Keywords : salinity


Z. H. AL-Rawi; Y. K. AL- Hadithiy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2018, Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 1112-1121
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2022.170568

A Plastic pot experiment was conducted in agreenhouse conditions during the autumn season to study the effect of kinetin in the growth of capsicum which irrigated by different saline water type (syzar).The study included two factors:the first was salinity of Irrigation water in four levels (1.1,2,4 and 6) dS m-1 have the symbbl (S0,S1,S2 and S3) respectively and the second factor was spray with growth regular (kinetin) on plant with four levels (0,50,100 and 150) mg L-1. The results refers to: Decrease of plant high, one plant yield, Phosphoeous and potassium coucent ration in shoot part from 33.39 cm,35.27 g plant-1,4.9 g kg-1,19.6 g kg-1 respectively at control treatment to 23.21 cm, 24.53 g plant-1, 3.2 g kg-1, 17.4 respectively. While nitrogen conceutration in shoot part was increased from 13.3 g kg-1 at control treatment to 17.7 at highest level of salilinty Irrigation water. The spray with rinetin at the level 100 mg L-1 achieved highest results in plant high, one plant yield, Phosphorous concentration in shoot part 31.40 cm, 35.21 gm plant-1,4.3 g kg-1 respectively compard to that of control 25.64 cm, 27.80 gm plant-1,3.8 g kg-1 respectively, while spray with 150 mg L-1 achieved high rest valve for Phosphorous and potisum concentration in shoot part 16.2 and 18,7 g kg-1 compared with control treatment 14.6 and 18.2 g kg-1. The interaction between stady factor was significant and the high value of the most characteristics was achieved by spray with 100 mg L-1 from kinetin and Irrigated with 1.1 dS.m-1 water, This treatment gave 37.27 cm, 41.17 gm plant-1 5.0 g kg-1, 19.7 g kg-1 for plant high, one plant yield, Phosphorous and potassium concentration compared with out addition kinetin and irrigation with 6 dS m-1 saline water 18.80 cm , 20.68 g plant-1, 2.9 g kg-1, 17.1 g kg-1 respectively.

Study Wells water quality and its suitability for Agricultural use in Al-Anbar Governorate

Yass K. AL Hadeth; Raghad B. ALAsafee

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 99-108

The study of selected well's water, quality and suitability for agricultural purposes in Al-Anbar governorate, has been conducted in Soil Science and Water Resources Department - College of Agriculture Al-Anbar University. After physical, chemical and biological analysis, the results shows according to pH value that the entire well's water studied were suitable for irrigation. 9% of total studied water were slight salinity (C1) 14% within class (C2) were suitable for moderately tolerance crops 29% within class (C3) were suitable for highly tolerance crops while 48% within class (C4) were suitable for very highly tolerance crops to salinity. All well's water classified as slightly sodium (S1) suitable for most crops and Remained Sodium Carbonate RSC were negative for all wells. Accordingly, all wells water studied was suitable for irrigation.

The impact of irrigation water salinity, water magnetization and soil available moisture depletion percent on potato yield and growth

Bassam AL-Deen AL-Khateeb; Huthaifa Jaseem Mohammed AL-Najm

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 49-60

A field experiment was carried out to study the impact of irrigation water salinity, water magnetization and soil available moisture depletion percent on some soil physical properties and potato yield and growth during the spring season 2012. The field located at Anbar province latitude 33.2614о N and 43.1755о E longitude with silty loam soil texture classified as Coarse – Loamy; Mixed; active; hyper thermic Typic Torrifluvent.
The experiment includes three factors; the first one was irrigation water salinity with two levels: Euphrates river water with electric conductivity 1 ds. m-1 and drainage water, which was brought from a surface drain, located on the opposite side of the riverbank with Ec 4 ds. m-1, the second factor was two levels of irrigation water magnetization, which were magnetized with 1500 gauss magnetization intensity and without magnetization. The third factor was three levels of soil available moisture depletion percent 50, 60 and 70%s.
Split – split plot with R. C. B. D. experimental design was used with three replicates, Plant height, leaf area and Plant root length were decreased with the increasing of irrigation water salinity and the depletion percent while the same parameters increased when magnetized water used for irrigation.

Preparation Bradyrhizobium japonicum Inoculum's tolerance the salinity and develop suitable carrier material

Dyna T. Hmodii; Jamal S. Alkobaisy; Yass K. Hamzaa; I.A. Assaffii

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 1-13

Biofertilizer play avital role offsetting the deficit produced by nutrients loss and has great contribution in supporting the continuous agriculture effectively. thus an attempt to isolate rhizobium bacteria from soybean plant roots from different field in Baghdad and Anbar governorates was carried out and identified as Bradyrhizobium japonicum.These isolates were tasted for salinity tolerance, ability to dissolve phosphate compounds, producing Indol acetic acid , producing sidrophore, thin 5 different local materials as a carriers were added to the selected isolates, Glucose sugar was also added to support the selected material, Inoculation efficiency for nitrogen fixation and salinity tolerance were carried out after 30 days of storage period at different temperature .
Results showed the following :15 isolates belong to B. japonicum were obtained .Isolates Kd2, Kr3, Kr2 showed there intensive ability of growth (+++) at salt concentration of NaCl (3-5)% with change in color of colonies to yellowish brawn.Isola Kd2 showed significantly in superiority in dissolving phosphate compounds rate diameter of 11.6 mm on solid media.and able to produced indole acetic acid (IAA) in media by amount of 13.60 and 11.5 mg /L before and after salinity adaptation .
Isolates Kd2A and Kr2A showed ability in resisting toxic effect of Dithen and Kitolite materials after salinity adaptation with 0.1% concentration of salt. Powdered dates nuclear showed highest rate in loading isolates cell Kd2A isola with density 7.66 Log cfu/ml the process of 5% glucose support resulted in increase in numerical density rate 8.86 Log cfu/ml with using 3 ml volume of inocula par 5 gm carrier.4 C storage temperature for 30 days period showed the possibility of isola cell remaining active and reproducing them back with density of 6.96 Logcfu/ml. the isola kept its ability to grow at salinity concentration of rate 4.82 ds/m and nitrogen fixation at rate 2.71 and 2.49 mg N/L under salinity level of 3.82 and 4.82 ds/m.

The effect of human factor on soil management and its salinity in the countryside of Al-Ramadi

Y. K. Hamza

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 57-72

تم دراسة تأثیر العامل البشری (الفلاح) من خلال إدارته السیئة للتربة والمیاه والتی تؤدی إلى المساهمة فی تدهور وتملح الترب فی ریف منطقة الرمادی فی خمسة مقاطعات مختارة هی (16) زویة البوفراج, (17) البو ذیاب, (18) الطالعة, (19) البوعلی جاسم (20) البوعساف خلال عام 2008. تنطلق الدراسة من فرضیة مفادها وجود مشکلة عدم إتباع الإدارة الجیدة من قبل الفلاح إضافة إلى وجود مشکلة تملح التربة بسب الاستخدام المفرط للمیاه وعدم وجود شبکات البزل الفعالة مما ادى إلى انخفاض المساحات المزروعة وتدهور الترب. اعتمدت الدراسة المنهج الوصفی التحلیلی اعتمادا على البحوث العلمیة والتقاریر الرسمیة والدراسات السابقة إضافة إلى الدراسات المیدانیة فی المنطقة من خلال دراسات التربة والملوحة ومناسیب المیاه الأرضیة. تم التوصل من خلال الدراسة إلى مایلی:1-سوء استخدام الموارد المائیة من خلال الاستخدام العشوائی للمیاه أدى إلى هدر کبیر فی المیاه ورشح کمیات کبیرة باتجاه المیاه الأرضیة وبالتالی ارتفاع مناسیب المیاه الأرضیة التی ساهمت فی تملح الأراضی.2- جهل الفلاح فی مدى حاجة المحاصیل الزراعیة للمیاه وعدم الاعتماد على استخدام المقنن المائی الذی یعطی حاجة المحصول للماء خلال موسم النمو أدى إلى هدر کبیر فی استخدام المیاه وبالتالی المساهمة فی تملح التربة.3-عدم إجراء عملیات الصیانة المستمرة للمبازل أدى إلى انخفاض کفاءة نظام البزل وارتفاع مناسیب المیاه الأرضیة والمشارکة فی تملح التربة.4-عدم إتباع طرق الإدارة الجیدة للتربة ومنها التعدیل والتسویة وحراثة التربة واختیار المحاصیل الملائمة واستخدام متطلبات الغسل واستخدام طریقة الری المناسبة وانخفاض المساحات الصالحة للزراعة.

The role of Phosphogypsum applied to soil partly affected with salinity on yield and growth of corn (zea mays)

Joboory; W. M. AL

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 10-15

This trial was cared out in plastic pots to investigate the role of Phosphogypsum applied to soil partly affected with salinity on yield and growth of corn.
The Phosphogypsum was added to soil partly salinity with the following percentage: 0%, 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3%, 0.4%, and 0.5%. The pots were arranged in (CRD) with three replicate.
The result revealed that a signification increase plant height and the dry weight of corn with increase in applied Phosphogypsum. In addition signification increases in the available Phosphor in soil after agriculture for all levels except the fourth level. Increase in Phosphor, Sulfate and redaction in Chloride in plant were found with the increase of Phosphogypsum application.