Keywords : Irrigation


Z. H. AL-Rawi; Y. K. AL- Hadithiy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2018, Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 1112-1121
DOI: 10.32649/aagrs.2022.170568

A Plastic pot experiment was conducted in agreenhouse conditions during the autumn season to study the effect of kinetin in the growth of capsicum which irrigated by different saline water type (syzar).The study included two factors:the first was salinity of Irrigation water in four levels (1.1,2,4 and 6) dS m-1 have the symbbl (S0,S1,S2 and S3) respectively and the second factor was spray with growth regular (kinetin) on plant with four levels (0,50,100 and 150) mg L-1. The results refers to: Decrease of plant high, one plant yield, Phosphoeous and potassium coucent ration in shoot part from 33.39 cm,35.27 g plant-1,4.9 g kg-1,19.6 g kg-1 respectively at control treatment to 23.21 cm, 24.53 g plant-1, 3.2 g kg-1, 17.4 respectively. While nitrogen conceutration in shoot part was increased from 13.3 g kg-1 at control treatment to 17.7 at highest level of salilinty Irrigation water. The spray with rinetin at the level 100 mg L-1 achieved highest results in plant high, one plant yield, Phosphorous concentration in shoot part 31.40 cm, 35.21 gm plant-1,4.3 g kg-1 respectively compard to that of control 25.64 cm, 27.80 gm plant-1,3.8 g kg-1 respectively, while spray with 150 mg L-1 achieved high rest valve for Phosphorous and potisum concentration in shoot part 16.2 and 18,7 g kg-1 compared with control treatment 14.6 and 18.2 g kg-1. The interaction between stady factor was significant and the high value of the most characteristics was achieved by spray with 100 mg L-1 from kinetin and Irrigated with 1.1 dS.m-1 water, This treatment gave 37.27 cm, 41.17 gm plant-1 5.0 g kg-1, 19.7 g kg-1 for plant high, one plant yield, Phosphorous and potassium concentration compared with out addition kinetin and irrigation with 6 dS m-1 saline water 18.80 cm , 20.68 g plant-1, 2.9 g kg-1, 17.1 g kg-1 respectively.

Role of irrigation scheduling and irrigation interval on consumptive use and growth of cowpea at middle of Iraq

Saifulldeen Abdul Razaq Salim; Isam Kudhaier Hamzah; laith Farhan Gar

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2016, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 15-25

A field experiments was conducted during spring season 2015 at the Agricultural field of Veterinary College - Baghdad University. In order to study the effect of irrigation interval in water requirements growth and yield of cowpea by using irrigation scheduling based on applied irrigation water (IW) and accumulative pan evaporation (CPE) which represented empirical pan factor (Ef). Six-irrigation treatment ware chosen (Ef 0.6, Ef 0.8, Ef 1.0, Ef 1.2, Ef 1.4, and Ef 1.6). The results showed that the irrigation interval was variable values and is decreased by increasing Ef value and with the progress of growing season. The 1.2 IW:CPE and 1.0 IW:CPE treatments with approximately 3-4days irrigation interval was achieved the best in subsequent results. The results showed that the total amount of water applied of Cowpea grown during spring season was 254.82mm, as a mean based on IW:CPE ratio. The data showed that there were significant differences in vegetative growth of cowpea crop such as plant height, number of branches per plant, biological yield. Pod length, pod circumference, fresh pods yield weight of loosed and number of seed/pod. The results of the effect of irrigating treatments on cowpea seed yield and its components showed that treatment Ef 1.2 was superior in fresh seed yield by, 5.13 6.88 and 7.33 ton hec-1.

Effect of zinc foliar nutrition and irrigation periods on some growth parameters and productivity of corn (Zea mays L.)

Saaed A. F. Al-Mehemdi; Rassmi M. H. Al-Dolaymi; Thamer M. B. Al-Dolaymi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2015, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 265-279
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2015.120027

Field experiment was carried out during two autumn seasons of 2013 and 2014 in Ramadi City/AL-Anbar province (first season experiment was applied in field at north of Ramadi and the second season experiment was applied in field at east of Ramadi) on corn plant (Zea mays) cv. 5018. Factorial experiment used according to RCBD design under split plot arrangement with three replicates. The experiment included studying effects of two factors: zinc foliar nutrition at concentrations 0, 40 and 80 mg.l-1 and irrigation periods at 5, 7 and 9 days and their interaction on growth and yield characters of corn plant. Results showed a significant effect of zinc concentration Zn2 (80mg. l-1) in traits of plant height, leaf area, average of grain number per cob, weight of 1000 grain and grains yield, of 227.44 and 219.33 cm, 6031 and 5170 cm2, 736.5 and 750.2 grain.cob-1, 239.87 and 218.06 g, 12.08 and 10.84 ton . ha-1,for each season, respectively. Furthermore, 5 days irrigation was most effective in above traits of 214.44 and 207.89 cm, 5196 and 4745 cm2 , 709.9 and 669.2 grain.cob-1, 219.59 and 207.39 g, 10.75 and 9.58 ton.ha-1. The results indicated that the interaction between Zn2 concentration (80mg.l-1) and 5 days irrigation was more effective in increasing studied growth and yield traits.

Effects Interaction of Phosphogypsum Levels,Irrigation Water Salinity, Cotton Cultivars on Some Chemical Characteristics of Soil Affected with Saline.

Khames Alawi Juwier; Musa Fitekhan Yasein

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2013, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 150-167
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2013.87244

A field experiment was conducted in a silty-loam soil in AL-Saqlawia district, 40 kilometer east the city of Ramadi at the center of AL- Anbar governorate in season 2012, to study the effects of adding phosphogypsum,Irrigation water salinity, cotton cultivars and the interaction among them in some of chemical properties of soil affected with saline. The design used is, the split–split plots design with RCBD. Irrigation treatments occupied the main plots which are, (w1) Irrigation with river water throughout the season; (w2) Irrigation by alternating between river and drainage water; and (w3) Irrigation with drainage water with salinity percentage of 3.55 dS.m-1 throughout the season long. cotton cultivars took sub–plots, and they are, (C1) Coker Welt 310; and (C2) Lashata. Levels of phosphogypsum was under the secondary plots sub–sub plots which are three levels: (GP0) without adding; (GP1) adding an average of 3 t.ha-1 ; and (GP2) adding an average of 6 t.ha-1.
Cotton seeds were planted at 21/3/2012, soil samples representing the depths of the study 0-25,25-50,50-75cm were taken after second reaping at 25/9/2012 to measure; SAR, PH, ECe and dissolved positive ions(Ca+2,Mg+2,Na+) were estimated.The results showed that:
Addition of 6 t.ha-1 of phosphogypsum significantly increased electrical conductivity. The increase at the first depth recorded 25.40%, at the second depth 26.93%, while at the third depth 24.27%. and significantly decreasing soil PH at the first and second depth only, with a declining rate of 3.66% at the first depth, and 2.97% at the second depth, while the third depth recorded an significantly increase in soil PH 1.99%. and significantly decreasing sodium adsorbtion Ratio at the first depth with a declining rate of 3.66% and 2.97% at the second depth. and significantly decreasing soluble sodium in soil at the first depth recording a decline rate of 37.10%, and at second depth 21.65%. and significantly increasing soluble calcium and magnesium for each depth in soil at rates of 37.65% 33.66% and 34.03% for Ca+2. 31.41%, 31.35% and 22.77% for Mg+2 at three depths, respectively compared with control. Irrigation with drainage water significantly increased electrical conductivity by 16.56%. soluble Sodium 28.33% compared with irrigation with river water.

Effect of Leaching requirements and plot dimensions on salt distribution and growth, Yield of maize (Zea mays L.) irrigated with saline water

W.F. AL-Shammar; Y.K. Hamza

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2013, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 260-273
DOI: 10.32649/ajas.2013.87252

A field experimental was conducted in fall 2008 at Heet city of Al Anbar governorate in silty clay soil to study the effect of leaching requirement and plot dimensions on salt distribution and yield of maize crop. In irrigation was used saline mixed water 3 ds.m-1 from salty water well water of 5.83 ds.m-1 from the area has been mixed with Euphrates water of 1.07 ds.m-1. (R.C.B.D) factorial experiment was applied to study two factors the first was Leaching requirements with three level (0%, 15%, 25%) and the second factor was plot dimensions with two level (4×5) and (2×10).The design was used with three replicates.
Results of this experiment showed that :
Using L.R of 15% level caused an increase in grain yield of maize in compared to control where the production was depressed .When increasing L.R level up to 25% the yield was decreased to 10.27 ,11.32 and 10.50 Mg.ha -1 for control, with no addition of L.R there was an increase of an-ions and cations accumulation at soil surface layers and decreased with depth. It were for 35.5 ,37.1 ,35.7 and 32.7 meq.L-1 for depths 0-30 ,30-60, 60-90 and 90-120 cm respectively in comparing with total cautions of the soil before farming for the same depths respectively. They were 12.86 , 14.04 ,11.84 and 8.33 meq .L-1 same result were recorded for the anions, results indicated a decrease in cations and anions concentrations at surface layers and an increase of these ions at the lower layers by using L.R of 15% and 25% level data were 5.81, 7.14, 7.55 and 10.86 meq.L-1 for 15% L.R level for 5 depths 0-30 ,30-60, 60-90 and 90-120 cm respectively, with increasing L.R level to 25% .the total cautions were 4.51, 6.84, 7.25 and 13.5 meq.L-1 for same depths respectively .

The use of organic plants wastes and mineral materials in treatment of saline water and it application in irrigation

I.A. Assaffii; A.A. Al-Hadethi; Y.K. Hamza

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2012, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 174-184

This study was conducted at college of Agriculture – university of Anbar during fall season 2010 to study possibility of using some organic wastes and mineral materials in treatment of saline soils and it application in irrigation. This study including laboratory experiment which design to determine the best treatment of saline water by using different plant organic wastes and mineral materials (calcite and gypsum). Four sources of plant organic wastes which included: shimblan plant, cob of corn, wheat straw, sunflower steems for the total decomposition. All organic wastes were mixed with the mineral materials (20% calcite and gypsum). Saline water was added with dilution ratio of 1:10 , 1:20 , 1:30 , 1:40 and 1:50. The EC , pH and SAR at the extract were measured. Results of this studded showed

1. The best contribution of organic wastes in decreasing value of EC of saline water were by cob of corn and wheat straw while sunflower steems and shimblan showed no contribution in this respect under the conditions of this study.
2.Using organic wastes resulted in decrease in pH values in all treatments.
3. SAR values were different with different types of organic wastes the rating of decline were cob of corn, wheat straw, sunflower steem and shimblan.

The knowledge level of Al-Anbar province Farmers sprinkler Irrigation techniques and its Relationship with some variables

I. H. H. AL-Saad

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 21-26

Targeted research mainly determine the knowledge level of farmers characteristics of the techniques of spray irrigation in addition to determine the relationship between the level of knowledge and some of the variables personal to farmers and adopted the form of a questionnaire by personal interview to obtain research data from a random sample population (120) Researched been taken from some of the villages in the province of Anbar.
Been using a set of statistical methods in data analysis and of (b-class standard ,duplicates, percentages, correlation coefficient) showed Mayati Search Results:

1. Low level of knowledge of the technical characteristics of the farmers spray irrigation.
2. There is a positive correlation between the level of knowledge of the farmers spray irrigation technology and some personal variables, objectivity, the researcher recommends the importance of emphasizing the ways and means of guidance and seminars through which to deliver information for sprinkler irrigation techniques to farmers.

Evaluation of water distribution patterns for sprinklers in sprinkler irrigation system

Moatasim D. Aga

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2011, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 8-15

This experiment was conducted at Al- Sheri khan which located North of Mosul to study the effect of the irrigated area (144,216 and 270) m2 ,the shape of irrigated area (square, rectangular and triangle ) and the the riser height 0.6, 0.9 and 1.6 m on all of coefficient of uniformity (CU%) and Distribution uniformity (DU%). Results indicated that clear differences at the three treatments. The smallest area 144 m2 gave highest coefficient of uniformity (CU%) and Distribution uniformity (DU%) 77.16% and 62.97% respectively. Also the area (square shape) was superiority compared with another shapes, and gave the highest (CU%-- DU%) with increased ratio 27.93%-- 45.59% respectively. The increasing in riser height 0.6, 0.9and 1.6m gave the highest values of (CU%-- DU%), and the 1.6m riser height gave 71.74and 59.85% (CU%--DU%)compared with riser height 0.9—0.6m respectively with clear increasing 10.65-18.98%.

Effect Of Irrigation Depth and Foliar Application of Zinc Upon Some Growth Indicators Of Corn (zea mays L.)

Naif. M. Fayadh; Fawzy M. Ali; M. Al-Kubiasi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2010, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 11-19

Afield experiment had been carried out in autumn -2006 to study the effect of irrigation depth and foliar nutrition application of Zinc on some growth for the spicies Zea mays L.var IPA 5012. A factorial experiment was applied according to Randomized Complete Block Design with three replicates .The experiment included two treatments namely; irrigation (I) with two levels (I1 and I2). The I1 treatment received enough irrigation in germination and maturing stags which equal (130 and 150) mm respectively, but received deficient irrigation in vegetation and flowering stags which equal (180 and 140) mm respectively. The I2 treatment received deficient irrigation in germination and maturing stags which equal (65 and 95) mm respectively, but received enough irrigation in vegetation and flowering stags which equal (225 and 215) mm rspectively. The second treatment namely Zinc spraying (Zn) which contents three levels (Zn0, Zn1 and Zn2). The Zn0 treatment, is the control (sprayed with water only). The Zn1 treatment in which the plant sprayed three times with 50 mg Zn/ L, and the Zn2 in which plant sprayed three times with 100 mg Zinc/ L.
The results showed: that I2 treatment gave the highest growth indicators particularly net weight seed/ ear, weight of one seed and wet weight of plant which shows (15.6, 4 and 12)% increament continuously comparing with I1 treatment. While The Zn1 treatment gave the highest level for net weight seed/ ear, wet weight of plant ,number of seeds in one line and leaf width. The increasing percent were (6.7, 2.3), (16.9, 10.8), (6.7, 1.5), (5.9, 5.0)% in comparesing with Zn0 and Zn2 treatments, continuously. Also Zn2 treatment showed a significant increament in ear length. The increasing percent was 6.8% in comparing with Zn0. I2Zn1 achieved a significant increament in the average of net weight seeds/ ear, and weight of one seed. Also interaction of Zn1 with I1 and I2 showed a significant increament in the average of seeds number in one line and leaf width.

Evaporation losses, efficiency and irrigation uniformity for center pivot and solid set sprinkler irrigation systems

A. K. Al-Rawi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2009, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 22-29

أجریت دراسة حقلیة خلال عام 2007 لمقارنة فواقد التبخر من الرذاذ وکفاءة وتناسق الری بین نظامی الری بالرش المحوری والری بالرش الثابت. إذ تم تنفیذ التجربة فی موقعین من محافظة الانبار.بینت نتائج الدراسة إن متوسط فواقد الرذاذ خلال سنة الدراسة تحت ظروف نظام الری بالرش المحوری بلغت 9.38% من کمیة المیاه، بینما کانت 13.05 بالنسبة لنظام الری بالرش الثابت. کما أوضحت نتائج الدراسة أن قیمة کفاءة الری ومعامل التناسق لکلا موقعی الدراسة کانت 90.61 و 90.90 على التوالی بالنسبة لنظام الری بالرش المحوری. بینما کانت 86.95 و 80.70 بالنسبة لنظام الری بالرش الثابت.

Response of three Citrus species plants grafted on Sour orange root stock to irrigation with saline water


ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 168-175

Collage of Agriculture University of Baghdad

An experiment was carried out in the lath house, department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, during 2006. This investigation aimed to study the effect of irrigation with saline water on leaf concentration of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Na, and Cl of three Citrus species, sweet orange (Citrus sinensis), Lemon (Citrus limon) and Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) grafted on Sour orange (Citrus aurantium) root stock, Two levels of water salinity, 1.2 and 3.0 ds.m-1 Were uesd to irrigate 2 years old plants.
Results showed asignificant decrease in leaf N, K, Ca, Mg, and Fe Content as the trees irrgated with 3.0 ds.m-1 water, while the leaf Na and Cl Content increased significantly as it compered to the trees irrigated with 1.2 ds.m-1 water, except P and Mn which were significantly incresed with incresing water salinity.
The three species of the plants had significantly differance in leaf content as they irrgated with 3.0 ds.m-1 water. Sweet orange and Mandarin leaves had the optimum values of leaf Na and Cl Content, but lemon had the optimum values of leaf K and Fe content with significantly decreasing in Cl and Na concentrion as it compared with sweet orange and mandarin that irrigated with 3.0 ds.m-1.

Theoretical calculation for effective of water quality on the irrigation requirement in Euphrates zone

A. M. H. Al-Jumeily

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 29-37

Quality of Euphrates water is one of the main factore which is important as well as quantity factore in distribution between countries of euphrates zone .In order to study this factor it choice six stations a long of Euphrates river (Der al zour in syria, al qaeem, haditha, ramadi, al semawh and al nasiryh in Iraq). Electrical conductivity, leaching requirement, consumptive use and the quantity of addition salts were calculated.
The results showed that the euphrates water salinity, leaching requirement and the irrigation requirement were increase from Der al zour in Syria to al nasiryh in Iraq at all levels of relative yield of Wheat crop, there for the quantity of salts which addition to the soil was also increase (19) itration with the same direction and the relative value of water unit was decrease with the direction of al nasiryh station in Iraq.

Economic evaluation for Alfalfa Farms under spring irrigation system

M. A. Khalaf; A. A. Aljabar

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 316-323

Hence this study directed to evaluate Alfalfa farm irrigated by Springer irrigation system, which located in western desert, north Eufraties river away from its stream about 6 k.m. Technical and economical criteria have been got via on going work of this farm ,it point out that this farm has sound contribution to preserve water comparing with same area planted with same crop irrigated in traditional water flow irrigation system, it is fund that annually consumption water for sprinkler system about 5000 m3/ Donam less than the other way which consumpt about 8690 m3/ Donam. The production of each m3 for the farmer is about 2.1 k.g. of dried Alfalfa to the price of 320 I.D. More that its counter part of wheat, which is 6 k.g. per m3 its price about 240 I. D.
Economically the economic criteria point out the positive ness of this farm performance, when the addative value reaches to total of 399 Million I.D. annually and the pure addative value of about 355 Million I.D., it is found that the invester can regain his capital in about 4.6 year and he obtained aprofit of about 204.8 Million I.D. and the invested Dinar achieved about 25% profit in average.

Wheat Grain Farmers Desire To The Use Of Central Pivot Irrigation (A survey study in Al- Saqlawia region)

A. I. Al-Awsi; I. H. Al-Saad; A. H. Lafta

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2008, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 343-352

Because of the farmers Psychological important and their effects on the farmer's responses and responsibilities for any new methods of farming, the aim of this study was to know the desires of farmers toward the use of central pivot irrigation in the Al –Saqlawia , its relates personal changes of farmers .
A random sample of (5%) out of (1000) farmers was chosen to be (50) farmers under research, A tetrahedral scale included (20) different items was used from which anyone can conclude the desire of farmers to using this new technology in irrigation , Another similar scale were used to figure out some of the independent variables such as (the farmers technical suitability level , their acceptance to any new technology, All data were collected in one lay out sheet and sometime personal interviews were done.
Results indicated that the degree of their desires and ranged from (10-48) degree with an average of (27.6) degree, These impressions of the farmers took a medium range that might get increased, In other words (76%) of farmers had positive desires toward the new technology of irrigation. Results also indicated a significant and positive linear relationship do all mentioned variables, The level of the suitable technology for farmers was good and there was an increased desire to accept using the new techniques, Some recommendations are also included in this research that may help in developing extensional programs related to agricultural techniques.

Effect of irrigation time and chemical controlling on the infection ratio with root rot caused by ( Pythium aphanidermatium ) and yield of cucumber

A. F. AL; Dulaimy

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 251-258

A study was carried out in one of Ramadi fields, AL-Anbar province in the spring season of 2005. The aim was to study of effect of irrigation time and chemical controlling by use of fungicide (Ridomil MZ-72) on the infection ratio with root rot caused by the fungus (Pythium aphanidermatium) and yield of cucumber.
Results showed that regular irrigation for four days led to decrease infection ratio significantly (24%), decreasing infection ratio resulted in significant elevation in yield (5633 kg/d). The infection ratio were increasing when used the irrigation for seven days and between days which were (54.3 and 45.3% , respectively), this elevation in infection ratio resulted in reducing yield significantly (1956 and 2766 kg/d , respectively).
The chemical controlling by fungicide (Ridomil MZ-72) for twice led to decrease infection ratio significantly (20%) and the ratio increased (32.7%) when controlling only for once, while the low infection ratio at this treatments led to increasing yield significantly (4700 and 3933 kg/d , respectively). The infection ratio increasing significantly (71%) in control, un use fungicide leading to reduce yield significantly (1723 kg/d).
The combination between time of irrigation and chemical controlling showed a significant decreasing in infection ratio to low level (12%) when used irrigation for four days and twice controlling, while yield in this combination increasing to high level (7300 kg/d). The highest increasing infection ratio was (87%) for the interaction between irrigation for seven days and un use of fungicide, while the combination irrigation between days and un use of fungicide significantly reduced yield to low level was (1200 kg/d).


T. M. Al-saad

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 149-154

Field study was conducted at AL-raad project / Abu-Ghraib during the seasons of 1999-2000 to select the best relationship between plant densities and irrigation regimes which affect grain yield.
Plant densities of 50000,70000 and 90000 plantha with irrigation regimes of 60,80 and 100% of maximum evapotrans piration , were applied in the field. Results of the experiment revealed that different levels of maximum evapotranspiration were non significant of grain yield. While plant density showed significant differences in grain yield especially between high and low density. This study also showed that the proper combined levels of 50000p/ha density with irrigation of 60% from maximum evapotranspiration gave 6012 kg/ha.

Effect of irrigation frequency and plant distribution on the growth and yield of corn (Zea maiz L.)

A .H . Al-Maeini

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 85-100

A field study was carried out during fall seasons of 2004 and 2005, at Latifya experimental station on a silty clay soil the objective of this study was to know the effects of the increasing the irrigation periods and plant distribution on the growth and yield of corn. Three irrigation treatments (irrigation periods): 5–7 days (standard), 10–14 days (double) and alternating irrigation periods of 5–7 days and 10–14 days as a main plots and three sub treatment of plant distribution were used: 70×30 cm, 45×45 cm and 55×55 cm. The experiment was carried out during the autum fall of 2004 and 2005. Result showed that compared with the standard treatment doubling irrigation period (10–14) days caused average (4–5) days delay in tassling and silking; it also reduced plant height, leaf area. leaf area index and grain yield by 21%, 28%, 32%, and 30% respectively. Although water use efficiency was the same for the two treatments. Alternating irrigation caused a 2 days delay in tassling and a reduction in plant height, leaf area and grain yield of 7%, 11% and 15% respectively with the water use efficiency increased by more than 20%. The study also showed that a reduction in plant density in the sub treatment (55×55 cm) reduces the damage caused by water stress which caused by increasing irrigation period and water use efficiency.

Effect of depth and Irrigation Interval on some charcteristics growth and production for mung bean in gypsiferious soil under sprinkler irrigation.

I. K. Al-Hadithi

ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 2007, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-9

The experiment was conducted during (Autumn season 2002) in gypsiferious soil in Al-anbar governorate, Al-Majid company Field under sprinkler irrigation system, by using randomized complete block design with two irrigation water depth (642 , 514mm) and two irrigation interval (2/4 days) with three replicates for each treatment.
The height of plant, Leaf area were measured at complete maturity stage of crop. Also the distribution roots was studied at 30 cm depth. Plants were harvested, the dry Yield of grains was determined. The best distribution of roots was achieved by using water depth (514 mm) and irrigation interval (2 days) with increasing in yield about 62%.