2005, volume:3 issue:1


Digital Analysis for vegetation cover Intensity and Soil Desertification Studies in Hssiabah AL-Sharkiah

Ahmed M. M. AL- Kubiasi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

Six photomorphic units were isolated from an landsat- Image with TM sensore for Hssiabah Al-Sharkiah region (15 km East of Ramdi city) and their locations were determind on the ground to clearfy importance of spectral indices for desertification studies. Soil samples were taken for physical and chemical properties analysis. Other informations about vegetation cover intensity and type were also registered. Reflectance intensity in TM2, TM3, TM4 and TM5 for each photomorphic unit were used to calcaulate Brightness, soil – Adjusted vegetation, Redness and Normalized Defference Infrared Indices. Indices proved their importance to identified and isolation bare soil from vegetation covered soil and they enabal us to explore soil degradation and desertification when they accomplained with field visting.

THE EFFECT OF ADDITION SOME ORGANIC MATTERS IN BIOLOGICAL OXIDATION OF AGRICULTURAL SULFER AT DEFFERENT LEVELS OF SOIL COMPACTION I: THE VARIATION IN SOME SOIL CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

A. H. Al-Bayat , A. N. Yousef , Ali Abas

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

This study was conducted to evaluate the interactive effect of different levels of agricultural sulfur, organic matter source and compaction on the biological oxidation of sulfur, through studying the variation in some soil chemical properties during different incubation periods. A factorial experiment was conducted according to a complete randomization design with three replicates. to know the effect of three agricultural sulfur levels (0 , 1 , 2) gm so.kg-1soil (S0 , S1 , S2) respectively, with three organic matter treatments those without organic matter addition, dried alfalfa and cow manure which added in one level 6 gm c.kg-1soil (C0 , C1 , C2) respectively . and soil compacted to reach three levels of bulk density 1.25 , 1.35 and 1.45 Mg.m-3 (B1 , B2 , B3) respectively. All the treatments was incubated at 28 ? 2 C0 for 15 , 30 and 45 days (T1 , T2 , T3) respectively with maintenance the soil moisture content for all treatments at about 50% of the available water by weight methods through every incubation period. Some chemical properties was evaluated which included electrical conductivity (ECe), soil reaction (pH) and amount of available sulfate and phosphorus in the soil. The results obtained from this study could be summarized as follows : 1- The addition of sulfur significantly increased ECe, SO4= and available P in the soil with supremacy S2 in decreasing soil pH. 2- Addition of organic matter (C1 , C2) caused an increments in the average of all examined parameters except the pH which was decreased significantly. But C1 showed higher effected than C2. 3- The soil compaction levels B2 showed significantly higher effects in compared with B1 and B3. 4- The interaction between S, C and B treatments showed the highest effects on tested parameters after 30 days of incubation at S2C1B2 treatment.

IMPROVEMENT OF SOME UPPER EUPHRATES SOIL RESISTANCE TO WATER EROSION BY USING TWO CONDITIONERS

A. H. Al-Bayat , Z. A. Housen , E.T. AL-Ani

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

This study was conducted to know the effect of rainfall intensity and slope on the amount of soillsses under simulated rain, and the effect of Bitumen and wheat straw on soils losses conditioners on soil losses. Soil samples have been taken from the (0 - 30 cm) depth to four soils which are: Zangora, Mhammadi, Madheek and Heet whose erodibility classes are, high, moderate – high, moderate and low respectively, soil samples were air dried and sieved with a (4 mm) diameter sieve and put them in special flumes, two types of conditioners were used with control treatment. Bitumen sprayed with (1%) Concentration and wheat straw which was added in alevel of (6 mg. ha-1) mixed with soil to 5 cm depth. The containers were fixed on four slopes ( 0, 3, 5 ) and 7 % treatments are distributed randomly in three replicates for each treatment by using complete randomized design (CRD) with afactorial experiment. All the flumes are exposed to simulated rain with two intensities 30 an 53 mm. h-1 for 30 min. The scattered soil splash, soil losses by runoff and volume of surface runoff were measured. The results showed that increasing rainfall intensity and slope has asignificant effect on amount of soil losses by the scattered splash and runoff and volume of surface runoff. Adding the two Conditioners (Bitumen, wheat straw) had ahigh significant effect in decreasing soil Losses but Bitumen showed abetter effect than wheat in decreasing soil losses by splash, where as wheat straw showed abetter effect than Bitumen indecreasing soil losses by runoff. The wheat straw has better effect than Bitumen in decreasing runoff volume.

Effect of potassium fertilizer and control of Corn stem borer on some growth characteristics of two varieties of maize Zea mays L.

B. H. A. Al-Solagh , T. M. A. Al- Fahdawy , H. F

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

Afield experiment was conducted in alluviul clay–loam soil in college of Agriculture Al-Anbar university during the growing season of 2002. The were 4 levels of potassium fertilizer (0, 20, 40, 60) kg k/ ha (K2SO4 41% K), two insecticides including (cruiser and diazinon) and two varieties of Corn (Buhooth 106, IPA 5012). Results can be summarized as follows: IPA 5012 genotype recorded less day number from sowing upto 50% male flowering and gave alowest percentage of infestation for both season, while Buhooth 106 genotype recorded ahighest mean of plant length, leaf area and dry weight of plant. Plants fertilized whith 60 Kg K / ha gave ahighest means in plant length and plant dry weight, that level also recorded alowest percentage of infestation. Treatment of control plant with insecticide cruiser showed alowest percentage of infestation and highe significant in plant length, plant dry weight for both seasons and leaf area in autumn. The interaction between genotype and potassium fertilizer had asignificant effects (P<0.05) in flowering earliness until 50% flowering male for spring season and plant dry weight in autumn season. The interaction between the insecticide (cruiser) and potassium fertilizer 60 Kg K / ha resulted in highest length of plant (184.70 cm) and the interaction between this insecticide and fertilizer with 40 kg k / ha gave ahighest mean of leaf area (6340.25 cm2 / plant) in autumn season only.

Effect of potassium fertilizer and control of Corn stem borer on yield components, grain yield and its quality of two varieties of maize Zea mays L.

B. H. A. Al-Solagh , Tarik M. Al-Fahdawi , H. F. N

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

A factorial experiment in R.C.B.D. was conducted in alluviul clay–loam soil in college of Agriculture AL-Anbar university during the growing season of 2002, There were 4 levels of potassium fertilizer (0, 20, 40, 60) kg k/ ha (K2SO4), two insecticides including (cruiser and diazinon) and two varieties of Corn (Buhooth 106 , IPA 5012). Results can be summarized as follows: IPA 5012 genotype recorded alowest percentage of infestation and gave ahighest rang of grains No./ row, grain yield production (3.05, 6.52) ton / ha and protein percentage in grains (10.39, 10.88)% for spring and autumn seasons respectively, while Buhooth 106 genotype recorded ahighest range of 300 grain weight (66.95 g) in spring season. The level of 60 kg K / ha showed significantly ahighe mean of ear number in plant, grain No. / row, 300 grain weight, grain yield (3.85, 7.50) ton/ ha, protein percentage (11.28, 11.19)% in two seasons respectively and ear row number in spring season and gave alowest percentage of infestation for both seasons as compared with other levels. There was asignificant effect (P<0.05) cruiser in adecrease percentage of in festation as well as in increase the mean of ear no./ plant, row no./ ear, grain no./ row in spring season and 300 grain weight, grain yield, protein percentage in both season. It was concluded that the genotypical IPA 5012 was superior over the genotypical Buhooth 106 in most studied characters. The addition of potassium in a level of 60 kg K/ ha with the control of cruiser had significantly reduced the infestation percentage of the insect and increased the yields of grains per unit area and inhanced their quality.

The effect of spraying with pinolene and potassium in characteris of growth of two varieties of sesame ( Sesamum indicum L.)

B. H. Abduallah Al- solagh , R. M. Hamd Al-duliam

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

Afield experiment had been per formed in sandy – Clay texture soil in Abu–sdera. area – Al–saqlawiyaa district – falluja – Al–Anbar Government during the summer season 2002 to know in fluence of spraying with pinolene (0 , 0.25 , 0.50) % and potassium (0 , 0.10 , 0.20) % K on the eharacteristics of growth of two varieties of sesame (Al–mahelli and Ishtar). The resuites were: super macy of Al–mahelli variety significantly to Ishterr one in number of branches, leaves area (m2) and dry weight (gm). Also the probabilith of injuring with phyllody less than in Al-mahelli one. the spraying with potassium (0.20 %K) had led to significaut increase in leaves area (m2) and dry weight of plant (gm). So this percentage of concentration wouid decrease the probability of injuring with phyllody (89.57 %) basing of control (without spraying). The concentration (0.50%) of pinolene had led to increase probability of injuring with phyllody. The interaction between the variety and potassium was significant in leaves area (m2) and the probability of injuring with phyllody. The interactions (potassium × pinolene) and (variety × potassium × pinolene) had displayed significant in fluence in the probability of injuring with phyllouy.

Effect of dusts by some fungicides on infection percentage of common smut disease and growth characteristics oil percentage for many genotypes of corn (Zea mays L.)

A. Y. Al-Zwobaie , T. M. Al-Fahadawie , A. Al-Maha

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

A field experiment was carried out at the research farm, college of Agric. Al-Anbar University, during the autumn season of 2003. The Objective was to determin the effect of fungicides dusts on common smut disease and some growth characteristics and oil percentage for five genotypes of corn, Rabia alawal, Almassara, Alssaffa, Shahad and Buhooth 106. Seeds were dust by fungicides; Carboxin, Dithane M-45 and Dividend. A split-plot arrangement in R.C.B.D with three replications was used, genotypes were assigned in the main plots, while fungicides in subplots. Fungicides carboxin significant effect had given a lowest infection percentage. And highest oil percentage also Dithan M-45 effect was significant in oil percentage. Significant effects for genotypes in dry weight/h., Buhooth 106 genotype had given highest significant effect but wasn’t significant with Rabia alawal genotype. In infection percentage, Shahad and Alssaffa genotypes significant difference with other genotypes. Interaction between fungicides carboxin and genotype Shahad was significant effect in infection percentage. Buhooth 106 ? carboxine treatment and dithane M-45 had highest significant with other treatmants and Rabia alawal ?dividend. Treatment in dry weight/h. and in interaction alssaffa ? diathan M-45 and Alssaffa ? control had given highest significant in oil percentage.

Effect of concentrations of AL-Nahrain Nutrient solution on qrowth and yield of green pea

M. A. Hanshal Al-Jumaily , H. M. Al-Abdali , A. M

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

An experiment was conducted within (R. C. B. D.) design with three blocks,at the experimental field design with three blocks, at the experimental field of agric. college of Al-Anbar univ., during 2002 / 2003 and 2003 / 2004 to study the effect of concentrations of Al-Nahrain solution on growth and yield of pea Pisum sativum L. Enword Cv., the seeds were socked for one hour presewing in several concentrations of Al-Nahrain solution (control, 5m1 / L, 10m1 / L, 15m1 / L). The results showed that the concentration of 5ml / L was superior in germination percentage (76.6 & 85.4) %, germination rate (12.4 & 11.7) day, plant length (65.5 & 60.8) cm, leaf area (124.4 & 91.2) cm2, plnat yield (0.90 & 0.80) kg and total yield (1.1 & 1.0) ton / d, as compared with concentration 15ml / L (62.3 & 68.2) %, (13.4 & 13.0) day, (55.0 & 50.1) cm, (79.4 & 71.4) cm2, (0.61 & 0.55) kg and (0.77 & 0.64) ton / d for both seasons respectively, Also,the concentration of 5ml / L was superior in dry matter percentage/plant (41.7 & 42.0) % branch number / plant (3.4 & 3.8) and bod length (7.9 & 7.5) cm as compared with control (34.8 & 32.7) %, (1.8 & 2.2) branch and (6.7 & 6.3) cm for both seasons respectively. While concentration of 10ml / L was superior in bod wet weight (4.6 & 4.5) gm as compared with control (3.3 & 3.5) gm for both seasons respectively.

EFFECT OF IRRIGATION WATER SALINITY, SOIL WATER CONTENT AND SOIL TEXTURE ON GROWTH PARAMETERS OF SOUR ORANGE SEEDLINGS Citrus aurantium L.

F. F. Al–Bayati , J. I. Al-Hadithi , N. H. Al–Ba

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

An experiment was carried out in the lath house, department of Horticulture, Collage of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, from April 2002 through July out 2003 . This investigation aimed to study the effect of irrigation with saline water, soil texture , and soil moisture content on growth parameters, leaf concentration of proline and soil salinization . Three levels of water salinity, (2, 4 and 6 ds.m-1 ) were used by adding NaCl, CaCl2 and MgCl2 at ratios 1:1:1 to well water with salinity of 2 ds.m-1 . Irrigation operation was performed after loosing 25 and 75% of available soil water which is squeezed between (330 and 1500 KPa) with additional 15% of water as leaching requirements. Seedlings planted in polyethylene sacks after filling with 20 kg soil (two different texture sandy loam soil and silt clay loam). A factorial experiment (3× 2× 2 (Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) was adapted with ten replicates and each seedlings considered as an experiment unit. The results showed That the effect of interaction between irrigation water salinity, soil texture and moisture were significant in growth parameters, seedlings achieved the maximum results below 2 ds. m-1 salt content level in irrigation water and sandy loam soil after loosing 25% of the available soil water. Whereas the minimum values obtained below 6 ds.m-1 for irrigation water with silt clay loam soil and 75% of loosing available soil water. Seedlings grown in silt clay loam soil, irrigated with saline water by 2 ds.m-1 after loosing 25% from available soil water showed minimum values of proline.The treatments affected significantly in soil salinization, silt clay loam irrigated with 6 ds.m-1 water salinity after loosing 25% from available water recorded the highest values of the accumulation salts by (11.07) ds.m-1.

EFFECT OF IRRIGATION WATER SALINITY, SOIL WATER CONTENT AND SOIL TEXTURE ON MINERAL CONCENTRATION OF SOUR ORANGE SEEDLINGS Citrus aurantium L.

J. I. AL-Hadithi , F. F. Al–Bayati , S. A. Abdu

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

An experiment was carried out in the lath house, department of Horticulture, Collage of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, from April 2002 through July out 2003 . This investigation aimed to study the effect of irrigation with saline water, soil texture , and soil moisture content on leaf concentration of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Cl, Na, of sour orange seedlings. Three levels of water salinity, (2, 4 and 6 ds.m-1 ) were used by adding NaCl, CaCl2 and MgCl2 at ratios 1:1:1 to well water with salinity of 2 ds.m-1. Irrigation operation was performed after loosing 25 and 75% of available soil water which is squeezed between (330 and 1500 KPa) with additional 15% of water as leaching requirements. Seedlings planted in polyethylene sacks after filling with 20 kg soil (two different texture sandy loam soil and silt clay loam).A factorial experiment with a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) was adapted.The results showed that seedlings grown in sandy loam soil, irrigated with saline water by 2 ds.m-1 after loosing 25% from available water showed the optimum values of leaf content from N, P, K, Ca, Mg and minimum of Na,Cl.

Evaluate of Ceratophylum demeresm Waste usage with or without Bio-amendments as substrate for Oyster mushroom production. (Pleurotus ostreatus Jacq.fr.)

H. B. Aswad , M. M. Musla , I.A. Assaffii

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

This study was conducted to evaluate ceratophlum demeresm wastes usage as a substrate with or without Bio-amendments ( Azotobacter spp,Streptomyces spp. and Pesudomonas spp.) to produce Pleurotas ostreatus (jacq)fr. and the effects of this substrate on sun fruit bodies quality and quantity properties. Results indicated that the best mycelial growth rate. mat dry weight and high fruit bodies yield of the P. ostreatus was obtained from wheat straw substrate inoculated with Az. was 8.9 cm, 0.34 g/100 ml and 510.64 g/500g substrate respectivly (biological effeciancy 102.12%) while growth rate from sunflower wastes inoculated with St. 7.8cm and mat dry weigh from wheat straw inoculated by St. was 0.31 g/100ml where lower growth rat and dry mat was obtained from subsrates inoculated with Ps. on other hand mixture substrates which content Ce.demeresm wastes can be replaced wheat straw or other wastes to produce P.ostreatus.

The effect of feeding of ground Liquoric ( Glycyrrhizin glabra) roots on age at puberty of crossbreed kids

M. K. Nashat , J. E. Al-Kass , T. A. Shujaa

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

The objective of this study is to investigate the influence of Lquoric (Glycyrrhizin glabra ) root as a feed additive on age at puberty of 40 crossbreed kids (1/2 Local Iraq x l/2 Damascus ) , aged 4 month and weighed 13.25 ± 0.34 kg . Animals of the first group treated with 0.25 g / kg live weight from Liquoric root, while the second group treated as a control group. The results of this study show no significant effects of Licorice root on average daily gain (0.062 vs. 0.064 kg) and final body weight ( 20.93 vs. 21.44 kg ) . There were no significant effects of Licorice root on the age and on the body weight at puberty, which averaged 204. 78 ±4.49 days and 17.72± 0.42 kg respectively .The correlation coefficients between age at puberty and each of body weight were 0.38, 0.31 and - 0.32 respectively. Whereas, the correlation coefficient between weight at puberty and each of daily gain in weight and initial body weight were 0.61 and 0.27, respectively.

EFFECT OF USING DEFFE (ENT EARLY AND LATER) FEED RESTRICTIORS PROGRAMS ON PRODUCTIVE PER FORMANCE OF BROILERS

B. M. Al-Haiyali , A. A. Al-Rawi , S. A. Najy

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

This experiment was conducted to study the effect using different programs (early and late) feed restriction on the productive performance of broiler . A total of 700, one day old, Ibaa 2000 broiler chicks were used. The chicks were randomly distributed into 7 treatment, with 4 replicated for each group (25 chicks per replicate) as follows: Trt. 1: Control group (ad libitum feeding during the expiring the experiment. Trt. 2: Dilute raxion 25 kg wheat brain to 75 kg age 2-3 week. Trt. 3: 10 hrs fasting at age 2-3 week. Trt. 4: Feed restriction skip a day at age 2-3 week. Trt. 5: Diluted raxion with 25 kg whea brain to 75 kg at age 4-6 week. Trt. 6: 10 hrs fasting at age 4-6 week. Trt. 7: Feed restriction skip a day at age 4-6 week. Result indicated that all early and later feed restriction improved production performance of broiler.

Isolation and Screening of Glutamic Acid- Producing Microorganisms

Hussein J. Al-Hadithi , Mohemmed O. Muhyddin , J

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

More than 1000 microorganism species isolated from soil were exposed to primary and secondary screening by bioassay, paper chroatography (PC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to find glutamic acid- producing species and determine the best isolated in production of glutamic acid. Leuconostoc mesenteroides P4, isolate in the present study was used as test organism for bioassay of glutamic acid. Results of primary screening revealed that 140 isolates had the ability to produce glutamic acid. Of these, 61 isolates showed distinctive spots of glutamic acid in PC with special superiority of 14 isolates. It was found that 54.1% of isolates tested by PC belonged to coryneform bacteria. Secondary screening showed that one isolate produced 5.787 mg/ml of glutamic acid represented 67.45% of total amino acids. It was found, after identification that this isolate belonged to Corynebacterium glutamicum.

Study of Optimum Condition for Production of Glutamic Acid from Corynebacterium glutamicum HM16

Jabbar F. Al-Madhidy , Mohemmed O. Muhyddin , Hus

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

Optimum conditions for production of glutamic acid from Corynebacterium glutamicum HM16 isolated from soil were studied. It was found that glucose and ammonium sulphate were the best carbon and nitrogen sources in percentage of 7.0 and 2.3%, respectively. Yeast extract and peptone were found to be best organic enrichment substances when used in concentration of 0.2% for each of them. Manganese as MnO4.4H2O was necessary to increase the productivity, while iron had no detectable effect on production of glutamic acid. The optimum conditions of production of glutamic acid from the bacterium were temperature 30?C, pH 7.0, shaker velocity 150 rpm and inoculum concentration 4?106 colony – forming unit (cfu)/ml of production medium in a period of 48 hr. The bacterium intered the stationary phase in 36 hr. About 89.4% of glucose was consumed during the priod of production of glutamic acid. The pH of the medium dropped to 6.0. Glutamic acid productivity was 9.6 mg/ml of production medium, which represented 68.1% of total amino acids.

Effect of Cellular Permeability –Related Substances on Glutamic Acid Production from Corynebacterium glutamicum HM16

Mohemmed O. Muhyddin , Jabbar F. Al-Madhidy , Huss

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

A study was conducted on Corynebacterium glutamicum HM16 locally isolated from soil to determine the effect of some cellular permeability-related substances (biotin, penicillin and tween 60) on glutamic acid productivity which was 9.6 mg/ml in the optimum conditions. The study revealed that the bacterium was biotin auxotroph according to its unability to grow in biotin test medium in the absence of biotin. The optimum concentration of biotin for maximum production was estimated as 5?g/L. Elevating the concentration resulted in diminishing of glutamic acid production until it was completely repressed at 50 ?g/L. Addition of penicillin to the medium in the concentration of 1 IU/ml at the beginning of production or 0.2 IU/ml after 5 hr of cultivation increased glutamic acid production to 13.0 and 13.2 mg/ml, respectively. Addition of 1% of tween 60 to the medium at beginning of production resulted in an increase in productivity of glutamic acid to 12.4 mg/ml. This effect was not different from the addition of tween 60 after 5 hr of cultivation.

Effecinency of Vaccmuination white mice Balc / c with whole worm extract of Toxocara cati, Toxoscaris leonina

A. B. Housin

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

The study was conducted to investigaate the effect of antigen of whole worm T. Cati, Toxascris Leonina in muscle & pereton of white mice Balb / c to prevent or reducing infected with visceral larvae migrans (the homologous & heteroloqous of the challeoge dose the results of these infestigations. There was reduction in the number of larvae of T. Cati & T. Leonina. The highest percentage reduction of infection for T. cati 80.77% immunizing doses homoloqous to the challenge dose, peritoneally but in T. leonina the highest reduction rate in the number of larvae 82.55% when the immunizing doses homologous to the challenge dose in muscle.

Effeciency immunized white mice ( Balb / c ) by somatic antigen of Toxocara Canis , Toxosceris leonine sginest infection with Ti cati T. leonina woeme.

A. B. Housin

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

This study included effect of immune white mice Bulb /c subcutannos prretoneuly & immuscle with whole sommatic antigene of doge Ascaris Toxocera Canis , Toxoscaris leonina to prevent or reduced infected this mice with T. Cati & T. Leonina larvae. The study show cross – reaction with each others . This show throgh decrease . The infection after give Somatic antigen by all way to mice , the hightest reduction rate 76.76 % when immunized mice with T. Canis antigen peritineally and challeg dose T. Leonine . The hightest reduction of T. Cuti , 76.02 % where immunized mice white T. Cunis antigen peritoneally . This study show the T. Conis antigen effective ageuest two species of worm but T. Leonina antigen effect on themselves only and the hgiest percentage reduction 71.01 % when immunized mice by somatic antigen in muscle but the hgiest percentag reduced agenist the another speces 54.09 % when give the antigen in muscle or subcutaneusly .

Aerobic cellulolytic Bacteria from some soils of Ramadi city

Muthana H. Housin

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:3 issue:1

The aim of the present study was to isolate and diagnose aerobic bacteria.which have cellulolytic activity and determine the extent of their spearding in Ramadi city.Atotal of 20 soil samples were collection from 6 different location in Ramadi city .Asuitable selective medium was used for isolation.Several biochemical and cultural tests were done for diagnosis.The study revealed the following: 1- The soils of Ramadi city contained different genera of aerobic cellulolytic bacteria in ratio of 55% of total isolated bacteria . 2-These bacteria belonged to the genera Pseudomonas ,Micrococcus and Enterococcus in ratios of 45,5 and 5%, respectively .