2019, Volume:17 Issue:2


ASSESSMENT OF PERFORMANCE AND HYBRID VIGOUR AND ESTIMATION OF GENETIC PARAMETERS IN F1 HYBRIDS OF GYNOECIOUS CUCUMBER

S. S. Al-Samariee , H. A. Al-Zobaee

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:2

A field trial was conducted in spring season 2015 on cucumber in plastic house in Abu_Gharib region, to study combining ability and gene action in F1 hybrids of domestical evaluation cucumber. We put five lines in full diallel cross, then conducted the trial which included Geno types (lines and their hybrids) with the importer hybrid (saif) to comparison some vegetative and yield characters. Results showed that diallel hybrids 1x3 and 1x4 and reciprocal hybrid 4x1 were significant for rate of many characters like number of total female flowers, number of clusters per plant, stem diameter, number of fruits and yield per plant, the number of total female flowers was 99.48, 90.35 and 85.77 Sequentially, the number of fruits was 54.31, 48.00 and 42.87 Sequentially. The best general and specific combining ability between the lines 1,3 and 4 which their hybrids 1x3 and 1x4 give higher mean for yield of plant 4.28 and 3.84 Kg. plant-1 Sequentially, and they superior than the importer hybrid (saif). Gene action was nonadditive for characters like yield per plant , fruit set, number of fruits , number of flower clusters, for plant high rate was additive and non-additive type the gene action was additive and nonadditive type for characters of percentage plant height .the percentage of heritability was high for all characters .so we recommend to used them for local propagation to compensation some Iraqi need of seeds.

STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF REFRIGERATED STORAGE OF CHICKEN CARCASSES COATED WITH EDIBLE AND DOMESTICALLY PROCESSED KERATIN CHICKEN FEATHERS IN THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF MEAT CUTTINGS

A. A. AL- Azzami* , Z. M. AL-Dhanki

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:2

This study aimed to determine the efficacy of coating three broiler chicken pieces (breast, thigh and drumsticks) with locally made edible biofilms chemical composition. The coat was made from keratin isolated from broiler chicken feathers. The samples then were stored at three different period of times. A total of 35 meat broths were used at the age of marketing and after extracting the pieces, distributed to nine treatments in a laboratory experiment consisting of two factors: storage for periods 0, 7 and 14 days and packing with keratin (2.5 and 5 gm). The first three were not stored and were unpackaged and wrapped in an edible package containing 2.5 g (T1, T2 and T3) respectively, and the following three treatments were stored for 7 days in a manner similar to the first three treatments (T4, T5 and T6), respectively, and the last three treatments were stored and stored for 14 days Same as previous transactions (T7, T8 and T9), on Respectively. The results of the study showed the chemical analysis of the meat in the percentage of protein, fat and ash in the plots in storage alone. All the segments (breast, thigh and drum stick) significantly increased on day 14 of storage and showed a significant decrease in all non-stocked herds in the calculation of the packaging effect alone, there were no significant differences in all segments (chest, thigh, and drum stick), which were not coated and also coated in the protein ratio. When calculating the overlap between storage and packaging, there was a significant increase in the fat and ash ratio in the treatments (non-coated and stored for 14 days) All the products are coated and stored, regardless of the storage period and the amount of protein used in the packaging. This increase is due to the loss of moisture in the non-coated parts and the increase of the solids. The storage and packaging process also have a role in influencing the humidity. M stages of storage, due to increased moisture loss from meat cuttings while packing to maintain moisture content because of Reservation properties owned by the wrappings to reduce moisture loss in the proportion of working

FFECT OF MOLYBDENUM ON SOME GROWTH AND YIELD CHARACTERISTICS OF MUNG BEAN (VIGNA RADIATE L.) UNDER WATER STRESS CONDITIONS

N. J. Hayyawi and M. H. Al-Issaw*

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:2

Under the effect of water stress, biological and physiological processes can be decreased and followed by a reduction in growth and production of crops. Molybdenum plays important role in abiotic stress tolerance as well as support the growth and production of mung bean. For this purpose, a field experiment was conducted where Mo was used in four concentrations (0,15, 30, 45 mg L-1) as seed soaking and foliar application on mung bean growing under three irrigation intervals (irrigation each 4, 8 and 12 days), a split plots arrangement in RCBD was used where the irrigation intervals occupied the main plots while Mo concentration randomly laid in sub plots. The important results of the current study were that Mo (e.g. 45 mg L-1) gave the highest leaf area (1435.34 cm plant-1), and Mo at 15 mg L-1 gave the highest mean of plant dry weight (223.00 g plant-1) as for the yield components, the concentration 30 mg L-1 gave the highest mean of number of pods per plant (45.28 pod plant-1) while the concentration 15 mg L-1 achieved the highest mean of number of seed per pod (7.49 seed pod-1). The combination treatment of 45 mg L-1 and irrigation each 4 days led to obtain the highest mean of growth characteristics as well as yield traits with exception of weight of seed as it got higher mean when plants were treated with 45 mg L-1 and irrigated each 8 days (4.50 g). It can be concluded from the current study that diverging irrigation intervals causes a great reduction in field performance of mung bean while the application of Mo enhanced some of the growth and yield traits. It can be recommended to use this element at different concentrations in order to improve growth and yield of different field crops.

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION AND GENETIC PARAMETERS IN SOME CHARACTERISTICS F1 HYBRID OF EGGPLANT UNDER PROTECTIVE CULTIVATION

A. H. Farhan* and H. A. Adaee

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:2

Two field experiments were carried out in the Department of Horticulture and landscape design - College of Agriculture - Al-Anbar University for the seasons 12-01-2018 and 10-08-2018, five locally pure lines of eggplant were planted in the first season (PH-1001, P2 K-1004, P3-A -1006, P4- N-1007, P5- A-1011) is introduced into a full-fledged full-flip counter to produce 20 reciprocal and reverse hybrids. The seeds of the fathers and their hybrids were sown with the comparative hybrid Barcelona, a Spanish hybrid in the same location in the season 2018-2019 and the RCBD and full three replicates (ie, each plastic house was a duplicate of 3 houses each house area of 150 m 2, to study the evaluation of parents and hybrids and estimate some landmarks Genotype and type of gene action Parents (P1, P2, P4) showed a clear and complex effect for most studied traits, giving an average yield (2684.67, 3245.33 and 2898.67 gm). Plant-1 and Reverse Hybrid (2x1) 4932.00 g-Plant-1w .Edit weight of the fruit, reaching 173.10 gm fruit -1 and 188.11 gm fruit -1 of the above-mentioned hybrids sequentially. The reverse hybrid (2x1) showed the highest hybrid vigor per plant yield 51.97%. The results showed that significant differences were found for the mean GCA, SCA and RCA squares for most studied traits. father 2 showed the best positive effect of the GCA to plant yield and number of fruits. The hybrid crossover (1x2) showed the effect of the SCA in plant yield 1411.5. Non-incremental genetic variance values were higher than the additional variance values for most studied traits, including outcome. The inheritance rate in the broad sense was high in most studied traits, while the narrow inheritance rate was low in most studied traits, which was reflected in the average degree of sovereignty, which was greater than one for most studied traits, so we conclude that the advantage of superior parents in breeding programs to produce superior hybrids A distinctive outcome because it was under the influence of the sovereign act of the gene.

EFFECT OF THE GROWTH REGULATOR IBA AND AGRICULTURAL MEDIA IN PROPAGATE OF HIBISCUS ROSA - SINENSIS L. BY STEM CUTTINGS

H. H. Al-Ali and A. H. Hamad*

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:2

This experiment was carried out in the green house of Department of Horticulture and Landscape Gardening, College of Agriculture, University of Anbar for the period from 1/3/2018 to 1/11/2018 to study the effect of growth regulator (IBA) at the concentrations 0, 1500, 3000 and 4500 mg. L-1 and the agricultural media of sand, sand + peatmoss 2:1 and sand + poultry litter 3% propagate cuttings of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. by using hard wood stem cuttings, the experiment was laid cut in Complete randomized design (4x3). It included 12 experimental units with three replicates of 20 cuttings in each experimental unit, means were compared using L.S.D test at 5% probability. The results showed that immersion cuttings in IBA achieved a significant increase in rooting ratios and a superior concentration of 4500 mg. L-1, giving the highest rooting rate of 90.00%, while control treatment recorded the lowest rate of 36.67%. Furthermore 4500 mg. L-1 recorded significant increases for all characteristics including: length of the longest root, and root dry weight, number and diameter of branches, vegetative dry weight parts, total chlorophyll in leaves, and content of branches of carbohydrates and nitrogen, and ratio C/N Reached, 43.89 cm. root-1, 38.98 g.root-1, 2.96 branch. Transplant-1, 5.99 mm.branch-1, 45.07 g.plant-1, 100.99 mg.100g-1 fresh weight, 12.41%, 1.88%, 6.61%, respectively. While, the control treatment gave the lowest value of 27.67 cm.root-1, 9.44 g.root-1, 1.81 branch. Transplant-1, 4.01 mm.branch-1, 60.19 cm. Transplant-1, 10.05 g.plant-1, 69.13 mg.100g-1 fresh weight, 11.83%, 1.85%, and 6.41%, respectively. The treatment of the agricultural media (sand + poultry litter 3%) have a significant effect in all the characters compared to the other media (46.17 cm.root-1, 44.26 g.root-1, 3.47 branch. plant-1, 8.36 mm. branch-1, 51.59 g.plant-1, 143.40 mg.100 g-1 fresh weight, 12.79%, 1.89%, and 6.76%) respectively. But, the control treatment gave lowest values of, 26.17 cm.root-1, 11.34 g.root-1, 1.56 branch. Transplant-1, 3.41 mm.branch-1, 12.61 g.plant-1, 53.89 mg.100 g-1 fresh weight, 11.61%, 1.83% and 6.34%, respectively. The interaction showed significantly affected the root and vegetative characters of plants after six months of cultivation. The interaction between of IBA concentration (4500 mg-1) and media (sand + poultry litter 3%) significantly exceeded the other treatments by giving the highest rates of the previous studied characters.

INFLUENCE DEFICIT IRRIGATION AT TECHNIQUE OF SURFACE AND SUBSURFACE DRIP ACCORDING PRD ON: 1 - SOME WATER STANDARDS FOR POTATO CROP (TYPE DEZRY)

A.I. Al-Abaied , E.K. Al-Hadethi , J.S.Al-Esawi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:2

A field experiment was applied on clay loamy soil which was classified as typic torrifluvents to study effect of deficit irrigation at technique of surface and subsurface drip irrigation with partial root zone dry (PRD) on irrigation and water use efficiency and determination of Water consumption, As well as to know the heterogeneity of soil moisture content at growth stages. The experiment is designed according to the randomized complete block design, the experiment included 16 treatment, each treatment represented a block, each block included three replicates, program of used statistical analysis. the stages of crop growth were divided into four stages. the study showed that the best water use efficiency was in PRD reaching 2.50 kg m-3,while in surface drip irrigation treatments the comparison was 2.10kg m-3, the highest irrigation efficiency in PRD was also at 94 %, while the lowest value in surface drip irrigation was 89%, it was also found that the highest value of the mean weight diameter was in the PRD treatments at 4.07 mm, while surface drip irrigation was 3.72 mm. The lowest water consumption in the PRD method was 300 mm, while the surface drip irrigation was 400mm ,for treatment that have not been subjected to any moisture stress at all stages of growth in both manners.

THE EFFECT OF THE WIND EROSION IN CONTRAST THE DEPTH OF THE SOIL AND SOME OF THEIR CHEMICAL PROPERTIES IN THE EAST RAZAZAH

A. M. Raja* , A. H. Al-Bayati

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:2

The study aims to study the effect of wind erosion and wind speed in changing the depth and some of the Chemical properties in the East of Razazah. A strip transeet of 40km long and 3km wide was selected. Three modelling sites were set on dimension 10,25 and 40 along the transset points1, 2 and3 Respectively. The result showed an increase in the depth of the soil at site 3by 7.7% compared to site 1and that the values of the reaction levels for the chain of the studies series were distributed within the range (7.3-7.5). The electrical conductivity values ranged from (2.45-3.43). The values of the exchange capacity of the cations were between (5.2-15.9 cent. Mol, Kg-1). The gypsum content is distributed in the area's soil with a range of (159.1-227.1gm kg-1). The carbonate equivalent showed a difference in the horizontal and vertical distribution in studies breeding isolates and the soil content of the component was distributed with range of (87.0-143.0 gm kg-1).

EFFECT OF HUMIC ACID and POTASSIUM FERTILIZER IN THE SALT RESISTANCE OF PEPPER CPSICUM ANNUUM L

K. Y. Al-kubissi and Y. K. Al-Hadethi*

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:2

A field study was carried out during the spring season of 2018 in the fields of the Faculty of Agriculture- University of Anbar to evaluate the effects study of the interaction between humic acid and potash fertilizer in raising the resistance of peppers to salinity. The factorial experiment with three replicates was carried out with three factors. The first factor of irrigation water salinity at four levels was (2, 4, 6 and 8) ds m-1. and the second factor was the humic acid levels (0, 25 and 50) kg ha-1 and the third factor is the Potassium fertilizer at the levels of 0, 75 and 150 kg k2o ha1. And carried out by following the design of the complete random sectors and three replicates were transferred seedlings to the field according to the experimental factors after development in the dishes of cork and after germination were watering fresh water for 20 days. After five leaves, all seedlings were irrigated with saline water. 2 ds m-1 for 15 days after it was irrigated with saline water 2, 4, 6 and 8 ds m-1. for 15 days and then transferred to the field according to the experimental parameters. The most significant results obtained from the experiment can be summed up above the treatment of air conditioning at saline level 6 ds m-1 in plant height with 80.63 cm and The most significant results obtained from the experiment can be summed up above the treatment of air conditioning at saline level 2 ds m-1 in yield per plant 7.10 kg.plant-1. The results showed an decrease in plant height and yield per plant by increasing the salinity of irrigation water by 8 ds m-1 for dry weight and the increase in the addition of humic acid and potassium fertilizer. The results showed an increase in nitrogen concentration and potassium and decrease of phosphorus by increasing the salinity and increase of irrigation water and increase (N. P. K) when adding HA and K.

ROLE OF PHOSPHOGYPSUM AND HUMIC ACIDS IN THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF BARLEY AND GRAIN CONTENT OF N P K IN SALINE SOIL

Z. S. Al-Alwani* and A. A. Al-Hadethi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:2

To study the effect of phosphogypsum and humic acids in the growth and yield of barley in saline soil. A field experiment was conducted in calcareous soil (Saline - Sodic), her salinity before addition of the study factors was 73.78 dS m-1. After plowing, smoothing and leveling, the field is divided into three replicates according to the design (RCBD), where each replicate included 16 experimental units (plot) with an area of 3.0 m2, four levels of phosphogypsum 0, 5, 10 and 15 tons ha-1 with symples PG0,PG1, PG2 and PG3 respectively, and four levels of humic acids 0, 50, 100 and 150 kg ha-1 with symples HA0, HA1, HA2 and HA3 respectively, were added and mixed with the surface layer 0-15 cm for each plot at random. After the addition was carried out the leaching process of soil by adding leaching water equivalent to twice the size of soil pores to a depth of 0-30 cm, then the values of ECe and ESP reached a depth of 0-30 cm at a rate of 17.71 dS m-1 and 8.02 % sequentially, the seeds of barley were planted in lines. After harvest, the height of the plant, the straw yield, the grain yield per hectare, and the nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium content were measured. The results showed a significant increase in all the traits of growth and production of barley plants by increasing the level of addition, whether of phosphogypsum or humic acids, the interaction between phosphogypsum and humic acids gave a highest increase in the growth and yield characteristics. As the treatment PG3HA3 was given the highest rate of plant height, straw yield and grain yield per hectar, 100.32%, 183.55% and 99.10% sequentially relative to the non-additive treatment. The grain content of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium was significantly increased by increasing the level of addition, whether of phosphogypsum or humic acids, the interaction between phosphogypsum and humic acids showed the highest increase in grain content of the three elements. As the treatment PG3HA3 was given the highest concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium with an increase of 169.62%, 69.52% and 112.81% sequentially relative to the non-additive treatment.

VARIABILITY OF SOIL PROPERTIES AND SOME SPECTRAL INDICATORS AND THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THEM BY PEDOSTATISTICS WITHIN AL- MAIMOUNA PROJECT. MAYSAN GOVERNORATE/IRAQ

A. S. Al-Tekreeti* and S. M. Al-Juraisy

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:2

AL-Mimouna project is located within the boundaries of Maysan Governorate between the latitude 46 ° 45 '00 "- 47? 00' 00" and Attitude 31 ° 30' 00" - 31 ° 45 '00". The project area is about 54460 hectares2. The research aimed to study the variation in soil characteristics using pedagogical statistics instead of methods (Mean. coefficient of variation. correlation coefficient) and infraclass correlation within Classes the varieties ri using the variance analysis table as well as the study of some spatial evidences such as the Normalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Salinity Index (SI0) using the Operational Land Imager (OLI) sensor. Seven taxonomic units were selected at the sub-group level and forty-nine field sites were studies. The results indicated the dominance of the physiographic units of. depressions and marshes unit which accounted for more than 80% of the study area the fine texture SiC, SiL, SiCL, Gypsic Haplosalids were characterized by high rates of sand. salinity and ESP at 23.42, 72.62 and 35.09 respectively. Vertic torrifluents were characterized by a low sand rate of as was mentioned before 2.68 and a high clay rate of 42.46. The values of the density were very heterogeneous with high values at a average of 1.47 Gypsum was highest in Gypsic Aqusalids followed by gypsic Haplosalids at 3.67 and 3.57 respectively. The NDVI values were low and ranged from 0.07 to 0.13. with a high correlation and a negative correlation with soil salinity and soil salinity index SI0 and with correlation coefficient -0.375 and -0.379. respectively. The SI salinity index was consistent with increased salinity. calcification and reverse with increased organic matter and NDVI index. The intraclass correlation of ri gypsum and the organic matter were 0.93 each. Followed by the Sodium with a intraclass correlation of 0.92 ri. Followed by salinity, soil pH and cationic exchange capacity and porosity were 0.91, 0.84, 0.79, 0.79 respectively. The properties Calcium Carbonate, Clay and Bulk density, were significantly correlated. With a correlation coefficient of 0.74, 0.73, 0.71 respectively, While the rest were insignificant.

EFFECT OF POULTRY MANURES AND WATER STRESS ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF POTATOES SOLANUM TUBEROSUM L. IN GYPSIFEROUS AND SANDY SOIL

B. H. AlKhateb* and L. I. Mahdi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:2

A pot experiment was conducted in the fall season of 2017 in Falluja – Anbar Province to study the effect of poultry manure and water stress on growth and yield of potatoes in gypsiferous (Loam) and sandy soil (Loamy sand). Poultry manure was added to soils in two levels (0 and 2 %) , and irrigation was done after depletion of 40% and 60% of the available water. Traits like plant height, leaf area, root mass and total yield and water use efficiency was measured.Values of plant growth were superior for in gypsiferous soil compared to them in sandy soil where highest value of plant height reached 87 cm and leaf area reached value of 69 cm2 plant-1, while root mass value was superior for plants in sandy soil 13.2 gm plant-1 compared to gypsum soil 9.5 gm plant-1.Poultry manures caused a significant increase of growth traits of potato where plant height increased by 44.44 %, leaf area increased by 28.46% , while root mass decreased by 33% in gypsiferous soil .Growth traits values significantly reduced at irrigation at moisture depletion of 60% compared to the irrigation at 40% depletion . Total yield of potato was 34.010 ton ha-1 in sandy soil and 28.020 ton ha-1 in gypsiferous soil, application poultry manures increased total yield significantly as the increasing percentage reached 20.7% in sandy soil and 30.0% in gypsiferous soil. Total yield values decreased as moisture depletion increased from 40% to 60% with reduction percent of 28.8% in sandy soil and 25.7% in gypsiferous soil. Sandy soil had the best water use efficiency reached 21.950 kg m-3 compared to 21.273 kg m-3 in gypsiferous soil .

DETECTION OF SEASONAL COMPOSITION AND DETERMINATION OF THE SHAPE OF THE TIME SERIES OF THE MONTHLY PRICES OF THE CUCUMBER CROP IN BAGHDAD PROVINCE FOR THE PERIOD (2010-2015) AND FORECASTING USING THE SEASONAL TIME SERIES (SARIMA)

R. K. Al-Ani and A. D. Al-Alhiyali*

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:2

The research aims to detect the seasonal phenomenon of the monthly prices of the cucumber crop in Baghdad City and for the period (January 2010 - December 2015), as well as the determined of the time series of the monthly prices of the cucumber crop follow the additive or multiplicative model. The research concluded that the monthly prices of cucumber crop contain a seasonal composition(seasonal variations), this confirms the nature of the pattern that the cucumber crop has been affected by the season to a large extent. The research concluded that there was a rise in the prices of the cucumber crop during certain months of the year. This is confirmed by the results of the research, which will be reflected in one way or another on lower prices in the months of high sales according to the law of supply and demand. Seasonal time series and autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) models were used. The results showed that the appropriate and efficient model for representing the time series data for the monthly prices of the cucumber crop is the SARIMA double seasonal model (2.1.1) (0.1,1) 12. According to the estimation results of this model, the monthly prices of the cucumber crop were predicted at (60) observations and for the period (January 2016-December 2020). The results were consistent with those in the original time series. The research recommended the necessity of preventing import at peak time and the need to work on the development of laws and legislation to protect the local agricultural products from the importer as well as the imposition of taxes and customs duties on imported products and not to allow entry into Iraq in the peak season of production.

CHARACTERISTICS EVALUTION OF FIELD EMERGENCE IN PRIMED SEED OF SORGHUM VARAITIES SALT STRESS CONDITIONS

M O. Shihab , J H. Hamza*

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:2

An experiment conducted in pots under field conditions in the fall seasons of 2017 and 2018 at the College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Baghdad, to improve the field emergence in sorghum, in which three factors were studied. 1st factor was the variety (three varieties: Inqath, Rabeh and Buhoth70). 2nd factor was priming treatment (unprimed seed and primed seed soaked for 12 hours in a solution containing 300 + 70 ml L-1 of gibberellic and salicylic acids, respectively). 3rd factor was saline stress (tap water as control (1.26), 6, 9 and 12 dS m-1). RCBD design was used with four replicates. The results showed that Buhoth70 cultivar exceeded the others; also the primed seed exceeded the unprimed seed in the traits of the first and final count of emergence, daily emergence rate, emergence energy, emergence rate index and emergence index in both seasons. The control treatment was superior in the above traits, while the values of these traits decreased as the saline increased, and no emergence accrued at the highest concentration (12 dS m-1) in both seasons. The cultivars varied in their ability to withstand salt stress at the same stress level, and that the seed priming treatment has improved their performance to withstand salt stress compared to the unprimed in both seasons. It can conclude that there is a role for genotype and seed priming in improving seedling performance to tolerate salt stress.