Keywords : Varieties


THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF ORGANIC FERTILIZER ON GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY TRAITS OF TWO SESAME VARIETIES (SESAMUM INDICUM L.)

E. Ismail

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2021, Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 38-54
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2021.175972

 A field experiment was carried out in the district of Tarmiyah / Baghdad governorate to study the effect Levels of two types of organic fertilizer sheep manure, poultry manure on the growth, yield and oil traits of two sesame varieties Sesamum indicum L. for the Sammer season 2020. The experiment was applied according to the Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D) with Split Plot System, using two varieties of sesame (Ishtar and Babel) and two types of organic fertilizer (sheep manure, poultry manure) with four levels for each of them are (0, 6, 8 and 12 tons. ha-1), where the best was recorded. The significant superiority of Babel variety in the interferences with the fertilizer level (12 tons. ha-1) for the two types of organic fertilizers mentioned in the traits of each of the plant height, the number of branches in the plant and the percentage of ash, whose mean was (171.54, 183.17 cm and 6.98, 8.41 branches. plant-1 and 4.06, 3.73%) respectively. While the superiority was the best the most significant among the Ishtar variety by interferences with the level (12 tons. ha-1) for the two types of organic fertilizers in the traits of each of the number of capsules per plant (136.13 and 145.24 capsule. plant-1), respectively, the number of seeds per capsule (66.98 and 70.12 seed. capsule-1), respectively, and the weight of 1000 seeds (4.54 and 5.40 gm) respectively and total seed yield (2.69 and 2.81 tons.  ha-1), respectively, and oil percentage (57.39 and 60.03%) respectively.

The Effect of planting date on growth and yield of five potato varieties Solanum tuberosum L.

Maath. M. Al-Abdaly; Ahmed Abood Al Zobaay

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 237-245

The experiment was conducted in the field of Agriculture college _Baghdad University, Abu Ghraib. Alternation location for Anbar University during spring season 2016. The objective was to evaluation of five varieties performance of potato Solanum tubeorosum L (Volare, Arizona, Hermes, Riviera, Arnova) imported recently seeds of elite rank. The study was done as a factorial experiment based on randomized complete block design with three replicates (R.C.B.D) under effect of three punting dates (15 december,1 January,15 January ) the field experiment was divided into three blocks with 15 treatments randomly distributed and thus there were 45 experimental units. Within R.C.B.D the plants of (Volare) growing in first date were significant superiority in, plant height, number of stems per plant, dry weight of vegetative and leaf area, with 81.76 cm plant-1, 2.733 stem plant-1, 203.5 gm, 49.08 dm2) respectively. The plant of (Volare) growing in fittest date were surpassed in most of yield traits as tuber weight average, plant yield, marketable yields and total yields, with 242.0 gm, 1801.7 gm plant-1, 96.209 ton ha-1, 97.341 ton ha-1, respectively. The plants of (Arizona) growing in first date were significant superiority in characters of yield quality as dry weight percent , starch percent ,specific gravity, protein percent and T.S.S, with 17.67%, 19.67% , 2.068 gm.(cm3)-1, 8.76% , 7.987%, respectively.

Response of Two Varieties of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) to Plant Density

Yaseen Abd Ahmed; Nihad Mohamed Abood

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 188-203

Afield trial was carried out at the Experimented farm College of Agriculture، university of Anbar Abu – Ghraib، during spring and fall seasons 2015.The objective was to know the effect of plant distribution (distances between rows and plant) in some traits growth، yield and yield components for two cultivars' of Sorghum (Abu-ALSabeen and Rabeh)، using split- split plot by Randomized complete Block Design with three replicates.
Rabeh cultivar had superiority in all studied traits except plant height and biological yield in which Abu -Alsbeen cv. was superior recording 203.65 and 280.9 cm for plant height in both spring and autumn seasons، respectively and biological yield reached 37.85 ton h -1 in autumn season only. While the cultivar had superiority in weight yield and biological yield. The plant density in all of studied traits.
The narrow spaces of (10 cm) among row and (50 cm) among line had superiority in each of plant height، leaf area index ،biological yield and grains yield in compared with large distance (20 cm) among hills and (70cm) among line which had superiority in each of leaf area and stem diameter، Distance 10 cm gave significant in height of plant abut 179.89cm، in spring season. Nevertheless, distance 20 cm had largest leaf area of 3544 and 4234 cm2 in each season, respectively. The interaction between cultivars and spaces effected significantly, for Abu- ALsbeen with (10cm) agricultural spaces indicated the highest average for grain yield with 10.87 ton ha-1, only in autumn season.

Effect of manganese foliar application on growth and yield of three sunflower (helianthus annuus l.) Varieties

Bassam Ramadhan Sarheed; Muaiad Hadi Ismieel Al.Ani; Mohmmed abd Almnam Hasn

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 170-179

A Field experiment was conducted in Ramadi city, Al-Anbar province in the spring season 2011 to evaluate the effect of three Manganese foliar application levels which were (0,20 and 30 mg.L-1) on growth and yield of three sunflower varieties (F.S, Flame and Euro Flore). Split plot experiment was carried out using RCBD experiment design with three replicate. Study results showed a significant difference in plant growth and yield. The level 30 mg.L-1 gave the highest average of plant leaf area (4446 cm2.plant-1), manganese absorption quantity (99.36 mg.kg-1), head diameter (13.76cm), seed yield (3.629 mega gr.h-1). While the level 20 mg.L-1 was exceeded in plant height (171.53cm), stem diameter (1.371cm), The Euro Flore variety reached the highest average on all parameters except plant leaf area, which exceeded in flame variety. The interaction effects between Manganese levels and sunflower varieties was significantly affected all studied parameters.

Effect of spraying boron on growth and yield of three varieties of cotton Gossypium hirsutum L.

Raad L. Aboud; Fahdel R. Othman; Assaf; Mohammed A. AL

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 1-7

Field experiment was conducted during the spring season of 2008 in the fields of Mosul Technical Institute Cotton research unit to study the in pact of spraying boron in different concentrations (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 mg. g-1) on three varieties of cotton plant (Ashore, Lashata & cooker 310) for cotton yield addition components of spraying boron was applied in three times: first spray was stated with the stage of vegetative growth after 45 from planting, where the second applied with the stage of vegetative and flowering buds after 75 from planting, and the third spray after two weeks from the second spray.
The result of the study showed that the Lashata variety was significantly dominated the other studied. Varieties in terms of plant height, number of vegetative and fruiting branches, number of open bolls and technological changes varieties which are: boll weight, seeds index, lint index, hair weight and total cotton yield: 107.1 cm., 18.46, 4.64, 41.9, 4.54 gm., 8.08, 5.78, 622.1 kg/ d. and 4.53 ton/ h. respectively. The responses was obvious in high concentration of boron used for the three studied varieties .

Economic losses of lesser date moth (Batrachedra amydraula. Meyrick) (Cosmopterygidae:Lepidoptera) on the two cultivars, Varieties Khastawi and Zahdi of date palm in the middle of Iraq

Khamees A. Al-Dolimey; Reda S. Al-jorany

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 256-265

The study was conducted in date palm plantation in Tarmiia, Baghdad province, Iraq, during 2003 growing season in order to estimate the economic losses of lesser date moth (Batrachedra amydraula. Meyrick) on two cultivars of date palm (Phoenix dectylifera L.).
The results showed that average number of fruits in Zahdi was 30801 fruit / tree at the last week of April and became 17238 fruit / tree at the second week of July . Of the 15349 fallen fruit / tree there were 980 infested fruits which amounts to a percentage economic loss of 5.37% equaling about 7.84 kg / tree . Where as in Khastawi there were 29844 fruit / tree at the first week of May and became 11200 fruit / tree at the end of July ، so that the number of fallen fruits were 18644 of which 6702 were infested amounting to a percentage economic loss of 37.43% equaling 44.68 kg / tree.
The study indicated a significant positive relationship between number of larvae and number of fallen infested fruits . It was averaged between 0.004 – 12.76 larvae / 100 fallen infested fruits in Zahdi , and 0.43 – 32.02 larvae / 100 fallen infested fruits in Khastawi , when the percentage of infestation in fallen fruits was 0.2 – 45.6% and 5.4 – 94.2% in Zahdi and Khastawi respectively . Coefficient of correlation (r) was 0.990 in Zahdi and 0.994 in Khastawi .

PATH ANALYSIS FOR SEVERAL BREAD WHEAT VARIETIES

F. Y. Baktash

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2006, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 123-137

A field experiment conducted in the field of Crops Science Dept., Coll. of Agric. Univer. of Baghdad, during 2001-2002 and 2002-2003, seasons. The objectives was to study the path analysis in bread wheat traits. The experiments were carried out, using split plot design with ten varieties (Tamoz 2, Tamoz 3, Abu-Ghraib 3, IPA 95, IPA 99, Sale, Al-Rashed, Al-Iraq, Fateh and rabea) as main plots and four seeding rates (80, 120, 240 and 320 kg / ha) as sub plots with three replications.
Path analysis revealed that the harvest index for all seeding rates, biological yield of higher seeding rates and number of spikes / m2 in low seeding rates, obtained highest direct effect to grain yield.
The highest direct and indirect effect to grain yield revealed from harvest index, spike length and number of spikelets / spikes.
It was cocluded that harvest index could be used as selection index for the improvement of grain yield in bread wheat.

Response of Four Soybeans Varieties to Soil Moisture Levels

S. A. Salim

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2006, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 76-83

The present investigation aimed to study the responses of four soybeans varieties S,Pi,G and Lee to soil moisture levels ( 100,80,70 and 50% from field capacity).
Result showed that Pi variety was superior in osmotic potentials by 30 and 38% than S and Lee varieties and superior in its contents of potassium by 51, 17 and 37% on the other varieties respectively. The Varity lee was superior in the dry weight of plants, number of pods/plant and seeds yield/plant by 60, 71 and 60% than the other varieties respectively. S variety gave highest evapotranspiration (ET) 1000mm, on the other hand the variety Pi gave the lowest ET 777mm. The soil moisture level 100% gave higher dry weight of roots, dry weight of plants, number of pods/plant, and seeds yield/plants by 73,86,89 and 99% than other soil moisture level respectively. Highest ET 1200mm obtained by soil moisture level 100%, where as the lowest ET 581mm gave by soil moisture level 50%.

The effect of spraying with pinolene and potassium in characteris of growth of two varieties of sesame ( Sesamum indicum L.)

B. H. Abduallah Al- solagh; R. M. Hamd Al-duliamy; M. H. Iedan Al-issawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 99-109

Afield experiment had been per formed in sandy – Clay texture soil in Abu–sdera. area – Al–saqlawiyaa district – falluja – Al–Anbar Government during the summer season 2002 to know in fluence of spraying with pinolene (0 , 0.25 , 0.50) % and potassium (0 , 0.10 , 0.20) % K on the eharacteristics of growth of two varieties of sesame (Al–mahelli and Ishtar). The resuites were: super macy of Al–mahelli variety significantly to Ishterr one in number of branches, leaves area (m2) and dry weight (gm). Also the probabilith of injuring with phyllody less than in Al-mahelli one. the spraying with potassium (0.20 %K) had led to significaut increase in leaves area (m2) and dry weight of plant (gm). So this percentage of concentration wouid decrease the probability of injuring with phyllody (89.57 %) basing of control (without spraying).
البحث مستل من رسالة ماجستیر للباحث الثالث
The concentration (0.50%) of pinolene had led to increase probability of injuring with phyllody. The interaction between the variety and potassium was significant in leaves area (m2) and the probability of injuring with phyllody. The interactions (potassium × pinolene) and (variety × potassium × pinolene) had displayed significant in fluence in the probability of injuring with phyllouy.

Effect of potassium fertilizer and control of Corn stem borer on some growth characteristics of two varieties of maize Zea mays L.

B. H. A. Al-Solagh; T. M. A. Al- Fahdawy; H. F. N. Al-Awady

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2005, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 64-83

Afield experiment was conducted in alluviul clay–loam soil in college of Agriculture Al-Anbar university during the growing season of 2002. The were 4 levels of potassium fertilizer (0, 20, 40, 60) kg k/ ha (K2SO4 41% K), two insecticides including (cruiser and diazinon) and two varieties of Corn (Buhooth 106, IPA 5012). Results can be summarized as follows:
IPA 5012 genotype recorded less day number from sowing upto 50% male flowering and gave alowest percentage of infestation for both season, while Buhooth 106 genotype recorded ahighest mean of plant length, leaf area and dry weight of plant.
Plants fertilized whith 60 Kg K / ha gave ahighest means in plant length and plant dry weight, that level also recorded alowest percentage of infestation.
Treatment of control plant with insecticide cruiser showed alowest percentage of infestation and highe significant in plant length, plant dry weight for both seasons and leaf area in autumn.
The interaction between genotype and potassium fertilizer had asignificant effects (P<0.05) in flowering earliness until 50% flowering male for spring season and plant dry weight in autumn season.
The interaction between the insecticide (cruiser) and potassium fertilizer 60 Kg K / ha resulted in highest length of plant (184.70 cm) and the interaction between this insecticide and fertilizer with 40 kg k / ha gave ahighest mean of leaf area (6340.25 cm2 / plant) in autumn season only.