2015, Volume:13 Issue:2


Influence of Deficit Irrigation on some Growth and Yield Parameters and Water Use of Maize under Drip System I. Some Growth Parameters and Crop Water Use

Ahmed M. Mohammed , Misha'l A. Kh. Al-Duliami , N

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

A field experiment has been carried out in autumn – 2013 on corn (Zea mays L.) var. 5018 to study the effect of irrigation depth on some plant growth parameters. A surface drip irrigation system was used after field evaluation for the system at 50 Kpa pressure to determine the actual discharge of the emitters and some technical specifications of the system. The experiment included 13 treatments, namely, C100 as a control treatment, V20, V40, v60, V80 as a treatments that exposure to 20, 40, 60 and 80% moisture stress in compare with control at vegetation stage, while F20, F40, F60, F80 and GF20, GF40, GF60, GF80 are treatments that exposure to the same ratios of moisture stress at flowering and grain formation stages, respectively. The treatments were distributed according to Randomized Complete Block Deign (R.C.B.D.). Plant high, leaf area, depth and weight of roots were measured at the end of vegetative and flowering stages. The results showed that control treatment achieved the highest high of the plant reached to 174 and 185 cm. at the end of vegetative and flowering stages, respectively. Also achieved a higher leaf area, reached to 5925 and 6060 cm2 at the same stages, respectively. In addition, V80 treatment achieved the highest weight rate of roots reached to 44 gm. Plant-1. It did not differ with control treatment. In the same time, consumptive use was 732 mm.season-1. In addition, vegetative growth stage was the more sensitive for moisture stress.

Influence of Deficit Irrigation on some Growth and Yield Parameters and Water Use of Maize under Drip System I. Some Growth Parameters and Crop Water Use

Ahmed M. Mohammed , Misha'l A. Kh. Al-Duliami , Na

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

A field experiment has been carried out in autumn – 2013 on corn (Zea mays L.) var. 5018 to study the effect of irrigation depth on some plant growth parameters. A surface drip irrigation system was used after field evaluation for the system at 50 Kpa pressure to determine the actual discharge of the emitters and some technical specifications of the system. The experiment included 13 treatments, namely, C100 as a control treatment, V20, V40, v60, V80 as a treatments that exposure to 20, 40, 60 and 80% moisture stress in compare with control at vegetation stage, while F20, F40, F60, F80 and GF20, GF40, GF60, GF80 are treatments that exposure to the same ratios of moisture stress at flowering and grain formation stages, respectively. The treatments were distributed according to Randomized Complete Block Deign (R.C.B.D.). Plant high, leaf area, depth and weight of roots were measured at the end of vegetative and flowering stages. The results showed that control treatment achieved the highest high of the plant reached to 174 and 185 cm. at the end of vegetative and flowering stages, respectively. Also achieved a higher leaf area, reached to 5925 and 6060 cm2 at the same stages, respectively. In addition, V80 treatment achieved the highest weight rate of roots reached to 44 gm. Plant-1. It did not differ with control treatment. In the same time, consumptive use was 732 mm.season-1. In addition, vegetative growth stage was the more sensitive for moisture stress.

Influence of Deficit Irrigation on some Growth and Yield Parameters and Water Use of Maize under Drip System II. Crop Production and Water Use Efficiency

Ahmed M. Mohammed , Misha'l A. Kh. Al-Duliami , N

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

A field experiment has been carried out in Autumn – 2013 on corn (Zea mays L.) var. 5018 to study the effect of irrigation depth on plant yield of total dry weight, cobs and grain. A surface drip irrigation system was used after field evaluation for the system at 50 Kpa pressure to determine the actual discharge of the emitters and some technical specifications of the system. The experiment included 13 treatments. namely; C100 as a control treatment, (V20, V40, V60 , V80) as a treatments that exposure to; 20, 40, 60 and 80% moisture stress in compare with control at vegetation stage, while (F20, F40, F60, F80), and (GF20, GF40, GF60, GF80) are treatments that exposure to the same ratios of moisture stress at flowering and grain formation stages, respectively. The treatments were distributed according to Randomized Complete Block Deign (R.C.B.D.). Total dry weight, cobs and grain were measured at the end of season. Control treatment achieved the highest value of total dry weight, cobs and grain, which were 546, 298 and 230 gm.plant-1, respectively. In addition, the production of stress treatment (GF80) did not differ with control treatment. GF80 treatment achieved the highest rate of water use efficiency reached to 2.88 kg. m-3 comparison with 2.84 kg. m-3 for control treatment. Consumptive use was 732 mm.season-1 .which were 117, 325, and 157 and 124 mm at germination, vegetation, flowering and grain formation stages, respectively. The study proved that vegetative growth stage was the more sensitive for moisture stress than other stages.

Effect of distance among exhalants on some physical properties, the water consumptive use and yield of Cauliflower

A. I. Al-abaied

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

A field study was conducted in the Al-Jazeera region- Al-Khalidiah -Alanbar governorate, on the line along, 43.31.3 ? east and latitude 33.25.16 north during 2013 autumn season, in clay loam soil texture, a med at Determining the optimum distance between exhalants 0.40, 0.80 and 1.20 m and its effect on some soil physical properties , water consumptive use and and yield of cauliflower Brassica oleracea var. botrytis the experiment design was randomized complete block with treatments with three replications, and the result showed that: Reducing the distance between the exhalants was led in homogeny of soil moisture distribution which reflected positively on yield but there were not significant increases between the treatments of 0.40 and 0.80m also the kc value for four growth stages was 0.80, 0.81, 0.83 and 0.75 and the total yield was 39.33 and 38 tonne.ha-1 respect to the distance 0.40 and 0.80 without significant differences , where there was a significant difference with value the distance 1.20m was 24.7 tonne.ha-1, also increased the dry mass has been significantly increased, which gave59.3 gm.plant-1 in comparison with 57.0 and 45.2gm.plant-1 , at the other two distances 0.80 and 1.20 m respectively, The 0.40m distance treatment was superior comparing with other as well as the same thing happened for water use efficiency which gave 40.7 and 39.29 kg.m-3 at 0.40 and 0.80 m distances respectively without significant differences in comparing with 1.20 m distance which gave 25.5 kg.m-3 also the use of Exudation irrigation led to decrease water consumption for the crop which gave 172mm comparing with 289.35 as average for preceding researches.

Limitation and separation of domestic solid waste and bio-recyclable organic waste 3- The effect of consecutive fermentation, C: N ratio and rock phosphate enrichment at the recycling of solid organic waste produce organic fertilizers

Idham, A. A. Assaffii , Basim M. Karim

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

Amount of domestic solid organic waste were collected from some of Erbil city locations, during 2014 for the purpose of recycling it to produce organic fertilizers and estimate the product, two organic waste mixture was prepared from separated waste which collected from the houses in some locations of Erbil city, first mixture with a C: N ratio 1:40, using the organic waste components as they are, second mixture prepared with C: N ratio 30:1 by enriching waste with urea fertilizer. Each mixture will fermented by aerobic and anaerobic methods, after inoculated each of them by 5% of active soil inoculation taken from the surface and soil depth, which was added to the mixtures suit to the fermentation method, a plastic bottles size 25 liters used for a period of 60 days. Then completed with second fermentation stage, using the outputs of fermentation parameters for the first phase (4 treatment), and equipped with two levels of 10% and 20% of the raw rock phosphate (RP), then 8 treatments will fermented with aerobic and anaerobic methods, to become 16 treatment, after being inoculated each of them by 3% of active soil inoculation by using bottles of plastic, according to the fermentation method for the second stage. The important results: Decrease the amount of carbon and increase the nitrogen concentration in the mixtures components after the end of the second fermentation stage , the treatment of aerobic fermentation and 20% RP of the mixture resulting from the anaerobic fermentation of C:N ratio 30:1 in the first fermentation stage interference treatment of 30:1 ratio and anaerobic fermentation recorded highest rate formation of humic and fulvic acid 9.14 and 19.48 g kg-1 sequentially, the lowest rate of phenolic acids formation was 2.95 mg kg-1 with aerobic fermentation method and 30:1 ratio , while the highest rate of formation was 18.64 mg kg-1 with treatment of anaerobic fermentation and 40:1 ratio The results showed increasing in the total of microbial content, fixing nitrogen and dissolving phosphorus bacteria after the fermentation process, and disappeared of Coliform presence from mixtures with anaerobic fermentation method, and the Salmonella spp. presence disappeared completely in all treatments. Treatment of anaerobic fermentation and 20% RP from mixture C:N ratio 30:1 fermented anaerobically in first stage showed highest rate of available phosphorus concentration 12.93 g P kg-1 , as the treatment given the highest concentration of (DTPA extract ) : 773 , 63.3 , 112, 12 , 32 and 7.3 mg kg-1 of iron , zinc and copper, sequentially .

The impact of irrigation water salinity, water magnetization and soil available moisture depletion percent on potato yield and growth

Bassam AL-Deen AL-Khateeb , Huthaifa Jaseem Moham

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

A field experiment was carried out to study the impact of irrigation water salinity, water magnetization and soil available moisture depletion percent on some soil physical properties and potato yield and growth during the spring season 2012. The field located at Anbar province latitude 33.2614? N and 43.1755? E longitude with silty loam soil texture classified as Coarse – Loamy; Mixed; active; hyper thermic Typic Torrifluvent. The experiment includes three factors; the first one was irrigation water salinity with two levels: Euphrates river water with electric conductivity 1 ds. m-1 and drainage water, which was brought from a surface drain, located on the opposite side of the riverbank with Ec 4 ds. m-1, the second factor was two levels of irrigation water magnetization, which were magnetized with 1500 gauss magnetization intensity and without magnetization. The third factor was three levels of soil available moisture depletion percent 50, 60 and 70%s. Split – split plot with R. C. B. D. experimental design was used with three replicates, Plant height, leaf area and Plant root length were decreased with the increasing of irrigation water salinity and the depletion percent while the same parameters increased when magnetized water used for irrigation.

Effect of water stress and exogenous application of glycin and salicylic acid on the growth and production of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.)

Zakaria H. Hameed , Mohammed O. Salloum , Ali A. K

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

To study the effect of water stress and exogenous application of glycin and salicylic acid mixture on the growth and production of Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) a factorial experiment with RCBD design was carried out. Water stress factor involved three levels (irrigation with 72, 46.8, 21.6 l.day-1). Two levels of exogenous application of glycin and salicylic acid mixture (spraying with water only and spraying with a mixture of 100 mg. l-1 glycin and 100 mg. l-1 salicylic acid). Solanum melongena L. Vary Black beauty seedlings planted in a silt clay loam soil. Drip irrigation system type T.Tape was used. Chemical fertilizers was used. The first application was one month after planting and the second application was two weeks later. Chlorophyll was measured using Spad-502 meter plus , shoot diameter was measured using vernair , relative water content, the total product and water use efficiency were measured . Results showed significant increase for the first irrigation level W1 compared with W2 and W3 for all indicators. Interacted treatment W1A2 showed significant increase compared with other treatments

Effect of spraying salicylic acid and pharmaton on growth and yield of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) in a salt affected soil

Sabeeh A. AL-Hamdany , Zakaria H.H. AL-Obaidi , Ha

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

An experiment was carried out at Horticulture experimental station - college of Agriculture – University of Diyala during autumn season 2014 to investigate the effects of two factors: spraying salicylic acid, pharmaton and their interaction on growth and yield of cauliflower. The Experiment included 6 treatments represent between three levels of spraying salicylic acid: 0, 100, 200 mg.L-1, and two levels of spraying pharmaton 0 and 125 mg.L-1. Drip irrigation system type T-Tape was used with 40 cm distance between plants. Experiment was designed in Factorial Experiment according the R.C.B.D with three replicates and the means were compared according to L.S.D. test at the probability level 0.05. Result showed that spraying with 200 mg.L-1 salicylic acid gave a significant increase in plant height 54.9 cm, curd weight 0.89 Kg. Plant-1 , and the marketable yield 24.72 Ton.H-1 respectively compared with control treatment . Plant height, curd weight and the marketable yield weight were decreased in to 44.65 cm, 0.52 Kg. Plant-1 and 14.45 Ton. H-1 respectively. Spraying with 100 mg.L-1 salicylic acid increased curd diameter to 18.3 cm, while it was decreased in control treatment to 17.0 cm. Spraying of pharmaton gave a significant increase in plant height, Curd diameters, curd weight and the marketable yield weight 54.1 cm, 17. 9 cm, 0.90 Kg. plant1- and 25 Ton. H1- respectively, as compared with non- spraying treatment. Plant height, curd diameter, curd weight and the marketable yield weight decreased to 47.8 cm, 17.0 cm, 0.62 Kg. Plant-1 and 17.31 Ton. H-1. Spraying with salicylic acid 200 mg.L-1 gave a significant increase in plant height as compared with control treatment. Interaction treatment between spraying of salicylic acid 100 mg.L-1 and spraying pharmaton gave a significant increase in leaves numbers as compared with control treatment. Spraying pharmaton only gave a significant increase in curd diameters, curd weight and the marketable curds weight as compared with control treatment.

The effect of adding (seidlitzia rosmarinus), probiotic, fermentation feed, yeast to the ration of male broiler breeder (Ross 308) contaminated with Aflatoxin B1 on some blood traits and visceral organ weight

Adil Abdullah Yousif

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

The study was carried out at the field of animal Resources –College of Agricultural – University of Al-Anbar form 19/2/2013 to 19/3/2013.Thirty, five rosters of (Ross 308) at the age of thirty eight weeks were distributed on five treatments with five replicates per treatment. The first treatment T1 control treatment, the second T2 added 1.5 mg Aflatoxin kg feed, The third T3 add 1.5 mg Aflatoxin / kg feed and 2% S.R, The fourth add 1.5 mg Aflatoxin / kg feed and 4% S.R, The fifth T5 add 1.5 mg Aflatoxin kg feed and 2kg probiotic /ton feed , The sixth T6 add 1.5 mg aflatoixn kg feed and 50% fermentation feed ,The seventh T7 add 1.5 mg Aflatoixn kg feed and 1kg saccharmyces cerevisiae /ton feed .The experiment was conducted to explain the role of Seidlieza rosmarinus and probiotic ,Saccharomyes cervisiae, fermentation feed in reduction the negative effect of Alfatoxin B1 in some and biochemical blood traits and the relative organ weight. The result of experiment showed significant (p?0.05) differences in the activity of AST, ALT and in the albumin concentration in blood plasma and in the relative weight of pancreas, kidney and there were no significant differences in other parameters of experiment.

Effect of Supplementing propolis (Bee Glue) and Frankincense (Olibanum) Combinations to Diets on Productive Characteristics of Broiler.

Hussam H.N. T. AL-Naif , Mustafa M. H.A AL anomy

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

The research was carried out to investigate the effect of adding propolis and Frankincense in individually on the form of individually to diets, in the productive performance to broiler chicken. Used the study of 480) chicks unsexed one-day-old Rose308 at the average of 42.3 gram . These chicks were distributed randomly into ten treatments (48 chicks/treatment) with three replicates for each treatment (16 chicks/ replicate). The treatments were as follows: T1 is given diet without addition (control), T2 ,T3 and T4 included addition propolis at the levels 600,800 and1000) mg/kg diet respectively , T5,T6 and T7 included addition Frankincense at the levels 1200,1600 and 2000 mg/kg diet respectively,T8,T9 andT10 included addition (propolis+ Frankincense) at the levels 300+600, )400+800, ) 500+ 1000) mg/kg diet respectively. The results of this study showed significant improvement (p<0.01) in most treatments addition propolis and Frankincense individually on the form of solidarity to in the productive characteristics, T4 significant improvement (p<0.01) included addition propolis at the level (1000) mg/kg diet with other treatments in average body weight and weight gain Followed by treatment T7,T3 and T10 . Treatment T4 showed significant improvement (p<0.01) in the feed consumption average Followed by treatment T3, T10 and T7 compared with control. Regarding feed conversion efficiency significant improvement (p<0.01) treatments T4, T7 and T3 as compare with other treatments. The results of the experiment showed significant improvement (p<0.01) in the scale productive index for the treatment T4, T3, T2 and T7 as compared with other treatments.

The effect of using different levels of Thymus vulgaris to the ration on physiological traits and enzymes of broiler chicks (ROSS 308) blood

Walid I. AlJugifi , Ahmed A. Maged , Ammar A.T. Al

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

This study was done in a private field in Al Anbar governorate. 150 bird of ROSS 308 type had been used in this experiment, were divided into five treatments. Each treatment contains thirty bird distributed into three replicates with ten bird in each one of them. The chicks were fed on ration. Contains different percentages of Thyme 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8) % in two stages starting with primary ration at the age of 1 day to 28 days or the first stage. The second stage Finishing ration staring with 29 days until the end of the experiment. Some criteria of blood, the levels of AST, ALT and ALP enzymes and some internal organs such as liver, heart and gizzard were studied. The results showed significant increase of 0.8% rate of Thyme in each of RBC number, Hb and PCV with noticeable Improvement in AST, ALT and ALP. In addition, there was an improvement in triglycerides TG at the rate of 0.2% Thyme and in cholesterol at all the rates of Thyme especially T3. The rates of blood protein also raised in all Thyme treatments. T4 had the best results without any significant differences in the rational weight of the heart and gizzard, but the rational weight of the liver had been raised in T2 in the Thyme of 0.2%. Thus, we concluded that using of Thyme with 0.2% and 0.4% had improved significantly all the studied criteria.

Crossing between selected Japanese quail birds lines based on body measurements and its effect on fertility and hatchability

Firas H. Alwan , Ahmed A. Abbas , Firas M. Alkhil

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

The present study was carried out in Poultry Research Station of the Animal Resource Department / Office of Agricultural Research / Ministry of Agriculture for the period from 23/03/2014 to 06/11/2014. The study was aimed to assess the influence of crossing between quail selected lines on based body measurements with respect fertility, hatchability, a basic quail bevy consists of 203 females, and 92 males were used as the foundation stock. In the first generation 1366 birds were obtained and 948 birds in the second generation, as the basis selected stock a according to selection index on body weight and Breast (length, depth and width Breast) individually and by repeating twice each group, either on the first generation (F1) selection conducted according to the measurement of body weight for three groups and was at the age of 6 weeks 182.25 and 165.50 and 159.44 of the line high body weight of AA and population mean body weight of line BB and line low body weight of CC to relay, and with three replicates for each group, then the mating system application procedure was done between three groups selected individually for the body weight recipe to get the second-generation which consist of 18- combination by repeating each combination twice, Results obtained showed there were the fertility rate line of parents A in the first generation(F1) showed significant differences compared with the Line B, In the second generation(F2) observed the fertility rate of maternal line recorded significant differences were compared the Line A with line B, Also been found for hatchability percentage from total eggs of maternal lines in the first generation (F1) significant differences were of the line A compared with the line B and Line C, to observe at for hatchability percentage from fertility eggs maternal lines in the first generation(F1) significant differences were Line A compared with the line B and the line C.

Local Design system for broiler breeder rearing and comparing it with conventional raring systems in productive Performance

Ammar Farhan Musleh Al-Enzy , Ziad Tarek Mohammed

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

This study were conducted in halls of animal resource department-Agriculture College-University of Anbar from 19/1/2013-15/7/2013.three hundred twenty female have been used in this study and 45 male from ROSS 308 broiler breeder with age 27 weeks and it has been finished when they got to ages of 50 weeks, Five treatments with three replicates of each treatment were distributed in the halls. Two density for each treatment The first treatment (T1) floor system with low density each replicate consisted from 18 females and 2 males, The second treatment (T2) floor system with high density, each replicate consisted of 27 females and 3 males, The third treatment (T3) Collective local breeding system with low density each replicate consisted of 18 females and 2 males, The fourth treatment (T4) collective local breeding system with high density, each replicate consisted 27 females and 3 males and The fifth treatment (T5) conventional cages breeding system each replicate consisted of 6 cages and each cage has 2 females, 15 males were devoted for artificial insemination. Conventional cages breeding system has recoded significant increase in accumulated egg production rate, and egg production average on (HW) and settable egg ratio and food conversion factor(g food/chick) with ground breeding system with low density, but Ground breeding system with low density reflected in significant reduction of average of egg weight on Conventional cages which has been increased significant in egg mass, ground breeding system with low density recorded a less value in food conversion factor(g food/egg) with all treatments other.

Local Design system for broiler breeder raring and comparing it with other conventional raring systems in some of blood Performance

Ammar Farhan Musleh Al-Enzy , Ziad Tarek Mohammed

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

This study were conducted in poultry farms of Animal Resource Department in College of Agriculture -University of Anbar from 19/1/2013-15/7/2013. ( 320) female have been used in this study and (45) male from broiler breeder ROSS 308 with age of 27 weeks and it has been finished when they AST to ages of 50 weeks (168 days), Five treatments with three replicates of each treatment were distributed in the halls. Two density for each treatment The first treatment (T1) Ground breeding system with low density each replicate consisted of 18 females and 2 males, The second treatment (T2) Ground breeding system with high density, each replicate consisted of 27 females and 3 males, The third treatment (T3) Collective local breeding system with low density each replicate consisted of 18 females and 2 males, The fourth treatment (T4) collective local breeding system with high density, each replicate consisted of 27 females and 3 males and The fifth treatment (T5) conventional cages breeding system each replicate consisted of 6 cages and each cage has 2 females, 15 males were devoted for artificial insemination. Collective local breeding system with low density has recorded significant increase in total protein concentration, cholesterol level in male blood plasma while stress hormones, tri glycerides, low and high density lipoproteins, the ratio of varied cells to lymph cells, packed cell volume (PCV) and hemoglobin ratio stayed at the level that achieve standard welfare for males and females, Conventional cages breeding system has recoded significant increase in H/L ratio, level of tri glycerides, low and high density lipoproteins and, level of glucose in blood, Ground breeding system with low density has recorded accepted results and effective in some performance of production however it was not superior in the other treatments which gave different values from the other systems.

Evaluation of maize inbreds by top crossing

Nathem, Y. A. , Baktash, F. Y.

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

An experiment were conducted at the field of Crop Science Department, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad during spring and fall seasons. The objective was to evaluate 70 inbreds in 3rd generations of selfing by top cross method with synthetic Variety (Buhoth 106), then selection best ten inbreds and continuo selfing in the future . In the spring season top crosses was carried out. While in the fall season, varietal trail for top crosses was applied in RCBD with four replications. The results showed that there are significant differences between top crosses in all the studied characters. It was found early and late top crosses in tasseling and silking .Tallest and shortest plant and ear height were revealed. The phenomena of prolificacy did not find. The average ear length 20.91-12 cm were produced from top crosses of inbreds Bk43 and Bk44, respectively. The top Cross of the inbred Bk43 produced plants with the highest number of grains/row (45 grains (, while the top cross from the inbred BK26 was produced higher number of grains /ear. The highest grain weight (103.29 gms) produced from the top cross of Bk23. The highest grain yield (183.08 and 169.23 gms/plant) produced from the plants of top crosses Bk26 and Bk43, respectively. The top crosses of inbreds Bk26, BK43 , BK25 , BK39 , BK3, BK41, BK65 , BK16 , BK55 and BK11 , were superior in yield and some agronomic characters ,so, selfing and single cross hybrids development program will conducted to those inbreds in central Iraq.

Effect of potassium fertilizer and foliar application with Copper in growth and yield of broad bean Vicia Faba L.

Basheer Hamad Abdullah AL Duleimi , Anmar Ismael

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

A field experiment was carried out in loamy-clay silty in winter season of 2014 in Anbar Governorate-Hisaiba region/Al-Khalidiyah district that located on 43° longitude and 33° latitude, in order to know the effect of foliar application with four concentrations of copper 0, 10, 20, 30 mg Cu L-1 and four concentration with potassium 0, 50, 100 and 150 Kg ha-1 were added to the soil in growth, yield and its quality of broad bean- Spanish variety (cv. Luz De Otono). Split-plot arrangement. Was used in Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D.) with four replications. The experiment results were summarized as follows: Copper concentrations significantly affected in all studied traits. The concentration of 30 mg Cu L-1 gave highest average of plant height, potassium ratio in leaves, root length, pod number, 100 seeds weight (140.75g) grain yield of plaint (68.09g) percentage in seeds (28.97%), while 20 mg Cu L-1 gave highest average of cu percentage in leaves and 10 mg Cu L-1 gave highest average of leaf area.Potassium levels significantly affected in all studied traits. 100 kg K ha-1 gave the highest average of, leaf area for plant, root length 100-seed weight(138.59g), seed yield in plaint(71.76g), while 150 kg K.ha-1 was superior in plant height, concentration of Cu and K in leaves, number of pod in plant and protein percentage in seeds (29.69%). The interaction between K levels and Cu significantly affected significantly in all studied traits, except the, protein percentage in seeds. The combination of 150 Kg K ha-1 + 30 mg Cu L-1 gave highest average of number of pod in plant (19.09 pod), seed yield in plaint (83.41g).

Effect of manganese foliar application on growth and yield of three sunflower (helianthus annuus l.) Varieties

Bassam Ramadhan Sarheed , Muaiad Hadi Ismieel Al.A

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

A Field experiment was conducted in Ramadi city, Al-Anbar province in the spring season 2011 to evaluate the effect of three Manganese foliar application levels which were (0,20 and 30 mg.L-1) on growth and yield of three sunflower varieties (F.S, Flame and Euro Flore). Split plot experiment was carried out using RCBD experiment design with three replicate. Study results showed a significant difference in plant growth and yield. The level 30 mg.L-1 gave the highest average of plant leaf area (4446 cm2.plant-1), manganese absorption quantity (99.36 mg.kg-1), head diameter (13.76cm), seed yield (3.629 mega gr.h-1). While the level 20 mg.L-1 was exceeded in plant height (171.53cm), stem diameter (1.371cm), The Euro Flore variety reached the highest average on all parameters except plant leaf area, which exceeded in flame variety. The interaction effects between Manganese levels and sunflower varieties was significantly affected all studied parameters.

Evaluation of entered durum wheat (Triticum durum) genotypes under middle conditions of Iraq

Khudair A. Salman , Atheer H. Mahdy , Imad K. Has

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

Field experiment carried out in the seasons 2011/2012 and 2012/2013 in Abu Ghraib Research Station/ Agricultural Research Office. Experiment included 16 genetic entrance from ICARDA in addition to the local variety (D7) for comparison. Treatments were distributed in (RCBD) design with three replications. Significant differences were observed among all genotypes and studied traits. ICARDA-14 and local variety, gave higher values (84 and 85.11 cm) for plant height, local variety and ICARDA -16 (9.5 and 8.940 cm) for spike length, ICARDA-8 and 12 (20.57 and 20.5) for spikelet number/spike, ICARDA-9 and 16, (70.2 and 66.32) for grain number/sike, ICARDA -6 and 2 gave highest weight of 1000 seed, (41.18 and 38.76 g), while ICARDA -12 and 3 were superior in spikes number/m2 (527.5 and 490.2), grain greater for ICARDA -12 and 3 (5.187 and 4.787 t / h). The highest biological yield was for each ICARDA-1 and the local variety, which were superior in dry weight also (19.95 and 17.61 t / ha) but the highest harvesting index was for ICARDA-8 (38.06 and 35.32%) in both seasons, respectively.

Estimation of Genetic Parameters for some Traits in maize (Zea mays L.)

Ahmed Shhab A. Ramadan

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

A field trial was carried out at Field Crops Research Station of General Board of Agricultural Research, Abu-Ghraib in spring and autumn seasons in 2013, Six inbred lines of maize (Zea mays L.) were used in this study (gotten it from same station) (Sxn.2 ، zm-9، Am-65، ART-A.2، ART-C-19، syn-35), These inbred lines of maize were entered in half diallel cross in spring season 2013 to produce 15 F1crosses. The seeds of crosses were sown in fall season using R.C.B.D. with three replicates to analyses general and specific combining abilities and to estimate the effects and estimation of some genetic parameters using the approach of Griffing method 4 with fixed model for number days of sowing to 50% (day), plant height(cm), ear height(cm), and rows number per ear, kernels number per row, ear length(cm), 250-kernel weight(gm) and grain yield per plant(gm), Statistics analysis showed that there were found highly significant differences among diallel crosses for all studied characters except 250-kernel weight(gm) in case of SCA, Value of mean square of general combining ability were more than value of mean square of specific combining ability in all studied characters. The values of the variance component specific combining ability were more than that the variance component of general combining ability and the variance ratio 0f GCA to SCA was less than one in all studied characters, The values of the dominance genetic variance more than that the additive genetic variance for all studied characters except 250-kernel weight(gm). Broad sense heritability was high for all studied characters, while narrow sense heritability was low for all studied characters; the value of average dominance degree was more than one for all studied characters.

Effect of Vapor Grad spraying and irrigation intervals on some growth criterions and yield of corn (Zea mays L.)

Rassmi M. H. Al-Dolaymi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

A field experiment was carried out during two autumn seasons, of 2013 and 2014 in Ramadi City/AL-Anbar province (first season experiment was conducted in field at north of Ramadi and the second season experiment was conducted in field at east of Ramadi) on corn plant (Zea mays) cv. 5018 .The lay out of the experiment was RCBD under split-split design with three replicates. The experiment included studying effects of two factors: Vapor Gard spraying with three concentrations (0, 1 and 2) ml.l-1 and irrigation periods at (5, 7 and 9) days when depleted available water by 55,65and 75%, and their interaction on growth and yield criterion of corn plant. The results showed that there was a significant effect of vapor Gard concentration W2 (2ml. l-1) in traits of plant height, leaf area, average of grain number per cob, weight of 1000 grains and grain yield, of (213.11 and 205.3) cm, (4969 and 4802) cm2, (720.2 and 715.3) grain.cob-1, (209.11 and 200.3) g, (9.94 and 9.25) t . ha-1, for each seasons, respectively. However, the 5 days irrigation interval was most superior over the other by (203.44 and 205.3) cm, (4528 and 4802) cm2, (689.2 and 679.9) grain.cob-1, (205.42 and 197.4) g, (8.99 and 8.61) t.ha-1. The results indicated that the interaction between W2 concentration level (2ml.l-1) and 5 days irrigation was more effective in increasing studied growth and yield traits.

Effect of gibberelic acid in growth and wheat yield (Triticum aestivum L.)

M. A. Hamed

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

A field experiment was carried out during the growing season of 2013- 2014 at the trials field of the Directorate of Agricultural Research - Ministry of Agriculture, to study the effect of foliar application of gibberrelin 0, 100, 200 and 300 mg. l-1 on some growth traits and grain yield of two wheat cultivars' (Bohooth 22 and Bohooth 158). Experimental units were distributed in randomized complete block design with three replications. The result of statistical analysis revealed the Significant effect gibberellin in all studied traits where 300 mg. l-1 gave the highest average of plant height and number of grains per spike (103 cm, 55.17), respectively, while 200 mg.l-1 was gave the highest average for flag leaf area number of spikelet per spike, thousand grain weight and number of spikes per m2 (70.92 cm2, panicle 21.83, 41.10 g, 515 spike.m2 and 5.562 t. h -1), respectively. Whereas varieties did not differ against each other in most of studied traits. The combination 200 mg .l-1 gibberellic acid with cultivar Bohooth 158 was superior as gave the highest average of flag leaf area, number of spikelet per spike and grain yield by an average of 72.86 cm, 22.00 spikelet and 6.00 t. h-1, respectively. It can be recommended that the treatment of wheat plants with 300 mg. l-1 of gibberellic acid can improve the growth and grain yield of wheat.

The Effect of several Levels from Magnesium Application foliar spray on some Anatomical properties of wheat plant Triticum aestivum L. (var. Fatah)

Abdullah Abdull jalil Yassen AL– Dahri , Sameer sa

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

This experiment has been carried out in the Biology Dept. - Collage of Education for Woman –University of Anbar during the Winter Season 2012-2013. The aim has been to study the effect of several levels of magnesium (0, 100, 150, 200 and 250)mg.L-1 Mgo, Application foliar spray on some anatomical properties of wheat plant leaves (Fatah) which include count, length, width of epidermal cell, length, width of stomata, No. stomata in the upper and the bottom surface and No. of motor cell. The experiment has also included (CRD) was used at three replicates for each treatment. Flowerpots with a capacity of (8) kg of soil have been prepared: Fertilizers have been added to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) according to recommendation. The sprayed on plant leaves, seven times each levels of added magnesium, one spraying for each ten days. The results could be summarized as follows. Increasing levels of magnesium addition had significantly affect; addition magnesium level at 200 mg.L-1. The highest value was; (147.5 micrometer) of length of epidermis cell, (25 micrometer) of width of epidermis cell, (45.3 micrometer) of length of stomata, (25 micrometer) of width of stomata, (17 stomata. Microfield-1) in the upper surface, (26 stomata. Microfield-1) in the bottom surface and (5.3motor cell), except epidermal cells count where addition level at zero mg.L-1the excelled, and the highest value was (62cell. Microfield-1).

Seed Priming Wheat Triticum aestivum L. to improve water use efficiency under different moisture levels

Bushra Shaker Jasim ALobaidy , Khdhayer Abbas Ja

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

A field experiment was carried out in the experiments of field crops Department field - Faculty of Agriculture - University of Baghdad, during the season 2013 -2014 .The objective was to investigate the effect of seed priming wheat before sowing on the wheat plants tolerance to the drought compared with the non- priming seeds and its relationship with the growth and grain yield. Use the R.C.B.D design in the arrangement of split- plot with three replicates. The drought treatment (50, 70, and 90%) depletion of available water of occupied the main plots. While seed priming treatments (gibberellins, Kinetin, cycocel, salicylic acid, kcl, Ascorbic acid, distilled water and Dry seedss). The results of experiment revealed that there were significant differences between seed priming treatments with emergence. The results of the trial showed that, the moral effect of the seed priming in the proportion of emergence. The average emergence field rate of 78.4% for the treatment of Dry seed to 87.4% using the seed priming with Gibberellin, with increase ratio 11.47%, so as with KCL and Salicylic acid is the other significant increases amounted to 9.31% and 8.62 % compared to the treatment comparison Dry seed . Moisture depletion treatment 90% with seed priming by Salicylic acid increase in water use efficiency of grain reached quotient 1.850 kg. M3 increase exceeded 100% compared to the treatment comparison Dry seed at the same level of attrition 90% causing moisture depletion at 90% with no motivation Dry seeds in the reduction of water use efficiency of cereal quotient 0.8381 kg M3 as the table itself, that moisture depletion at 90% with Gibberellin has achieved an increase in the efficiency of water use for the quotient with biological efficiency 3.8823 kg. M3 compared to treatment comparison Dry seed at the same level of 90% and an efficiency recorded 3.143 kg M3. Seed priming with Gibberellin and Salicylic acid gave the highest values of water use efficiency. The interaction between depletion levels and seed priming was significant for all studied traits.

Effect of density date and planting sowing on growth and yield (Vigna radiata L.)

SAMI NOORI AL-SADOON , AHMED ISMAEL ABDULLAH

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

A field experiment was carried out in loamy silty soil during the spring and autumn seasons of 2013 in Anbar governorate/ Al-Khalidiya district that located on 43° longitude and 33° latitude in order to know the effect of four sowing date in spring season which included (13th March, 10th April, 20th April and 30th April), while the autumn season included (10th July, 20th July, and 30th July) which have occupied the main plots. However, the plant densities have occupied the sub plots, which were (D1-133333, D2-100000, D3-80000 and D4-66666 plant.ha-1. The experiment has been carried out in split plot arrangement in RCBD for three replications. The results were summarized as follows: The lower plant density (D4) was superior in number of leaves in plant in the two seasons, while the plant density D3 in spring season gave highest average of leave area. For the stem diameter, the plant density D4 was superior in both seasons. As for yield and its components, the plant density D2 was superior by giving the highest average for number of pods in plant and did not show any significant differences in autumn seasons for this trait, while in number of seeds in pod did not show significant differences in both seasons. In 100-seed weight, there were no significant differences in spring season while the plant density D3 gave highest average for this trait. In the yield (ton.ha-1), the plant density D2 was superior in giving highest average in spring season and low density D4 in autumn season. Sowing date did not show significant effect in number of leaves in plant in spring and autumn season and in leaf area and stem diameter. Sowing date gave significant differences; however, the date 30th July gave highest average for this trait in autumn season, while the date 31st March in spring season gave the highest average of stem diameter. The date 10th July in autumn season gave the highest average in the two seasons, while in 100-seed weight and seed yield, the date 31st gave the highest average for the both traits while did not show significant differences and for the same traits in autumn season. The interaction has affected in most traits except leaf area and number of pods in plant and number of seeds in pod in autumn season. As for 100 seed, weight did not show any significant differences in spring season. In seed yield (ton.ha-1) did not show any significant differences between study factors in both seasons.

Effect of spraying with Growth Regulators and some nutrients in quality characters of Potato plants Solanum tuberosum L. Burren cv

Omar H. M. AL-muhamadi , Ali kh.H. AL- essawi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

The experiment was conducted in a field of Anbar governorate /Fallujah city 60 km western of Baghdad at near Euphrates river bank were planted at 20th of January during for 2013 and2014 Potato tubers Solanum tuberosum L. cultivar barren class Elite, the Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD)was used and L.S.D. test at level 5%. The chemical fertilizer treatment T14 (400.120.240) NPK increase N and K in leaves and NO3 in tubers for both season significantly to 1.93% ,1.76%, 47.66 mg.kg-1 and 1.89% , 1.75% ,47.66 mg.kg-1 respectively and the content of N and protein in tubers for both seasons to 2.37% , 0.31% and 0.32% , 2.44% on respectively. The influence of Cytokinin treatment CPPU 10 ,5 mg.L-1 on qualitative properties of yield were given the highest dry matter%, starch%, specific gravity g.cm-3and TSS% at first season which were 20.95%,14.67% , 1.083 g.cm-3 , 6.86% respectively, and were given the highest dry matter ,starch 19.69% and 6.25% respectively. The control treatment increase the content of NO3 in tubers to 28.33, 27.66 mg.kg-1 for both season respectively.

Role of Animal Fertilizers in Improvement Growth and Yield Strawberry Fragaria x ananassa Duch C.V Ruby Gem it cultivated in Plastic House

Myasar Saadoon Al- Ethawi , Hameed H. Al- Ali

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

The research carried out for the year 2013-2014 in region of Jazeera Al- Ramadi- Al Anbar governorate for study the effect of different types of animal fertilizer Fermented Cow, Horse and Poultry at Levels 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 and 80 t.ha-1 In addition chemical fertilizer treatment N.P.K and control treatment. The results showed the superiority of the treatment T22 registered the highest mean number of leaves amounted 79.327 Lealantf.Plant-1 and registered T24 highest average leaf area amounted 93.310 Ds.m2.Plant-2. Obtained highest number crowns in the treatment T23 amounted 8.600 crowns.plant-1. T25 Given highest nitrogen rates in leaves amounted 2.496%. Registered T22 highest phosphors rates in leaves amounted 0.566% However, the treatment T16 highest rates potassium rates amount 1.883%. Excelled treatment T21it gave highest rates number of fruits amount 77.537 fruit.plant-1 but the treatment T6 registered highest average of fruit weight amounted 20.123 gm.Fruit-1. Excelled the treatment T20 it registered highest yield of plant amount 1112.25 gm.Plant-1. However, the treatment T4 it registered less rates of distorted fruits amounted 9.697%

Effect of devernilization and planting time on growth and yield on onion

Maath M.M.Alabday , Abdulmajed A.Abed

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

This study was conducted in al soofia area of AL-Ramadi city a 90 Km west of Baghdad for the agricultural season 2014-2015 to study the effect of planting time and period exposure of devernilization on the growth and production of onion Texas Early Grano. The study includes two factors. The planting time which include four times: 1/Nov, 15/Nov, 1/Dec, 15/Dec and the exposure to devernilization period 20 c0. This factor includes the exposure of seedling to three periods 24, 48, and 72 hours, and the comparison with the other that are not treated by devernilization, the results showed, that the fourth date 12/15 leads to increase the number of tubular leaf, leaf area and blubbing percent plant product and the total product for unit area which is 12.33 leaf/plant, 50.88 dcm2/plant, 95.30%, 243.47 gm/plant, 42.23 ton/h, The fourth date also leads to decrease flowering 4.73 %. The treatment with devernilization 72 h, lead to increase the number of tubular leaf and leaf area and blubbing percent plant product and the total product for unit area which is 13.10 leaf/plant, 45.97 dcm2/plant 72.42%, 196.93 gm/plant 34.16 ton/h, and decreasing flowering percent 27.44 %.The interaction result between study factors showed the exceeding of fourth date treated plant 12/15 and the exposure of 72 h from devernilization and orient in the some of previous factor orientation.

Effect of foliar application by organic matter extract and humic acid in vegetative proprieties of strawberry (Fragarra ananassa. Duch. )

Hussain Nory Rasheed AL- Karawi , Walleed A. AL-Ra

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

A study was carried out in a plastic house for a palm date research unit/agriculture college/university of Baghdad (Abu Ghraib). During the season 2013-2014, to study the effect of spraying extract organic material and applying Humic acid and there interaction in the strawberry vegetative growth. The study include 12 treatments, to spray strawberry's plant with four levels from the extractions of organic matter (Distilled water, one volume of extracted organic matter to one volume of Distilled water 1:1, one volume of extracted organic matter to two volume of Distilled water 1:2 and one volume of extracted organic matter to three volume of Distilled water 1:3 just or with applied of three concentration of Humifert-ultra 0, 2.5, 5 ml.l-1 to the soil. A factorial experiment carried out at randomized completed blocked design (RCBD) with three replicates, Averages were tested with LSD at 5% level of probability. The important result were found when the plants significantly at 2:1 level's was reached 3.85cm comparing with 2.478cm of plant's control. While the treatment 1:1 give the longest of runner's length were reach 130.875cm comparing with 77.394cm of plant's control, while the treatment 3:1 record highest numbers of crowns, runners and one leave distance were reached 3.792crown.plant-1,6.645runner.plant-1 and 76.423cm2 sequentially comparing with control's treatment that reach 2.737crown.plant-1,2.448 runner.plant-1 and 53.359cm2 sequentially. The additions of Humic acid were increased the plant's height and crowns number's significantly reaches 3.465cm, 3.783crown.plant-1 sequentially at 5ml.l-1 level. While the control was reached 3.199 cm and 2.496 crown. plant-1 sequentially. While the plants were treated with 2.5ml.l-1 superior on other treatments gives greater crown diameter reach 43.937 mm while control treatment was 32.503mm. there were significantly effect to the two factors of the studies traits, the treatment H2.T1 give higher average of plant height's reach 4.510 cm, the treatment H0.T2 longest runner reach 143.124 cm and the crown diameter reach 62.551mm at H1.T0 treatment's superior significantly comparing with control treatment's that give 22.131mm, the H2.T0 treatment gives highest number of crowns reaches 5.125 crown.plant-1 comparing with control treatment's that gives 1.000 crown. plant-1, the study's results show's that H0.T3 treatment was superior significantly in runners number which gives greater number of runners reach 7.823 runner. plant-1 comparing with control treatment's that gives 1.000 runner. plant-1. While the leaves area were superior at the treatment H1.T3 significantly which gives 104.623cm2 comparing with control treatment's that gives 50.210cm2 .

The activity of rocket leaves Eruca sativa against cucumber damping off disease caused by Rhizoctonia solani.

Eman Khalil Abdulkareem

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

This study was conducted to assess rocket leaves activity to control R. solani on cucumber. Three levels 2.5, 5 and 10 g/1 kg soil of rocket leaves were tested. Results showed rocket leaves decreased disease percent significantly compared to R. solani control treatment. The 10 g rocket leaves treatment was the most efficient when minimized disease percent up to zero % followed by 5 g/ 1kg and 2, 5 g treatment with 5% and 10% respectively. Whereas, R. solani control treatment control was 45%. Results revealed that all leaf treatments increased the growth of cucumber plants including plant height, leaf area, dry and wet weights, compared to the R. solani control treatment. Whilst, results showed significant differences in biological indicators of leaf treatments ranged between 2710-3075 compared to 1196 for R. solani control treatment.

The effect of bassiana (Balsamo) Marshall pesticide in the various roles of predator Chrysoperla carnea

shaymaa abdulkhaliq abdulrahman , Jawad K. Al-Ru

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

The Conducted study the effect of Beauverea bassiana (Balsamo) and Marshall Pesticide in The various roles of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) show result the effect of the fungi B. Bassiana on all developmental stages of Green lacewing the predator Chrysoperla carnea ) Stephens.(The pathogenicity of the fungi B. Bassiana at concentration of 1 × 108 spore / ml was tested on all developmental stages of Green lacewing , the hatching percent treated eggs was 22.23% where the mortality of first instar larva reached to 100%, while the second instar 66.66% and third instar 48.14%, the pathogen also caused mortality to the pupil stage 40.7% and adults 81.5. The study results showed the effects of insecticide marshal used at concentration of 1, 0.5, 0.3, 0.1 ml were affected on all stages of Chrysoperla carnea. At concentration of 1, 0.5, 0.3 ml , the percent mortalities of eggs were 77.8%, 63%, 44.4% respectively, while no mortality was observed at concentration of 0.1 ml . the insecticide had adverse effect first instar larvae at all concentrations with 100% mortality treatment of second instar larvae with concentrations 1 , 0.5 ml caused 59.3, 33% mortality.The effect of Marshal decreased on third instar larvae, the concentration pesticide 1 and 0.5 ml caused 29.6 and 3.7% mortality respectively . However, the concentrations of the pesticide 0.3 and 0.1 ml had no mortality effect at all. Infect, the effects of Marshal extend to pupil stage, the percent of mortality of pupae were 14.8% and 3.7% at the concentration of 1, 0.5 ml. However, lower concentration 0.3; 0.1 ml had no effects on emergence of adult .As well as, the insecticide effect on adult stage, the mortality percent were100percentage, 92.6%, 66.7% and 25.9% when the marshal applied the concentration 1, 0.5, 0.3 and 0.1 respectively

Recording the first white mold disease Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on ornamental plants Alrannkil Ranunculus asiaticus in Iraq and effectiveness of the fungus Trichoderma viride and Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria in inhibition in vitro.

Hussain M. Jasim AL-Halbusy , Wadeja M. Kuthai

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:2

Showed isolation results from plants Alrannkil planted in one of the greenhouses belonging to the Department of Horticulture - Faculty of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, which showed symptoms of yellowing and wilting leaves and rot loose down the stems of flowering and death of infected plants was accompanied by those symptoms, there are objects of stone small black color diameter 1 - 6 mm that the pathogen is a fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Pathogenicity tests have proven the ability to isolate the fungus S. sclerotiorum plants Alrannkil age of 30 days under the conditions of the plastic house plants Alrannkil by injury and severity of the injury was 100% and 87.5% on the relay. It was obtained isolation of the fungus Trichoderma viride as a result of insulation from stone-fungal objects and personalize this isolation based on Cultural and Morphological traits and molecular diagnosis of technology using PCR. Achieved isolation T. viride hottest against fungus S. sclerotiorum on culture media PDA under laboratory conditions has been the degree of antagonism 2 and the isolation of the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa achieved over the center Zorai PDA ratio under laboratory conditions inhibition of 83.62%. The test showed the effect of each of the fungus Results T. viride and P. aeruginosa bacteria in the emergence of fruiting bodies of the stone objects of the fungus S. sclerotiorum in the laboratory when continuous lighting and a temperature of 15 ° C reduction was significant for the number of fruiting bodies formed conditions, amounting to 0.20 and 0.83 fruit body / stone body in relation to the treatment of comparative 1:58 body My fruit body / stone body.