Keywords : physiographic

Classification of some soils from province of Kirkuk and the statement extent of their sensitivity to desertification

F. M. Jasem; D. R. Azeez; N. J. Hindi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 122-132

This study was conducted at several soil location in Kirkuk Governorate between length lines 44° 16 and 44° 29 north and two width circle 35° 7 and 35° 46 east to determine land deterioration conditions especially soil and vegetation deterioration within this location, In addition it is characterized with variety of geomorpholical patterns and physiographic units, in addition to their use in agriculture. After choosing locations of study, detection of soil pedons their number was 6 was done. Every pedon was divided in to horizons according to some morphological characters, as a first step in determination horizons of the soil. Among these characters, are variation in soil contents of stones, Soil texture, formulation and color and the separated lines between horizons as mentioned? Then it was described morphologically according to standards of American soil survey Index and its changes. Classification was completed to a level of soil series according to classification of soil according to the formula G.T.B.P.C.D.
Geomorphologic map and displine photos were used determine the study district and locations of pedons with help of GPS instrument. Semi –detailed survey was done to cover an area advocating the free method. Key soils within the margins of the selected area were detected and they found to be 6 series with determining of their locations on soil survey map. The results of the study revealed that vegetation quality index indices of soil series of studied location were within the class very weak and they included the soil series 451CCW, 431CCW.The class weak included the soil series 432CCW, 453CCW, whereas the series 433CCW and 441CCW were within the class moderate. Results of study indicated that soil quality index of soil series of the studied location was within the class very low for series 441CCW whereas the series 432CCW, 431CCW was within the class low, whereas the series 433CCW, 451CCW were within the class moderate. Sensitivity of the district environment to desertification was described. Results showed that the most sensitive series was 443CCW, which was very sensitive and series 453CCW, 431CCW was sensitive, whereas the series 441CCW, 432CCW were within the class moderate and low sensitive respectively. The lower series sensitivity is the series 451CCW.

Similarity and dissimilarity in the Rate of Soil weathering Indices for various Ecosystem and Physiographic Units

Mothana Kh. I. Al-Rawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1-13

* , Salah M. F. Al-Juraysi* and Abdul-Karym A. Mkelf**
* Soil Science Dept.- College of Agriculture/
** Center of desert studies/ University of Al-Anbar

Twenty two soil site were chosen in the main and sub physiographic units according to exploratory soil map of Iraq (1); these soil site represented various Ecosystem systems (2). Morphological. Chemical and physical soil properties were studied.. Total Oxide in these soil were determined– Weathering indices for heavy minerals (HM); Silica minerals (SM); index minerals (IM); R1; R2; and (MgO CaO) were use in these soil which various in parent material and Ecosystem .Results showed decrease of weathering in all soils sites and the rate of weathering increase in desert soil under the DWD Ecosystem. According to Nessibet scheme soils clustering in sedimentary environment and shows the interaction between Marsh and eastern region. Similarity index showed similarity some soil site with another in spite of various physiographic and Ecosystem. Statistic analysis showed the weathering indices arrangement as fallow R2> R1> HM >IM >SM >CaO MgO. These arrangements reflect the effects of Climate nature practices and Ecosystem on weathering of minerals from various Clay mineral.