2008, volume:6 issue:2


The effect of diet dilution with Wood Shaving in early age on dressing percentage, internal edible organs,abdominal fat and carcass cuts of males and females broilers

B. M. Ibrahim , N. N. Abed Al–Hajo

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

This experiment was conducted at the poultry farm of the Department of Animal Resources/ College of Agriculture/ University of Baghdad, to investigate the effect of diet dilution with wood shaving at early age on dressing percentage, internal edible organs and carcass cuts of males and Females broilers, A total of 400, one day old, Ross broiler chicks, were randomly distributed into 4 treatments, T1 as the control group, T2, T3, and T4 were fed the basel diet diluted with wood shaving (20%) and it was fed to Chicks in age 7–14 day, 7–21 day, 7–28 day for T2, T3 and T4 respectively and study the effects of this treatments on broiler sex (males & females) Results showed that treatment with diet dilution (T2 & T3) had a high significant effect (p<0.01) in dressing percentage and main carcass cuts and decrease of abdominal fats. It can be concluded that diet dilution with wood shaing improved dressing percentage, main cuts and decrease of abdominal fat, this results refers best characteristics of broiler carcasses.

Study of Radio sensitivity in Tomato by Gamma Radiation

K. A. A. Al-Jebouri , F. M. Humady , E. F. Ebrah

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

The study was conducted in the field of Hort. Dept. College of Agriculture University of Baghdad during the two seasons 1993 and 1994 as a part of tomato breeding and improvement program by inducing mutation by experimental mutagenesis. In first program was study the radio sensitivity in tomato to determine the lethal doses and useful mutagenesis. Two tomato varieties of super marimand which were local and Gluss grow and five Radio doses were chosen. (0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 Krad of gamma Co60). The result showed that lethal dose to tomato crop was between 45 and 60 krd gamma radiation. To determine doses of useful mutagenesis, six radio doses were chosen (0, 20, 25, 30, 35 and 40 krd) by using two tomato strains. The experiment was conducted by using a randomize complete block design. The strains were differ from each other in radio sensitivity and the radio sensitivity was increased as radio doses were increased. For induction of initial genetic material of mutagenesis breeding of plants wee done for two generation. In M1 the above two strains in addition to strains of Enka company were used. The experiment was conducted by using of split – plot design with three replications. The evaluation of radiation effects were done on M1 plants according to radio morphosims. The higher of plants were selected from local strains (526 selections) followed by strains of Gluss company (290 selections) and (40) selection from strain of Enka company. The radio doses were differ from each other in number of selected plants. Doses of 20, 25, 30 krd of the three strains had more number of selections. In M2 radio generation work was reduced and continued by using strains of Gluss grow company only. The number of variations selected in this generation was 109 variated. Dose of 25 krd was produced a higher number of variated followed by 20, 30, 35 and 40 krd doses, respectively.

PRELIMINARY STUDY ON RED MITES IN LAYING HENS AND ITS TREATMENT

Z. K. Jallob , M. O. Al-Ani , F. I. Al- Shiekhl

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

This study was conducted on Al- Muradia Poultry project infested with red mites for the first time in Iraq. Details of morphology of the mites, symptoms of the infestation on the laying hens have been discussed. Treatments of Red mites infestation with malathion 0.5% and formalin 30% revealed that treatments with malathion give the best result (90%) as compared with the treatment with formalin (30%)., also it has been concluded from this study that the affection of caged layer flock has been reported for the first time in Iraq.

Prevalence of internal parasites in municipal chicken invillages of Falluja – Iraq

M. T. Al-Alousi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

Seventy non-descriptive breed hens of 1-2 years age were examined and observed 60 (85.7%) hens were infected with various species of metazoan and protozoan parasites. Of (8) helminthes species recorded, Sublora suctoria was the most common nematodes, while Ascaridia galli, Heterakis gallinarum, Raillietina tetragona, Raillietina echinobothrida, Raillietina cesticillus, Hymenolepis caioca and Choanotaenia infundibulum, were also frequently observed. Eimeria oocysts were seen in the intestinal contents of 8 (11.4%) hens. It was concluded from this study that local hens might be infected with certain helminthes and protozoan and special attention should be taken.

Suvey of Brucellosis in sheep in Al-Anbar province

M. T. Al-Alousi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

One thousand six hundred and twenty one blood sample were collected from sheep were studied for the presence of Brucella antibodies in Al-anbar province .Results of Rose Bengal Plate Agglutination Test (RBPT) and Tube Agglutination Test (TAT) revealed an incidence of 4.93% and 4.68% respectively. Incidence in ewes were 6.44 by (RBPT) and 6.04 by (TAT). Rams reveled an incidence of 2.54% by both tests.

The Use of The Genetically Modified of Azotobacter vinelandii In Isolate with the preparation of The Bio-organic Fertilizer From Local Materials and then Bio-testing It

I.A. Assaffii , A. M. Turky , D. F. Al-Rawi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

It is difficult to find an isolate that can give all plant needs , therefore it requires more than one isolate to give the various needs of the plant . The use of a mixture of isolates that can fix nitrogen and dissolve phosphate in a certain vaccine results decrease in their activity ,therefore the idea of using the isolate , Azotobacter vinelandii which is modified to dissolve phosphate and fix nitrogen in the preparation of local materials to make a compose is suitably fit to enhance the conditions of plant growth and soil features. The isolate ability on fixing nitrogen and dissolving super phosphate ( T-CaP ) or phosphate rocks ( RP ) compounds was tested by their abilities to give sidrophores and indol compounds .A mixture of various qualitative and quantitative components of local plant and animal , other natural minerals consisted of cow organic matter ( C/N = 27/1 ) dried materials of the plant , Ceritophylium demeresm ,two other phosphate rocks , natural apatite ( Rp-N )( %8P ) and calcinated phosphate apatite ( RP-C ) ( %12P ) was prepared .The aim was to change these components into a more useful mixture .A bacterial vaccine, A. vinelandii that was modified by fermintating the mentioned components on different time intervals 10 , 20 and 30 days before one day of their addition to the soil in a fermented and unfermented nature to change soil characters .Four fermented and unfermented mixtures were used mixed 1% of the used soil .Two fermented and non-fermented mixtures with 1% were selected as compared to the use of TSP and Urea fertilizer in pot experiment planted with Vicia catiang . Results indicated that the used isolate was able to fix nitrogen with an average of 2.8 mg/L with a microbial density of 6.2 × 108 Cfu/g indol ,dissolved phosphate compounds ( TCaP) with an average of 10.6 mg/L and produced indol components with and an average of 11.6 mg/L . The mixtures of 300 and 700 mg of RP-N and OM was found to the best in containing the dissolved phosphate compound , 71.2% from the total phosphorus and the total nitrogen 19.6 gm N/kg mixture which was the best average for the C/N in the mixtures after fermentation 1:9 . The use of the natural phosphate rocks gave the best dissolving results and nitrogen quantity was increased with the use of C. demeresm plant wastes .The use of the fermented mixtures enhanced soil texture after 30 days of incubation with an average of 30 mg of dissolved phosphorus /kg soil and 150 mg nitrogen,also rapid germination were achieved with an average of 71 and 20.2 for plant and root length respectively The average root and vegetative dry weights was 160 and 178 g/plant respectively .Those treatments showed a better rhizopeal bacterial infection for plant roots with an average of 22 effective knots with 68% with protein percent 17.9 % in dried weight of the plant . Also ,they enhanced the soil content with viable phosphorus and nitrogen with an average of 20.5 and 130 mg/kg soil respectively .These results assure the existence of various carbon resources for microbial growth and activity resulted from the fermented mixtures which , in the mean time increased the fixation of nitrogen and dissolving phosphate compounds and finally producing Sidrophores , growth regulators , enhancing soil texture and viability of nutrients to the plants .

Study of prevalence haemoparasites in different birds from Al-Ramadi city

M. M. Al-Shuaaibi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

Total samples of 56 blood smears were taken from doves, hoopoe, chickens and geese in Al_Ramadi city for the period starting Jan. 2006 up to March 2006. The study was designed to know blood parasites in there birds. Results showed that 34 birds were infected with different blood parasites with 60.71% from the total number of the studied birds. Also, Plasmodium was mostly presented with 50% ,Haemoproteus 28.57% finally Leucocytozoon 25 %. The study was recorded to the first time in Al-Ramadi city.

Test of reliability for soil map at area from mid- Mesopotamian plain

Salah M. F. Al-Juraysi , M. K. Al-Rawi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

Analysis Data for one map soil was made. whish has four-map unit at semi-Detail survey at project lie at (20 K. M. North– West of Baghdad). The study aimed to test the reliability of soil map by quality criteria. Uniformity criterion (RI) and purity method are used .data of physical and chemical properties which have relation with soil classification were studied. (Sand %, Clay %, Salt, ESP, CEC, Gypsum, Lime and Organic matter). The study showed the (ECe, ESP, Gypsum and Organic matter) given more variability within soil map unit. The study also showed that purity was 44.18% in first. While it was 47.15% after redraw map unit (similarity of more than %75 between soil unit and dominant taxonomic unit) according to Similarity method suggested by Al- Juraysi (2003).

The soil compaction effect on some nutrients availability, Uptake and growth of Corn

A. H. Al-Bayat , B. R. Serhed , M. A. Al-Ani , M

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

This experiment was conducted at the wood shader according to complete randomized design by using clay loam texture soil columns with 15 cm diameter and 40 cm height. which have been accomplished by compacted the soil after wetning it to the optimum water coutent for compaction by procter equipment to reached the bulk density levels 1.25, 1.30, 1.35, 1.40, 1.45, 1.50, 1.55 and 1.60 Meg. m-3 After addition of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and micro nutrients, Iron, manganise, Zinc and copper with levels 240 kg N, 40 kg P, 40 kg K per hectar and (50 mg Fe, 2.5 mg Mn, 2.5 mg Zn and 1.0 mg Cu) per kilo of soil. Corn seedes (Behoth 106) variety was sown and after first week one plant was left in every experimental unit (after 60 days from planting) the aerial parts were harvested and roots system were separated from the soil samples were taking from plants rizosphere zone. palnt height and dry weight for both aerial and root parts were measured, so that plant samples were digested, also rizosphere soil for estimated its contents from nutrients N, P, K, Fe, Mn and Cu to calculated the total uptake. The results showed there is a second degree relation ship between compaction levels and studied growth parameters. also incneasing the compaction level negatively effecte on a vailability of N and Cu in the soil, while there were an increasing in the P, K, Fe, Mn and Zn availability. The increasing in the Zn availability was due to the increase in of phosphorus availbality in the soil. The study of plants total uptake after 60 days from planting were showed significant increase in the uptake of N, P, K, Fe, Mn and Cu with increasing bulk density from 1.25 to 1.35 Meg. m-3 there was gradnal decrease down to lowest value at density 1.60 Meg. m-3 with the second degree relarionship.

Estimation of genetic parameters and regression line analysis for yield and its components in maize

H. J. Al-Dulaimi , A. M. Al-Jumaili , S. A. Faia

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

Eight inbred lines of maize were crossed in half- diallel in spring season of 2002 to produce twenty eight F1 crosses. The parents and crosses were grown in Fall season of 2002 and in Spring season of 2003 using RCBD with four replicates to determine the nature and magnitude of gene effects through components analysis and graphic analysis for 50% silking date, plant and ear height, ear length, number of rows/ear, number of grain/row, kernel weight and grain yield/plant. Both the additive and dominance genetic variances were found to be significant for all characters, except for grain yield/plant where the additive genetic variance was not significant in Fall season. The estimates of dominance genetic variance were more than the additive one for plant and ear height, number of grain/row, kernel weight and grain yield/plant, while, it was inverse that in other characters, and this reflected the reduction of the values of the narrow sense heritability, and increased of the values of the average degree of dominance one for the mentioned characters and it was less than one for other characters, which indicated that the studied characters were under partial and over dominance gene action. Also the results showed that positive and negative alleles were not distributed equally among the parents for all characters. Indicating that from the estimates of the ratio H2/4H1 were different from 0.25, and excess of dominant genes in the parents for all characters, indicating that from the estimates of the ratio KD/KR were more than one. The graphic analysis suggested the presence of over dominance and genetic variability among parents for most characters. It was concluded from the results of this study that some inbred lines could be used in a breeding program to develop elite hybrids of higher yield/plant and other related traits.

Estimation of combining ability and genetic variance using the half diallel cross in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

S. A. Faiath

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

College of Education for women University of Al-Anbar Abstract Six genotypes of wheat were crossed in half diallel. The grains of parents and (F1) crosses were sown using randomized complete block design (R.C.B.D) with three replications. The studied characters were: number of days from planting to 50% flowering, number of days from planting to maturity, spike length/ cm, fertility%, number of spiklet/ spike, number of flowers per spike, and yield of single plant per gram, the parents (Tamooz, Alkaeed, Ipa (99), Sham (6), saber beg, Abu-graib) and it's F1 crosses differed significantly for all characters, The parents were generally combined in desirable direction for several characters, while the specific combining ability was significant only for number of days from planting to 50% flowering and to maturity characters respectively, Variance of specific combining abilities was more than variance of general combining abilities for number of days to flowering and to maturity and for yield of single plant characters while variance of general combining ability more than variance of specific combining abilities for spike length, fertility, number of flowers per spike, and number of spiklet per spike characters. The additive gene action was more affective from the dominance gene action for all characters which were studied except yield of single plant/ gm, The narrow- sense heritability values were ranged between 52.77% for spike length/ cm to 91.73% for number of days from planting to maturity while the broad sense of heritability values were ranged between 10.67% and 76.61% for single plant yield/ gm and number of flowers/ spike, respectively, The average degree of dominance was higher than one for number of days to 50% flowering and to maturity and single plant yield characters, which revealed over dominance but less than one for another characters such as spike length, fertility, number of flowers/spike and number of spiklet per spike, which revealed dominance, with additive gene action.

Effect of Planting Dates on the Productivity of Six Barely Cultivars

A. M. A. Al-Kaisy

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

A field study was carried out during the winter of 2004-2005 at AL-Hamidiya, AL-Jazeera in Anbar province, (150 km to the west of Baghdad) on clay mixed–type soil to study six typys barely (Samir, Shuaa, Thowaitha and Warkaa) responses to two planting dates (15th of Nov. and 10th of Dec.). Split–plot design with six replicates was used in the experiement. Planting dates included the main split plots, whereas types of barely included secondary split plots. Spike length (by cm), rate of spike count (m2), rate of 1000 grains weight (g) and rate of yield weight have been studied at the time of harvesting. The experiement was statistically analyzed according to the differential analysis. Least significance difference was used for mean comparisons at 5% probability. Results of spike length rate/ cm have shown that there were no significant differences between the two dates of planting, nor in the interaction of plant dates with types of barely. There were significant differences among the types themselves. Warka gave the highest rate of spike langth of about 12.04 cm, whereas Shuaa gave the lowest rate of about 5.72 cm. There were no significant differences between the two planting dates and the interaction between them and cultivars. Significant differences were detected among cultivars. Towaitha gave the highest spike count rate of about 598 spike/ m2, whereas Shuaa gave the lowest spike count rate of about 365.91 spike/ m2. As for the weight of 1000 seeds/ m2, the results have shown significant differences between the two planting dates and the interaction between the two planting dates and cultivars and among cultivars themselves. Samir cultivar excelled in the trait of 1000 seeds weight and yield weight of about 53.49 seed/ gr. Warka cultivar gave the lowest rate for 1000 seeds weight of about 35.52 seeds/ gr. As for yield weight trait, there were no significant differences between the two planting dates and the interaction with cultivars. There were significant differences among the cultivars themselves. Samir cultivar excelled in the two dates of planting of about 1246.71 gr. as a rate of planting dates followed by Amal, Warka, Shuaa and Hadhar with 1062.35 gr, 1057.41 gr, 1014.41 gr, 1009.57 gr. rates, respectively. Twaitha cultivar gave the lowest rates in the two datas of planting of about 753.95 gr.

Response of growth of Genotypes of maize (Zea mays L.) under different spaces

R. K. Shati , M. K. Allak

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

A field study was conducted during Autumn season 1999 and Spring season 2000 at experimental farm department of Field Crop Sciences, College of Agriculture, Abu-Ghraib. The objective of the study was to investigate response of growth of Genotypes of maize (Bohoth 106, IPA 3001) to densities with different spaces (80 cm ? 20 cm, 100 cm ? 16 cm ,40 cm ? 40 cm , 80 cm ?10 cm, 80 cm ?15 cm and 80 cm ? 30 cm). The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The result obtained could summarized as following: All treatments caused significant effect on all studied characteristics. The density (125000 plant .ha-1) which planted with spaces 80 cm ? 10 cm gave the highest value of leaf area index (5.40, 5.90), weight of dry matter (19.76, 30.29 t. ha-1) respectively in Autumn and Summer seasons. There fore we get high crop growth rate (32.69, 60.52) respectively in both seasons then other treatments. Genotype bohoth 106 gave high value of leaf area index (3.59, 4.69) respectively in Autumn and Spring seasons. The interaction between genotypes and spacing was significant. The genotypes bohoth with space 80 cm ? 10 cm gave high value in weight dry matter (20.41, 31.30) and crop growth rate (37.70, 68.21 gm. m-2. day-1) in both seasons.

Effect of magnetig irrigation water and phosphorus fertilization on growth and yield of eheat

M. A. Al-Naqeeb , I. H. Al-Hilfy , Y. M. Al-Kubi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

A field experimental was carried out at the experimental farm of the Department of Field Crops Science, College of Agriculture, Abu-Ghraib during 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 seasons to study the effect of magnetic irrigation water and phosphorus fertilizer levels on the growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. Var. Abu-Ghraib-3). The experiment design was a split–plot in RCBD with three replications. the main plot were allocated for the magnetotron treatments (i. e Magnetic and without Magnetic) and the sub plots for the P fertilizer levels (0, 50, 75 and 100) Kg P2O5 ha-1. The results showed that the magnetic water was superior in plant height , flag leaf area, biological yield, and grain yield compared with plants non magnetic irrigated water. Application of phosphorus fertilizer caused a significant increase on all plant componants in both seasons. Interaction between magnetic water treatment and 100 Kg P2O5 ha-1 level significantly increased plant height with 113.90, 117.21 cm, flag leaf area 30.30, 32.40 with cm2 Biological. Yield 11.96, 12.95 T ha-1, grain yield 4.50, 4.84 T ha-1 and P concentration of plant 2.51, 2.72 gm P kg-1 dry matter compared with treatment without magnetic water and non phosphorus addition in both season respectively.

Evaluation of field behavior for some third Radio generation mutants in Tomato plant (Lycopersicon esculentum. Mill)

K. A. A. Al-Jebouri , E. F. Ebrahem , F. M. Humad

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

This experiment was conducted in the plastic houses, Department of Horticulture, University of Baghdad during the growing season of 1994-1995. The experiment was consist of the evaluation of field growth of some mutant chosen from the plant receving 20 and 25 krd and from the M2 which shows a changing from latement to indeterment growth which they are 61 mutants. Seeds of these mutant were growen in Lath houses at 11-10-1994 and the seedling was transplanted to the plastic houses in 16-11-1994 with original plants as a contract plants. The study consist of yield and yield components. Vegetative growth and the qualitative characters of the fruits. The experimental results shows that many mutants significantly differ from the original plants and there are many differences between those mutants in the studied characters. The mutant 19 which came from plants received 20 krd significantly overcome the other mutant in 13 characters, followed by the mutant 17 which overcome the other mutant in 10 characters and the mutant 4 in 9 characters. The mutant 19 gave the highest plant height of 309.5 cm and 15 truss on the on the in stem mutant 4 significantly gave the highest– early yield of 5.28 kg/ plant, total yield of 11 kg/ plant highest average fruit weight of 171.9 gm. In plants received 25 krd, the mutant 23 significantly overcome the other mutants in 14 characters followed by the mutants 22, 30 which they are characterized by 13 characters. The mutant 25 significantly gave the highest plant height of 337.5 cm and gave 18 turss on the main stem, early yield and total yield of 4.15 and 9.12 kg/ plant respectively and average fruit weight of 121.3 gm. This mutant characterized by 7 characters specially yield, yield component and the vegetative characters. As a result of this study we can recommended the mutants 19, 17, 4, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30 as promising mutants to be planted in the plastic and green houses and to compare them with the recommended varieties.

Study of Radio sensitivity in Tomato by Gamma Radiation

K. A. A. Al-Jebouri , F. M. Humady , E. F. Ebrah

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

The study was conducted in the field of Hort. Dept. College of Agriculture University of Baghdad during the two seasons 1993 and 1994 as a part of tomato breeding and improvement program by inducing mutation by experimental mutagenesis. In first program was study the radio sensitivity in tomato to determine the lethal doses and useful mutagenesis. Two tomato varieties of super marimand which were local and Gluss grow and five Radio doses were chosen. (0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 Krad of gamma Co60). The result showed that lethal dose to tomato crop was between 45 and 60 krd gamma radiation. To determine doses of useful mutagenesis, six radio doses were chosen (0, 20, 25, 30, 35 and 40 krd) by using two tomato strains. The experiment was conducted by using a randomize complete block design. The strains were differ from each other in radio sensitivity and the radio sensitivity was increased as radio doses were increased. For induction of initial genetic material of mutagenesis breeding of plants wee done for two generation. In M1 the above two strains in addition to strains of Enka company were used. The experiment was conducted by using of split – plot design with three replications. The evaluation of radiation effects were done on M1 plants according to radio morphosims. The higher of plants were selected from local strains (526 selections) followed by strains of Gluss company (290 selections) and (40) selection from strain of Enka company. The radio doses were differ from each other in number of selected plants. Doses of 20, 25, 30 krd of the three strains had more number of selections. In M2 radio generation work was reduced and continued by using strains of Gluss grow company only. The number of variations selected in this generation was 109 variated. Dose of 25 krd was produced a higher number of variated followed by 20, 30, 35 and 40 krd doses, respectively.

Production and Evaluation of Tomato F1 Hybrids Under Plastic–house Conditions

K. A. A. Al-Jebouri , M. M. Al-Sahoki , M. S. M. H

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

In adiallel mating system of six lines of tomato Hybrid vigor, combining ability, heritability and gene action of several trials were tested under plastic houses conditions during 1999-2000 years using a randomized complete block design with four replicates. The results indicated that the hybrid vigor , general and specific combining abilities were significant for studied characteristic, however the hybrid vigor gave an early production yield (217.95%) of reciprocal cross (IPAL-1016?IPAL-1001) while the hybrid vigor (28.2%) of total yield reciprocal cross (IPAL-1021?IPAL-1008). البحث مستل من رسالة ماجستير للباحث الثالث The crosses (IPAL-1008?IPAL-1001) and (IPAL-1008?IPAL-1023) produced fruit weight (79.1 and 78.8 gm) the hybrid (S25?IPAL1023) produced higher fruit number (68.3) fruit plant. The results, also indicated that the inheritance of the studied characteristics were mainly under effect of the non additive gene in addition to the effect of additive gene.

Effect of number of spray with spray with nutrient fertilizer (Scotts) on growth and production of potato cv. Desiree

Omar H. Al-Mohammedi , W. A. Hussein

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

An experiment was carried out at the field of Agriculture college/ Abu-Ghraib during fall season of 2006 to study the effect of number of sprays with Foliar nutrient fertilizer (Scotts) on growth and production of potato Cv. Desiree in Soil (pH = 7.5) and (Ec = 4.2). Scotts foliar fertilizer (Scott Company product) contains 10% N, 15% P2O5, 31% K2O, 0.1% MgO 0.1 and amount of chelated B, Cu, Mg, Zn and Fe at the rate of 2 ml/ L of water, plants were sprayed to drip point with either distilled water (30 days), or with nutrient solution, once (45 days), twice (45 and 60 days), or three times (45, 60 and 75 days) after planting plus control. Randomize Complete Block Design was adapted with three replicates. Plant height and number of branches/ plant increased when sprayed three times to 49cm and 13.67 branch/plant respectively, All treatment increased vegetative growth dry weight to 68, 64 and 61.7 g/ plant when sprayed three times, twice, once respectively. Dry weight percentage, tuber weight and plant yield increased when sprayed three times at 26.67%, 93.7 g/ tuber and 883.3g/ plant.

Influence of foliar sprays with Copper and Zinc on the resistance of citrus rootstocks to gumosis caused by Phytophthora citropthora.

M. R. Al-Ani , A. N. Al-Baghdadi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

This study was conducted in the lath house, Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad in the growing season of 2004. Sour orange, mandarin and grapefruit rootstocks with 6 months old were foliar sprayed with CuSO4. H2O at a rate of 1 gm/ l water and ZnSO4. H2O at a rate of 2 gm/ L water while the control treatment was sprayed with distilled water . After two weeks from the spraying half the number of the seedling were inoculated with Phytophthora citrophthora to investigated the influence of these chemicals in controlling the gummosis on the different rootstocks. The experimental results shows that spraying with Zn to inoculated seedlings reduced the percentage of disease index, seedling death and seedling wilting and the rate of wilting by (34.68%, 40.73%, 34.91% and 22.39%) respectively as compared with inoculated seedlings with the fungi. Spraying with Cu to the inoculated seedling significantly reduced the percentage of disease index and seedling death, seedling wilting and the average wilting rate at ratio of 49.95%, 51.84%, 33.33% and 14.21% respectively.

Response of three Citrus species plants grafted on Sour orange root stock to irrigation with saline water

N.Khalil

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

Collage of Agriculture University of Baghdad Abstract An experiment was carried out in the lath house, department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, during 2006. This investigation aimed to study the effect of irrigation with saline water on leaf concentration of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Na, and Cl of three Citrus species, sweet orange (Citrus sinensis), Lemon (Citrus limon) and Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) grafted on Sour orange (Citrus aurantium) root stock, Two levels of water salinity, 1.2 and 3.0 ds.m-1 Were uesd to irrigate 2 years old plants. Results showed asignificant decrease in leaf N, K, Ca, Mg, and Fe Content as the trees irrgated with 3.0 ds.m-1 water, while the leaf Na and Cl Content increased significantly as it compered to the trees irrigated with 1.2 ds.m-1 water, except P and Mn which were significantly incresed with incresing water salinity. The three species of the plants had significantly differance in leaf content as they irrgated with 3.0 ds.m-1 water. Sweet orange and Mandarin leaves had the optimum values of leaf Na and Cl Content, but lemon had the optimum values of leaf K and Fe content with significantly decreasing in Cl and Na concentrion as it compared with sweet orange and mandarin that irrigated with 3.0 ds.m-1.

Effect of Budding Date and Benzyl Adenine on Budding Success Ratio of Clementine Mandarin

F. F. Jomaa M. A. Salman M. Ismaeel

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

This study was conducted at the department of Horticulture College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad for the period 1/ 9/ 2002 to 15/ 1/ 2004. To study the effect of budding date and Benzyl adenine on bud take on Clemntine mandarin, using one year old sour orange seedling as a rootstock. Buds were dipped in Benzyl adenine and then kept in 4?C and 20?C for 24 hr. Budding carried out at autumn and spring season. The experimental results shows that autumn budding significantly was superior then the spring budding in most characters specially the percentage of budding success, length of shoots, number of leaves/ plant, leaf area/ plant with 9%, 15.7%, 13.3%, 27.6% respectively .The treatments increased the percentage of budding and other vegetative characters as compared with the control, specially the treatment with 250 mg/ l Benzyl adenine and when the buds were kept in 4?C for 24 hr, In which the highest percentage of budding success (82.21%) was recorded. The interaction between date of budding and the treatments significantly influenced the percentage of budding success and improving the vegetative characters.

Effect of Some Nutrients on yield of Fig Aswad Diala Cultivar

F. F. Jomaa--- A. Najee M. J. Nori

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

This study was conducted on Fig trees cultivar Aswad Diala, to investigate the influences of Nitrogen, sprying potassium Fe and Zn on the yield and its compounents. Urea was added to the soil after one month from bud burst at 3 levels (0, 500, 1000 g/ tree) while potassium was sprayed at (0, 1000 mg/ L) concentration with and without Fe and Zn at a concentration of 200 mg/ L for each of them as a sulphate after one week from the addition of Nitrogen. The experiment results can be sumarized as follows: 1. The single treatments with N, K and (Fe + Zn) increased the fruit size significantly and the effect was increased when the interaction between these of elements, the increment was 20.42% and 13.77% for both seasons respectively. 2. The average number of fruits/ branch was increased in the single treatments at a ratios of (11.80% to 15.06) while the increament was 50.52% at the interaction between the three elements. 3. The percentage of fruit drop was reduced significantly by the application of all nutrient elements and specially the interaction between them when the percentage of dropping was (6.19% and 5.11%) an compared with (13.22 and 10.56%) at the control treatment. 4. The yield was significantly increased by the using of each element alone and the ratios were 5.5% to 9.27% while the interaction between the three element was at a percentage of (32.22% and 28.79%) for both seasons. 5. There are a differences between the nutrient elements in their effects on T.S.S , Nitrogen decreased it when its concentrations increased while TSS was increased when potassium used and no significant effect when Fe and Zn were used.

Flowering habits study on pomegranate: effect of flower thinning and zinc spry on perfect flower percentage and yield of some local pomegranate cultivars

F. F. Jomaa

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

This research was carried out using three local cultivars of pomegranate (Salemi, Rawa seedless and Gelawi) for the growing seasons (2000–2001). Two studies were performed, the first study dealed with the flowering habits on the fruiting units, intension, the percentage of perfect and male flowers during flowering period, while the second study dealed with the effect of flowers thinning during the last cycle of flowering which take place during the period from 20 may to 30 june and foliar sprays of Zn at a concentration of 1 & 2% which carried out on (1/ 7/ 2000 and 1/ 10/ 2000) the objective of this studies was to increase the percentage of perfect flowers in the following season and its effect on the yield . The experimental results shows the following: 1. The male flowers were exist before the perfect flowers by 10 days and then both types of flowers were increased at interected cycles to reach the highest intension during the period (10 April to 30 June). The percentage of perfect flowers was 86.25 % at the first cycle of flowering while the second cycle formed the remaining percentage which is 13.75% and the number of male flowers were higher than the perfect flowers at a ratio of (2.10–2.81). 2. There are a significant differences in number of total flowers, perfect flowers and male flowers between cultivars. Rawa seedless cultivars was the highest in number of total flowers while the Gelawi cultivar was the highest in the percentage of perfect flowers. In spit of the deffernces in the percentage of formed flowers on fruiting units from cultivar to another, they are all appered on small shoot (spur) with one or two years old and they reached the percentage of (23.73, 37.74, 38.52%) for the three cultivars on the new shoots, shoot 1-2 years old respectively. 3. The results showed that flowers thining of hast cycle of flowering, causes a significant increases on the percentage of perfect flowers and on the percentage of fruits set in the following season (2001) at a ratios of (6.89%, 5.34%) for both characters respectively, while the increament was (3.23% and 3.40%) when Zn at 2% and the effect was increased when there is an interaction between thining and appling Zn. 4. Thining and folair sprays of Zn causes a reduction in fruit weight at a ratio of (2.1% and 1.3) respectively, while this reduction was not in parrall with the increament in the percentage of perfect flowers and the percentage of fruits set. which causes an increases in total yield up to a percentage of 10.76% when thining was done, 2.37% when Zn was sprayed and the increament reached 16.40% with the interaction between them.

Study on quantity and quality of some Iraqi apricot cultivars

S. R. Abdullah

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

Study was conducted of Husaynia, Kerbela, province using seven local cultivars of apricot (Harvi, Kaisi, Zakenia yellow Ardebel, Red Ardebel, Ahmar Bathri and Hashri). Protuct from direct planting of seeds. The trees used were similar in age trained on ordinary pyramid method and planted 7 x 7 m distance. The experiment was done for two seasons. Data on average yield of tree, fruit weight, flesh weight of fruit. pit weight, and percentage of total soluble solids of the fruit juice were recorded. Results showed that Zakenia, yellow Ardebel, Red Ardebel, and Kaisi cultivar were superior than other cultivars studied. It is recommended to plant these cultivars in the middle and southern parts of Iraq.

Production and evaluation of quail meat Coturnix coturnix at different ages (Chemical Properties of Meat)

M. F. Abdul Ghani , S. A. Taha , W. F. Al-Khamis

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

This study was conducted to evaluate meat properties of two quail strains (Europen and Asian) during the period from 12 April to 21 Oct. 2004. 90 birds for each strains aged 14 days were reared at the poultry farm of Agric College, University of Anbar. At the age 42, 70 and 90 days respectively, thirty birds from each strain were slaughtered to determine chemical composition (moisture, protein, ether extract and ash %), pH, hydroxy prolien and cholesterol for thigh and breast of quail carcass, the data revealed no significant differences were found between two strains in chemical composition, hydroxy prolien, pH and cholesterol for thigh and breast pieces, while there was a decrease in protein percentage with advanced age but at the same time notice an increase in fat percentage. The percentage of the moisture of the breast piece significantly lowered with advanced age, while percentage of hydroxy prolien and concentration of the cholesterol for thigh and breast pieces significantly increased with advanced age. The results showed that age had no significant effect on the pH for the thigh and breast pieces, also the interaction between strain and age had significantly effect on chemical composition, hydroxyl prolien and cholesterol for thigh and breast, while there was no effect on the pH for thigh and breast pieces.

Effect adding Vicia faba L. in diets on some egg quality traits of laying hens during summer season

A. A. Al-Mashhadani , B. H. Moussa , A. A. Jasem

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

This study was conducted in poultry farm of College of Agriculture, Al-Anbar University. The objective of this study was to determine the possibility of using partial replacement of (Vicia faba L.) instead of Soybean meal on egg quality during summer months. Five levels of (Vicia faba L.) were used (0, 2.5, 7.5, 12.5 and 17.5)%, so five treatments were obtained with 5 replicates for each Seventy five ISA Brown layers aged 30 weeks were used. This study lasted for three periods (July-September). The duration of each period was (28 days). The results indicated significant increase in egg quality when feeding hens an theist included 2.5-7.5% (Vicia faba L.) during the summer month. However, significant reduced in Yolk index, specific gravity and shell thickness at August as compare with July and September. The results of this study also revealed, no significant differences among different treatments in shape index, Yolk index and Haugh Unit. There's no significant differences between experimental months in shape index and Haugh Unit.

Effect of early feathering gene on body testis and comb weights in Iraqi local brown male chicken.

SH. M. Al-Mohamady

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

This study was conducted at local chicken Experimental Station in Abu-Ghraib which it was belong to Iba'a Centre for Agricultural experiments, to find the influence of rate of feathering sex-linked gene hold on sexual chromosome (Z) on some Iraqi local cockerel traits (Brown males). 250 rapid and slow feathering cockerels were used. Classification of chicks depends on length of primary, secondary and covert feathers. Body, testis and comb weight traits were studied from 5 to 25 weeks of age. The results showed that: a- There were significant differences (P ? 0.05) in body weight of 15 weeks of age. b- There were significant increases in testis weight at 7, 9, 11,13th weeks of age. c- There were significant ( P ? 0.05) raised in comb weight at 5, 7, 9, 11th weeks of age.

The effect of diet dilution with wood shaving in early ages on compensatory growth and Productive performance of broilers

B. M. Ibrahim

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, volume:6 issue:2

This experiment was conducted at the poultry farms of the Department of Animal Resources/ College of Agriculture/ University of Baghdad, to investigate the effect of diet dilution with wood shaving in early ages on compensatory growth and Productive performance of broilers Atotal of 400, one day old, Ross broiler chicks, were randomly distributed into 4 treatment, T1 was the control group, T2, T3 and T4 were fed with the control diet diluted with wood shaving (20%) and it was fed to chicks in age 7–14 day, 7-21 , 7-28 day for T2, T3 and T4 respectively. Results showed that treatment with diet dilution in 7–14 day (T2) had a high significant effect (p<0.01) to increase arang of weekly body weight, and there were ahigh significant effect (p<0.01) for T4 in weight gain and feed consumption in the end of experiment. there were no significant differences between treatment in weekly feed conversion efficiency in the end of experiment, and there were asignificant decrease (p<0.05) in mortality rate for ascites and sudden death syndrome in dilute treatments for the first foure weeks of age compared control treatment. It can be concluded from this experiment with that the dilution of the diet wood shaving in 7–14 day have a high significant effect to increase arange of weekly body weight. No significant differences in weekly feed conversion efficiency and significant decrease in total mortality, that’s we advise broiler producers to rearing broilers with diet dilution (20%) of wood shaving in 7–14 day of age.