2018, Volume:16 Issue:2


ROLE OF GROWTH REGULATORS BRS AND CPPU IN GROWTH AND LEAVES MINERAL AND HORMONAL CONTENT OF OLIVE TRANSPLANTS

E. H. Elsadig , E. A. Al-Hadethi , T. A. Hamdullah

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

This study was conducted in the olive orchard, in Habbaniyah city, Anbar province 84 km west of Baghdad during 2018 growing seasons to investigate the influence of brassinolide (BRs) and CPPU spray on 2 year's old trees of “Nebali” olive cultivar. This study included two treatments: three levels of spraying of BRs, 0 (BR0), 1mg L-1 (BR1) and 2mg L-1 (BR2) and four levels of spraying of cytokinins (CPPU), 0 (C0), 2.5mg L-1 (C2.5), 5mg L-1 (C5) and 10mg L-1 (C10) and their interaction. Treatments were replicated three times with two transplants in experimental unit at factorial experiment in a RCBD. The number of trees used was 72 trees. The experimental results showed that BRs spray at 2 mg L-1 gave the highest leaves chlorophyll content of 62.69 SPAD units, leaves dry weight of 29.49 %, highest leaf area of 6.80 cm2, leaf nitrogen content of 1.169 %, highest leaf IAA content of 44.49 ?g g-1 FW and highest leaf GA content of 150.24 ?g g-1 FW. Results also showed that CPPU spray at levels 10 mg L-1 superiority of the control treatment and gave the highest leaves chlorophyll content of 62.89 SPAD units, leaves dry weight of 28.92 %, leaf IAA content of 41.82 ?g g-1 FW and highest leaf GA content of 134.00 ?g g-1 FW .The lowest value of these parameters was found in the control (BR0C0)

INFLUENCE OF CO2 ADDITION TO RAW MILK ON INHIBITION OF PSYCHROPHILIC BACTERIA AND SOME SENSORY CHARACTERISTICS OF PASTEURIZED MILK

A. H. Abdulghani

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

Influence of carbon dioxide on the activity of psychrophilic bacteria in raw bovine milk was investigated. ‎Also, some sensory characteristics of pasteurized milk which processed from raw milk ‎preserved by CO2 were studied. Firstly, effect of CO2 addition to raw milk was ‎compared with the acidification of raw milk to pH 6.2 with lactic acid and with control milk. The results showed partial inhibition in ‎psychrophilic microorganisms count in CO2-treated milk compared to both lactic acid-treated and control ‎milks during four days of study. Secondly, the effect of two low temperatures (4 and 10 °C) on reducing psychrophilic bacterial count was evaluated. The storage ‎temperature affected the growth of psychrophilic bacteria in CO2-treated milk; the lower temperature was the best; samples stored at 4 °C showed better inhibition in psychrophilic microorganisms count in comparison with the samples kept at 10°C. Thirdly, organoleptic ‎characteristics of pasteurized milk (65 °C/30 min) processed from raw milk treated ‎with CO2 showed insignificant differences (p?0.05) in taste, aroma and colour ‎between CO2-treated and control milks.

EFFECT OF HUMIC ACID FOLIAR IN THE GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF SEVERAL GENOTYPES FOUR OF VICIA FABA L.

H. M. Abead , H. J. Hammadi , M. A. Salama

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

Field experiment was conducted in the agricultural fields in Zouayt Sityih / Ramadi / Anbar province, in 2016 - 2017 and 2017- 2018, according to split-plot design by using (R.C.B.D) with three replicates to study the effect of Humic acid on the growth, yield and quality of several genotypes from faba bean, the main plots included three different humic acid concentrations (0, 1.5 and 3) cm3 L-1 while subplots included four genotypes (American, Dutch, Local and Spanish) in both seasons respectively. The results were as follows: The genotype V2 showed the highest plant height of (75.39, 77.32) cm for both seasons respectively. While the genotype V1 gave highest rate of the number of branches plant 9.59 and 10.74 brancheplant-1, the number of pods in the plant reached 12.90 for the first season. The seed yield was 6.15,7.76 ton.h-1. The concentrations of the humic acid were significant in most studied traits. H3 gave the highest seed yield 6.27, 6.95 ton.h-1 in both seasons, while H0 gave the lowest mean 3.12 , 6.27 ton h-1 in both seasons. The interaction between genotypes and concentrations of humic acid was significant in most characters in the 2017-2018 season.

ESTIMATION OF HYBRID VIGOR AND COMBINING ABILITY IN FULL DIALLEL CROSS OF MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L.)

S. S. Al-Obaidi , F. O. Geno , M. O. AL-Ubaidi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

The full diallel cross of six it inbreds line of maize in the Autumn season (2016) was carried out in the college of Agriculture, University of Anbar, alternative site Abu Ghraib Baghdad. In the spring season (2017) west of Iraq. The experiment included sowing the seeds of inbreds and hybrids resulting from crossing, which included 30 hybrid and reverse hybrids. using the design of the complete randomized design (RCBD) and three replicates. The aim of the study was to evaluate the behavior of the breeds and their hybrid and reverse axes by traditional and morphological methods. The results of the study showed the following: The genotypes differed significantly among all studied traits. The phenotypic performance of paternal strains 1 and 3 were distinct after they obtained the highest values of grain status. The superiority of these two strains was reflected in the cross-diallel (1x3) resulting from their crossing when given the highest grain yield. The results of the genetic analysis in the first method and the fixed model of the Griffing analysis indicated a greater importance for the non-additive gene in the inheritance of most of the studied traits, while the additional genetic act was more effective in inheriting the leaf area trait in the direction of reverse infarction. Most hybrid and reverse crosses gave significant values to the hybrid force in most studied traits.The results of the full diallel cross analysis indicated that the average squares of viability of the general and specific combining ability and reverse crosses were highly significant for most studied traits. This showed the importance of both the additive and non-additive function in controlling the inheritance of traits. Parents 1 and 3 showed an significant effect of their general ability in several traits, most notably the grain yield, and some of the hybrids showed desirable effect of their own union of grain status and a number of other traits. The ratio of the variation of the effect of the union to the general in the cross breed and reverse crosses was less than the correct one for all studied traits except for the paper area in the opposite direction. The percentage of inheritance was high values in the broad sense and low in the narrow concept of most of the traits studied in cross breeding and reverse.

RESPONSE OF WHEAT CULTIVARS (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.) TO FOLIAR APPLICATION WITH AMINO ACIDS

N. M. Abood , H. A. Ajaj , I. H. Hamidi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

Field experiment was conducted at the agricultural experimental farm of agronomy department – Collage of Agriculture – University Of Anbar, during the two winter seasons of 2015/2016 and 2016/2017, to study the effect of amino acids with different concentrations on the yield and yield components of three wheat varieties. The experiment was performed in split - split plot using RCBD in three replicates, where amino acids plots (Tryptophane, Arginine and Tyrosine) were assigned to the main plots, subplots were occupied by acid’s concentrations (0, 100, and 200 ml L-1 each), while the varieties (Alrashed, Tamoz2 and Abu Ghraib3) occupied the sub-subplots. The Obtained results showed that the amino acids significantly affected the studied traits, where applying Tryptophan increased spike length in the 1st season and increased the weight of 1000 grain in 2nd season. Spraying Tyrosine gave the highest average of spikes number per m-2 in the 1st season, grains number per spike 47.33 and 49.94 grain per spike for the both seasons and therefore increased the grain yield 5.92 and 6.83 t.ha-1. Whereas amino acids didn’t show any significant effect on the harvest index. Amino acids concentrations had a significant impact on traits such as spike length, grains per spike, weight of 1000 grain and grain yield. Concentration of 200 mg L-1 gave highest grain yield value reached 6.27 and 7.16 t ha-1 for both seasons respectively, while had no significant effect on the harvest index. Used varieties differed significantly for studied traits in both seasons, Alrashed variety was superior in traits like spike length, number of grain per spike (47.86 and 49.19), 1000 grain weight 34.12 and 35.49 gm, grain yield 6.32 and 7.09 t ha-1 and the harvest index for both seasons respectively. However Abu Ghraib3 variety was superior for spikes per square meter 507.0 and 523.9 spike.m-2.

ANALYSIS OF GENETIC FOR YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS IN MAIZE USING HALF DIALLEL CROSSES

A.A. Abed , H. J. Hammadi ,

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

Six inbreed lines of maize were used in this study Entered in half–diallel cross program according to a method of griffing. the seeds of parents and crosses were grown in a randomized completely block design R.C.B.D with three replicate, to study the heterosis, combining ability and gene action for the number of days to silking, number of ears per plant, rows number per ear, kernels number per raw, 300 kernels weight and grain yield per plant. Results of Statistically analysis indicated that there were highly significant differences among genotypes means for all studied character results of genetic analysis showed that MSgca and MSsca in diallel for reciprocal crosses were high significant for all studied characters. the result were showed that the cross Zm-5 x Zm-1 gave the highest cross vigor in each grain yield per plant 113.4% and number of days to silking -7.88%. The average degree of dominance was higher the one for all traits indicating the presence of over dominance. The broad sense heritability was high for all studied traits. the variance ratio of GCA to SCA appeared less than one for all characters. All the traits under Additive gene action.

EFFECT OF BETWEEN PLANTS SPACES AND LEVELS OF THIAMINE IN GROWTH AND YIELD OF FOUR GENOTYPES OF FABA BEAN (VICIA FABA L.)

A. M. Halil , A. L. Ali

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

The experiment was carried out in Anbar province during the two winter seasons 2016 -2017 and 2017-2018. For study the effect of plant spaces between plants and levels of thiamine on the growth and yield of four genotypes of faba bean using randomized complete block design in split-split plots system with three replicates. The study included four concentrations of thiamine 0, 50, 100 and 150 mg.L-1 in the main experimental units and two planting spaces between the plants 25 and 35 cm. in the split plots and four genotypes of the faba bean: are American Sakis, Turkish Ecuadichi, Dutch Aquadulce and Italian Ackerbhone ,distributed in split split plots. The results showed a clear effect of the spraying of thiamin in most of the studied traits, the concentrations of 50 mg L-1 showed the highest mean of net photosynthesis 3.76 gm-2 leaves, day-1 and 4.37 g for the first season and number of pods and protein 6.050 pod plant-1 and 25.82 % for the second season. With regard to genotypes, the American achieved the highest mean for most traits of growth and yield and qualitative traits, such as net photosynthesis 4.12 gm m-2 day-1 for the first season only, plant height 57.38 cm, protein 23.77% for the second season only, number of pods and number of seeds 11.37, 6.80 pod plant-1, 3.80 and 3.84 seeds pod-1 for the two seasons. The space 35 cm between plants surpassed in most traits, such as protein percentage 24.03 % for the first season and net photosynthesis 3.09 gm .m-2 leaves, day-1 for the second season and the number of pods 10.77 and 6.24 pods. plant-1 for both seasons. The Turkish genotype at the planting displace 35 cm achieved higher mean of number of pods and protein ratio 12.93 pods plant-1 and 24.95% for the first season respectively. As for the combination of the genotypes and the concentrations of thiamine, the American genotype was achieved with a concentration of 50 mg L-1 the highest mean of net photosynthesis (4.28 gm.m-2 leaves.day-1 for the first season ,plant height and number of pods 78.50 cm and 7.77 pod plant-1 for the second season respectively. The planting space 35 cm with a concentration of 100 mg L-1 of thiamin was achieved the highest mean for both net photosynthesis and number of seeds 4.02 and 3.30 gm m-2 leaves day-1 and 3.92 and 4.07 seed plants-1 for the two seasons thiamine in most of the studied traits. As for the genotypes, the American genotype gave respectively.

ESTIMATING SOME GENETIC PARAMETERS AND GENETIC DIVERSITY BY USING CLUSTER ANALYSIS FOR SOME TRAITS IN FABA BEAN (VICIA FABA L.)

M. R. Azzam , M. O. Al-Obaidi ,

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

Sex genotypes of pea crops (Iraq, Spanish, Dutch, Turkish, Italian and American) obtained from the General Authority for Agricultural Research , introduced in half diallel crosses. Planting parents in two dates 2016 for the purpose of hybridization, parents and hybrids (experience comparative) in 20/10/2017were planted in one of the farmers' fields in Ramadi local–Anbar province, at latitude 33.28? and longitude 43.33?. The right or near of the Alfurat River using the Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications and recorded data for traits yield and some other traits of the season 2017-2018. The results showed the presence of high significant differences between parents and their hybrids of the first generation and all traits. And that the general combining ability to specific combining ability were lower than one for traits number of leaves per plant, chlorophyll content and dry weight plant. While more than one for other traits. The results also showed significant effects on the general combining ability and the direction desired in the parent Dutch for five traits (number of leaves per plant, chlorophyll content, number of bods per plant, seeds yield, dry matter for plant). Parents Spanish and Italian three traits. Parents Iraqi, Turkish and American two traits. The results also showed a significant effects of the specific combining ability in the direction desired hybrid (Iraq × Dutch) the effects of SCA significant direction desirable for seven traits. Hybrids (Iraqi ×Turkish), (Iraqi×Italian), (Spanish×Dutch), (Spanish×Turkish) and (Turkish ×Dutch) the effects of SCA significant direction desirable for five traits. Hybrids (Iraqi×American), (Spanish×Italian), (Spanish×American), (Dutch ×Turkish) and (Dutch×Italian). The effects of SCA direction desirable for three traits . Hybrid (Iraqi×Spanish) the effects of SCA for one traits. It was observed that genotypes Turkish and American have similar response pattern based on minimum Euclidean. Genotypes Iraq and Spanish was found to be better in performance and should be involved in crosses based on maximum Euclidean values that express high level of genetic diversity. This can lead to give a high heterotic response and wider segregation after hybridization. This statistical technique can be a useful tool when other molecular techniques are not available

ESTIMATION OF YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS IN SORGHUM SORGHUM BICOLOR (L.) MOENCH UNDER DIFFERENT PLANT POPULATION

S. A. Al-Salmani

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

A field experiment has been performed under open field condition during spring and fall seasons 2017 at Al-Ramadi, center of Al-Anbar province – Iraq to study the performance of sorghum yield and its components under different plant population. The experiment was conducted using split-plot arrangement by RCBD design with three replicates. Three plant populations were applied in the main plots which were 53.33, 66.66 and 88.88 thousand plant ha-1. While the sorghum genotypes, Lelo, Giza, Babel and Inkath served as sub plots. The results showed that the genotype InKath gave the highest grain yield 6.36, 7.66 t ha-1, and the highest number of grains per head 2544.0 and 2793.7 in spring and fall seasons respectively. The current results conclude that most of the yield components are affecting by the genetic factor more than the plant population. Moreover, the number and weight of grain traits can be taken as a criterion in measuring grains production ability of sorghum.

THE EFFECT OF HUMIC ACID ADDITION MIXING WITH SALINE WATER IRRIGATION IN KINETICS OF SALTS RELEASE AND SODIUM ADSORPTION RATIO IN CALCAREOUS SOIL

M. N. AL-Falahi , A. A. Al-Hadethi , A. S. Al-Ha

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

A column experiment was conducted to study the effect of added humic acid in a mixture of different salinity water in kinetics of salts release and sodium adsorption ratio in calcareous soil with a texture clay loam. The soil was taken from the surface layer (0-30 cm), dried with an antenna and passed through a 2 mm diameter sieve. It was filled with steel polyethylene columns with a diameter of 7.5 cm, height 30 cm and a density of 1.37 Mgm m-3. Place a filter under the column 5 cm high of sand and glass wool. All columns were dampened by the poetic properties to maintain homogeneity of moisture content in the entire column. The number of columns used to study the movement and distribution of salts is 4×3= 12 columns. A fixed column of water was placed above the surface of the soil column of different salinity water (0.72, 3.00, 5.00 and 7.00 dSm-1) in accordance with humic acid levels of 0.00, 0.25 and 0.50 g L-1. The washing process continued until the electrical conductivity of the added water was equal to the electrical conductivity of the running water from the columns. The electrical conductivity and sodium adsorption ratio in the candidate water was determined and the results were subjected to kinetic equations for the study of salts release over time. Results showed that the best equation for describing the relationship between the liberated salts (g l -1) and the free SAR and the time (day) is the diffusion equation and the mathematical model Ct= C0-Kt1/2 for the diffusion equation is the most appropriate in describing the relationship. It is noticed that the rate of release speed (K) increases with the increase in the level of added humic acid and any level of salt water used in the experiment and the amount of salts released and the proportion of adsorption of sodium increases over time and increase the levels of addition of the humic acid

THE INTERACTED EFFECTS OF WATER STRESS, PHOSPHORUS AND POTASSIUM IN SOME NUTRIENTS ABSORPTION BY MAIZE(ZEA MAYS L.)

R. M. Fahimi , W. M. Abdulateef

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

A field experiment was carried out in Al- Saqlawyah – Fallujah /Anbar Governorate during Fall season of 2017 in order to study three levels of water stress Depletion of 25% , 50% and 75% of available water and application of phosphorus and potassium levels in increasing availability nitrogen , phosphorus and potassium in soil and their absorbance by maize . The Farm was divided into three replication according to split plots arrangement in RCBD where water stress treatments Occupied the min plots. While fertilizers levels occupied the sub plots in the sub plots in three replications. The field experiment included giving the whole recommended amount of required fertilizers, the same recommended amount and adding phosphorus, Potassium only and adding phosphorus and potassium together. The results showed: The treatment of adding phosphorus and potassium to the recommended amount was superior in availability of Nitrogen in soil, while the treatment of adding phosphorus only our the recommended amount in the availability of Phosphorus in soil. The treatment of adding potassium to the recommended amount was superior in the availability of potassium in soil. The treatment of depletion 75% of available water gave the highest average of element availability in soil. The treatment of adding phosphorus and potassium our recommended amount was superior in Nitrogen , phosphorus and potassium absorption in vegetative part of plant. While treatment of 25% depletion of available water gave the highest average of absorbance of Nitrogen , phosphorus and potassium in vegetative part of plant. Generally, the application of fertilizers enhanced the performance of plant under water stress.

EFFECT OF KINETIN IN GROWTH PEPPER IRRIGATED WITH DIFFERENT SALINE WATER

Z. H. AL-Rawi , Y. K. AL- Hadithiy

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

A Plastic pot experiment was conducted in agreenhouse conditions during the autumn season to study the effect of kinetin in the growth of capsicum which irrigated by different saline water type (syzar).The study included two factors:the first was salinity of Irrigation water in four levels (1.1,2,4 and 6) dS m-1 have the symbbl (S0,S1,S2 and S3) respectively and the second factor was spray with growth regular (kinetin) on plant with four levels (0,50,100 and 150) mg L-1. The results refers to: Decrease of plant high, one plant yield, Phosphoeous and potassium coucent ration in shoot part from 33.39 cm,35.27 g plant-1,4.9 g kg-1,19.6 g kg-1 respectively at control treatment to 23.21 cm, 24.53 g plant-1, 3.2 g kg-1, 17.4 g.kg-1 respectively. While nitrogen conceutration in shoot part was increased from 13.3 g kg-1 at control treatment to 17.7 at highest level of salilinty Irrigation water. The spray with rinetin at the level 100 mg L-1 achieved highest results in plant high, one plant yield, Phosphorous concentration in shoot part 31.40 cm, 35.21 gm plant-1,4.3 g kg-1 respectively compard to that of control 25.64 cm, 27.80 gm plant-1,3.8 g kg-1 respectively, while spray with 150 mg L-1 achieved high rest valve for Phosphorous and potisum concentration in shoot part 16.2 and 18,7 g kg-1 compared with control treatment 14.6 and 18.2 g kg-1. The interaction between stady factor was significant and the high value of the most characteristics was achieved by spray with 100 mg L-1 from kinetin and Irrigated with 1.1 dS.m-1 water, This treatment gave 37.27 cm, 41.17 gm plant-1 5.0 g kg-1, 19.7 g kg-1 for plant high, one plant yield, Phosphorous and potassium concentration compared with out addition kinetin and irrigation with 6 dS m-1 saline water 18.80 cm , 20.68 g plant-1, 2.9 g kg-1, 17.1 g kg-1 respectively.

EFFECT PACKAGING CHICKEN PARTS WITH MANUFACTURED LOCALLY EDIBLE FILMS CONTAIN FEATHER PROTEIN ON TOTAL COUNT OF MICROORGANISMS DURING COLD STORAGE

A. A. AL- Azzami , Z. M. AL-Dhanki

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

This study aimed to determine the efficacy of coating three broiler chicken pieces (breast, thigh and drumsticks) with locally made edible biofilms on maintaining the quality specifications of such pieces. The coat was made from keratin isolated from broiler chicken feathers. The samples then were stored at three different period of times over 35 days starting from 10th April 2018 to 16th May 2018. The study comprised a total of 9 treatments according to the two major factors involved in the project; keratin coating and storage of 0,7 and 14 days. In the first 3 treatments, storage was not used but samples were allocated either to not coated, coated with 2.5 gram keratin biofilm or 5 gram (T1, T2 and T3, respectively). But the three later treatments where all stored for 7 days in a similar way as before (T4, T5 and T6), respectively. While in the last 3 treatments a storage of 14 days was applied and coating was utilized as either nil coating, 2.5g and 5g keratin biofilm (T7, T8 and T9), respectively. Results of the study showed that coating of the broiler chicken pieces with either 2.5 or 5G keratin layer contributed to maintain better meat quality and specifications. This bio packaging had also brought about good preservation of such specifications within acceptable levels when compared to non-coating technique. Similarly the total count of microorganisms (aerobic, total coliforms and total yeast and mould count were also less when coating was used and as expected the higher total count of aerobic bacteria was found when samples stored for 14 days in cold condition but without biofilm coating.

EFFECT OF WATER EXTRACT OF POMEGRANATE PEELS IN THE GROWTH AND PATHOGENIC PYTHIUM SP. IN THE LABORATORY AND SOIL MEDIUM

S. S. Saleem , M. A. Farhan , N. A. Markeb , A.

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

The results showed a test of three concentrations pomegranate peels extract 2, 4 and 8% inhibition of Pythium sp. That the concentration of 2% achieved the highest effect inhibiting the fungus growth of 0.63 mm compared with the control treatment 3.3 mm in PDA medium after 6 days at 25 ° C, the experiment of pH in the effectiveness of the water extract for pomegranate peels in the inhibition growth of Pythium sp. in the PDA medium, there were significant differences between pH (4.5, 6.5, 7.5) with growth rates of 0.1400, 0.2367, 0.2300 g respectively terms of dry weight measured after 6 days at 25 ° C in a shaking incubator. The results of the tannic acid experiment showed that the concentration of 8% achieved the highest inhibition of fungus growth Pythium sp. at 1.03 mm compared with the control treatment of 2.8 mm after 6 days. The results of treatment of soil contaminated with Pythium sp. and water extract for pomegranate peels at a concentration 2% showed an increase in germination rates of tomatoes seeds and emergence 70% compared with the control treatment of non-contaminated soil with fungus

ANATOMICAL , CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL STUDY OF ARTEMISIA HERBA-ALBA ASSO. GROWTH WILDLY WEST OF ANBAR PROVINCE

T. A. Hamid , S. A. Eiliwi , A. W. Jumaa

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:16 Issue:2

This study aimed to studied importance of Artimisa herba-alba were growth wildly in west of Anbar governorate, when we studied anatomical and chemically It was performed for many organs include from root to fruits and seeds, the anatomically study description different tissues of organs (leaves blades, petioles, stems and roots), and measured the details. Compositions and chemical contents showed some vitamins i.e. A,C and minerals (Na, Ca, P, K, Fe and Zn), and essential nutrition's contents like proteins, carbohydrate, for that’s the Artemisia was important sources of nutrition and therapeutic benefit, Aim of this study was to assessment a dosage of equeous of vegetative for A. herba alba growth in Iraq on glucose level in rabbits after 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours, this research showed a scientific result in reduced a sugar in serum blood of experimental animal