Keywords : quality


The effect of foliar application boron and salicylic acid in the Production and quality characteristics of two genotypes of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.)

Ehab J. J. Al-Dabbagh; Basheer H. A. Al-Duleimi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2017, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 162-180
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2017.129082

A field experiment was carried out in the spring and autumn season of 2016 in fields of Field Crops Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Anbar,( Abu Gharib), in soil with a clay-silty texture, to determine the effect of foliar application with three concentrations of Boron; 0, 90, 180 mg L-1, and Salicylic acid; 0, 150 and 300 mg L-1, in the productive and quality traits of two mung bean genotypes, local and Indian cultivars. The experiment was took place using Split-Split Plot arrangement in randomized complete block design, where genotypes occupied main plots while salicylic acid concentration occupied sub plot and Boron concentration in the sub-sub plot. Obtained results were summaries as follow:
The concentration of 90 mg B L-1 in the two seasons showed the highest average fertility rate in pods and seeds with 696.90 and 789.70 kg-1, and protein about 188.50 and 191.30 kg-1 respectively, Concentration of 180 mg B L-1 in the same season achieved the highest mean weight of 100 seeds and protein ratio in seeds 25.15%. Boron did not significantly affect the length of the pod in the two seasons.
The concentration of 150 mg SA L-1 in both seasons gave the highest fertility rate in the pods as 69.76 and 77.53%, and the highest average yield of the seeds with 698.4 and 760 kg-1 respectively, and recorded in the spring season the highest weight for 100 seeds, In the protein content about 185.50 kg e-1, and the concentration of 300 mg SA L-1 exceeded in the autumn season in the number of seeds by pod. The genotypes differed significantly in the studied traits except for the percentage of protein in the seeds and both seasons. The local genotype showed the highest mean number of seeds by pod and seed yield by 789.20 and 791.5 kg e -1, and protein with 210.20 and 187.30 kg-1, While the Indian genotype in both seasons showed the highest average length of pod and 100 seed weight 6.74 and 7.02 g, for the two seasons respectively. The effect of triangular interference (genotype * salicylic * boron) in the two seasons was significant in the weight of 100 seeds, seed yield, protein content and yield. The local genotype with spraying with concentrations 90 mg B + 150 mg SA L-1 achieved the highest mean yield of 988.6 and 1092.9 kg e-1 for the seasons respectively and for the protein yield in the autumn season 239.9 kg h-1 protein Indian genotype with the same treatment spray highest protein content in seeds by 29.48%.

Effect of the seeding rates in grain yield and its quality for four cultivars of barely

Basheer H. A. Al-Dulaimy; Wassan A. H. Al-Janabi; Yas A. Al-Dulaimy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 203-212
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2015.120019

A field experiment was conducted in Sowairah Research Station-General commission for Agriculture Researches during the winter season of 2012-2013, in order to study the effect of four seeding rates 100, 120, 140 and 160 kg.ha-1, on grain yield and its quality for four cultivars of barely (shua'a, Amal, Sameer and Al-khair), using a split-plot arrangement in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) in three replicates.
The results showed the following:
The seeding rate 160 kg.ha-1 was significantly superior in plant height 99.06 cm, number of spikes.m-2 270.20 spike grain yield 3.67 ton.ha-1, protein concentration in grain 8.82% and protein yield 322.72 kg.ha-1, while there was no significant effect of seeding rate on number of grain per spike.
Significant differences were found between all cultivars in all characters, Sameer cultivar was superior in plant height and protein concentration in grain (9.39%), Shua'a cultivar was superior in number of spikes.m-2 260.5 spike, and Al-Khair cultivar was superior in number of grain per spike 50.74 grain, grain yield 4.10 tonne.ha-1 protein yield 380.36 kg.ha-1. The interaction between seeding rate and cultivars effect in number of spikes. m-2, protein concentration in grain and protein yield. The combinations between Al-Khair cultivar and seeding rate of 140 and 160 kg.ha-1 gave highest average of protein yield of 416.11 and 417.31 kg.ha-1 respectively.

Response of growth, yield and quality of soybean (Glycine max (L.) merr) to some agronomic techniques

A. F. Ramadan; B. H. Abduallah; F. H. Meckhlif

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2012, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 257-272

A field experiment was conducted on silty clay loam soil at Alkarmah– Al-Anbar province during summer season of 2009. The objective was to investigate the effect of three factors in vegetative, root growth, yield and quality of soybean Glycine max L. CV Forrest sowing method (furrow and lines sowing) weeding (twice weeding, once weeding and without weeding) and sowing dates (22 April, 1 June and 11 June). RCBD was used to arranged treatments in split– split plot system with three replicates.
Results were as followed:
1. Furrow sowing was significantly superior compared with lines sowing in all studied traits.
2. During the growing season, twice weeding was the best treatment compared with once weeding treatment and the control (without weeding) in most of the studied traits except for internode length rate which the control showed its higher value.
3. The sowing date of April 22 gave the highest means in all studied traits against the other sowing dates, 1 and 11 May.
It could be concluded that the best results had been achieved by furrow sowing compained with twice weeding during the growing season and the sowing date of April 22.

Effect of cutting stages and sowing dates on forage yield and quality of sorghum

H. J. H. Al-Dulami; O. I. K. Al-Fahdoy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 136-145

A field trial was carried out on the city center of Al-Ramida during 2010 in field fallow to one of grower. The main objective was to find out the effect of cutting stages and sowing dates on forage yield and quality of sorghum. The layout of the experiment was a split plot in randomized complete block design with three replications , sowing date (15march, 1 and 15 April) were taken as main plots while , cutting stages (vegetative stage , 50% flowering and soft dough stage) were taken as the sub plots Results showed that sowing date of (1 April) gave higher plant height 198.28 cm , green forage yield 47.45 t.ha -1 , dry matter 12.84 t.ha -1 , yield of protein 1.42 t.ha -1 , yield of fiber 6.00 t.ha-1 and percentage of crude protein 12.38%. Cutting plants at soft dough stage gave higher of each of plant height 222.56 cm , green forage 41.96 t. ha -1 dry matter percentage 31.45% , dry matter 13.16 t.ha -1 , yield of protein 1.23 t.ha-1 , yield of fibers 6.71 t.ha-1 and percentage of crude fibers 51.53 % . There was a significant interaction between sowing dates and cutting stage for all characters.

Response of Growth, Yield and yield Quality of Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) to planting method and Distance Between Hills

Sana K. Hasan

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 64-81

A field experiment was implemented in Al–Garma, Al–Anbar province during fall season, 2004 to assess the effect of planting methods (redges and rows) and distances between hills (5, 10, 15, 20, 25 cm) on some growth, seed yield and yield quality of Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) local cultivar. Split-plot arrangement was used according to randomized complete block design with four replicates. The results obtained were as follows.
Redge method was the superior in growth traits, number of pods/plant (59.37 pods), 100 seed weight (3.49 g), seed yield (1479.89kg/ ha), protein yield per area unit (462.83 kg/ ha) compared with rows method (50.09 pods/ plant, 3.37 g/ 100 seed, 1193.06 kg seed/ ha, 370.56 kg protein/ ha). While rows method was superior in number of seed per pod. The two methods were not significantly differed from each other in harvest index and protein ratio of seed.
Increasing the distance between hills led to significant increase in all studied traits except harvest index, which significantly increased in narrow distance (5 Cm). Planting distance of 25 cm had the highest averages of growth traits, number of pods/ plant and protein ratio in seed, While the distance of 20 cm had the highest averages of number of seed/pod, 100 seed weight, seed and protein yields per area unit.
Interaction between planting method and distance between hills significantly effected in most growth traits, yield and yield quality. Plants in redges under effect of 20 cm distance gave the highest dry matter yield, seed yield and protein per area unit, whereas the lowest averages of these variables was obtained from plants sowing in rows under the effect of narrow distance (5 cm).
From this study, it can be concluded that the highest seed and protein yield were achieved using redge method with 20 cm distance between hills.

Effect of Boron spraying on yield and quality of some peanut genotypes

Adel Y. Nasralla

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 140-149

نفذت تجربة حقلیة فی حقل التجارب التابع لقسم المحاصیل الحقلیة – کلیة الزراعة – جامعة بغداد . خلال الموسمین 2005 و 2006 بهدف دراسة الحاصل ومکوناته وبعض الصفات النوعیة لستة تراکیب وراثیة من فستق الحقل (کرز ، MH383 ، مدنی ، ICCV – 86230 ، 4C9713 و R211/86868) ومدى استجابتها للرش بتراکیز مختلفة من البورون (صفر و100 و 200 و 300) ملغم B / لتر. فی تجربة عاملیة ضمن تصمیم القطاعات الکاملة المعشاة بثلاثة مکررات. اظهرت النتائج تفوق الترکیب الوراثی کرز فی حاصل القرنات لوحدة المساحة ولکلا الموسمین واعطى 2925.7 و 2946.2 کغم / هـ على التوالی نتیجة لتفوقه فی عدد القرنات للنبات (49.16 و 47.6 قرنة / نبات) وعدد البذور للنبات (76.7 و 82.9 بذرة / نبات). تفوق الترکیب الوراثی R211/86868 فی نسبة الزیت التی بلغت 25 و 50 % ولکلا الموسمین بینما تفوق الترکیب الوراثی 4C9713 فی نسبة البروتین فی الموسم الاول (25.6%) والترکیب الوراثی MH383 فی الموسم الثانی 25.5%. اعطى اعلى ترکیز للبورون (300 ملغم B / لتر) اعلى حاصل قرنات لکلا الموسمین (2589.25 ، 2616.45 ) کغم / هـ على التوالی نتیجة لتأثیره المعنوی فی بعض المکونات، بینما لم تتأثر نسبتا الزیت والبروتین معنویاً ولجمیع التراکیز المستعملة ولکلا الموسمین.

Study on quantity and quality of some Iraqi apricot cultivars

S. R. Abdullah

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 211-216

Study was conducted of Husaynia, Kerbela, province using seven local cultivars of apricot (Harvi, Kaisi, Zakenia yellow Ardebel, Red Ardebel, Ahmar Bathri and Hashri).
Protuct from direct planting of seeds. The trees used were similar in age trained on ordinary pyramid method and planted 7 x 7 m distance.
The experiment was done for two seasons. Data on average yield of tree, fruit weight, flesh weight of fruit. pit weight, and percentage of total soluble solids of the fruit juice were recorded.
Results showed that Zakenia, yellow Ardebel, Red Ardebel, and Kaisi cultivar were superior than other cultivars studied. It is recommended to plant these cultivars in the middle and southern parts of Iraq.

Improve quality and sensory properties for minced poultry meat patties by using powder of Rosmary (Rosmarinus officinolis)

N. N. Abed Al; Hajo

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 248-253

The aim of this study was to improve quality and sensory properties for minced poultry meat patties by using powder of Rosmary (0.05%, 0.10 and 0.15%) with stored at 4oc for 0, 2 and 4 days, and done some chemical, physical test and sensory evaluation of this Product. The data obtained revealed the following: Addition of Rosmary powder to minced poultry meat led to significant (P<0.05) increase in moisture content, pH, WHC and a significant (P<0.05) decrease in cooking loss percentage, PV, TBA and FFA.
Sensory evaluation data of flavor and juiciness were improve (P<0.05) by the addition, also overall acceptability increased (P<0.05) when the concentrate of Rosmary increase until 0.10% While acceptability of Patties decrease in 0.15%.
In conclusion, the results revealed the possibility of using 0.10% Rosmary powder in poultry meat patties which improved some chemical, physical and sensory evaluation and led to safety when the patteis stored at 4oc for 0, 2, 4 day without showing undesirable changes in quality or sensory characteristics of processed product.

The effect of adding extract and powder Anthemis nobilis to broiler ration on some quality and sensory breast meat of boiler

Nadia N. A. Al-Hajo; D. K. Ibrahim; G. Y. Butris

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 254-262

This study were carried out to study the effect of adding 0.6% level of Anthemis nobilis (extract and powder) to broiler ration on some quality and sensory characteristics of breast meat of boiler, the data revealed :There were significant (p<0.05) increase in percentage of moisture, protein, Water Holding Capacity (WHC) and the degree of flavor, tenderness, juiciness and overall acceptance, While there were significant (p<0.05) decrease in percentage of fat, cooking loss, drip loss and Thiobarbituric Acid (TBA) and Peroxide Value (PV) and this Value increase when the meat stored for 4 days. There were no significant differences in the degree of pH, Sensory evaluation score (Flavor, tenderness, juiciness and overall acceptance) were improved when the Anthemis nobilis added, and there were a high degree in the sensory scores specially When the plant were added as a powder to the ration. The results of bone darkening showed that the darkening period of storage doesn’t effect when the Anthemis nobilis add in the three period of storage. (1, 2 and 3 moths) in - 20o c.
We can concluded that addition of 0.6% of Anthemis Nobilis caused improvement in quality characteristics and sensory evaluation of breast meat, and use the powder of this plant have a high degree than watery extract for all characteristics we study.

EFFECT OF BORON AND POTASSIUM SPRAY ON QUALITY AND YIELD OF RAPESEED (Brassica napus L.)

F. Y. Baktash

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 75-84

A field trial was conducted during winter seasons at 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 at field researches of Field Crops Dept., Agriculture Coll., Univ. of Baghdad, by spray of boron concentration (0, 5, and 10 ppm) and its source was boric acid (H3BO3) (6.5% B), and potassium concentration (0, 2000, and 4000 ppm) and its source was sulfate potassium (K2SO4) (42% K) at 75% flowering. The objective was to increase quality and yield of grains of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Randomized compete block design with three replicates was used. Plants spray with boron concentration (10 ppm) were superior with number of pods per plant, seeds yield, and oil yield (539.72 pod.plant-1, 1.48, and 0.56) ton.ha-1, respectively at 2003-2004 season, and (537.65 pod.plant-1, 1.47, and 0.56) ton.ha-1, respectively at 2004-2005 season. Plants spray with potassium concentration (4000 ppm) were superior with number of pods per plant, seeds yield, oil yield, and protein yield (567.88 pod.plant-1, 1.53, 0.60, and 0.26) ton.ha-1, respectively at 2003-2004 season, and (568.74 pod.plant-1, 1.53, 0.59, and 0.26) ton.ha-1, respectively at 2004-2005 season. The combination (10 B + 4000 K) ppm was the best, because it gives higher values to all characteristics under study. It could by concluded that number of pods per plant was the important yield components, which response to spray of boron and potassium, which lead to increase seeds yield, and that was confirm by significant positive correlated appearance between these two characteristics at both seasons (0.819 and 0.915), respectively compared with others.

Effect of sowing dates in yield and its quality for several cultivars of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)

B. H. A. Al-Solagh

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 101-116

A field experiment has been conducted in silty clay loam in Al-Jazira region in Al-Khalidia town - Al-Anbar province during summer season of 2000. to study the effect of four dates of sowing (1 may, 15 may, 1 June, 15 June) on yield and its quality of four cultivars of sesame (Al-Mahali, Ishtar, Babel, Rafadeen) and determine the best cultivar and date of sowing under the climate of Al-Anbar province. These factors (4×4) input with completely Randomize Block design with three replicates. The results summarized:
Ishtar cultivar are superior significantly than others cultivars in capsule length, weight of 1000 seeds, seeds yield and also oil percentage and gave ahighest mean of seed yield (2300.31 , 2119.99) Kg/Ha and oil yield (1283.68 , 1221.86) Kg/Ha when that sowing in I and 15 may respectively.
The plants sown in the 15 may gave a highest mean for the most yield characteristics and quality as compared with others sowing dates, while the plants sowing in 15 June gave a less mean for above except capsule length.
We concluded from this study that Ishtar cultivar when sowing in the first half of may gave abest yield for seeds and oil in area unit.

Effect of sowing date and distance between hills on yield components, seed yield and its quality of sesame crop (Sesamum indicum L.)

B. H. Abdullah

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2006, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 92-114

A field experiment had been performed in clay–loam texture soil in Al–Jazira region of Al–Khalidia district - Al–Anbar government (latitude 33° and alatitude 43° northly) during the two summer seasones 1998 and 1999 to study the influence of sowing dates 10 April , 30 April , 20 May and the distance among the hills (10 , 20 , 30) cm and its interaction in yield components, seed yield and its quality of sesame crop (var. Al–MAHALI). Factorial experiment with R.C.B.D. of four replicates was used, the results were.
The plants sowing in 20 may gave ahighest means for dry matter yield and number of capsules per plant in second season and its mean of two seasons also superior in seed weight/capsule, seed yields (1856.23 , 2140.08 , 2187.51) kg/ha, oil percentage and oil yield (1025.12 , 1215.26 , 1233.70) kg/ha in two seasons and its mean respectively. Compared with plants sowing in 10 April which gave a lowest means for all characters study.
Increasing the space between hills caused to increased in most characteristics of yield, seed yield and its quality until reached a higher mean significantly (P < 0.05) in the wide space (30 cm) in both season and its mean.
The interaction between sowing date (20 may) and space between hills (30 cm) caused to gave a highest mean significantly (P < 0.05) for dry matter yields (6597.71 kg/ha) in mean of two seasons, seed yields (2272.24 , 2633.78 , 2661.49) kg/ha and oil yields (1273.60 , 1519.13 , 523.40) kg/ha in two seasons and its mean respectively.
It can be concluded that local Sesame can be planted on the second half of may at 30 cm between hills in the western region of Iraq (Al-Anbar province) due to its high seed yield and oil content.

Effect of potassium fertilizer and control of Corn stem borer on yield components, grain yield and its quality of two varieties of maize Zea mays L.

B. H. A. Al-Solagh; Tarik M. Al-Fahdawi; H. F. Najeb

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 84-98

A factorial experiment in R.C.B.D. was conducted in alluviul clay–loam soil in college of Agriculture AL-Anbar university during the growing season of 2002, There were 4 levels of potassium fertilizer (0, 20, 40, 60) kg k/ ha (K2SO4), two insecticides including (cruiser and diazinon) and two varieties of Corn (Buhooth 106 , IPA 5012).
Results can be summarized as follows:
IPA 5012 genotype recorded alowest percentage of infestation and gave ahighest rang of grains No./ row, grain yield production (3.05, 6.52) ton / ha and protein percentage in grains (10.39, 10.88)% for spring and autumn seasons respectively, while Buhooth 106 genotype recorded ahighest range of 300 grain weight (66.95 g) in spring season.
The level of 60 kg K / ha showed significantly ahighe mean of ear number in plant, grain No. / row, 300 grain weight, grain yield (3.85, 7.50) ton/ ha, protein percentage (11.28, 11.19)% in two seasons respectively and ear row number in spring season and gave alowest percentage of infestation for both seasons as compared with other levels.
There was asignificant effect (P<0.05) cruiser in adecrease percentage of in festation as well as in increase the mean of ear no./ plant, row no./ ear, grain no./ row in spring season and 300 grain weight, grain yield, protein percentage in both season.
It was concluded that the genotypical IPA 5012 was superior over the genotypical Buhooth 106 in most studied characters. The addition of potassium in a level of 60 kg K/ ha with the control of cruiser had significantly reduced the infestation percentage of the insect and increased the yields of grains per unit area and inhanced their quality.