, AL-Jazeera in Anbar province, (150 km to the west of Baghdad) on clay mixed–type soil to study six typys barely (Samir, Shuaa, Thowaitha and Warkaa) responses to two planting dates (15th of Nov. and 10th of Dec.).
Split–plot design with six replicates was used in the experiement. Planting dates included the main split plots, whereas types of barely included secondary split plots. Spike length (by cm), rate of spike count (m2), rate of 1000 grains weight (g) and rate of yield weight have been studied at the time of harvesting.
The experiement was statistically analyzed according to the differential analysis. Least significance difference was used for mean comparisons at 5% probability.
Results of spike length rate/ cm have shown that there were no significant differences between the two dates of planting, nor in the interaction of plant dates with types of barely. There were significant differences among the types themselves. Warka gave the highest rate of spike langth of about 12.04 cm, whereas Shuaa gave the lowest rate of about 5.72 cm.
There were no significant differences between the two planting dates and the interaction between them and cultivars. Significant differences were detected among cultivars.
Towaitha gave the highest spike count rate of about 598 spike/ m2, whereas Shuaa gave the lowest spike count rate of about 365.91 spike/ m2.
As for the weight of 1000 seeds/ m2, the results have shown significant differences between the two planting dates and the interaction between the two planting dates and cultivars and among cultivars themselves. Samir cultivar excelled in the trait of 1000 seeds weight and yield weight of about 53.49 seed/ gr. Warka cultivar gave the lowest rate for 1000 seeds weight of about 35.52 seeds/ gr.
As for yield weight trait, there were no significant differences between the two planting dates and the interaction with cultivars. There were significant differences among the cultivars themselves. Samir cultivar excelled in the two dates of planting of about 1246.71 gr. as a rate of planting dates followed by Amal, Warka, Shuaa and Hadhar with 1062.35 gr, 1057.41 gr, 1014.41 gr, 1009.57 gr. rates, respectively. Twaitha cultivar gave the lowest rates in the two datas of planting of about 753.95 gr.

Effect of Foliar Spray (AL -Nahrain) Planting Date and Heat Accumulation on Seed Germination and Growth of Two Cultivars of Green Peas (Pisum sativum L.)

K. A. A. Al-Jebouri; M. A. H. Al-Jumaily

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 159-173

* Hort. Dep. - College of Agric. / Univ. of Baghdad
** Hort. Dep. - College of Agric. / Univ. of Al-Anbar

Abstract
The experiment was conducted at the experimental field of Horticulture Department/ College of Agriculture/ University of Baghdad Abu-Ghraib, during the winter season of 2000–2001, to study the effect of Nahrain liquid fertilizer and heat accumulation on growth of green peas (Pisum sativum L.). Two cultivars of peas (Local and Jof) were included in this study with two seeding dates (1-10 and 1-11-2000) and four treatments from of the fertilizer spray were (zero, one, two, and three) foliar application, were used a factorial within split plot desugn was with three replication .
The results showed that the local cultivar of pea required a 11 and 13 days to complete the emergence while Jof cv. Took 10, 12 days for the two planting dates respectively. The heat requirement of local cv. Differed from the Jof cv. By 20 and 10 heat unit for the time sawing date respectively. The 50 % blooming date of local cv. Plants was 10 days earlier than Jof cv. For both seasons. Also there was decrease in the heat requirement for the local cv. By 100 heat unit from the Jof cv. For the both seasons. The time from planting to harvesting was prolonged by 10, 15 days for both seasons respectively and its heat requirement was greater by 100, 50 heat unit for both seasons respectively. The local cv. Was superior to Jof cv. In days to 50 % (66.1 and 77.5 days).

Effect of planting methods and chemical control of stem borer Sesamia cretica Led. on some growth characters of two cultivars of Sorghum bicolor L.

A. H. Abd Al- Kaffor; T. M. Al-fahdawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 37-48

This study which was done using soil of loamy sand texture at Al-Husy location/Amiriya of Al-Anbar govern mate during fall of 2004, aimed to understand the cultivation methods effects (lines and furrows), two kinds of pesticides (cruiser and match) on the some development characters of two cultivars of sorghum (Inqath, Jiza-15). Results can be summarized as follows: Jiza-15 cultivar took less time to reach the 50% inflorescence and the physiological maturity stages, it got the highest mean for development characters of plant heights growth and dry matter yield, while Inqath cultivar recorded a highest mean of leaf area and gave a lowest percentage of infestation. Plants cultivated with furrows gave a highest significant mean of leaf area and dry matter yield, that method also recorded a lowest percentage of infestation. It also no effected significant of plant height, day number from sowing up to 50% flowering and day number from sowing up to physiological maturity stage. Treatment of control plant with in pesticide cruiser showed a lowest percentage of infestation and high significant in leaf area and dry matter yield as compared to match pesticide and control treatment. The interaction between varieties and cultivation methods, varieties and pesticides had a significant effects on some development characters (leaf area and dry matter yield), as Jiza-15 cultivar planted on furrows recorded a highest mean of dry matter yield (17.82 ton/ha), while Inqath cultivar treated with cruiser pesticide recorded a highest mean of leaf area (5118.67cm2). The interaction between varieties, planting methods and pesticides showed a highest mean of leaf area and dry matter yield, as Inqath cultivar treated with cruiser pesticide and planted on furrows recorded a highest mean of leaf area (5230.33 cm2).

Effect of sowing date in growth characteristics for several cultivars of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)

B. H. A. Al-Solagh

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 97-109

A field experiment has been fulfilled in sandy - clay texture soil in Al-Jazira region in Al-Khalidia town in Al-Anbar province during summer season of 2000 ac. To study the effect of sowing dates (1st may, 15th may, 1st June and 15th June) in growth characteristics of four cultivars from sesame (Al-Mahali, Ishtar, Babel and Rafadeen) and determine the best cultivar and date of sowing given the best growth for sesame under the climate of Al-Anbar governorate. The factorial experiment has been used according to random complete block design (R.C.B.D.) with three replicate. The following were obtained results:
The cultivars different significantly in growth characters, the derivative cultivars especially Ishtar are earlier in duration (period) of maturity (ripening) and mean 15.64 day compared with Al-mahali cultivar whose overcame on them in stem diameter (1.36 cm), number of branches per plant (4.10 branch) dry weight of plant (16.83 g / plant). while Ishtar and Babel are overcame in shortest of stem height from ground (earth) until the beginning of branching (12.54 , 13.12) cm. The last cultivar also overcame in high mean of plant height (149.13 cm) as compared with other varieties.
There was a significant effect for sowing dates in most growth characters. The plants which are planted at 1st may recorded a high mean for dry weight of plant (15 g / plant) and number of day from sowing to ripening (150.82 day) compared which are planted in 15th June which earlier in ripening (110 day) and overcame in stem diameter (1.27 cm), while the plants are sowing in 1st June recorded a high mean of plant height (153.35 cm). the dates of sowing not effect significantly in the stem long from earth surface until beginning of branching and number of branches / plant.
The interaction between sowing dates and cultivars had significant effect in all growth characters except number of branch / plant. The local cultivar that sowing in 1st June gave a highest mean of plant height (182.15 cm), stem diameter (1.58 cm) and plant dry weight (27.75 g / plant). The Ishtar cultivar that sowing in the same date also recorded a less distance to beginning of branches (9.83 cm) and earlier in ripening when sowing in 15st June (104.66 day) as compared with other treatments especially with local cultivar that planting in 1st may (164.66 day).

Effect of sowing date in growth characteristics for several cultivars of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)

B. H. A. Al-Solagh

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 97-109

A field experiment has been fulfilled in sandy - clay texture soil in Al-Jazira region in Al-Khalidia town in Al-Anbar province during summer season of 2000 ac. To study the effect of sowing dates (1st may, 15th may, 1st June and 15th June) in growth characteristics of four cultivars from sesame (Al-Mahali, Ishtar, Babel and Rafadeen) and determine the best cultivar and date of sowing given the best growth for sesame under the climate of Al-Anbar governorate. The factorial experiment has been used according to random complete block design (R.C.B.D.) with three replicate. The following were obtained results: The cultivars different significantly in growth characters, the derivative cultivars especially Ishtar are earlier in duration (period) of maturity (ripening) and mean 15.64 day compared with Al-mahali cultivar whose overcame on them in stem diameter (1.36 cm), number of branches per plant (4.10 branch) dry weight of plant (16.83 g / plant). while Ishtar and Babel are overcame in shortest of stem height from ground (earth) until the beginning of branching (12.54 , 13.12) cm. The last cultivar also overcame in high mean of plant height (149.13 cm) as compared with other varieties. There was a significant effect for sowing dates in most growth characters. The plants which are planted at 1st may recorded a high mean for dry weight of plant (15 g / plant) and number of day from sowing to ripening (150.82 day) compared which are planted in 15th June which earlier in ripening (110 day) and overcame in stem diameter (1.27 cm), while the plants are sowing in 1st June recorded a high mean of plant height (153.35 cm). the dates of sowing not effect significantly in the stem long from earth surface until beginning of branching and number of branches / plant. The interaction between sowing dates and cultivars had significant effect in all growth characters except number of branch / plant. The local cultivar that sowing in 1st June gave a highest mean of plant height (182.15 cm), stem diameter (1.58 cm) and plant dry weight (27.75 g / plant). The Ishtar cultivar that sowing in the same date also recorded a less distance to beginning of branches (9.83 cm) and earlier in ripening when sowing in 15st June (104.66 day) as compared with other treatments especially with local cultivar that planting in 1st may (164.66 day).

Response of some introduced and locally improved wheat and barley cultivars to infestation by three important insect pests in Ninava Province, North of Iraq

A. A. Ali

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 251-266

A general surveys and field studies were conduct to investigate the relative susceptibility of some introduced and locally developed wheat and barley cultivars to infestation by Eurygaster integriceps put . Cephus pygmaeus L. and Exaeretopus tritici William in rain fed region in Ninava province during 1998- 2002 . Results indicated that infestation by the three pests occurred on all wheat and barley cultivars with significant variation depending on locations and seasons of the experiment . The lowest infestation levels of sunn pest and sawfly were recorded on the Waha wheat cultivar . Barley cultivars Jazira-2 and Zenbaka showed low response to both insect pests too .
Results also indicated that all wheat and barley cultivars were infested by the soft scale insect E .tritici . The dry wheat D7 ,the bread wheat Rabeaa and the barley cultivar Arta showed less susceptibility than other cultivars to infestation by this pest .The feasibility of incorporating the promising cultivars in the management program of cereal crops in the region was discussed .