Keywords : Fertilizer


S. M. Ahmed; R. S. Ibrahim; G. K. Abbas; A. K. Suhail; H. S. Hussain

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2022, Volume 20, Issue 1, Pages 85-89
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2022.175424

Two experiments were conducted in a plastic house at AL-Latifia Research Station, Agricultural Research Directorate, Plant Breeding and Improvement Center during the spring season of 2018 to study the response of growth and productivity of tomatoes for spraying with botanical extracts (Roselle and Fenugreek) with concentrations (0,2,4g.L-1 and fertilization experience included (chemical fertilizer recommendation, poultry residues, humic acid liquid, and powder).  Two Experiments' within Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D) were adopted. The first experiment results showed the superiority of the treatment of spraying with Roselle extract (4 g.L-1) significantly of increasing the leaf area, the content of chlorophyll, and the number of fruit 327.10 dcm2 47.88   SPAD and51.89 respectively, while were 221.40 dcm2,39.90   SPAD and 40.57 respectively in the control treatment. And there is a non-significant influence of the source of botanical extracts on the weight and size of fruits, Moreover, the treatment of spraying with Roselle extract (2 g.L-1) showed a significant increase in the plant yield and total yield of 6.02, 3765.00 kg respectively compared with control treatment 3.90, 2465.00 kg respectively. While the second experiment results showed, that the treatment of chemical fertilizer showed significant increase in the plant yield and total yield which were 8.63 and 5392.00 kg respectively, and non-difference significantly with the treatment of manure of poultry, which was 8.61 and 5383.00 kg respectively compared with the treatment of control that was 4.69 and 2929.00 kg respectively


ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2018, Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 720-731
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2018.153187

Soil samples containing bacteria were collected from the area rhizosphere area for several leguminous plants and were initially identified as rhizobium nodal bacteria collected from the roots of the leguminous plants of Rb bead band , Re bekea and Rg jat. Pseudomons were isolated from the soil as isolates were used as a bacterial biological vaccine for the The effect of these isolates on the plant of the rest was higher. The treatment of Rg was higher in nitrogen status in the plant and soil. The ratio of the increase was higher than the comparison treatment78.51 % 111.5% on the sequence. The treatment Ps exceeded phosphorus in the plant and soil with an increase of84% and 71.7%on the sequence, Experiment conducted t Djerba diagnosis using PCR technology for the purpose of knowledge of the DNA sequence, as they were classified within the global genetic tree and obtained four sets of genetic diagnosis as the first group with a similarity of 95% of the isolates R.legumiosarum R.sp and the second group and the third proportion of 97 % Of the Japonicum phaseoil isolates and the fourth group had a 99% isolation ratio of P.floureceni.


ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2018, Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 705-719
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2018.153186

A field experiment was carryout in the city of Ramadi during 2016-2016 and with full design RCBD For the purpose of knowing the effect vaccination with bacteria Rhizobium and Pseudomonas (Isolated from agricultural soil). In reducing the amount of chemical fertilizers added according to the recommendation of the Ministry of Agriculture, and the results showed the superiority of the treatment of bacteria Rg (Isolation of isolated rhizobium from the leaves plant) with F2 fertilization level (half of the fertilizer recommendation). In the form of plant height on the rest of the transactions and an increase of 33.4% for the comparison treatment, and the treatment of Rg with the level of F2 fertilizer fertilizer and amounted to 82.33 node-1 in the number of root nodes formed at the roots of the plant the Rg treatment with F2 fertilization achieved the highest weight of the root contract of the plant when compared with the control treatment of 239.6 mg-1 The total yield was 109.4% for the treatment of Rg with the F2 fertilization level of the comparison treatment, while the concentration of N and P in the vegetative group of 2.75% and 0.28% for the treatment of Rg and Ps were isolated at the F2 fertilization level respectively. The concentration of N and P in the soil was 58 mg / kg -1 soil and 7.86 mg / kg -1 soil for treatment Rg and Ps at the F2 fertilization level on the relay.

Adsorption isotherm of Iron from various sources in calcareous soil

Akram A. H. AL-Hadethi; Ahmed R. A. AL-Ani

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 53-60

An experiment was conducted in the laboratory to study the effect of artificial chelating source of iron fertilizer made from the interaction between humic+fulvic acid (extracted from peatmoss) with Iron sulfate which added as humate and fulvate (Fe-HA+FA);and Iron fertilizers added in form of Fe DTPA and FeSO4.7H2O on the adsorption of thermally symmetrical Iron. The various iron sources (the mineral, artificial chelating and natural chelating) were applied in 7 concentrations (10, 40, 80, 120, 200, 300 and 400 μg Fe ml-1) in two replicate each 20 mL of each concentration was applied to 1 g soil. Adsorbed amount of iron was estimated and iron adsorption was demonstrated using Langmuir adsorption model. Results shp[w7.[ed that applying (Fe-HA+FA) decreased iron adsorption as the applied concentration increased in comparison to (FeSO4.7H2O) and (Fe-DTPA). The lowest iron maximum adsorption capacity reached 6200 mg kg-1 by applying Fe-HA+FA, while adding (FeSO4.7H2O)increased the capacity to 7734.92 mg Kg-1. The Fe-DTPA was in the middle by showing maximum adsorption capacity of 6800 mg Kg-1. Also highest bonding energy (K) and highest adsorption maximum for the applied Iron was from FeSO4.7H2O while Fe-DTPA was in the middle in term of adsorption maximum and bonding energy between both mineral source and the natural chelating source of Iron

Effect of combinations of fertilizer of macro and micronutrients on nutrients content of garlic cloves Allium sativum L.

Fawzi M.A; Hussein J.M. Alhadithi; Haneen Shartoh sharqi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 14-25

A field experiment was conducted in Silt loam soil at Al-bu-farraj Northern Ramadi (110 km west of Baghdad) to study the effect of fertilization with different levels of macro- and micronutrients on garlic cloves content (Allium sativum L.) of some nutrients, using randomized complete block design( RCBD) with three replicates for treatment. Four fertilizer formulations from nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium; i.e. A0: 0, 0, 0, A1: 80, 80, 80, A2: 120, 120, 120 and A3: 160, 160, 160 kg.ha-1 were applied and four concentrations of the nutrient solution microm 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 gm. L-1 were sprayed results showed significant differences among garlic cloves content of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium 33.86, 2.578, 32.79 gm. kg-1, iron, zinc, copper, manganese 19.49, 27.00, 18.00, 44.090 mg. kg-1 comparing with control. The increases were significant (0.05) with addition levels of the single treatment and interactions for all studied elements with the exception of copper, in which the interactions was non-significant.

Effect of soil and foliar application of Siapton 10L fertilizer on vegetative growth of Sour orange (Citrus aurantium L. )

Neshaat A. Yaakob; Sinna A. Jafar AL-hammami; Sami A. Altohafi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2013, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 74-82
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2013.88176

A factorial experiment was conducted in a lath house during the season of 2012 to study the effect of soil addition of growth regulator (Siapton 10L) with three concentrations 0, 2, 4 ml.L_1 and foliar spray with the same concentration and their interaction on vegetative growth of sour orang seedlings using RCBD design with three replicates .
Results showed that the soil addition of growth regulator and foliar application and their interaction had a significant effect on vegetative growth characteristics. The interaction of soil addition 2ml.L_1 of Siapton 10L with spraying of 4 ml.L_1 gave the highest averages of plant height 106.67 cm, branches number 6.20 branch/plant, leaves number 79.67 leaf, and leaf area 2007.68 cm2, while lowest average of these characteristics were 34.33cm , 3.20 branch, 33.20 leaf/plant_1, and 703.84 cm2 at control .

Effect of planting date and phosphorus fertilizer on growth and yield of green pods on pea plant Pisum sativum L.

Mohamad Ali Al-Assaf

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 246-255

Research carried out in the Technical Institute / Mosul , during autumn season 2007 and 2008 to study the effect of three sowing date 15/ 10 , 30/10 , 14/11, and three levels of phosphate fertilizer 10, 20, 30 kg P2O5 / donum addition to the treatment comparison (without fertilization) in the vegetative growth and yield of green pods of peas variety Mammoth Melting Sugar and experience in the factorial design sectors as random , full data has been recorded : plant height, number of branches, mild and dry weight of shoot , number of days to lighten 50% of flowers , number of pods / plant, length of pod, number of seeds in the pod, yield per plant, and the total yield per unit area.
The results indicated that early sowing date 15/10 led to a significant increase of all the qualities compared with the late date 14/11 except number of seeds per pod, resulting in added phosphate fertilizer 30 kg P2O5 to increase significant in all the studied traits compared with the treatment comparison.
The effect of interference results indicated that early sowing date 15/10 and adding phosphate fertilizer level at 30 kg P2O5 resulted in a significant increase of all studied traits, and by 67.5%, 45.5%, compared with the delayed sowing date and without phosphate fertilizer plant holds the two strands of one sum up the total unit area respectively .

Effect of Gibberellic acid and Organic fertilizer on certain chemical compounds for Wheat plant Triticum aestivum L.

Rajaa Fadel Hamdi; Saadi Sabaa Khamees

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 70-79

The experiment was conducted on plastics pots with capacity 9 kgs soil according to completely randomized design (CRD) with three replicates and used wheat cultivar (Abu-Ghraib) and used in this experiment the plant hormone gibberillic acid (100ppm) and organic fertilizer (144 gm/pot) and (gibberellic acid 100 ppm + organic fertilizer 144 gm/ pot). The aim of this research to study the effect of gibberillic acid and organic fertilizer and (gibberellic acid 100 ppm +organic fertilizer 144 gm/ pot) with control treatment on qualitative of amino acid in grain and dry shoot of wheat plant and also to study the effect of experimental treatments on Fe, Mn, Mg concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot. The results showed: gibberellic acid (100 ppm) and organic fertilizer and (gibberillic acid + organic fertilizer) lead to new amino acids comparative with the amino acid in the control treatment in wheat grain and dry shoot. And the results also showed,The gibberellic acid treatment led to increased Fe concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot, Their values were 148.6 and 114 ppm respectively. And also for organic fertilizer treatment this led to increase Fe concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot this value were 173.3 and 175.3 ppm respectively. The treatment (gibberellic acid + organic fertilizer) showed great increase in Fe concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot also and the results showed also, gibberellic acid led to decrease of Mn concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot of plant, Their values were 112.6 and 101 ppm respectively. While the organic fertilizer led to increase Mn concentration in grain and dry shoot of wheat plants and intraction in grain and dry shoot of wheat plants and increase Mn concentration in treatment (gibberellic acid + organic fertilizer) comparative with the control and the results also showed: gibberellic acid and organic fertilizer and (gibberillic acid + organic fertilizer) increased Mg concentration in grain and dry shoot of wheat plants comparative with the control treatments, Their values were 1359 and 1569 and 1899 ppm in wheat grain respectively and 2299 , 2308 , 3859 ppm in dry shoots of wheat respectively.

Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on some growth characteristics for corn genotype (Zea mays L.)

Fhadel H. Mukhlif; Ahmed R. Al-Rawi; Omar A. Al-Dolimy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 34-43

A field experiment was carried out in two seasons (autumn and spring) respectively in College of Agriculture University of Al - Anbar to study effect of nitrogen levels on some growth characteristics for six genotypes under different level of nitrogen Split plot design in R.C.B.D. with three replicates. Nitrogen fertilizer levels in main plot, while genotypes were arranaged as sub_plot .The results indicted that leaf area index and dry weight were a significant differences effect in genotype and nitrogen fertilizer However, the genotype IPA 5012 instrenght in growth where give highest rate to leaf area index amounts (3.922 and 3.830) for two seasons respectively, and excellence the same genotype lpa 5012 and single hybiridize (spiro-440663) in the dry weight, give weight amounts (353.66 and 365.55 gram/ plant) for two seasons respectively.

Effect of organic fertilizer on availability of macro nutrients N, P, K and the product of garlic

Iman K. Mohammed

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 56-63

A field experiment was conducted at the Field of the college of Agriculture at Abu – Ghraib in Silt clay Loam soil at 2008 – 2009. Treatments included Cow manure at Levels 0, 20, 40 T. h-1 and Sheep manure at Levels 0, 20, 40 T. h1- in randomized complete blocks design with three replicates and their effects on increasing the availability of macro nutrients N, P, K, in soil and increasing the yield of Garlic. Samples of soil have been taken before planting and 150 days after planting.
Results showed that the highest concentration of N, P, and K on the higher level of availability of N, P, and K was at levels 40 T. h-1 of cow and sheep manure consequently . Also higher yield of Garlic was achieved at Level (40 T.h-1) as it reached 17.29 and 16.47 T.h-1 for each of cow and sheep manure consequently in comparison with control treatment (13.53) T.h-1. The results proved an increase in the number of leaves/plant as well as in the height by cm at this level of addition too.

Effect of NP fertilizer application on growth and yield of barley (Hordeum Vulgare L.) after cutting

Rabah S. Shareef Al-Rawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 109-116

The experiment in Al-Qaim city western Iraq to Study the effect of NP fertilizer application three levels ( 0 , 200 , 300 ) Kg NP. h-1 after cutting of barely crop in 2007 Using Random Complete Blocks Design ( RCBD ) with three replicates .
The maximum result was done through the fertilizer levels 300 Kg NP.h-1 in Significantly over the other levels in the plant height ( 72.53 cm ), Dry weight of plant ( 32.92 g / m 2 ), green forage yield( 4.90 Kg / m2), grain yield ( 12.77 g / plant ) , weight of 1000 seeds ( 35.8 g ) and grain number ( 61.7 grain / spikes ). On the other level 200 Kg NP. h-1Significantly superiorzed in spikes (177.3 spike / m2 ) on the level without fertilizer .

Effect of Foliar Spray (Al- Nahrain) Fertilizer and Planting Dates on Yield of Two Cultivars of Green Peas (Pisum sativum L.)

Majid A. H. Al- Jumaily; Khudair A. A. Al- Jebouri

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 125-136

An experiment was conducted at the experimental field of Horticulture Department, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, Abu-Ghraib, during the winter season of 2000-2001, to study the effect of Nahrain liquid fertilizer and planting dates on the yield of green peas (Pisum sativum L.). Two cultivars of peas (Local and Jof) were included in this study with two seeding dates (1/ 1 and 1/ 11/ 2000) and four sprays from fertilizer were used (zero, one, two, and three) foliar application, using afactorial within split plot design was with three replications.
The results showed that local cultivar gave higher results than Jof cultivar in relation to the number of pods/ plant (30.36 and 26.67 pods/ plant), yield/ plant (0.243 and 0.198 kg), early yield (6.96 and 5.80 Ton/ h), total yield (10.80 and 8.80 Ton/ h) and pods weight (9.24 and 8.25 gm).
Also the first seeding data (1 October) was superior in early and total yield (9.0 and 10.88 Ton/ h) for two seasons respectively compared to second seeding date (1 november) whic was gaves (3.76 and 8.72 Ton/ h). the response of all foliar application from Nahrain fertilizer was positive and significant ejectively with twice of spray. the double and third interaction the tween factors were significant in all characters study.

Effect of phosphorus fertilizer and gibberellic acid on seed and oil yield of Cheiranthus cheiri

Sami K. M. Ameen; Maha I. Salih

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 108-124

A stady on the effect of phosphorus fertilizer levels and Gibberellic acid (GA3) concentration, on seed and oil yield of Cheiranthus cheiri was conducted. Four levels of P 0.20, 30 or 50 g/ l and three concentrations of GA3 0.50 or 100 mg/ l were applied.
Results showed that the highest level of P (50 g/ l) was significantly increased 1000 seeds weight, % of linolic acid and % of olic acid (1.71 g, 17.80%, 9.17%) respectively. While 30 g/ l of P elevated % of olic acid in leaves and seeds weight (4% and 5.74 g) respectively. Gibberellic acid at 100 mg/ l was superior in increasing 1000 seeds weight, % of lenolic acid, % of linolinic acid, % of olic acid and % of total fatty acids (10.07%, 18.49%, 9.33% , 37.92%) respectively. The interaction between P levels and GA3 concentrations was highly effective on % of oil studied.

The Use of The Genetically Modified of Azotobacter vinelandii In Isolate with the preparation of The Bio-organic Fertilizer From Local Materials and then Bio-testing It

I.A. Assaffii; A. M. Turky; D. F. Al-Rawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 275-287

It is difficult to find an isolate that can give all plant needs , therefore it requires more than one isolate to give the various needs of the plant . The use of a mixture of isolates that can fix nitrogen and dissolve phosphate in a certain vaccine results decrease in their activity ,therefore the idea of using the isolate , Azotobacter vinelandii which is modified to dissolve phosphate and fix nitrogen in the preparation of local materials to make a compose is suitably fit to enhance the conditions of plant growth and soil features. The isolate ability on fixing nitrogen and dissolving super phosphate ( T-CaP ) or phosphate rocks ( RP ) compounds was tested by their abilities to give sidrophores and indol compounds .A mixture of various qualitative and quantitative components of local plant and animal , other natural minerals consisted of cow organic matter ( C/N = 27/1 ) dried materials of the plant , Ceritophylium demeresm ,two other phosphate rocks , natural apatite ( Rp-N )( %8P ) and calcinated phosphate apatite ( RP-C ) ( %12P ) was prepared .The aim was to change these components into a more useful mixture .A bacterial vaccine, A. vinelandii that was modified by fermintating the mentioned components on different time intervals 10 , 20 and 30 days before one day of their addition to the soil in a fermented and unfermented nature to change soil characters .Four fermented and unfermented mixtures were used mixed 1% of the used soil .Two fermented and non-fermented mixtures with 1% were selected as compared to the use of TSP and Urea fertilizer in pot experiment planted with Vicia catiang .
Results indicated that the used isolate was able to fix nitrogen with an average of 2.8 mg/L with a microbial density of 6.2 × 108 Cfu/g indol ,dissolved phosphate compounds ( TCaP) with an average of 10.6 mg/L and produced indol components with and an average of 11.6 mg/L . The mixtures of 300 and 700 mg of RP-N and OM was found to the best in containing the dissolved phosphate compound , 71.2% from the total phosphorus and the total nitrogen 19.6 gm N/kg mixture which was the best average for the C/N in the mixtures after fermentation 1:9 . The use of the natural phosphate rocks gave the best dissolving results and nitrogen quantity was increased with the use of C. demeresm plant wastes .The use of the fermented mixtures enhanced soil texture after 30 days of incubation with an average of 30 mg of dissolved phosphorus /kg soil and 150 mg nitrogen,also rapid germination were achieved with an average of 71 and 20.2 for plant and root length respectively The average root and vegetative dry weights was 160 and 178 g/plant respectively .Those treatments showed a better rhizopeal bacterial infection for plant roots with an average of 22 effective knots with 68% with protein percent 17.9 % in dried weight of the plant . Also ,they enhanced the soil content with viable phosphorus and nitrogen with an average of 20.5 and 130 mg/kg soil respectively .These results assure the existence of various carbon resources for microbial growth and activity resulted from the fermented mixtures which , in the mean time increased the fixation of nitrogen and dissolving phosphate compounds and finally producing Sidrophores , growth regulators , enhancing soil texture and viability of nutrients to the plants .


A. H. Al-Bayati

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2006, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 115-126

Two field experiments were carried out at the college of agriculture - university of Al-Anbar in spring season of 2001 and 2002 years. To study the effect of three treatments. The first was application of agricultural sulpher at level 2 Meq S°. ha-1 (T1) the second was application phosphorus and nitrogen at level 240 kg P2O5 . h-1 and 180 kg N. ha-1 respectively (T2), and third treatment was application compound sulpheric fertilizer (6 : 19 : 65) (N : P2O5 : S) to soil with level 3 Meq. ha-1 (T3). Which replicated third time on growth and productivity of sunflower (Euro-flower hybrid) and to limitation the fertilizer efficiency for production. Same chemical properties of rizosphere soil were determined with crop growth parameters and total uptake of nitrogen also phosphours during flowering and maturation stages. Addition to yield properties. The results were showed significantly superiority for T3 treatment in reduction the soil pH and increasing soil EC also soil content from nitrogen and available phosphors with increasing them uptake at the two studied stage of plant growth during the two years. Which positively reflect on growth parameters (plant height, leaf area and plant dry matter) also yield components, head diameter, number of seeds per head and total seeds yield. which superiority with 27.3 and 10.65 % portion on T1 during the two studied years respectively. Oil contains and its yield was increased at T3 treatment also. Which gets best fertilizer efficiency for production reached 19.8 % as average in comparison to T1. the results were showed that addition of sulpher with crop recommendation of nutrients more efficiency to increase the yield which reflected the importance in improvement of nutrient availability when we added it to the soil as fertilizer.


OmarA. Al-Dolimy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2006, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 84-91

Field experiment was conducted at field crops dep.-Agriculture college / Al-Anbar University for two Seasons, spring and fall during 2000. the objective of study was to study the effect of nitrogen fertilizer in growth and yield of corn. Split-Plot Design was used with three replicates. N fertilizer levels took up the main plot, while genotypcs were arranaged into Sub-Plot. The results showed significant differences among all of two factors levels, for all characteristics exception of humidity %. The increasing in N addition, increased the total, grain total, thickness of Ear, CoZ weight and leaf area of plant, for Both Seasons, respectively. Highest grain yield was gained from 320 kgm N . ha-1 of (10.2 and 4.7) ton . ha-1, for Both season, respectively. 320 kgm N. ha-1 gave highest coz weight of (700.6 and 600.0) gm and ear thickness of 16.0 and 17.2 cm, for both season, respectively. Also, the same level gave higher leaf area of (53.28 and 58.83) cm2, for both seasons, respectively. There wasn't significant differences in grain humidity %.


S. A. Faiath;; H. J. Homadi; H. K. Saleh

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 35-40

Field experiment was carriedout in the seasons of 2002 – 2003 and 2003 – 2004 at the fieldsof Saqlawala Zone to study the effects of gigh levels from nitrogen fertilizer of (80 – 160 – 240) kg N / ha on growth, yield components, grain yield of triticale, the experiment was designed according to R.C.B.D. with four replication. Significant differences were found for all characteries in two seasons. The highest plant height, number of tillers, ieaf area and ieaf area index of 120 day, 132.19, 241.47, 125.15 and 3.29 respectively was obtained from treatment (240) kg N / ha and aiso give the maximum numder of spikes, numder of graim per spike, weight of thousand grains / g, biological yield, grain yield and harvest index 201.75, 76.05, 38.93 gm, 13333.07 kg / ha, 4600.48 kg / ha and 34.92 % respectively for both seasons 2002 – 2003 and 2003 –2004.