2015, Volume:13 Issue:1


Water Requirements of Date palm Offshoots of Two Tissue-cultured cultivars (Mejhol and Khalas) Planted under climate conditions at mid Iraq 1- Determination of reference and actual consumptive use of date palm off shoots tissue-cultured

Jamal Naser Abdulrahman , Esam Kudaier Hamza , Ama

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

This study was conducted at Al- Kut date Palms station located between longitudes 44o 32 ' and 46o 36 ' East and latitudes 31o 57 ' 32o 31 ' North "during 2014-2013 in loamy soils, to study the water requirements. for date palm offshoot variety (Majhol and Khalas) Palm propagated by tissue culture. The drip irrigation system was used under the climatic conditions of central Iraq, the study of the effect of the ratio of moisture depletion from available water and leaching requirements ratio L.R., and Palm varietyon actual water consumption ETa for palm propagation by tissue culture, and planted under the climatic conditions of the Wasit Governorate, and also study the impact of the aforementioned study factors on the distribution of moisture and salts in study site soil, as well as calculate reference water consumption ETo, by using five empirical equations (evaporation basin, Blaney–criddle, Najib kharufah, Jensen–Hess, amended Penman-Monteith), Depending on the climatic data of meteorological station in Kut. The results showed that the values of the reference water consumption of ETo for palm offshoots calculated by five experimental equations (evaporation basin Epan, Najib kharufah equation, Blaney–criddle equation, Jensen–Hess equation, Penman-Monteith equation FAO), during 13 months were 2898.7, 3162.3, 2536.1, 3124.5, 3020.5 مم, respectively. The results also showed the reference water consumption annual ETo for cultivated offshoots ranged from 2213.5 مم/year that calculated with equation Blaney – criddle to 2806.5 مم/year calculated with Jensen – Hess equation. The actual annual water consumption ETa for palm offshoots, ranged from 858.3 مم/year of treatments D2LR1V1, D2LR1V2, and 1019.9 مم/year of treatments D1LR2V1 and D1LR2V2.

Water Requirements of Date palm Offshoots of Two Tissue-cultured cultivars (Mejhol and Khalas) Planted under climate conditions at mid Iraq 1- Determination of reference and actual consumptive use of date palm off shoots tissue-cultured

Jamal Naser Abdulrahman , Esam Kudaier Hamza , Ama

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

This study was conducted at Al- Kut date Palms station located between longitudes 44o 32 ' and 46o 36 ' East and latitudes 31o 57 ' 32o 31 ' North "during 2014-2013 in loamy soils, to study the water requirements. for date palm offshoot variety (Majhol and Khalas) Palm propagated by tissue culture. The drip irrigation system was used under the climatic conditions of central Iraq, the study of the effect of the ratio of moisture depletion from available water and leaching requirements ratio L.R., and Palm varietyon actual water consumption ETa for palm propagation by tissue culture, and planted under the climatic conditions of the Wasit Governorate, and also study the impact of the aforementioned study factors on the distribution of moisture and salts in study site soil, as well as calculate reference water consumption ETo, by using five empirical equations (evaporation basin, Blaney–criddle, Najib kharufah, Jensen–Hess, amended Penman-Monteith), Depending on the climatic data of meteorological station in Kut. The results showed that the values of the reference water consumption of ETo for palm offshoots calculated by five experimental equations (evaporation basin Epan, Najib kharufah equation, Blaney–criddle equation, Jensen–Hess equation, Penman-Monteith equation FAO), during 13 months were 2898.7, 3162.3, 2536.1, 3124.5, 3020.5 مم, respectively. The results also showed the reference water consumption annual ETo for cultivated offshoots ranged from 2213.5 مم/year that calculated with equation Blaney – criddle to 2806.5 مم/year calculated with Jensen – Hess equation. The actual annual water consumption ETa for palm offshoots, ranged from 858.3 مم/year of treatments D2LR1V1, D2LR1V2, and 1019.9 مم/year of treatments D1LR2V1 and D1LR2V2.

Water Requirements of Date palm Offshoots of Two Tissue-cultured cultivars (Mejhol and Khalas) Planted under climate conditions at mid Iraq 2- Measurement of crop coefficient of date palm offshoots tissue-cultured

Jamal Naser Abdulrahman , Esam Kudaier Hamza , Ama

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

This study was conducted in Kut Palms station located at the entrance of Kut city ,right of Kut – Baghdad high way between longitudes 44o 32 ' and 46o 36 ' East and latitudes 31o 57 ' 32o 31 ' North "by 2014-2013, in loamy soils, to study the water requirements for palm offshoot Palm variety (Majhol and Khalas) Palm propagation by tissue culture, and planted under drip irrigation system under the climatic conditions of the areas of central Iraq, through the study of the effect of the ratio of moisture depletion from available water and leaching requirements ratio L.R. and Palm variety on actual water consumption ETa for palm propagation by tissue culture and planted under the climatic conditions of the Wasit Governorate, and also study the impact of the aforementioned study factors on the distribution of moisture and salts in study site soil, as well as calculate reference water consumption ETo, by using five empirical equations (evaporation basin, Bliny – Kridel, Najib kharufah, Jensen – Hess, amended Penman-Monteith), Depending on the climatic data of meteorological station in Kut. The results showed that the values of the crop coefficient Kc for palm offshoots planted under the studied treatments , increasing the values of the crop coefficient Kc at the beginning of the first months of the cultivation of offshoots (June, July, August, September 2013) and then begins to decline starting in October 2013 and then begin to increase starting from February 2014 until the end of the months of study (June 2014), where the lowest value of the crop coefficient Kc is 0.07 for treatments D2LR1V2 and D2LR1V1 for the month of January 2014 and the highest value of the crop coefficient Kc was 0.97 for treatments D1LR2V1 and D1LR2V2 for the months of May and June 2014. The results showed that values of coefficient evaporation basin of crop Kpc for the study treatments followed a similar behavior to the crop coefficient Kc, where the lowest value for Kpc to treatments D2LR1V2 and D2LR1V1 during the month of January 2014 is 0.11 and the highest value of Kpc was 0.6 for treatments D1LR2V1 and D1LR2V2 during the month of June/2014.

Effect of clay content of soil and salinity of irrigation water on some moisture characteristics of soil, growth and yield of beans Vicia Faba L.

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

Abstract A field experiment was conducted in the city of Ramadi, Anbar province - Iraq during winter season 2012-2013 to study the effect of clay content and salinity of irrigation water in some of the physical characteristics of the soil and moisture and growth and yield beans Vicia Faba L. was measured Saturated hydraulic conductivity, sorptivity, permeability, diffusivity of water, and moisture characteristic curve, as properties of water to the soil. Measured plant height and leaf area and holds the seeds, as indicators of plant growth. Saturated hydraulic conductivity, sorptivity, permeability, diffusivity of water decreased with the increased in clay content, with salt water irrigation1.08, 6.11 and 2.55 ds.m-1 led to an the values of the functions above water studied, increased values of volumetric moisture was significantly with increasing clay content of the soil with salt water irrigation has led to a lower moisture content of the soil and when any watery potential.The impact of increasing clay content of the soil in the moral growth characteristics and holds plant beans as increased plant height and leaf area and wining with increasing clay content of the soil and decreased when increasing the salinity of irrigation water.

Effect of some types of drippers by using of Saline Water and Application management on Soil physical properties

Bassam Aldeen AlKhateeb Husham , Wael Fahmi Abdul

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

Abstract A field experiment was conducted in silt clay loam soil to study the effects of some drip irrigation systems, saline water use, and application method on some physical properties of soil. The lay out of the experiment was split-split plot design with three replicates. The first factor was two types of water (river and well water), electric conductivity of 0.8 and 5.77 dS. M-1 respectively. The second factor was two methods of water application. The third factor was Three types of emitters (drippers) have been used which are T-Tape, Turbo, and GR. The local cultivar seeds of peanuts (Archis hypogeal L.) were cultivated. The irrigation was soil moisture sensor. The irrigation had achieved after exhaustion of 50% of available water. The results showed an increases in bulk density ,soil penetration resistance of at the there was a decrease in mean weight diameter and saturated hydraulic conductivity of soil at the end of growing season for all treatment in comparison with their values before cultivation. The higher values of bulk density were 1.71 and 1.63 Mg.m-1 for GR and Turbo drippers respectively as compared to 1.58 Mg.m-1 for T-Tape drippers. The quality of irrigation water had a significant effect in increasing values of bulk density and soil penetration resistance and decreasing values of mean weight diameter and hydraulic conductivity of soil. The highest values of saturated hydraulic conductivity for the river water application were 3.3, 3.0, and 2.8 cm.h-1 as compared to 1.7, 1.6 and 1.3 cm.h-1 for well water using the T-Tape, Turbo and GR drippers, respectively. The half application of well water decreased values of bulk density and penetrability and increased values of mean weight diameter saturated hydraulic conductivity of soil. The values of mean weight diameter reached 0.53, 0.49, and 0.45 mm for the half application of well water as compared to 0.43, 0.42, and 0.41 mm for the full application using the drippers T-Tape, Turbo, and GR respectively. There were a decrease in infiltration rate and accumulative infiltration for all treatments at the end of growing season as compared to infiltration rate values before cultivation. The reduction percentages in infiltration rates were about 7.5 – 20.66% and from 52.33 – 61.33% for the irrigation treatments of river and well water, respectively.

Detection of Some Bacterial &Chemical pollutants of the wells drilled water at many Areas in Baghdad

Liqaa Hussein Abdul Raheem , Nassr H. Abbood , We

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

Abstract The research includes a study on bacterial contamination and certain chemical contaminants of water wells drilled in different areas of Baghdad. Five regions have been selected of the wells drilled in different places in the depths ranged between depths (5-15 meters), the Karrada, Jadiriyah, Mansour, Baya´a and Ghazaliya. The results of bacteriological tests showed that the water wells drilled were not suitable for household use compared to the specifications of Iraq and the more wells with bacteriological contamination was in the Jadriya, followed by areas of Karrada, Almansor count was more likely to fecal bacteria (Mpn/100ml) of these areas are (90,40,40),respectively while it was (Mpn/100ml) in Baya & Ghazaliya (0,0).The results also showed that that some chemical tests of water in the areas studied were not in accord with Iraqi specification, especially for drinking water due to high concentrations of total dissolved salts (TDS) in mg/L. The wells water of the Jadria has the highest proportion (TDS=1800mg/L), followed by the wells of Baya, Karrada, Mansour and Ghazaliya with a TDS value (1700, 1500, 1400, 1200, mg/L) respectively. Other chemical tests such as the pH and Turbidity of water wells were in accordance with Iraqi Wells Water Specification.

Land Used and Natural Resources in Al-Qasir valley basin

M.E.Motaaeb , A. E. Khudair

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

Abstract This research aims at studying the natural resources and Land used of Al-Qasir valley basin which represents one of the main valleys in Iraqi western Plateau It is situated in Ana District in Al-Anbar Governorate. The area of this basin is (696.417k2).The study showed that there are natural resources represented by the unground water found on different depths. This resource has been used in different fields; agricultural, duetrital and human. In addition, there are many kinds of stones such as gypsum, Limestone, Dolumite, Pebbles and sand. They are used randomly by Quarry owner of the region. There are multiple uses represented by domestic animals farms and a factory to produce stones and sand which supplies the adjacent areas with building materials and the domestic animals products besides the availability of tourism possibilities in the area which represented by lake of Al-Qadisiya dam and being near the main road (Baghdad-Al-Qaim) which helps communicate with the other districts of the governorate.

The effect of speeds and depths of tillage using moldboard plow 113 on some technical parameters of the tractor and some yield characteristics of green gram (Vigna radiate)

Basim A. Zeydan , ِAhmed F. Mesleh

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

Abstract The experiments was conducted to study the effect of speeds and depth of tillage of using moldboard plow 113 with triple three speed 4.45 , 5.14 and 6.35 km .hr-1, also three tillage depths 10 ,15 and 20 cm , fuel Consumption and, fuel Consumption costs , plant length and nook length .A split – split design for plots design was used with RCBD design for sub plots with three replications, the mean values were compared using last significant different (L.S.D) using (SAS,2001) computer program for statistical analysis .The results showed that the increase in depth of tillage with constant speed caused on increase fuel consumption, fuel consumption cost and nook length, but plant length decrease with the increase of tillage depth .Where the increase in the speed with constant depth decrease, fuel consumption , fuel consumption cost and plant length , while nook length increased with speed increase .the depth with10cm gave minimum fuel consumption , consumption cost and nook length record 25.718 L.ha-1 , 257.188Diner.ha-1 and 6.388cm respectively . While the same depth gave the highest value for nook length and total yield of Indian pea 34.368cm, 642.9kg.ha-1 the first speed 4.45km.hr-1 gave the highest consumption and cost and plant length whish was27.047L.ha-1, 270.47Dinar.hr-1, 31.711cm, while the same speed gave the lowest value wish.

The effect of using eshnan (Seidlitzia rosmarinus) and some biological treatments to reduce Mycotoxin effects (aflatoxin B1) in the performance of broiler breeder (Ross 308)

Adil. A. Yousif , Walled. E. Kurdi Al-Jugifi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

Abstract This study conducted in the field of animal resource department / College of Agriculture/ University of Anbar from 17/1/2013 till 3/7/2013. Two hundred ten female breeders (Ross 308) used in the study from the age of 27 weeks to 50 weeks (168 days) divided into seven treatments with six replicate and six birds with each replicate. The birds were reared in cages the artificial insemination had been done twice weekly. The meal and the female were fed separately. The Experimental treatments were T1 / control ration without any addition, T2/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed, T3/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1 /kg feed + 2% eshnan, T4/ ration contaminated by 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1 /kg feed + 4% eshnan, T5/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed + 2 kg probiotic / ton fodder, T6/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed + 50% probiotic fermentation daily and T7/ ration contaminated 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1 /kg feed + 1 kg yeast / ton feed. The results showed the following: 1- The treatments of fermentation 50% proportion were recorded the best result it in the percentage of eggs' production eroding to the HH% and HD,HH and the cumulative egg mass gm/egg/hen/168 days and with significant difference with the result of aflatoxin treatments but without significant 4% and the yeast. 2- There was an obvious improvement in all the herbal and biological treatments used in the experiment in accumulative feed conversion factor (g. feed / g. eggs) and (g. feed / egg) in comparison with aflatoxin treatment and without difference with the control feed one. 3- There was a significant reduction (P> 0.05) in fertility eggs number and in the accumulation chick's number for every hen in the first hatch in aflatoxin treatment and recorded 7.30, 9.65 consecutively. Yeast treatment showed significant improvement with (P> 0.05) in that trait criterion with 15.74, 17.67 fertility egg/hen chicks consecutively. However, yeast treatment recorded worst results in the second hatch whereas it significant recurred in the number of fertility eggs, the number of accumulation chicks for every hen in 28 days in comparison with the control and eshnan 4% and the result of aflatoxin treatment reveled no significant reduction in accumulation chicks number and the number of fertility eggs reduced with hen in comparison with central. The treatment of yeast and eshnan reveled arithmetic improvement in those traits

The effect of using eshnan (Seidlitzia rosmarinus) and some biological treatments to reduce Mycotoxins effect an broiler breeders (Ross308) progene performance of the descendants

Adil. A. Yousif , Walled. E. Kurdi Al-Jugifi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

Abstract This study had been conducted in the animal resources department, college of agriculture, university of Anbar. eshnan (seidlitzia rosemarinus) used in order to reduce undesirable effects of Flatoxine in comparison with some biological cures such as saccharomyces and Iraqi probiotic. This experiment had been done within 24 weeks (168 days) for the period from 17/1/2013 till 3/7/2013. Two hundred broiler breeder chickens (Ross 308) used, starting with the age of 27 weeks and finishing by 50 weeks at the end of the 168 days. The chickens grew up in coops and the process of artificial insemination had been done twice in the week. Experimental treatments were T1 / ration without any addition as (control), T2/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed +2% Shinan, T4/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed +4% eshnan, T5/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed +2 kg probiotic / ton feed, T6/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed + 50% probiotic fermentation daily and T7/ ration contaminated with 1.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg feed + 1 kg saccharomyces / ton feed. Two shots of baby chicks had been breaded. The first broiler breeder age were 33 weeks (7 weeks of the experiment's age). The second was at 47 weeks (20 weeks of the experiment's age).They weight the chicks in earth treatment. Each treatment had been divided into three replicates, each replicate contain six chicks. The body weight, weight gain, feed and feed consumption had been studied. Then, at the end of growing Perrier, relative growth rate and production efficiency factor had been calculated. The results showed that adding (4%) of eshnan to the diets contaminated breeders with Aflatoxin led to significant increase (P<0.05) in the mean weight gain, body weight and relative growth rate in comparison to the Aflatoxin treatment. There was not any significant differences between the treatments in feed consumption, feed conversion coefficient, mortality rate and production efficiency factor in the first experiment. There was not any significant differences in all traits studied during 42 days of the second experiment.

Impact give Specific immunoglobulin IgY isolated from the egg yolk in different ways in the productive performance of Ross 308 of experimental infected with Eimeria tenella parasite

Thaer A. Alaloosi , Shehab A. ALjebory , Tawfiq A.

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

Abstract The current study was conducted in the laboratory of the Faculty of Science / University of Anbar, for the period from 09/27/2012 until 11/17/2012 day for the purpose of comparison methods give treat disease Coccidosis in the productive performance of broiler through the use of 135 chick is one day old unsexal ( Ross strain 308) where distributed randomly to nine treatment and by five replicates per treatment and 3 chicks each repeater (15 chicks / treatment), gavage chicks in treatment first with distilled water (control negative) , and treatment second chicks for by gavage (Intra - Crop) challenge dose for the E. tenella locally isolated and by 5x 104 Oocyst / chick (2.5 ml) at 28 days for the treatment of positive control For the purpose of comparison methods give immunoglobulin IgY locally isolate, has been giving him a concentration of 11.013748 mg / ml amount of 0.5 ml / chick on all transactions, and in the third treatment given by antibodies capsule was given in the fourth treatment by gavage (Intra - Crop) after administration of 1 ml of acidity equalizer after preparing a tea spoon of equivalent acidity in 10 ml of distilled water (Sodium bicarbonate 2.80 gm, Tartaric acid 1.33gm, Citric acid 0.82 gm, Flavour to 5gm) . In the fifth treatment injected antibodies peritoneal membrane, and the sixth-treatment antibody was injected in the muscle (thigh, chest, neck) and in the seventh treatment injected objects counterrevolution in the yolk sac one day old and in the eighth treatment antibody injected under the skin (thigh, chest, neck) and in the ninth treatment antibody was injected intravenously. Notes from the current results of the experiment that the antibody injection in peritoneal membrane has led to a significant increase in body weight and the weighted increase in the seventh week of life compared to the rest of the transactions. In addition, got a significant increase (p> 0.05) in cumulative feed conversion ratio while significantly decreased the proportion of cumulative mortality (1-49 days) in the treatment of peritoneal injection and yolk sac injection treatment compared to the rest of the treatment. Inferred from the current study that giving intravenous IgY peritoneal membrane was significantly better than the rest of the transactions in its effect on the productive performance down Representative proportion of cumulative mortality and improve feed conversion efficiency, which is reflected in the body weight and increase the cumulative weighted.

The effect of supplementing garlic powder and the probiotics (Biomin Imbo) to the diet on laying hens performances

Haitham. L. Sadik , Baraa. H. Mousa

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

This study was conducted at the poultry farm belong to Animal Resources department, College of Agriculture, University of AL- Anbar. The objective of this study was to study the effect of adding different levels of garlic powder and probiotics (Biomin Imbo) to the diet on laying hens performances. Eighty laying hens (shaver, with white egg shell) 42 weeks old were used in this study. The hens were randomly distributed into five treatments, four replicate per treatment four hens in each replicate (16 birds/ treatment). Garlic powder was added to the diets at the levels of 0.5% and 1.0% while probiotics was added at the levels of 0.25% and 0.5%. The study was continuing for six periods (28 days/period). The results showed significant improvement in T3,T4 and T5 as compared with T2 and T1 (control) in most productive parameters included hen day egg production, egg weight, egg mass and feed conversion ratio. As well as significant improvement in live body weight for T1, T3, T4 and T5 over T2. No significant differences among treatments were found in feed intake during all production periods.

The effect of supplementation of adding Garlic powder (Allium sativum) and Cupric Sulphate (CuSo4) to diet on Broiler performance

B.H.Mousa

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

This study was conducted at the poultry farm belong to Animal Resources department, College of Agriculture, University of AL- Anbar during the period of April 25 to June, 2013. The objective of this study was to study the effect of adding garlic powder and cupric sulphate and their effect on broiler performance. One-hundred and fifty one-day old unsexed Ross chicks were used with average weight 43 gm, the birds randomly distributed into five treatments with three replicate per treatment(10 chicks/treatment).The birds fed similar ration in crude protein and metatabolizable energy during starter and finisher periods. T1 (control) without any addition, T2 cupric sulphate was added at level 250 mg/kg feed, T3 cupric sulphate was added at level 350 mg/kg feed, T4 Garlic powder was added at the percentage of 0.75%, T5 included addition of garlic powder at percentage 1.5%. The results revealed the following: The treatments included additions had significant improvement in live body weight and accumulative body weight gain as compared with T1 From 1-42day of age. A significant decrease in the accumulative feed consumed in treatments T2 and T5, The results show significant improve in feed conversion ratio of birds in all additives treatments as compared with T1 (control) and best value was to T5 (Adding garlic powder at 1.5%) which recorded 1.79 gm feed/gm weight gain and lowest value was to T1 which recorded 1.88 gm feed/gm weight gain. No significant differences in digestive organs of broilers. These results indicate adding garlic powder and cupric sulfate to rations had improved broiler’s performance

Study of Seasonal Variation of Melatonin Levels of Iraqi Awassi Ewes

Ammar R. Mansor , Mudhaffer N. Al-Saigh , sadee sh

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

This study was conducted at the Sheep Farm pertaining to the Department of Animal Resources - College of Agriculture - University of Al-Anbar that located at Latitude 33° 20´ N during the period from 1/3/2013 till 22/12/2013. The objective of this study was to investigate the plasma melatonin levels of Iraqi Awassi ewes. Ten Awassi ewes of 2-4 years old and 41-54 kg live body weight were used in this study. Blood samples were collected from each ewe every 3h for 24h during spring equinox (21-22 March). Summer solstice (22-23 June). Autumn equinox (21-22 September) and Winter solstice (21-22 December). The plasma melatonin levels were determined as well as light intensity. Temperature – humidity index (THI) and body temperature at the time of blood collected. The plasma melatonin levels showed a characteristic seasonal variation and the pattern of melatonin secretion of Iraqi Awassi ewes did not subjected to the normal rhythm of melatonin secretion (high at night and low or undetected at the day). The plasma melatonin levels seem to be highly variable among individuals. The absence of significant correlation was observed between light intensity and plasma melatonin levels. THI and plasma melatonin levels as well as between plasma melatonin levels and body temperature. It was concluded from this study that there was a significant difference in melatonin levels between different seasons.

Treatment of Follicular Ovarian Cyst in dairy cows

Audai Sabah Asker

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

The study was conducted on 30 dairy cows of Friesian – Holstein breed, during 2010 from April to July, suffering from ovarian follicular cyst. The animals were presented in Al-fyhaa station, Gbala, Musieb-Babelon. The ages of animals ranged from 4-8 years. The animals were divided in three groups. The first group (N=12)were treated with 0.5 mg of GnRH i.m. The second group (N=10) were treated with 125 mg progesterone i.m. followed after 7days given 22.5 mg of PGF2? i.m. The third group (N=8) were treated with 3000 I.U. of HCG i.m. Rectal palpation was the criteria of diagnosis. All animals were subjected to rectal palpation after 14 days post treatment. Positive results were considered when the cyst subsides while negative results when there is no change in the size of the cyst. The results showed that the treatment with GnRH give the best results with efficacy of 84% (1012). While the treated groups with progesterone+PGF2 and HCG showed an efficacy of 40% (414) and 50% (510) respectively. There was significant difference (P<0.05) between GnRH treated group and other treated groups. It was concluded that the GnRH gives the best results in treatment of follicular cystic ovaries in dairy cows.

Effects of use of Prebiotic and Probiotic in growth of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) Fingerlings

Hassan Ali Mottar Al-Dolaemy

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

The experiment was conducted for 112 days in 20 Aquariums with dimension of 80×30×30 cm and a capacity of 70 liters. A hundred and eighty (180) common carp fingerlings (Cyprinus carpio L.) were distributed randomly on seven treatments with three replicates per treatment except control (2 replicates). Each replicate had 9 fingerlings/ aquarium with an average body weight of 10.37 ± 0.14 g/ fish. Fish were fed seven experimental diets which were mixed locally with a protein content of 31.79- 32.24% and a metabolizable energy of 1428.194-1437.919 kcal./kg feed. Probiotic and prebiotic were added as 5, 10 and 15 gm/ Kg feed to the experimental diets except for the control diet. The results indicated no significant differences (P>0.05)among fish fed the experimental diets in final body weight, weight gain, daily weight gain, relative growth rate, feed conversion ratio, feed efficiency ratio, protein efficiency ratio and the amount of protein consumed by fish throughout the study period. However the specific growth rates of the experimental diets were significantly different (P<0.05) compared to the control diet

Effect of the seeding rates in grain yield and its quality for four cultivars of barely

Basheer H. A. Al-Dulaimy , Wassan A. H. Al-Janab

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

A field experiment was conducted in Sowairah Research Station-General commission for Agriculture Researches during the winter season of 2012-2013, in order to study the effect of four seeding rates 100, 120, 140 and 160 kg.ha-1, on grain yield and its quality for four cultivars of barely (shua'a, Amal, Sameer and Al-khair), using a split-plot arrangement in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) in three replicates. The results showed the following: The seeding rate 160 kg.ha-1 was significantly superior in plant height 99.06 cm, number of spikes.m-2 270.20 spike grain yield 3.67 ton.ha-1, protein concentration in grain 8.82% and protein yield 322.72 kg.ha-1, while there was no significant effect of seeding rate on number of grain per spike. Significant differences were found between all cultivars in all characters, Sameer cultivar was superior in plant height and protein concentration in grain (9.39%), Shua'a cultivar was superior in number of spikes.m-2 260.5 spike, and Al-Khair cultivar was superior in number of grain per spike 50.74 grain, grain yield 4.10 tonne.ha-1 protein yield 380.36 kg.ha-1. The interaction between seeding rate and cultivars effect in number of spikes. m-2, protein concentration in grain and protein yield. The combinations between Al-Khair cultivar and seeding rate of 140 and 160 kg.ha-1 gave highest average of protein yield of 416.11 and 417.31 kg.ha-1 respectively.

Response of Maize to Potassium fertilizer and Boron leaves nutrition

B. H. A. AL-Dulami , N. D. H. AL-Hadethi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

The field experiment was carried out in the spring and autumn season of 2012 in the city of Ramadi , Anbar province in loam clay silty soil texture in order to study the effects of three concentrations of boron (0, 0.75, 1.5) KgB.ha-1 was added as foliar application in the form of boric acid H3BO3(17.4%B) and three levels of potassium fertilizer (0, 100, 200) KgK.ha-1 of potassium sulfate K2SO4 (45%K) as its source in the growth and productivity of two genotypes of maize (IPA 5018 and Bohoth 106). The experiment split-split plot with R.C.B.D. design was used with three replications. The results of this study were: The IPA genotype had significant superior in grains number per ear, grains yield, biological yield and harvest index, the increase percentage as average of two season was 11.35, 14.97, 12.02 and 4.41% respectively compared to Bohoth genotype, which was superior in leaf area. The highest Level of potassium (200KgK.ha-1) had significant superior in leaf area, number of grains per ear, grains yield, biological yield and harvest index, the increase percentage as average of two season were 12.74, 48.75, 57.81, 39.67 and 14.28% compared to control treatment, which gave the lowest mean for this characters respectively. Foliar application with high concentration of boron (1.5Kg B.ha-1) gave significant increase in all studied characters. The grain yield at this concentration was 10.32 and 12.43 ton.ha-1 compared to control treatment (6.48 , 7.86) ton.ha-1 of the two seasons respectively .The triple interaction of IPA genotype with highest level of both fertilizers (200Kg K+1.5Kg B).ha-1 gave the highest average of leaf area , grains number per ear , grains yield (12.80 , 14.72) ton . ha-1, biological yield and harvest index (56.82 , 56.42)% in both seasons respectively. It can be concluded that the IPA5018 genotype was more responsive for application of nutrients as it gave highest average for studied characteristics especially in high levels in both seasons.

The soybean growth and yield response to potassium fertilizer and zinc leave nutrition

Bashir Hammad Alduleimi , Mohammed Ali Ahmed Daraj

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

A field experiment was carried out in the soil of alluvial tissues fusion in summer season of 2013 in Abu Flees area which is a part of Al Khalidiya district which lies on longitude 43Oand latitude 33O to investigate the effect of four levels of potassium (0,40,80&120 kgK.ha-1 ) and four concentrations of Zinc ( 0,30,60&90 mgZn.L-1), which were added as a leave nutrition, in the growth and yield of Soybean crop of GS lll class. In experiment used the order of the split-plot according to the randomized complete block design (RCBD) and four replications. Potassium levels occupied the main split-plots, while Zinc concentrations occupied the secondary split-plots. The results of the experiment are summarized as follows: The 90mgZn.L-1 concentration revealed the highest average of plant height, the rate of Zinc and Potassium in the leaves, and the seeds crop product. This concentration did not differ significantly in most of its traits with the concentration 60 mgZn.L-1 which was prominent and high significantly in the leave area, dry plant weight, root length. The level 120 kgK.ha-1 indicated the highest average in the plant height, leave area, the weight of dray plant, the roots length, the rate of Zinc and Potassium in the leaves, and the product of plant seeds. This was not significantly different in most traits under study with the level 80 kgK.ha-1. The interaction between Potassium and Zinc significantly affects all the studied traits. The interaction between the level of 120 kgK.ha-1 and the 90mgZn.L-1 concentration revealed the highest rate in leaves area (249.8 dcm2), the length of the main root (34.65cm), seeds crop (96.13g.pl-1). Finally, it is concluded that there is a significant response in the studied traits when adding Potassium to the soil and at the nutrition of leaves with Zinc.

Ultraviolet Rays Effectiveness on Biological Activity of Oil Extractor from Myrtus communis Plant Leaves

Ibraheem J. Ibraheem , Thaer A. Salih Alaloosi ,

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

Activity Study of oil extractor for terpen compound of leaves myrtus communis Plant, after extracting, separation, purification and diagnosing it's by TLC, CC., IR., UV. before and after extractor irradiation for ultraviolet rays at the wave length 254nm, 365nm to times one hour, two hour and three hour on some pathogenic bacterial isolation which are Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia Coli . The changes in measurements:, electrical conductivity and pH, Has been studied, no changes in electrical conductivity for irradiation extractor at 254 nm , 365 nm either pH has low changes at 365 nm but the changes was more clear at 254 nm.Also has been studied biological activity, there are no sensitivity for extractor before and after irradiation to bacteria Escherichia Coli but its sensitivity appeared to Pseudomonas aeruginosa Staphylococcus, aureus bacteria before irradiation . either after irradiation the sensitivity was lowest for irradiation extractor and disappear at the irradiation time three hours at wave length 365 nm, also the sensitivity disappear at 254nm for whole irradiation times for Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria. the sensitivity hidden at the wave length 254 nm, 365nm at time one and two hours but the sensitivity return was at irradiation time three hours for Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.

The effect of phosphate fertilizer and Ferrodoxine foliar application in growth, yield and effective compounds of cumin Cuminum Cyminum L

Usama Hassien Mahdi Al-Halbosy

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

The experiment was conducted during 2013-2014 in one of the private farms in Fallujah city-Anbar governorate, west of Iraq, in order to study the effect of the application of phosphate (0, 100 and 150 kg P.ha-1) and the folair application with Ferrodixine (0, 50 ad 100 mg.L-1) I growth, yield and the active compounds in Volatile oil in cumin plant (Cuminum Cyminum L). The ANOVA analysis has been done for studied characters according to factorial experiment that has been applied in RCBD in three replications. The study results showed that adding 150 P kg.ha-1 gave significant increase in growth characters, yield, proteirn concentrationinn seed and volatile oil compounds such as a- pinene, p-cyinene, Terpinene and Cuminaldehyde. While the folair appllication showed that 100mg Fe.L-1 concentration gave siginificant increase in plant height, plant yield, percentage of oil in seed, and effective compound in volatile oil such as p-cyinene and Terpinene. The two way interaction between P and Fe was significant in studied characters, therefore the plant that fertilized with 150 kg P.ha-1 and pryaed with 100 mg Fe.L-1 gave the heighest average of plant height, Inflorescences number per plant, 1000-seed weight, percentage of oil and protien in seed, and effective compounds such as a-piinene, p-cyinene and Trpinene.

Genetic variation and analysis of path coefficient of some traits of wheat under three plant densities

Omar H. Al-Rawi , Hadil Sabbar , Mohammed H. Al-I

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

A field experiment was conducted in a farmer field in Alneaamia region/Fullujah/Anbar governorate, during the winter season 2012-2013. Seed of four cultivars of durum wheat (Abu-Gariab, Aliraq, Tahady and Alezz) was planting under three planting rates (100, 130 and 160 kg.ha-1). Split plot arrangements in RCBD design were used. The objective of this study was to determine the more effective traits in grain yield, which were considered it as a selection index to improve grain yield in wheat. The result of analysis of variance showed that there is a highly significant difference for all studied traits for all planting rate. The value of genetic variance was highly than environment variance for all traits and it was increase with increase of planting rates exception of leaf area which was decrease of its genetic variance with increase of planting rate. Number of spick.m-2 gave highly broad sense heritability (0.956) for planting rate (130 kg.ha-1) and number of grain.Spike-1 (0.902) for planting rate (160 kg.ha-1). The value of standard coefficient variance and genetic, phenotypic covariance was contrast with planting rate, there is highly value of its in grain yield and number of grain.spike-1. There is positive genetic, phenotypic and environment correlation concern between yield and number of spick and number of grain and there is a negative correlation between yield and leaf area and weight of 1000 kernel at planting rates (130 and 160 kg.ha-1) while there is a positive and highly correlation of environment between yield and number of grain.spike-1 and weight of 1000 kernel at the three planting rate. The path coefficient analysis showed are the number of spick have a highly direct positive effected (1.339, 1.273 and 0.776) at the three planting rate respectively, as well as the total of effects (0.982, 1.095 and 0.965). The number of grain spick-1 gave highly positive indirect effects (1.365) among number of spick at 130 kg.ha-1

Effect of zinc foliar nutrition and irrigation periods on some growth parameters and productivity of corn (Zea mays L.)

Saaed A. F. Al-Mehemdi , Rassmi M. H. Al-Dolaymi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

Field experiment was carried out during two autumn seasons of 2013 and 2014 in Ramadi City/AL-Anbar province (first season experiment was applied in field at north of Ramadi and the second season experiment was applied in field at east of Ramadi) on corn plant (Zea mays) cv. 5018. Factorial experiment used according to RCBD design under split plot arrangement with three replicates. The experiment included studying effects of two factors: zinc foliar nutrition at concentrations 0, 40 and 80 mg.l-1 and irrigation periods at 5, 7 and 9 days and their interaction on growth and yield characters of corn plant. Results showed a significant effect of zinc concentration Zn2 (80mg. l-1) in traits of plant height, leaf area, average of grain number per cob, weight of 1000 grain and grains yield, of 227.44 and 219.33 cm, 6031 and 5170 cm2, 736.5 and 750.2 grain.cob-1, 239.87 and 218.06 g, 12.08 and 10.84 ton . ha-1,for each season, respectively. Furthermore, 5 days irrigation was most effective in above traits of 214.44 and 207.89 cm, 5196 and 4745 cm2 , 709.9 and 669.2 grain.cob-1, 219.59 and 207.39 g, 10.75 and 9.58 ton.ha-1. The results indicated that the interaction between Zn2 concentration (80mg.l-1) and 5 days irrigation was more effective in increasing studied growth and yield traits.

Equivalence and competition of maize [zea mayz (L.)] And mung bean [ vigna radiate (L.)] Intercropping

Abdullah M.S. Aldaheri

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

To investigate the performance of maize - mung bean intercropping using different seeding ratios (1:1 , 1:2 and 2:1) in the west of Iraq; a field experiment was conducted in spring and autumn seasons of 2013 using complete blocks design(RCBD) with three replicates, the equivalent and competition indicators were estimated. The result showed the following: the yield of total dry matter and grain yield of maize as individual were superior in comparison with intercropping with mung bean. The intercropping of maize and mung bean recorded a higher than 1 of land equivalent ratio (LER), seeding ratio 1:1 gave the higher (LER) of grain yield in the spring reached 1.10, while seeding rate 2:1 gave the higher (LER) of dry matter in the autumn (LER 1.08). Maize showed greater ability of Aggressively (A) in intercropping with mung bean compared with mung bean, where showed the positive values while the mung bean recorded negative values of (A) at the all seeding ratios, maiz gave the higher values of (A) reached 0.21 of dry matter at seeding ratio 1:1 in the spring season and 0.22 at 2:1 in the autumn. Maize also showed the most aggressivity of grain yield where gave 0.28 at seeding ratio 1:1 in the spring and 0.36 at seeding ratio of 1:2 in the autumn. It can be concluded that the relation between maize and mung bean is a competitive more than symbiosis under current experiment conditions.

The distribution of some medicinal plants in three zone of Western desert of Iraq

Mohamed O. Moussa , Mohammed A. alAni , Nawfal A

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

This study was carried out for the characterization and quantitative analysis 1 the types 2 medicinal value 3 plants medicinal valuable species in three zone within the Western desert in Iraq which located between longitude (40 ° 16'08.68 "E - 42 ° 15'50.68" E) and latitude (32 ° 58'39.50 "N - 34 ° 04'40.50" N), so the zone are Upper Haqlan wadi and depressed Ga`ara and Wadi Al Massad south Rutbah. With high above sea level ranged between (165-636m). Most of the natural plant derived in the study of water requirements areas of rainfall in the winter, as well as surficial water in these sites, which represents the influencing factor and the species of plant communities as well as the types of prevailing soils in the Iraqi western desert. Plant samples were collected from zones the three sites during 2012-2013 seasons using random squares of twenty repeater at each site modeling. Consequent plant with medicinal value species and classified on the basis of the Iraqi plant encyclopedia (flora of Iraq), with the assistance herprium in the College of Education Pure Sciences - Department of Biology Sciences University of Anbar data of height circumstances, dry weight for each spices, plant coverage , density and frequency. The results showed the presence of nine plant species with medicinal value of all the species that have been identified belonging to plant families of Boraginaceae, Labiatae, and Compositae, and Chenopodiaceae, Umbelliferae, and Plantaginaceae. With perennial species compared to annual. Quantitative analyses showed that the Labiatae specie, was dement, followed by all the families of the Compositae and Boraginaceae. Thus it covet inferred that re-seeding of their spices which had iterating economical and popular heritance, therefore it could be recommend to fine the patterns that conserve these species via establishment enclosures in these zones to conserve pheto- diversity and state the legislation to protein and development knees zone .further on it had to characterize the active constituents for these spices.

The influence of injecting Nourisher solution Nutreeno on the yield treats of two date palm varieties; Khistawi and Khyara.

R.M.H.AL-Dulaimy , E.N.S.AL-Jumailly

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

The study was conducted in Heet city/ Anbar, for the period for April to October 2014 to study the possibility of increasing the yield of the two date palm varieties-Khistawi and Khyara, by injecting Nourisher solution''Nutreeno'' indifferent concentrations (20, 40, 60, 80 mL.).The experiment was designed using R.C.B.D., and means were compared using less significant deference (L.S.D.) on probability level of 0.05, main results were surmised as follow: The two treatments; T1 andT3 were superior and showed the highest percentage of carbohydrates and total sugars by giving values reached 80.8% and 68.8% respectively, while control treatment gave value of 63.2%. treatment T3 was superior by giving the best values of the date weight and length raceme weight, cluster weight and the total yield per date palm tree where values reached 11.98 gm, 38.23mm ,158.75gm ,20.20kg.tree-1 and 161.64kg.tree-1 respectively, while the control treatment had the lowest values (7.24gm ,32.18mm ,107.00gm , 12.03kg.tree-1 and 96.27kg.tree-1) respectively for the above treats, The Khistawi Nariety is more responsible for injection than Khyara in fertile solution in yield and quality.

The Effect of Adding Orgainc fertilizer in the development & Production of Both Pomegranate

Rasmi Mohammed Hammad , Sura Ahmed Kufaiash

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

This study was conducted in Al-Anbar Province for the season of 2013, in Al-sofyya location, related to Al-Ramadi City near the Euphrates River, the study aims at studying the response of pomegranate trees of the both species "Saleemi" and "Wonderful" to different kinds of composts. Fifty-four trees of two-year old have been chosen from both species with replications planted with dimensions (4x4m). Two kinds of composts (horses and poultries) were used with three levels (0, 3, 6 kg.ltree-1) given the symbol (P0, P1, P2) for horses manure and (H0, H1, H2) for poultries manure. The composts were added on 171 mixed with soil with a depth of 30cm. Afactorial experiment was done (3x3x2) with three replications according to the Randomized Completed Block Design (R.C.B.D). The results have been as follows: 1-Difference in used cultivars did not show any significant impact on the stud ied traits except the fruit size which was the highest (156.3cm3) in Wonderful cultivar compared to the lowest fruit size (150.6cm3) shown by saleemi. 2-Appling both horses and poultry manures significantly affected all studied traits especiaiiy at the higher application level (6kg.lteer-1). 3-Using organic fertlilzer (horses and poulty manures) significantly reduced the nitrate concentration in both Wonderful and Saleemi which was 12.2 and 11.4 mgL-1 at H2 and P2 respectively compared to 15.5 and 14.4 mgL-1 recorded at no organic fertilizer applied (H0 an P0) respectively.

Anatomical study of epidermis of dicotyledonous wild species grown in Al-habania city

Ashwaq H.H.AL-Ragab , Deffaf A. A.S. Alabdelly ,

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

This study includes the characters the leaves epidermis of fourteen species of dicotyledon in Al- Habania city: Aizoon hispanicu, arvensis Arnebia decumbens, Aste, Cardaria draba, Chenopodium murale, Convolvulus arvensis, Euphorbia peplus, Gymnarrhena micrantha, Plantago lanceolata, Plantago ovate, Polygonum aviculare, Silybum marianum ,Sisymbrium irio Ad axial and abaxial epidermis of prior species were studied, Wherefrom shape of epidermis cells and the tangential wall the most of adaial was undulating, from abxial epidermis cells were slightly undulating. Kind stomata measured with micrometer, Wherefrom stomata was difference in dimension the abxial epidermis the higher length of stomatal was 29 ?m in Chenopodium murale, and the lower length in Aster sublutus was 18 ?m. and the width the height was 99 ?m in Silybium maranium , and the lower was 19 ?m in Gymnarrhena micrantha. The study was recorded between (11 in Gymnarrhena micrantha- and 24 in Euphorbia peplus)

Effect of some nutrients in Olive seedlings growth that grown in desert lands

Ahmed. F. Z. Al-Dulaimy , Shahbal A. Z. Al-Marsoo

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

A study was conducted in one of the olive orchard at Al-Forat governorate in Heet city of Al-anbar province during the season 2014 to investigate the effect ofapplying the industrial chicken manure the Orgevit (P) and spraying the Reef PlantCare (V) on some vegetative growth traits of olive seedlings Ashrasi cultivar. Thirty sex identical seedlings as possible were chosen at age of two years with interspace of 6x6 m. The Orgevit was applied in the middle of March, while the Reef PlantCare was at monthly intervals, starting from the 1st of April to October the 1st . A factorial experiment was carried out in R.C.B.D. design (3×4) included 12 treatments repeated three times, using one tree for each experimental unit, The first factor (Orgevit) was used in three levels ( 0 , 0.5 and 1 kg.seedling-1 ), whereas the second factor was spraying with the Reef PlantCare in four levels (0 , 1 , 1.5 and 2 ml.l-1 ) . The results showed the Orgevit manure was significantly affected in growth of olive seedlings Ashrasi cultivar, especially the highest level used (P2) which showed the best values for all the studied traits (average of high increment, average of branches number increment, average of a new branches length, average of leaves number increment and branches dry matter percentage) which reached (11.7 cm, 11.83 branch.seedling-1 , 13.5 cm, 56.4 leaf.seedling-1 and 67.29%) respectively, only the average increment of stem diameter didn't show any significant difference. Treatment of spraying Reef PlantCare at the highest level (V3) was the best by giving the highest significant effect for the two traits (average of branches number increment and branches dry matter percentage) that reached 11.00 branch.seeedling-1 and 65.03%, respectively. Treatment V2 was came after and showed significant effect on traits (average of high increment, average of a new branches length and average of leaves number increment) that reached 11.8 cm, 13.4 cm and 54.7 leaf.seeedling-1, respectively. The interaction combinations gave a significant level for the all studied traits, the highest effects for most traits was for the interaction treatment P2V2

The spraying with some nutrients onPotatoPlantsSolanum tuberosum L.cv. Burren and its effect in growth and production

Omar H. M. AL-muhamadi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

The field experiment was conducted in Anbar governorate /Fallujah city 60 kmwestern of Baghdad onEuphratesriver bank 20th of Januaryduring thespring seasons from 2013 and 2014 Potato tubers of Burren CV. (class Elite) were planted for tow above seasons and the experiment was conducted depending on Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and the results were tested depending on the lest significant differenceL.S.D on probability level 5%. The chemical fertilizer treatment T14 (400.120.240)(NPK) recorded a high fresh weight in both of season to 53.96 gm and the potassium treatment T10 250 m.l-1increase the plant hight up to 60.03 cm for (gm) first season 53.96(gm), while the CK treatment 10 m.l-1T9 effect in vegetative growth characters like number of stems per plant and leave area (cm) 2 for plant in both seasons which reached to 4.30 stem/plant and 11327 cm2 and 4.50 stem/plant and 12073 cm2 respectively. The salicylic acid treatment 250 m.l-1T7 showed a high chlorophyll ratio in leaves for two seasons to (52.73 and 54.83 SPAD-UNIT).Respectively. The CK treatment T9 10 m.l-1 and Amino Acid treatment T13 500 m.l-1given a high ranges of tuber numbers were recorded9.30 and 9.50 tuber/plant for both seasons respectively, while the Amino Acids treatment T12 250 m.l-1 gave a high average in tuber weight and plant yield for the first season were reached 166.90 gm and 1050 km per plant, the salicylic acid treatment T7 250 m.l-1gave high average of marketable yield for both season to 31.55 and 32.42 ton/harespectively and the Amino Acids treatment T12250 m.l-1 gave high average of total yield was reached 46.95 ton/ha for the first season.

Field studing of the biology of date dust mite Oligonychus afrasiaticus

Sabah Ibrahim Hammadi , Mohannad Hamid Jasim

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

The date dust mite Oligonychus afrasiaticus (McGregor) is one of the main pest that infest date trees in Iraq and cause great quantity and quality losses in dates production if the pest is not controlled.The research delt with the studing of the population density of date dust mite during April – December of the year ( 2013) besides the biology of this mite in the field. The study revealed that the appearing of this mite was in the begining of April (2013) when hibernated females ( deutogyne ) were appaered , then the population of this might start to increase gradually to reach its peak in middle August , this increasing was synchronized with the gradual temperature increase and with the decreasing of relative humidity , after that the population density of this might begin to decrease when the temperature start in decreasing to reach lowest level in the month December and developed to the females (deutogyne ) in January . The biological study results on the date leaves, green date fruits (Alkhalal alakhther) and yellow date fruits (Alkhalal alasfar) revealed significant differences between instar grow means of females and males. Significant differences are also appeared between longevity of the females and males , which was longer in females compared with males on the green fruits and yellow fruits ( 14.7 , 11.75) day and (12.81, 11.5 ) day respectively. The results revealed also that is the fecundity of females which grew on green date fruits and yellow date fruits are ( 19 , 28.25 ) egg respectively during their longevity , the preoviposition period of females on the green date fruits and yellow date fruits were ( 1.54 . 0.65 ) day respectively.

Detection of entomopathogenic nematodes in agricultural solis in Iraq

H.M.Saleh

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:13 Issue:1

Fourty-six different soil samples were collected from different geographic spaces at Baghdad , Babylon, AL-Anbar, Wast and Dylai govermorates to detectionn entomopathogenic ematodes by using of late larvae stages of greater wax moth. Results revealed that entomopathogenic nematode ,Steinernema spp.isolated from samples ;Wohda project(2)at Baghdad, Sadat AL-Hendia (2)at Babylon, AL-Lug (4)at Wast and AL-Obedi (1) at AL-Anbar while Heterorhabditis spp. isolated from samples Baguba (1) at Dylai and Tuwaiitha (3) at Baghdad .Laboratory study was conducted to evaluate efficiency of entomopathogenic nematode, 4 isolates of Steinernema spp. and two isolates Heterorhabditis spp. using concentrations of 0.0, 25, 50 infective nematode juvenile /5 larvaes of stem corn borer under laboratery conditions .Results obtained showed that all nematode concentrations used were efficient in infecting and causing high mortality of larvaes of stem corn borer. When used concentration 50 infective nematode juvenile of Heterorhabditis spp. caused the highest mortality (100%) after 2-3 days of treatment .