2019, Volume:17 Issue:1


DETERMINATION HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY FOR TRAITS YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS IN THE FABA BEAN (VICIA FABA L.)

M. R. Azzam ,M. O. Al-obaidi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:1

Study was conducted genotypes of faba bean half diallel crosses were done in winter season 2016. All genotypes (parents and hybrids) were planted in winter season 2017, in one of the agricultural fields in the Al-Sufiya region at latitude 33.28? north and longitude 43.33? east of Anbar province, using R.C.B.D. design with three replicates. Studied traits were pod length, number of pods per plant ,number of seeds per pod, seeds100 weight and seed yield. Results showed significant differences between the mean of parents and the mean of their hybrids for all studied traits. The parent (Spanish) was superior and had the highest mean of the pod length 16.610 cm, number of pod plant 15.493 pod plant-1, number of seeds pod 5.873 seed pod-1 and seed yield 124.110 g plant-1. While the parent (Dutch) recorded the highest mean for trait seed100bweight reached 142.580g. As for the means of the hybrids, hybrids (Spanish×Dutch) showed the highest mean significant for traits the pod length 24.120 cm, number of pod plant 20.420 pod plant-1 and the seed yield 212.330 g.plant-1. While the hybrid (Iraqi×Italian) gave the highest significant mean of the number of seeds pod 6.267 seed pod-1 and non-significantly from the hybrid (Spanish×Dutch). Hybrids (Iraqi×Turkish) showed the highest mean for trait seeds100 weight 176.340 g. Hybrid (Turkish×American) was superior and had the highest value of heterosis in number of pods plant 39.560%. While hybrid (Iraqi×Italian) recorded the highest value of the heterosis number of seeds pod reached 69.83% , The highest value of the heterosis in two trait seed100 weighed and seed yield was by the hybrid (Iraqi×Turkish) gave 30.820% and 78.238% sequentially. And that the variance components of the general ability to the specific ability components were less than one for all traits. This indicates the type of gene action for dominance genes in the control of the heritability of these traits.

EFFECT OF PLANT DENSITY AND FOLIAR APPLICATION WITH THYMINE IN GROWTH, YIELD AND ITS QUALITY OF FOUR BROAD BEAN GENOTYPES

A. M. Halil , A. M. Ali

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:1

A field experiment was conducted in one of the agricultural fields in the area of Zouayt, Sityih, Ramadi, Anbar province during the winter seasons of 2017 and 2018. The region of growth traits in some genotypes deferent for faba bean. According to split-split plot design in (R.C.B.D) with three replicates was used , where The study included four concentrations of thiamine (0, 50, 100 and 150) mg L-1 While the included two plant densities (25 and 35 cm). The transactions under secondary included four genotypes of the faba bean (American, Turkish, Netherlands and Italian). The results showed a clear effect of the spray treatments in the concentrations of thiamine in most of the studied traits. As for the genotypes, the American genotype gave the highest mean of most growth, yield and quality characteristics such as crop growth rate 8.51 g.m-2 .day-1 for second season, leave area, relative growth rate, seed yield and carbohydrates ratio (3949 , 4389 cm2 and 0.034, 0.019 g m-2 day -1 and 3.48, 2.62 tan ha. and 58.36, 57.62%) both two season respectively. As for plant densities, plant densities (25 cm) were higher in most studied traits such as crop growth rate 7.08 g m-2 day-1, for second season. relative growth rate, seed yield and carbohydrates ratio (0.033, 0.019 g m-2 day-1 and 2.93, 2.62 tan ha and 57.74, 56.87%) both season respectively. While a concentration of 50 mg L-1 the highest average seed yield 2.56 tan ha. for second season, number of branches and carbohydrates ratio (6.56, 6.92 branch plant and 58.54, 57.42%) both season respectively. The genotype American and plant density low showed the highest mean for study traits such as leave area 3984 and 3461 cm2 for two season respectively and carbohydrates ratio 57.62% for second season. Interaction between genotype and thymine concentrations genotype American whine interaction with concentration 50 ml L record average high in trait leave area, relative growth rate and carbohydrates ratio (4338, 4833 cm2 and 0.039, 0.021) g m-2 day-1 and 59.50, 58.35 %) both two season respectively. While plant density high with control treatment (concentration 0) average high for trait crop growth rate 7.48 g m-2 day-1 for second season and seed yield 3.25 and 2.92 tan ha. two season respectively.

SOME GENETIC PARAMETERS, HERITABILITY AND GENETIC RESULTANT AS AFFECTED BY GENOTYPES AND POPULATIONS IN SUNFLOWER.

W. A. Hassan

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:1

To know the genetic variations for some sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) traits under the influence of three plant population (40000, 50000 and 60000 plants.ha-1) to tow varieties (oil and non-oil) of sunflower. The experiments were conducted during spring and fall seasons of 2013, using split plot experiment within RCBD. The plant spaces between the furrows 90 cm and within furrows 27.8, 22.2 and 18.5 cm, which variable due to plant population. The results showed superiority of Shomous cultivar in plant yield 39% and 21% for spring and fall season. According to superiority in plant height , leaf area, number of leaves (fall season), days to physiological mature (spring season) and its delay of 95% flowering which increase the seed fulling period. The genetic resultant for Shomous was 108.14% (in spring) and 98.11% (fall), its higher than Aqmar. The phenotypic stability for two cultivars were higher for two season, except leaf area in fall its less than 85% accepted limit for homeostasis. All traits were genetic control and less affected by environment effect, The genetic variance values contributed from phenotypic variance by 92.6%, 94.7%, 81%, 98%, 85%, 94%, and 93.6% for all traits respectively, as well, all genetic coefficient variance were closed from phenotypic coefficient variance. Thus, heritability percentage were higher, it range from 83% to 98%. It conclude that the improvement of two cultivars can be simple and speedy.

EFFECT OF FOLIAR APPLICATION WITH SOME AMINO ACIDS CONCENTRATION IN GRAIN FILLING PERIOD AND YIELD AND ITS QUALITY OF THREE WHEAT CULTIVARS (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.)

N. M. Abood , H. A. Ajaj , I. H. Hamidi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:1

A field experiment was carried out in the experimental field of Department of field crops- Agriculture College-University Of Anbar (Abu-Ghariab) during the two winter seasons of 2015/2016 and 2016/2017, to study the effect of cultivars and foliar application of amino acids at different concentrations in yield and quality of wheat crop. Randomized complete block design (R.C.B.D) was used with the arrangement of split-split plots with three replications. The main plots were occupied with amino acids (Tryptophan, Arginine and Tyrosine), while the sub-plots were occupied with amino acids concentrations (0, 100 and 200 mg L-1) and the sub-sub-plots were occupied with genotypes (Al-Rasheed, Tamooz-2 and Abu-Gharaib-3). Results of this study showed superiority of Al-Rasheed cultivars in period of grain filling (28.46 and 32.52 days) highest yield (6.32 and 7.09 ton ha-1), highest percentage of protein (13.81 and 14.41%), moist gluten ratio (36.27 and 38.21%) and carbohydrates percentage (70.42 and 68.62%) for both seasons respectively. As for amino acids concentrations, they significantly affected in studied traits and for both seasons. The concentration of 200 mg L-1 was superior with highest mean of protein percentage (13.86 and 14.49%) moist gluten and carbohydrates (71.00 and 69.20%) in both seasons respectively. Amino acids were varied significantly in The number of days of 100% flowering to physiological maturity, seed yield, protein percentage, moist gluten, carbohydrates, and amino acids content in seeds. Foliar application with Tyrosine gave highest mean of seed yield in both seasons (5.92 and 6.83 ton ha-1) and highest mean of gluten percentage in seed in first season (34.86%).

EFFECT OF INTERCROPPING SYSTEMS OF ( MAIZE AND MANGBEAN) ON GROWTH, YIELD AND ITS COMPONENTS OF MUNG BEAN CROP

N. A. Sabri , M. A. Abed

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:1

A field experiment was conducted in (juwaba) Arural area of Ramadi city in the spring and autumn seasons 2017. To study the effect of intercropping systems and maize varieties on the yield and its components of mung bean crop, maize varieties ( bhooth 106, 5018, 5012 and French cultivar ) were used. The experiment was carried out according to the design of (RCBD) and in the order of the split plot, cultivars were arranged in main plote the main plots and the secondary plots occupies (the intercropping systems). The results showed that the characters of growth and yield of the mungbean increased whenever the density of the maize crop grown with it increased, The system of intercropping 1:2 gave the highest values with a significant difference in the height of plant which gave 54.98 cm in the spring and autumn seasons compared to the more densities treatments of the maize crop, It also was superior in leaf area in the autumn season by giving 4447 cm2,the number of branches per plant in the autumn season which gave 15.66 branch.plant-1 and also gave The highest number of pods in the plant 17.62 pods.plant-1 in the autumn season In terms of grain yield, which is the most important indicator, the intercropping system 1:1 was the best which gave the highest value 1177 kg.ha-1.The effect of maize cultivars in the growth and yield of the mungbean was different according maize cultivars. The yield of the mungbean which cultivated with the French cultivar gave the highest yield 1280 kg.ha-1 in the spring season. while the yield of mungbean that cultivated with 5012 cultivar gave 1138kg.ha-1, There were significant differences between the interaction treatments in most of the studied characters.

EFFECT OF COMPOUND FERTILIZER (DAP) ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SOFT WHEAT VARIETIES TRITICUM AESTIVUM L

H. M. Al-fahdawi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:1

A field experiment was conducted at Al- Sufia of Al- Ramadi city during 2012 – 2013 and 2013 – 2014 winter seasons to study growth and productivity of several variety of common wheat under the influence of levels of fertilizer DAP. The varieties (main plot) and levels of fertilizer (Sub – plots). These treatments (4×4) were input with design in RCBD at three replicates. The seeds were sown at a rate of 120 kg h-1 in the first half of December. The results showed that Abu Ghraib had the highest rate of chlorophyll, 54.0 and 53.0 SPAD, and the grain yield was 685.3 and 439.1 g/m2 and gave the best harvest index was 40.9% and 33.7% respectively. While Sham 6 gave the highest rate of flag leaf area 44.6 and 41.8 cm2 and gave cultivar IPA 99 the highest rate of dry matter per square meter of 1.8 and 1.4 kg and the superiority Al-Ezz variety of plant height rate was 120.9 and 109.7 cm in the two seasons respectively. The effect of DAP fertilizer in most of the studied qualities compared to non-addition, especially the addition of fertilizer level 200 and 300 kg h-1, given the best results, especially the production of dry matter, which reached 1.8 kg/m2 in the first planting season and 1.3 and 1.4 kg/m2 in the second planting season. The best grain yield was 657.5 and 667.0 g/m2 during the first planting season as well as 404.5 and 405.4 g / m 2 during the second planting season. conclude that all varieties have varied in their growth and production and showed a clear response to the response of fertilizer DAP, especially the level of add 200 kg/m2, which can be adopted as a level in addition to wheat plant because it is able to grow wheat varieties in this environment natural growth and give it economically.

GROWTH INVESTIGATION AND PRODUCTION OF GANODERMA LUCIDUM MUSHROOM ON LOCAL ORGANIC WASTES

H. M. Rasheed , I. A. Abed , J. S. Hmood

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:1

An experiment has been conducted to investigates the mycelium mushroom growth on 4 types of local organic wastes as well as Barley grains for comparison purpose. Also, the experiment was conducted to prepare 6 types of substrates as well as a comparison substrate (80% of Oak sawdust + 20% of wheat bran) for cultivation Ganoderma lucidum mushroom. The experimental results of mycelium growth on a different set of local organic wastes show that the minimum growth-period was 13.34 days with the substrate SP (80% of Palm trunk sawdust + 20% of wheat bran) such that the mycelium was diffused on the substrate in cottony compact, while the mycelium growth continue to 32 days with the PN substrate (80% of date nuclei + 20% wheat bran) with a significant negative variation (P>0.05) with poor growth. The Palm trunk sawdust and Barley grains were used as a source to produces a spawn based on the mycelium growth results. The best production of the fresh fruiting bodies was 65.53 g Kg-1 dry substrate with the substrate B (80% of Palm trunk sawdust + 20% of wheat bran) for two times of harvesting, while the production has reduced significantly (P>0.05) and the lowest production was achieved 17.9 g Kg-1 with the substrate C (80% reeds straw + 20% wheat bran). It should be noted that the production of substrates that spawned with the spawn-which its source is the Barley grains- has achieved a superior production (P>0.05) with an average 38.85 g Kg-1 substrate as compared to the production of the substrates that spawned with the spawn the one that its source is the Palm trunk sawdust.

FFECT OF IRRIGATION WITH DIFFERENT SALINE WATER AND POTASH FERTILIZERS IN THE KINETICS OF POTASSIUM RELEASE THE SOIL

K. Y. Al-kubissi , Y. K. Al-Hadethi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:1

A Study of potassium release kinetics in clay Loame soil was carried out in description release of potassium by treating soil with three levels of potassium Fertilizer (K2SO4) (0 , 75 and 150) kg K2O ha -1. and under the influence of four levels of saline water (2 , 4 , 6 and 8) ds m-1. The soil was collected from the field and it was in columns having 7.5 Cm diameter and 50 Cm length. Then the water was added and the leachate collected every three days for three month, Results of analysis of released potassium were subjected to mathematical equation and kinetics equation which were Zero order, first order, second order, diffusion and Elovich equations, The results showed that the first order equation In Ct = In Co – Kt in description release of potassium (mg L-1).

EFFECT OF MELATONIN AND PROGESTERONE ON THE REPRODUCTIVE AND PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF AWASSI YEARLINGS

Y. A. Khudair , M. A. Abed , A. A. Al-Ani

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:17 Issue:1

The study was conducted at the Ruminant research Station of the Livestock Research Department-Agricultural Research department-Ministry of Agriculture. Using 24 Yearlings Turkish Awassi, divided into four groups T1, T2, T3 and T4 equal number by 6 Yearlings, Three Turkish Awassi rams were selected for natural breeding, Each ram was implant with three melatonin implants Subcutaneous the ear in a day 28th October-2017, After 8 days of implant rams, Yearlings of the T1 and T2 groups were implant with one melatonin implant Subcutaneous the ear, After 1 month of female implant melatonin, the T2 and T3 groups were treated with vaginal progesterone sponge for 14 days. The groups were then injected with eCG 300 IU and T4 was the control group. Blood samples were taken jugular to estimate the serum progesterone level for days 0, 14 and 28 after the removal of sponges. The rams were release on 0 of removing the sponges to mate all the yearlings of the study and left with it for 51 days. The results showed that there were significant differences in the studied characteristics of the treatments, where the highest T2 and T3 at time, the number and percentage of estrus and the period from the enter of rams to birth exceeded the rest of the treatments, While T2 was the highest in female births, fertility rate and number of births. No infection or adhesion was observed in treatment T2 other than T3. Treatment with melatonin improved the level of progesterone. No significant difference was observed in the weight of females, sex and weight of births between the experimental factors. In conclusion, treatment with melatonin only or with progesterone was a good way to improve the reproductive and productive performance of sheep.