Keywords : Silybum Marinum


INFLUENCE OF SOME TREATMENTS ON DATE PALM FROND AND IT USAGE TO PREPARING COMPOST FOR WHITE BUTTON AGARICUS BISPORUS GROWTH

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2018, Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 891-903
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2018.153336

This study was conducted on Agriculture college of Abu-Grab/ Baghdad as a replacement location of Anbar University during 2015 / 2016 season to study the effects of Date palm frond incubation 30 days after soaking in solution of 5% Urea or 3.3% Ammonium hydroxide before using it to preparing a compost, and its effect on mycelium growth rate on solid medium, matt on liquid medium and protein content, and to study complete over growth time on compost media. Agaricus bisporus 169 strain and its spawn obtained from Organic Farming Project Belonging to Agriculture Researches Office / Agriculture Ministry. Simple experiments according to completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 3 replicates and 5 experimental units for each treatment .Genstat program was used to analyses all data and means tested by Least Significant Difference at 0.05 level. Results showed that, all composts prepared by usage partial from Date palm frond soaked in NH4OH solution increased vegetative growth of mycelium . Treatments of 75% wheat straw + 25% date palm frond and 50% wheat straw + 50% date palm frond given faster growth rat were 2.6 and 2.56 cm per day, while treatments of 75% wheat straw + 25% date palm frond and 50% wheat straw + 50% date palm frond soaked in Urea solution increased 2.5 and 2.53 cm day-1 respectively and increased protein content significantly (P.L. 0.05) were 24.30% and 26.25% respectively, when control treatment given 2.0 cm day-1, 0.15 g dry weight of biomass and 18.75% protein content respectively. On other hand compost from 50% wheat straw + 50% date palm frond soaked in water before incubation, 75% wheat straw + 25% date palm frond without treatment, 50% wheat straw + 50% date palm frond and 70% wheat straw + 25% date palm frond soaked in NH4OH reduced period of mycelia overgrowth on compost to 30.66 , 31.0 , 31.66 and 32.0 days respectively , while the control recorded 47.0 days.

THE ROLE OF SILYBUM MARINUM AND VITAMIN E IN REDUCING THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF HYDROGEN PEROXIDE IN THE PHYSIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE AND THE STATUS OF ANTIOXIDANTS OF BROILER

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2018, Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 876-890
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2018.153335

This experiment was conducted at the Poultry Research Station - Agricultural Research office - Ministry of Agriculture. In Baghdad/Abi Gharib for the period from 31/10/2016 until 12/12/2016, with the aim of finding a natural cheap antioxidant and does not adversely effect on animal health and not leaves any residues in the various animal products which effect the health of the consumer. Using 460 chicks (Ross 308) in an average weight of 187.8± gm. Sexing to male in 10 days old, The chicks were randomly distributed to 5 treatments. Each treatment included 4 replicates with 23 chicks per duplicate. The replicates area was 3 m2. The treatments was as following: T1= Normal diet without Additions (Control), T2= Normal diet + H2O2 (0.50%) with drinking water, T3= Normal diet with add 10 g/kg from S.M.s + H2O2 (0.50%) with drinking water, T4= Normal diet with add 15 g/kg from S.M.s + H2O2 (0.50%) with drinking water, T5= Normal diet with add 450 Mg / kg from V.E + H2O2 (0.50%) with drinking water.The results of the traits of biochemical blood were showed in 42 days old, there was significant differences for T3 in value of total protein at P