Keywords : FOLIAR

Effect of manganese foliar application on growth and yield of three sunflower (helianthus annuus l.) Varieties

Bassam Ramadhan Sarheed; Muaiad Hadi Ismieel Al.Ani; Mohmmed abd Almnam Hasn

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 170-179

A Field experiment was conducted in Ramadi city, Al-Anbar province in the spring season 2011 to evaluate the effect of three Manganese foliar application levels which were (0,20 and 30 mg.L-1) on growth and yield of three sunflower varieties (F.S, Flame and Euro Flore). Split plot experiment was carried out using RCBD experiment design with three replicate. Study results showed a significant difference in plant growth and yield. The level 30 mg.L-1 gave the highest average of plant leaf area (4446 cm2.plant-1), manganese absorption quantity (99.36, head diameter (13.76cm), seed yield (3.629 mega gr.h-1). While the level 20 mg.L-1 was exceeded in plant height (171.53cm), stem diameter (1.371cm), The Euro Flore variety reached the highest average on all parameters except plant leaf area, which exceeded in flame variety. The interaction effects between Manganese levels and sunflower varieties was significantly affected all studied parameters.

Effect of foliar application by organic matter extract and humic acid in vegetative proprieties of strawberry (Fragarra ananassa. Duch. )

Hussain Nory Rasheed AL- Karawi; Walleed A. AL-Rawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 294-306

A study was carried out in a plastic house for a palm date research unit/agriculture college/university of Baghdad (Abu Ghraib). During the season 2013-2014, to study the effect of spraying extract organic material and applying Humic acid and there interaction in the strawberry vegetative growth. The study include 12 treatments, to spray strawberry's plant with four levels from the extractions of organic matter (Distilled water, one volume of extracted organic matter to one volume of Distilled water 1:1, one volume of extracted organic matter to two volume of Distilled water 1:2 and one volume of extracted organic matter to three volume of Distilled water 1:3 just or with applied of three concentration of Humifert-ultra 0, 2.5, 5 ml.l-1 to the soil. A factorial experiment carried out at randomized completed blocked design (RCBD) with three replicates, Averages were tested with LSD at 5% level of probability.
The important result were found when the plants significantly at 2:1 level's was reached 3.85cm comparing with 2.478cm of plant's control. While the treatment 1:1 give the longest of runner's length were reach 130.875cm comparing with 77.394cm of plant's control, while the treatment 3:1 record highest numbers of crowns, runners and one leave distance were reached 3.792crown.plant-1,6.645runner.plant-1 and 76.423cm2 sequentially comparing with control's treatment that reach 2.737crown.plant-1,2.448 runner.plant-1 and 53.359cm2 sequentially. The additions of Humic acid were increased the plant's height and crowns number's significantly reaches 3.465cm, 3.783crown.plant-1 sequentially at 5ml.l-1 level. While the control was reached 3.199 cm and 2.496 crown. plant-1 sequentially.
While the plants were treated with 2.5ml.l-1 superior on other treatments gives greater crown diameter reach 43.937 mm while control treatment was 32.503mm. there were significantly effect to the two factors of the studies traits, the treatment H2.T1 give higher average of plant height's reach 4.510 cm, the treatment H0.T2 longest runner reach 143.124 cm and the crown diameter reach 62.551mm at H1.T0 treatment's superior significantly comparing with control treatment's that give 22.131mm, the H2.T0 treatment gives highest number of crowns reaches 5.125 crown.plant-1 comparing with control treatment's that gives 1.000 crown. plant-1, the study's results show's that H0.T3 treatment was superior significantly in runners number which gives greater number of runners reach 7.823 runner. plant-1 comparing with control treatment's that gives 1.000 runner. plant-1. While the leaves area were superior at the treatment H1.T3 significantly which gives 104.623cm2 comparing with control treatment's that gives 50.210cm2 .

Effect of potassium fertilizer and foliar application with Copper in growth and yield of broad bean Vicia Faba L.

Basheer Hamad Abdullah AL Duleimi; Anmar Ismael Ali Fayadh AL Fahdawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 154-169

A field experiment was carried out in loamy-clay silty in winter season of 2014 in Anbar Governorate-Hisaiba region/Al-Khalidiyah district that located on 43° longitude and 33° latitude, in order to know the effect of foliar application with four concentrations of copper 0, 10, 20, 30 mg Cu L-1 and four concentration with potassium 0, 50, 100 and 150 Kg ha-1 were added to the soil in growth, yield and its quality of broad bean- Spanish variety (cv. Luz De Otono). Split-plot arrangement. Was used in Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D.) with four replications. The experiment results were summarized as follows: Copper concentrations significantly affected in all studied traits. The concentration of 30 mg Cu L-1 gave highest average of plant height, potassium ratio in leaves, root length, pod number, 100 seeds weight (140.75g) grain yield of plaint (68.09g) percentage in seeds (28.97%), while 20 mg Cu L-1 gave highest average of cu percentage in leaves and 10 mg Cu L-1 gave highest average of leaf area.Potassium levels significantly affected in all studied traits. 100 kg K ha-1 gave the highest average of, leaf area for plant, root length 100-seed weight(138.59g), seed yield in plaint(71.76g), while 150 kg K.ha-1 was superior in plant height, concentration of Cu and K in leaves, number of pod in plant and protein percentage in seeds (29.69%). The interaction between K levels and Cu significantly affected significantly in all studied traits, except the, protein percentage in seeds. The combination of 150 Kg K ha-1 + 30 mg Cu L-1 gave highest average of number of pod in plant (19.09 pod), seed yield in plaint (83.41g).