2007, Volume:5 Issue:1


Effect of depth and Irrigation Interval on some charcteristics growth and production for mung bean in gypsiferious soil under sprinkler irrigation.

I. K. Al-Hadithi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

The experiment was conducted during (Autumn season 2002) in gypsiferious soil in Al-anbar governorate, Al-Majid company Field under sprinkler irrigation system, by using randomized complete block design with two irrigation water depth (642 , 514mm) and two irrigation interval (2/4 days) with three replicates for each treatment. The height of plant, Leaf area were measured at complete maturity stage of crop. Also the distribution roots was studied at 30 cm depth. Plants were harvested, the dry Yield of grains was determined. The best distribution of roots was achieved by using water depth (514 mm) and irrigation interval (2 days) with increasing in yield about 62%.

The role of Phosphogypsum applied to soil partly affected with salinity on yield and growth of corn (zea mays)

W. M. AL – Joboory

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

This trial was cared out in plastic pots to investigate the role of Phosphogypsum applied to soil partly affected with salinity on yield and growth of corn. The Phosphogypsum was added to soil partly salinity with the following percentage: 0%, 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3%, 0.4%, and 0.5%. The pots were arranged in (CRD) with three replicate. The result revealed that a signification increase plant height and the dry weight of corn with increase in applied Phosphogypsum. In addition signification increases in the available Phosphor in soil after agriculture for all levels except the fourth level. Increase in Phosphor, Sulfate and redaction in Chloride in plant were found with the increase of Phosphogypsum application.

Effect of continuous and Alternative Irrigation with saline Drainage water on salt balance in soil and growth and production of Sorghum (Variety Ankath)

M. F. Yasein

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

This experiment was conducted at one farms of the farmers Garma during atum season 2004 in silty loam texture, classified vertic terrifluvent to study the effect of continuous Irrigation saline Drainage water 3.45 ds/m and Alternative with river water 1.25 ds/m (Irrigation twice river water followed once by drainage water T2, Irrigation once with river water followed once by drainage water T3, Irrigation once with river water followed twice by drainage water T4) irrigated with river water was used as a control. On salt balance in the soil and growth and production of Sorghum (Variety Ankath). Results showed the river water was suitable water for irrigated and drainage water was non suitable water for irrigated, and appeared at incensed number of drainage water irrigated (T4, T5) caused significantly higher in soil saline (5.9, 8.8) ds/m respectively and significantly higher in SAR 4.4, 5.4 (mmol.L-1)1/2 respectively compared with irrigated river water 4.3 ds/m, 2.1 (mmol.L-1)1/2. Caused irrigated T1, T2 decreased in soil saline and irrigated T3, T4, T5 caused accumlalion in soil saline comported with soil saline before farming 4-9 ds/m. also irrigated T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 caused increased in SAR comported with SAR before farming 1.55 (mmol.L-1)1/2. Irrigated alternative and continuous T3, T4, T5 caused significantly decreased in plant high and dry weight compared with irrigated T1, T2, also alternative Irrigated T2 caused decrease 14.5% in production, its still during the produces use of saline water in Irrigation for economics fields and saved about 28.57% sutiable water.

Estimation of evaporation losses for centr pivot sprinkler irrigation system under AL-Jazeera desert conditions in Iraq

SH. M. Al-Mohamady

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

Field study was conducted during 2002-2003 to estimate evaporation losses for center pivot sprinkler irrigation system type Lindsay, From measuring differences between water depths at soil surface and discharges of sprinkler nozzles .evaporation losses ranged between 2.13 and 38.00%

Estimation of surge infiltration function (CRT) in gypsiferous soil

A.I.al-abaied

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

A. I. Al-Abaid College of agriculture / Anbar University Abstract This research is performed at Anbar University site in gypsiferous soil classified as Gypsiorthids (37 % gypsum).to study the effect of cycle ratio time on infiltration behavior in surge infiltration state .at a steady time (2 minute )with continuity the second surge (8 h. ). Three ratios 1/4, 1/8 and 1/16were chosen to realize which minimize of them will achieve more success than the others to irrigation water under this system as compared to continues infiltration. The experiment is designed in accordance with randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replicates by using double rings infiltrometer. The results showed that the infiltration rate doesn’t have constant decline in the gypsiferous soil as compared to normal behavior of other soils. The infiltration rate in the continues infiltration state decreased till 120 minutes reaching 7.40 cm.h-1 then it increase reaching 13.53cm.h-1 at the end of the test (8 h.).but in surge infiltration the infiltration rate decreases to 16.80 cm.h-1 after 120 minutes at the ratio 1/4 then reaches 19.77 cm.h-1 at the end of the test. At ratio 1/8 the decreasing occurs after 3 minutes to 13.80 cm.h-1 ,and continued to increase reaching 59.47 cm.h-1 at end of test .While at ratio 1/16 it reaches 9 cm .h-1 after 5 minutes and it increases till it reaches 27.40 cm.h-1 at the end of test . One of the important results in this study is that the surge cumulative infiltration for the three ratios (161.63, 330.17 and 181.07 cm) higher than continues cumulative infiltration(91.38 cm only). This indicates that these ratios un successful in water discharge in this gypsiferous soil .The results also showed that the infiltration rates is not steady along measurement time , it start with high rates then decrease ,and increase continuously till final measurement with fluctuating in declination and in increasing. The results showed that the basic infiltration rate for surge infiltration is higher than the continues infiltration at significant deferent’s showing the following results :19.77, 59.47 and 27.40 cm.h-1 respectively ,while it was 13.53 cm.h-1 for continues infiltration. The pausing infiltration time for surge infiltration is ceases for one minute only in second surge beginning of one replicate of the ratio:1/4 and 1/16 .

GENETIC PARAMETERS OF RAPESEED AS AFFECTED BY PLANTING DATE

A. M. H. Al-Jumeily

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

GENETIC PARAMETERS OF RAPESEED AS AFFECTED BY PLANTING DATE N. O. Sarkees* , A. M. Al-Jumaily** , A. A. A. Ali* and R. H. Baker* * Crop Sci. Dep. - College of Agriculture / Univ. of Baghdad ** Crop Sci. Dep. - College of Agriculture / Univ. of Al-Anbar Abstract A field trial was carried out at the experimental farm of the agricultural college, Abu-Ghraib during the growing season of 2003/2004 and 2004/2005 to investigate the effect of sowing dates on yield and yield components of eight rapeseed varieties. A split plot arrangement in randomized complete block design with three replicates was used. Planting dates were assigned at the main plots, where as the varieties were assigned in the sub plots. The results shoed that phenotypic and genotypic variances and coefficients of variability were varied for all characters studied with difference of planting dates. The values of phenotypic variances and coefficients of variability were larger than the genotypic for all characters in both seasons. Broad sense heritability percentage was higher in the November 27th planting for 1000 seed weight for the first season. While plant height and number of seeds per pot showed higher value in September 28th planting, also number of pods per plant had higher value in the October 18th and November 27th planting of the second season .Higher values of co heritability coefficient was obtained between harvest index and number of branches per plant in the October 18th planting (3.13) of the first season, while higher co heritability coefficient between seed yield and number of pods per plant (10.88) was found in the September 28th planting in the second season. The result showed that most of the values of genotypic correlations were larger than the phenotypic for both seasons. In the first season positive highly significant phenotypic and genotypic correlations were found between seed yield and 1000 seed weight in the October 18th planting (0.785,0.816), November 7th planting (0.799,0.806), and November 27th planting (0.789,0.800) and with harvest index (0.647,0.806) in the October 18th planting. While in the second season positive highly significant phenotypic and genotypic correlations were found between seed yield and plant height in the October 18th planting (0.643 and 0.763), November 7th planting (0.550 and 0.635) and November 27th planting (0.820 and 0.876) and with number of branches per plant (0.599 and 0.835) in the November 27th planting, and with number of pods per plant in the October 18th planting (0.799 and 0.882) and November 27th planting (0.569 and 0.595), and number of seeds per pod (0.667 and 0.708) in the September 28th planting, and with the 1000 seed weight in the November 7th planting (0.694 and 0.789) and November 27th planting (0.590 and 0.638). A positive highly significant genotypic correlation was found between seed yield and harvest index (0.528) and positive significant phenotypic correlation (0.444) in the September 28th planting .Therefore , these traits could be used as criteria to improve seed yield of rapeseed as affected by different planting dates.

Effect of Planting Dates, Nitrogene Levels and Spacing Between Plants on seed yield and yield Components of oil seed Rape (Brassica napus L.)

A. M. H. Al-Jumeily

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

A field trail was conducted at the Field Crop Station of IPA Center for Agricultural Research, Baghdad, Iraq during 2001-2002 and 2002-2003 seasons to determine the effect of sowing dates, levels of Nitrogen, spacing between plants and the interaction between them on seed yield and yield components of rapeseed. Rapeseed was sown in four sowing dates (5, 25 Oct., 14 Nov., 4 Dec.). Each date was sown in a separated experiment. A split plot arrangement in randomized complete block design with four replicates was used for each date. Nitrogen levels (100, 200, 300) kg N/ha., were assigned in the main plots, where as the spacing between plants (4, 8, 12) cm were assigned in the sub-plots. The results showed that the first planting date (5 Oct.) gave the highest seed yield (2.7, 2.3 t/ha.) in the first and second seasons, respectively, and the highest oil yield (0.979 t/ha) in the second season. The level 300 kg N/ha gave the highest seed yield (2.5, 2.2 t/ha) in the first and second seasons, respectively, and the highest oil yield (0.904 t/ha) in the second season. The intra-spacing (4 cm) gave the highest seed yield (2.5, 2.1 t/ha) in the first and second seasons, respectively. And the highest oil yield (0.903 t/ha) in the second season. The interaction between first planting date (5 Oct.) and 300 kg N/ha gave the highest seed yield (3.4, 3.0 t/ha) for first and second seasons respectively and the highest oil yield (1.3 t/ha) for the second season. The interaction between first planting date (5 Oct.) and intra spacing (4 cm) gave the highest seed yield (3.3, 2.7 t/ha) for first and second season, respectively and the highest oil yield (1.2 t/ha) in the second season. The interaction between the first planting date (5 Oct.) and 300 kg N/ha with intra-spacing (4 cm) gave the highest seed yield and oil yield ( 3.4, 1.5 t/ha) respectively in the second season. Results showed that maximum seed yield and oil yield could be achieved by sowing rapeseed var. Cam-c in central Iraq at 5th of October and 300 kg N/ha. with intra-spacing (4 cm) which gave the highest seed yield (3.4 t/ha) and the highest oil yield (1.5 t/ha) in the second season.

EFFECT OF BORON AND POTASSIUM SPRAY ON QUALITY AND YIELD OF RAPESEED (Brassica napus L.)

F. Y. Baktash

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

A field trial was conducted during winter seasons at 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 at field researches of Field Crops Dept., Agriculture Coll., Univ. of Baghdad, by spray of boron concentration (0, 5, and 10 ppm) and its source was boric acid (H3BO3) (6.5% B), and potassium concentration (0, 2000, and 4000 ppm) and its source was sulfate potassium (K2SO4) (42% K) at 75% flowering. The objective was to increase quality and yield of grains of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Randomized compete block design with three replicates was used. Plants spray with boron concentration (10 ppm) were superior with number of pods per plant, seeds yield, and oil yield (539.72 pod.plant-1, 1.48, and 0.56) ton.ha-1, respectively at 2003-2004 season, and (537.65 pod.plant-1, 1.47, and 0.56) ton.ha-1, respectively at 2004-2005 season. Plants spray with potassium concentration (4000 ppm) were superior with number of pods per plant, seeds yield, oil yield, and protein yield (567.88 pod.plant-1, 1.53, 0.60, and 0.26) ton.ha-1, respectively at 2003-2004 season, and (568.74 pod.plant-1, 1.53, 0.59, and 0.26) ton.ha-1, respectively at 2004-2005 season. The combination (10 B + 4000 K) ppm was the best, because it gives higher values to all characteristics under study. It could by concluded that number of pods per plant was the important yield components, which response to spray of boron and potassium, which lead to increase seeds yield, and that was confirm by significant positive correlated appearance between these two characteristics at both seasons (0.819 and 0.915), respectively compared with others.

Effect of irrigation frequency and plant distribution on the growth and yield of corn (Zea maiz L.)

A .H . Al-Maeini

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

A field study was carried out during fall seasons of 2004 and 2005, at Latifya experimental station on a silty clay soil the objective of this study was to know the effects of the increasing the irrigation periods and plant distribution on the growth and yield of corn. Three irrigation treatments (irrigation periods): 5–7 days (standard), 10–14 days (double) and alternating irrigation periods of 5–7 days and 10–14 days as a main plots and three sub treatment of plant distribution were used: 70×30 cm, 45×45 cm and 55×55 cm. The experiment was carried out during the autum fall of 2004 and 2005. Result showed that compared with the standard treatment doubling irrigation period (10–14) days caused average (4–5) days delay in tassling and silking; it also reduced plant height, leaf area. leaf area index and grain yield by 21%, 28%, 32%, and 30% respectively. Although water use efficiency was the same for the two treatments. Alternating irrigation caused a 2 days delay in tassling and a reduction in plant height, leaf area and grain yield of 7%, 11% and 15% respectively with the water use efficiency increased by more than 20%. The study also showed that a reduction in plant density in the sub treatment (55×55 cm) reduces the damage caused by water stress which caused by increasing irrigation period and water use efficiency.

Effect of sowing dates in yield and its quality for several cultivars of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)

B. H. A. Al-Solagh

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

A field experiment has been conducted in silty clay loam in Al-Jazira region in Al-Khalidia town - Al-Anbar province during summer season of 2000. to study the effect of four dates of sowing (1 may, 15 may, 1 June, 15 June) on yield and its quality of four cultivars of sesame (Al-Mahali, Ishtar, Babel, Rafadeen) and determine the best cultivar and date of sowing under the climate of Al-Anbar province. These factors (4×4) input with completely Randomize Block design with three replicates. The results summarized: Ishtar cultivar are superior significantly than others cultivars in capsule length, weight of 1000 seeds, seeds yield and also oil percentage and gave ahighest mean of seed yield (2300.31 , 2119.99) Kg/Ha and oil yield (1283.68 , 1221.86) Kg/Ha when that sowing in I and 15 may respectively. The plants sown in the 15 may gave a highest mean for the most yield characteristics and quality as compared with others sowing dates, while the plants sowing in 15 June gave a less mean for above except capsule length. We concluded from this study that Ishtar cultivar when sowing in the first half of may gave abest yield for seeds and oil in area unit.

ESTIMATION OF SEVERAL GNETIC PARAMETERS FOR OIL AND PROTEIN CONTENT IN MAIZE

F. Y. Baktash

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

The experiment was conducted at the experimental field of Field Crops Department, during spring season, while in fall season 2001 it was conducted at the field of Al-Madain. The objective was estimation of several genetic parameters for oil and protein content in maize. In the first season, crossing was done among six inbred lines, (1) BK 10 (2) BK12, (3) BK15, (4) BK20, (5) BK2 and (6) BK6. In the second season a yield trial was conducted, on 15 hybrids, 6 parents and four different other genotypes, in simple partial lattice design with four replications. Significant differences were found among crosses and parents in studied characters also in (gi^i, si^j). The higher differences for the average degree of dominance, broad sense heritability (h2.bs%) and narrow sense heritability (h2.ns%) for oil and protein. The single crosses (4×2), (5×2) had the higher oil percentage (5.94%) and protein (10.25%) respectively. The single crosses (4×2), (5×2) appeared the higher value of positive heterosis (32.39%) for oil and (16.47%) for protein. The hybrids (4×2), (5×3) had the highest (si^j) for protein and oil percentage. It was concluded that the crosses (4 x 2) and (5 x 2) were promising hybrids for oil and protein content of maize grains.

Comparison of Yield, its Components, and Other Agronomic Traits Of Different Exotic Whert Cultvars

K. K. Al-Janabi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

Aiming to evaluate the CIMMYT durum wheat (Triticum turgidum var. durum) cultivars, yield trials for 49 entries (International nursery 29IDYT) IN comparison with the local Gerardo cultivar were conducted at al-Latifyia Experimental Station during 1997/1998-1999/ 2000. Alpha lattice design with tow replictions for the 1st season and a randomized complete block design with three replications for the 2nd and 3rd seasons were used. Pooled analysis for the three seasons was practiced. Results revealed that days to heading, plant height, weight of 1000 kernel, and grain yield were affected significantly by the different cultivars under investigtion. No significant effect for the different sowing seasons yield only, whereas, the cultivars x sowing seasons interactions showed significant effects for almost all traits under investigation. In general, days to heading, plant height, and weight of 1000 kernel were ranged between 105-113.7 days, 84.4-101.0 cm., and 37.6-48.1 g, respectively. These results reflect the expanded variation in grain yield among cultivars. All entries out yielded 3446 to 5067 kg/ha. Twenty-one. 12, and 18 CIMMYT introduved durum wheat cultivars were exceeded in early heading, short plant height, and high grain weight over the local cultivar, respetively. The CIMMYT entries 2 and 28 (Yavaros 79 CM9799-126M-1M-5Y-0M and MINIMUS/COMB DUCK 2//CHAM 3 D98225-A-3Y-04M=040YRC-6M-0Y), respectively of the mentioned nursery gave the highest grain yield. Which was over than 5 t/ha with an increase of 25% over the local cultivar.

GENETIC AND PHENTOTYPIC CORRELATIONS FOR SOME BARLEY CHARACTERS (Hordeum distichum L.)

H. T. J. Al-Fahdawe

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

The experiment was carried out in Abu-Ghraib. Research Station during winter season of 2004-2005 , to study the genotypic and phenotypic correlations for some barley characters Hordeum distichum L Using randomize complete block design with four replications , ten barley genotypes were used. Positive significant genotypic and phenotypic correlations between plant height and no. of spikes, grain weight were found (0.573 , 0.424) and (0.601 , 0.508) respectively. Spike length was showing positive significant genotypic and phenotypic correlation with number of grain per spike (0.945 , 0.819) and with flag leaf area (0.535) , under genetic correlation only. It was concluded that the breeder can rely on spike length , flag leaf area and plant height in selecting barley genotypes with higher grain yield .

Effect of Space between plants and Nitrogen fertilizer on Growth and Grain yield of Corn

M, A. Salama

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

A field trial was conducted at farm of Qaim region silty caly soil to study the effect of space between plants and nitrogen fertilizer on growth and yield in Qaim .The objective of research is to determine the response of corn ( Booheth 106 ) in autumn season of 2005 fertilizer using three levels (80, 160, and 240) kg N/ha and using three spacing between hills (15, 25, and 35) cm, as sup plot. These factors( 3*3 ) were input in split plot design with three replication, seeds were planted at 20 july in rows 0.70 m spacing between. Nitrogen application incrased leaf area. Plant height and yield signifcantaly. So that 25 cm between hills gave the best means of these characteristics and resulted height rate of yield with using 160 and 240 kg N/ha.

AFFECTION OF SOME TREATMENT ON ROOTING OF SMALL ATTACHED DATE PALM (Phoenix dactylifera L.) OFFSHOOTS (BRAIM AND KHASTAWI CVS)

T. H. Reja

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

This experiment was conducted to study possibility of enhancing rooting of small attached Date Palm offshoots. This study includes two experiments: stage No. 1: root formation, each treatment was replicated 5 times and each replicate was a small nursing offshoots .A small nursing offshoots connected to their mother plant (8-10cm diameter) of two varieties ( Braim and Khastawi) were subjected to the following treatments for enhancing root formation :control, Seradix powder contain 8000 mg/l IBA , Seradix powder Contain 16000 mg/l IBA , Seradix powder contain 32000 mg/l IBA, injection 5 ml from ( NAA+IBA) 1000 mg/l. The results showed that injection treatment was superior in number, length and diameter of roots and newly formed leaves compared to control treatment but there is no significant difference between seradix powder 32000 mg/l IBA and injection treatment in dry weight percentage for root system. A clear varieted effect was found, where CV. Braim was superior in number, length, dry weight percentage for root system and newly formed leaves compared to CV. Khastawi. stage No. 2: the surviving percentage, after 12 month the offshoots were separated from their mother plants and treated with fungicide(Ridomel)12 months from planting the ability of offshoots were tested for surviving : the surviving ( persisting )percentage was high with all treatments compared to control . Treatment (Seradix powder contain 16000 mg/l and injection treatment) gave 100% survival compared to control.

Effect of some soil conditioner in some vegetatives and fruits Characters for Okra plant.

H. H. Al-Ali

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

Two field experiments in Haditha city conducted, the objective of this research to study the effect of application levels residue paper and the Shemblan plant triturate levels on vegetative and fruit Characters of okra. The residue paper applies to soil with 0%, 0.75%, 1.5% and 3% from weight dry soil, also the Shemblan triturate apply to soil with 0%, 0.75% and 1.5% for weight dry soil. The result can be summarized as follows: 1- All levels increased number of leaves and leaf area when apply residue paper and the Shemblan triturate with all levels respectively as compared with control, in the same time. The levels with 3% increase internode number was observed as well as the secondary of branches effected by application levels 0.75% and 3% respectively compared with control. 2- There was an increasing in early of first fruit, when the residue papers apply in soil at levels 1.5% and 3%. And in the other hand, the Shemblan triturate in creasing in early of first fruit when applied in soil with level 0.75% and 1.5%, and it’s early with ten day for above levels respectively. While Significant Statistically increase observed in plant length when treat with soil by the residue paper with 0.75% and 3% beside the positive effect for this property when apply the Shemblan plant triturate at 0.75% and 1.5%. 3- The residue paper and the Shemblan plant triturate fixed positive effect in total yield at rates of 57.4%, 48.9% and 75.5% Compared Control when treatment soil with residue paper and it’s effect at rates of 63% and 112% when apply with levels 0.75% and 1.5% for the Shemblan plant triturate.

Effects of IBA , growing Media and Certain Treatments on Rooting of Olive Cuttings Olea europaea L.

H. H. Al-Ali

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

Three different experiments were conducted in a certain nursery. The aim of these experiments is to know the effect of the different concentration of the Auxin (IBA) growing media, and treatments of olive cuttings (sliced, normal cuttings and from previously ringed origin). Two cultivars of olive (17 years old) were tested, the first was Manzinello and the second was Ashrasy and cultivated the mid of February 2003 in Baghdad. Results of this study are summarized follows" 1- Ashrasey cultivar gave a significant increase in the rooting percentage (78.56%), the average number of roots in cutting (7.39 root/cutting) and finally the average length of roots (21.97 cm) in comparison with Manzinello cultivar. Also, the percentage of giving roots and average root length sliced cutting and those taken from previously ringed cuttings was (61.05-61.93 %) and (16.08-20.28 cm) respectively compared to the control (normal cuttings). However, the same results were true for the mentioned characters when a combined treatments between sliced and ringed cuttings. 2- The percentage one peat moss: river (1:1) sand that was treated 4000ppm gave the highest rooting percentage (83.73%), average of root number (13.1 root/cutting) and root length (33.65cm). An interacted treatment between rooting media (1:1) and the two cultivars gave a high significant percentage in the three studied characters. The sand media was the weakest in giving roots, then the media of (2:1). The treatment of IBA with 4000ppm gave the highest rooting percentage (70.77%), and the treatment of IBA with 3000ppm gave the highest root length (25.85 cm). The interacted treatments of IBA 3000ppm and Ashrasy cultivar gave the highest rooting percentage (95.43 %). The treatment of IBA 5000ppm the highest root number (11.53 root/cutting). The combined treatment of IBA 4000ppm and the Manzinello cultivars gave the highest average of root length (29.87 cm). Ashrasy cuttings show an optimum way of propagation, rapid and high percentage of giving roots (90%), but Labeeb cv. Show difficulty of giving roots. Khstawi cv. May be motivated by growth regulator or using suitable growing media (80.07%).

Using hatchery by-product as a source of animal protein and its effect on brown layers (ISA Brawn) performance

B. H. MousA

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

This study was conducted in poultry farm, college of Agriculture, AL-Anbar University. The objective of this study was to determine the possibility of using hatchery by-product as a source of animal protein and its effect on brown layers performance. Four levels of hatchery by-product were used (0, 3, 7 and 9) % so four treatment were obtained with 5 replicates (3 bird/repl.) for each-sixty Isa-brown layers were used in this study which lasted for five periods (March-July), the duration of each period was 28 days. The results indicated non-significant differences in means egg production percentage (HD%) and in egg weight among experimental treatments. However, significant improvement was obtained in these traits during March and April in all treatments as compared with average of these traits during May, June and July. The some trends of non-significant was obtained concerning feed consumption and feed conversion efficiency.

The role of plasmids in resistance of Salmonella to several antibiotics

I. N. S. Al-Kaissi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

During the recent study, the bacterium Salmonella was isolated from sewage using salmonella-shigella-agar and diagnosed according to cultural properties where the colonies appeared pale with black center. The sensitivity test was preformed for this bacterium against several antibiotics using disc technique. The results appeared that this bacterium was sensitive to the antibiotics amicacin, chloramphinicol, trimethoprin, doxycycline and streptomycine and resistant to tetracycline and lincomycin. Plasmid curing using elevated temperatures revealed that the resistance to tetracycline was carried on plasmid genes.

Comparison of three rabbit breeds on performance, carcasses characters and meat chemical composition

S. A. Zaidan

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

Sixty rabbits from three breeds (Local, Albino, Angora) were used to determine the impact of the breeds specificity on the performance parameters, some of the carcass characters and meat composition of deferent breeds. The rabbits were equally divided into 3 groups. Each batch contain both sexes of four weeks old. The rabbits were fed a standard ration consisting 16% CP, 2380 KCal as ametabolizable energy for sixteen weeks. At the termination of the experiment, all rabbits were weighed, sacrificed. Various carcass measurements were conducted, including carcass weight, edible offal w.t, dressing percentage. Whole chemical analysis of rabbits meat were abo couied out. Significant increase (p>0.5) of finished w.t, weekly body gain of the local breed were obtained which were 1296; 1151; 1187; 61; 51 and 53 gm for the local, Albino and Angora breeds, respectively. Concerning feed conversion efficiency, the local breed showed better feed utilization than Angora breed, while similar results were found to that of Albino breed which were 6, 7, 5.8 kg ration/ kg body gain. Carcass w.t (650 gm) and dressing percentage (55%) of local breed were higher than other breeds which were 554 and 555 gm, 52% and 52% for Albino and Angora, respectively. In all the breeds, there were no significant difference in chemical composition of the meat, except for ether extract which were higher (p>0.5) for Angora than other breed. Ether extract was records to be 5.3%, 4% and 4.2% for Angora, local and Albino breeds, respectively. Depending upon productivity index and carcass characters, it can be concluded that the local breed is better than Albino or Angora.

Effect of Prostoglandine PGF2? on Bacterial Elimination during Puerperium in Awassi Ewes

N.W. Zaid

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

16 Awassi ewes have been used related to the animal farm in the Veterinary Medicine College, Baghdad University during 2006. Prostoglandine PGF2? was injected to (8) Awassi ewes on the day 4 post parturition, while (8) others Awassi ewes were left as control group. Vaginal swabs were taken for bacterial isolation on day 4, 16 and 28 post parturition. Isolated bacteria Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus showed a significant (P<0.01) decrease in their count accompanied with progressing time after parturition. The treated ewes also showed early estrus as compared to control group. No pathogenic bacteria were isolated during this study.

Evaluation of laying hens (ISA Brown) under commercial production during force resting

Zeyad A. Al-Daraji

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

This experiment was conducted in one of privet commercial field at Al-Nahrowan , South of Baghdad, from 8/11/2005 to 17/7/2006. Force resting were used to face low prices of eggs because of avian influenza outbreak, 33 thousand of brown layer (ISA Brown) from 48 to 83 weeks of age (36 weeks) were used, the layer were distributed into 5 houses (mean of layer were 5500 to 6500), force resting were conducted at 61 weeks of age , the layers were fasted for 15 days, after that , the evaluation were lasted for 13 weeks before and after force resting. The results from this study showed that force resting significantly improve accumulated egg at rate of 10.92 egg/layer/13 wks , also, significantly improve feed conversion at rate of 14.90 gm per egg, also, daily feed intake were significantly improve at rate of 6.8 gm/layer/day for period after force resting. The conclusion of the study was the force resting is a good method for some problem that faces layer management.

The Role of Streptomyces sp. To Improve Cellulase Enzyme Production By Using Lysobacter Enzymogenes On Date Palm Leaves

D. F. A. Al–Rawi , I.A. Assaffii

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

The aim of this study is to improve using date palm leaves , which are very abundant to produse cellulase enzyme that an be used as carbon resonrce for L. enzymogenes bacterial isolate . streptomyces sp. was used as helper substrate media compared to other treatments used as another sources of carbon which depend on using NaOH as a base and HCL as an acid with heating . The ability of L. enzymogenes and Streptomyces sp. bacteria to lyse crude cellulose was tesed singularly and together to know their ability to produse cellulase enzyme . Results indicated that the largest diameter for the transperent area , which is as a result for cellulose lysing , is by using both bacteria together and also by treating the carbon source by NaOH and the diameter avarage was 5.7cm . However, other treatments for carbon resource in cellulose liquid media indicated that Streptomyces sp. as a carbon resource and L. enzymogenes to provide the specific enzyme with a pH adjustment gave a better enzyme production which was 8.727 unit / ml . The concentration of 1% of the carbon source was the best to enzyme production and the enzymic activity was 8.727 unit / ml , also the addition of carbon source on a dialy base interval gave in enzymatic activity of 10.902 unit / ml . However, normal daily feeding in co-ordirate with daily with draw gave an enzymatim activity of 10.878 unit / ml . Purification of the enzyme produced by L. enzymogenes was done by using ammonium sulphate as a sedmentation factor with a saturating percent ( 90% ) and ionic exchange chromatography with a DEAE - Sephacyle bar and sephacyl -S-300 as a gelatinous filtarating bar and 86.06% of the enzyme were re-extracted . The optimum pH was 6 , the optimum temp. was 60co and the time lasted for interation was 90 min. Molecular weight as done by gelatinous filterating bar was around 36000 dalton . The value of Mekalis Km was ( 12.75 U/ml/min ) and the maximum interaction velocity was ( 12.5mg/ml ) .

Response of some introduced and locally improved wheat and barley cultivars to infestation by three important insect pests in Ninava Province, North of Iraq

A. A. Ali

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

A general surveys and field studies were conduct to investigate the relative susceptibility of some introduced and locally developed wheat and barley cultivars to infestation by Eurygaster integriceps put . Cephus pygmaeus L. and Exaeretopus tritici William in rain fed region in Ninava province during 1998- 2002 . Results indicated that infestation by the three pests occurred on all wheat and barley cultivars with significant variation depending on locations and seasons of the experiment . The lowest infestation levels of sunn pest and sawfly were recorded on the Waha wheat cultivar . Barley cultivars Jazira-2 and Zenbaka showed low response to both insect pests too . Results also indicated that all wheat and barley cultivars were infested by the soft scale insect E .tritici . The dry wheat D7 ,the bread wheat Rabeaa and the barley cultivar Arta showed less susceptibility than other cultivars to infestation by this pest .The feasibility of incorporating the promising cultivars in the management program of cereal crops in the region was discussed .

The influence of the biological insecticide Agreen and two growth regulators, Cascade and Insegar, on corn stalk borer Sesamia cretica Led. (Phalaenidae: Lepidoptera)

A. A. Ali

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

Several studies were conducted to investigate the influence of Agreen (Bacillus thuringicasis agypti ) and the growth regulators, Cascade (Flufenoxuron) and Insegar (Fenoxycarb) on some biological aspects of corn stalk borer, Sesamia cretica Led. Results indicated no significant effect of Agreen on egg hatch. However an obvious reduction in hatching percentage was recorded for one day and four days old eggs treated with Cascade and Insegar.Hatching percentages were 64 and 69 % for one day and four days old eggs treated respectively with Cascade .The growth regulator Insegar resulted in 75 and 85 % of egg hatch for the two stages respectively .Results also showed that the susceptibility of first instar larvae was higher than that of the fourth instar larvae. The growth regulator Cascade showed highly influences on treated stages with percent of killing reached 81.5 and 82.1 % for 1st and 4th instar larvae respectively. A continous effects were also recorded on subsequent stages originated from individuals treated with Agreen and growth regulators.These include; delayed larval and pupal development, increased pupae and adults deformations.and reduced adults longevity and females fecundity. However, females originated from larvae treated with the growth regulators failed to lay any egg and died shortly after emergence. Results of this study will hopfully improve the management system for the control of corn stalk borer.

The influence of the biological insecticide Agreen and two growth regulators, Cascade and Insegar, on corn stalk borer Sesamia cretica Led. (Phalaenidae: Lepidoptera)

A. A. Ali

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

Abstract Several studies were conducted to investigate the influence of Agreen (Bacillus thuringicasis agypti ) and the growth regulators, Cascade (Flufenoxuron) and Insegar (Fenoxycarb) on some biological aspects of corn stalk borer, Sesamia cretica Led. Results indicated no significant effect of Agreen on egg hatch. However an obvious reduction in hatching percentage was recorded for one day and four days old eggs treated with Cascade and Insegar.Hatching percentages were 64 and 69 % for one day and four days old eggs treated respectively with Cascade .The growth regulator Insegar resulted in 75 and 85 % of egg hatch for the two stages respectively .Results also showed that the susceptibility of first instar larvae was higher than that of the fourth instar larvae. The growth regulator Cascade showed highly influences on treated stages with percent of killing reached 81.5 and 82.1 % for 1st and 4th instar larvae respectively. A continous effects were also recorded on subsequent stages originated from individuals treated with Agreen and growth regulators.These include; delayed larval and pupal development, increased pupae and adults deformations.and reduced adults longevity and females fecundity. However, females originated from larvae treated with the growth regulators failed to lay any egg and died shortly after emergence. Results of this study will hopfully improve the management system for the control of corn stalk borer.

Effect of sowing date in growth characteristics for several cultivars of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)

B. H. A. Al-Solagh

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

A field experiment has been fulfilled in sandy - clay texture soil in Al-Jazira region in Al-Khalidia town in Al-Anbar province during summer season of 2000 ac. To study the effect of sowing dates (1st may, 15th may, 1st June and 15th June) in growth characteristics of four cultivars from sesame (Al-Mahali, Ishtar, Babel and Rafadeen) and determine the best cultivar and date of sowing given the best growth for sesame under the climate of Al-Anbar governorate. The factorial experiment has been used according to random complete block design (R.C.B.D.) with three replicate. The following were obtained results: The cultivars different significantly in growth characters, the derivative cultivars especially Ishtar are earlier in duration (period) of maturity (ripening) and mean 15.64 day compared with Al-mahali cultivar whose overcame on them in stem diameter (1.36 cm), number of branches per plant (4.10 branch) dry weight of plant (16.83 g / plant). while Ishtar and Babel are overcame in shortest of stem height from ground (earth) until the beginning of branching (12.54 , 13.12) cm. The last cultivar also overcame in high mean of plant height (149.13 cm) as compared with other varieties. There was a significant effect for sowing dates in most growth characters. The plants which are planted at 1st may recorded a high mean for dry weight of plant (15 g / plant) and number of day from sowing to ripening (150.82 day) compared which are planted in 15th June which earlier in ripening (110 day) and overcame in stem diameter (1.27 cm), while the plants are sowing in 1st June recorded a high mean of plant height (153.35 cm). the dates of sowing not effect significantly in the stem long from earth surface until beginning of branching and number of branches / plant. The interaction between sowing dates and cultivars had significant effect in all growth characters except number of branch / plant. The local cultivar that sowing in 1st June gave a highest mean of plant height (182.15 cm), stem diameter (1.58 cm) and plant dry weight (27.75 g / plant). The Ishtar cultivar that sowing in the same date also recorded a less distance to beginning of branches (9.83 cm) and earlier in ripening when sowing in 15st June (104.66 day) as compared with other treatments especially with local cultivar that planting in 1st may (164.66 day).

Gelatin Processing From bones, legs, heads and skins of spent hens (1- study its Chemical contents and yield)

Waleed I. Kurdi , Mohammed F. A. Al-Baghdadi , K

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

Gelatin had been processed from bones, heads. legs and skin which got from spent hens, the sample were cleared, cut and getting rid of oil by boiling then the removal of mineral salts by hydrochloric acid 6% for 24 hours , after that soaking in diluted base ( NaOH ) 0.2N for 18 hours and washing with water, The process of extracting was made by damp heating in an electric furnace at various temperatures 65, 75 and 85 Celeries with both time periods 10 and 20 hours. After that, the process of clarification , filtration and drying the gelatin solutions were mille red, filtrated and dried, then they grinded and filling. It had been studied the chemical contents and yield of the product and the results referred to 1-there were high significant differences due to effectiveness of the studied factors and their interaction gelatin yield. 2- It had been seen that there were significant differences due to the effectiveness of tempera- ture, gelatin sources and extracting period on the humidity percentage. There were insignif- Incant differences due to the effectiveness of interaction between the three factors on the humi- dity percentage in the processed gelatin . 3-It had found high significant differences due to effectiveness of gelatin sources, temperature and the extractor period on the percentage of oil in the processed gelatin in addition to high significant differences due to interactions between temperature and gelatin sources on the percentage of oil , whereas, there were insignificant differences due to interaction between other. 4-There were higher significant differences due to the gelatin sources, temperatures, and the interaction between the gelatin sources and temperatures on the ash percentages of the processed gelatin. 5- Its possible to process gelatin from bones , legs , heads and skins of spent hens .The best extraction temperatures were 65 c and 75 c. In temperature 85c the yield of gelatin increase low quality. 6- The results shown high percent of protein in bones and heads gelatin, but low percent in skins and legs gelatin, and shown higher percent of fat in skin gelatin than other samples.

province spend hit practical case for the period 1980-2013

Marwan mother Abd AL wahab , Hameed Rasheed AL-Ab

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

The Peanut pistachio harvest field of oil and industrial crops important to the advantage of its high nutritional value economic payoff rewarding compared with other summer crops, Constitute an important part in the Economies of several countries in the world, including the Arab world Who characterized some of the efficiency of the productivity of countries comparative advantage which generate foreign currency for the benefit of their national economies. This study aimed to shed light on the cultivation of this crop and find out the comparative advantage of this crop and the extent of local competence and a global rival to know the nature of then terventionist policy of the production in Anbar Governorate Hit spend a practical state of matter 1980-2013 using the style of modern analytical athlete knows policy analysis matrix (PAM). The show from results matrix that own profitability (D) was 21365 Dinar, While the social profitability (H) reached 787883 dinar, Net transfers which came negative worth -49250, this explains the lack of support for producers by the stat for this crop. The cost of local resources coefficient (DRC value positive 0.88, this means that the crop has a comparative advantage at the local level. The back of the nominal protection coefficient for output (NPCO) value positive 0.92, this explains that producers receive their product prices lower than world prices. However, the nominal protection coefficient of input, which was, value positive 1.04, this underlines the lack of real income by the state. The back of the effective protection coefficient (EPC) value positive 0.89 this indicates that producers receive lower returns in the absence of interventionist policy, the price of any absence of government support for the production of this crop in Iraq. The study found a number of recommendations, most notably the need for attention and support of the state of the domestic product direct government support aggressive policy of raising the efficiency of resource use and achieve comparative advantage of the crop in An bar Governorate .

Genetic parameters and path analysis in bread wheat as effected by seeding rates

H. J. Hamadi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:5 Issue:1

A field experiment was conducted at the farm AL Sofia place in Ramadi during 2004–2005 and 2005–2006, seasons. Arandomized complete block design in a split plot design with eight varieties (IPA 95, IPA 99, Abu-Ghraib3, Al-fateh, sale, shaam6, Tamoz3, Al-Rashed) as main plots and three sedding rates (100, 150 and 200 kg/ ha) as sub plots with three replication. Genotypic, phenotypic variances and coefficient of variability, broad sence heritability percentage, genotypic and phenotypic correlation coefficient and other characters were estimated. path coefficient analysis carried out to partition the genotypic correlation coefficient to the direct and Indirect effects. The results showed that genotypic, phenotypic variances and coefficients of variability were varied with seeding rates. Genotypic variances more than Ecological variances for all characters in two seasones. Phenotypic correlation coefficients was more than genotypic correlation coefficient for number of spikes/ m2, number of grain/ spikes and spike length for two seasones. The higher values for broad sence heritability appeared in biological grain/ spike (99.9, 99.8) for two seasones. Path analysis revealed that biological grain for all seeding rates and two seasones obtained highest direct to grain yield, while length spike had the most positive direct and indirect effects. It was cocluded that biological grain could be used as selection index for the improvement of grain yield in bread wheat.