2011, Volume:9 Issue:2


Hematological and productive Performance of male and female of three native geese in Kurdistan region of Iraq

Lanja Assad Ismael

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

This study was conducted to determine the live weight, carcass weight, blood characterization and the effects of feather colours and sex on these traits of three native geese in Kurdistan/Iraq. A total of 36 geese of the three feather colours (12 geese for each) which were 10-11 months of age were used. Results revealed that mean live weight, warm, cold carcass weights and cold dressing percentage were 2950, 2206, 2180 g and 73.87% respectively. The overall means of Hemoglobin (HB), Packed cell volume (PCV), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), Heterophil (H), Lymphocyte (L), Monocyte (M), Eosinophil(E), Basophile (B) and H/L ratio were 15.41gm/100cm³, 46.27%, 1.89 ml/h, 40.56%, 55.44%, 1.78%, 1.72%, 0.5% and 0.73 respectively. Significant differences were found among Gray, White and Piebald geese strains in live weight, carcasses components and blood traits. Live weight (3091.66 g), cold carcass weight (2248.00 g), legs (514.166 g), wings (385.83 g), neck (386.67 g) and heart (27.5 g) weight were highest in White geese while higher cold dressing percentage (75.40 %), breast (622.50 g), back (228.33 g), gizzard (88.33 g), liver (49.167 g) and total giblets weight (160 g) were highest in Gray geese. Results also revealed that significant difference among strains in Lymphocyte, Monocyte and H/L ratio with highest value 56.67% in White geese, 2.17% and 0.77 in Gray geese, respectively. Males geese surpass females significantly in live weight, warm carcass weight, cold carcass weight as well as most carcasses components and blood traits. Significant correlation coefficients were found between live weight, warm and cold carcass weight and primary carcass components. In conclusion, the results obtained in this study indicated that meat yield was good of the native Kurdish geese and that strains influenced live weight, carcass and blood traits and this study is the first paper on native geese in Kurdistan/Iraq; therefore, the data obtained can be used for the identification of native geese in this region.

Hematological and productive Performance of male and female of three native geese in Kurdistan region of Iraq

Lanja Assad Ismael

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

This study was conducted to determine the live weight, carcass weight, blood characterization and the effects of feather colours and sex on these traits of three native geese in Kurdistan/Iraq. A total of 36 geese of the three feather colours (12 geese for each) which were 10-11 months of age were used. Results revealed that mean live weight, warm, cold carcass weights and cold dressing percentage were 2950, 2206, 2180 g and 73.87% respectively. The overall means of Hemoglobin (HB), Packed cell volume (PCV), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), Heterophil (H), Lymphocyte (L), Monocyte (M), Eosinophil(E), Basophile (B) and H/L ratio were 15.41gm/100cm³, 46.27%, 1.89 ml/h, 40.56%, 55.44%, 1.78%, 1.72%, 0.5% and 0.73 respectively. Significant differences were found among Gray, White and Piebald geese strains in live weight, carcasses components and blood traits. Live weight (3091.66 g), cold carcass weight (2248.00 g), legs (514.166 g), wings (385.83 g), neck (386.67 g) and heart (27.5 g) weight were highest in White geese while higher cold dressing percentage (75.40 %), breast (622.50 g), back (228.33 g), gizzard (88.33 g), liver (49.167 g) and total giblets weight (160 g) were highest in Gray geese. Results also revealed that significant difference among strains in Lymphocyte, Monocyte and H/L ratio with highest value 56.67% in White geese, 2.17% and 0.77 in Gray geese, respectively. Males geese surpass females significantly in live weight, warm carcass weight, cold carcass weight as well as most carcasses components and blood traits. Significant correlation coefficients were found between live weight, warm and cold carcass weight and primary carcass components. In conclusion, the results obtained in this study indicated that meat yield was good of the native Kurdish geese and that strains influenced live weight, carcass and blood traits and this study is the first paper on native geese in Kurdistan/Iraq; therefore, the data obtained can be used for the identification of native geese in this region.

Effect of progestin-impregnated sponges and progesterone injection on estrous appearance and pregnancy rate in Awassi ewes : comparative study

M. M. Taha AL-Jumaily

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

The objective of this study was to compare between two methods of estrus synchronization (progestin-impregnated vaginal sponges and intra-muscular (i.m) progesterone analogue injection ) and its influence on estrus occurance and pregnancy rate in Awassi ewes . Twenty eight ewes were equally divided into two groups ( A and B ) . Vaginal sponges impregnated with 20 mg of fluorogestone acetate ( FGA ) were used to synchronize the estrus in group A-ewes . The animals in group B were i.m. injected with 7 mg/day of progesterone analogue for 12 days . Post – withdrwal of sponges and at the end of progesterone injection , 500 IU of equine chorionic gonadotropin ( eCG ) were injected to both groups of ewes . The ewes were naturally mated with fertile rams ( 1 ram/group ) . the rams were left for 48 hrs. to ensure a good conception rate . The differences between two groups in estrus signs appearance lacked significance . On the other hand , group A – ewes exhibited higher ( P < 0.05 ) pregnancy rate than group B ( 78 VS 50% ) . In conclusion , estrus synchronization of ewes using vaginal sponges impregnated with FGA in conjuction with eCG treatment is effective and low-cost regime that achieved agood reproductive performance .

Estimation Of Genetic And Phenotypic Parameters Of Certain Egg Quality Traits In Quails

Maysaa A.Naser , Ahmed A. Abbas

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

The present study was used at the poultry farm on quail flock (Coturnix Japonica), (78 family).The objective of this study was to estimate the genetic and phenotypic parameters (heritability, genetic and phenotypic correlations) depending on qualitative Traits of eggs (egg weight, yolk weight, albumin weight, yolk diameter, yolk to albumin ratio), and to study the effect of season and hatch effects. The study also included genetic evaluation of certain sires according to progeny data. Results obtained can be summarized as: The overall means of the qualitative traits of eggs were 8.95 (g),21.07 (ml) , 3.14 (g) , 4.08 (g) ,0.69 for egg weight, yolk and albumen diameter, yolk and albumen weight, yolk to albumin ratio respectively. Highly significant (p? 0.05) effects of season on egg quality traits, and the study showed no significant of hatch factor on all studied traits. Heritability of egg quality traits for the three months were for yolk weight ,yolk diameter and albumen weight, yolk to albumen ratio respectively,(0.19,0.19 ,0.18 ), (0.21,0.22,0.20),(0.13,0.15,0.19),(0.19,0.17,0.22).The genetic and phenotypic correlation among different studied traits were highly significant .The highest value was (0.82),(0.94) between egg weight and albumen weight, egg weight and yolk diameter for third month, and (-0.58) or (-0.56) between yolk to albumen ratio with albumen weight for first month, and the least values was (0.01) between egg weight for second month and egg mass for first month. Wide range of breeding values for certain traits was observed indicate the presence of additive genetic variance that could be used in selection programs. The estimated values of genetic and phenotypic correlation among egg quality traits highly significant of third month compared with first and second months.

Estimation of tomato cost production in Ramadi region /AL-Anbar (season 2002)

I. H. Hamed , M. A. Khalaf , Kh. K. Saleem

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

The cost of tomato region were estimated using cross –section on production and cost for the 2002 season .the study showed that cost function of tomato was a linear ,it wasn't possible to determine out put which maximizes profit. There for the break-even point about 7.855 ton and average return in one ton about 68180 ID and average cost ton about 42.810 Ton average production 24.2577 ton.

The knowledge level of Al-Anbar province Farmers sprinkler Irrigation techniques and its Relationship with some variables

I. H. H. AL-Saad

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

Targeted research mainly determine the knowledge level of farmers characteristics of the techniques of spray irrigation in addition to determine the relationship between the level of knowledge and some of the variables personal to farmers and adopted the form of a questionnaire by personal interview to obtain research data from a random sample population (120) Researched been taken from some of the villages in the province of Anbar. Been using a set of statistical methods in data analysis and of (b-class standard ,duplicates, percentages, correlation coefficient) showed Mayati Search Results: 1. Low level of knowledge of the technical characteristics of the farmers spray irrigation. 2. There is a positive correlation between the level of knowledge of the farmers spray irrigation technology and some personal variables, objectivity, the researcher recommends the importance of emphasizing the ways and means of guidance and seminars through which to deliver information for sprinkler irrigation techniques to farmers.

Economic forecasting in wheat acreage in Iraq by using ARIMA model for period (2007-2015).

Faiq J. Yasseen

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

The most important objective of quantitative economic studies is to predict in economic variables values in order to plan for production and import policies in Iraq . Many techniques could be used to predict economic variables . In this study ARIMA model was used This model is a mixture of autoregressive technique and moving average for time series data in order to predict in wheat supply for Iraq . This model is also characterized by high accuracy in analyzing time series data . Time series data for wheat acreage was used for the period (1961-2007) . The suitable model was identified and it was ARIMA (2,1,0) model . This model predicted the wheat acreage until 2015 , and it satisfied all statistical and predictive power tests.

Level of application for modern scientific recommendations of how to maintain the environment for the agricultural officials in province Salahal-Din

A. A. Ghaidhaib , A. A. T. Altalb

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

The research aimed to identify the level of application of agricultural personnel to the recommendations of modern scientific in how to preserve the environment in Salahuddin province. in general, and identify the level of their application in each of the areas of research, and arrange the fields of research according to the application level, and to identify the correlation between the level of the application and the independent variables examined. For the purpose of obtaining data for research adopted questionnaire composed of two parts: first, the information on the aspects of personal and communication of the respondents, and part II consisted of four areas by 30 paragraph to measure the level of application of the respondents to the recommendations of modern scientific in how to preserve the environment. After making sure of the honesty and sincerity of the virtual content of the form was measured mid-term stability and compartmentalized method. The research included the agricultural officials to search all the distributors on the agricultural people in the province of Salaheddin,'s 160 employees in agricultural people in the province of Salah al-Din, where the sample was taken a simple random sample of them by 50% and by 80 employees. The results showed that 68.75% of respondents had an average level of their application, and 12,5% of them had a high level of their application, while those who were with the level of their application, reaching a low proportion of 18.75% of the total respondents (ie, the level of implementation of the recommendations of scientific subjects modern how to maintain the environment in the Salah ad Din province generally is the average). The results showed that the level of the application of the respondents to the recommendations of modern scientific in how to preserve the environment in the areas of research was in accordance with the following order (pollution resulting from the use of pesticides, pollution resulting from the breeding species of animals, pollution caused by contaminated drinking water, pollution caused by air pollution ) and, respectively, as results also showed that the variables (age, academic degree, years of service, sources of environmental information) have a correlation significantly the level of the application, and place of work variable has no correlation moral level of the application, the researcher recommends the need to work to increase and promotion of information farmers how to maintain the environment in general, and to those environmental competent to increase information and experience of agricultural personnel, especially in (the area of pollution caused by air pollution), and conduct similar studies of this research aims to identify the level of the application of agricultural officials of the recommendations of modern scientific in how preservation of the environment in other parts of the country.

Evaluating the level of performance for students in the department of soil and water resources and its relation with some of the personal factors for the academic year 2009-2010

A. Abdul-Jabar , Mishal Abid Khalaf

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

This study aimed to measure and analyze the scientific level of the Pupils in the Department of soil and water resources in the college of agriculture throughout the stages of the study of this section and according to the subjects for each stage. so random samples have been selected from each stage of the section and include the arithmetic means for the degrees of students, the standard deviations and measurements of skewness and kurtosis were measured. The mean measures showed a decrease in the scientific level in some subjects, also the criteria of skewness and kurtosis showed that a large number of distributions of students' scores in a number of articles have been deviated away from the normal distribution indicating the stultification that happens to the material from the teacher or the level of militancy that happens in another study subjects. The results of the standard degree throughout the stages showed that the students scientific levels who were randomly selected from samples were not stable but often fluctuates rising and falling from a subject to another indicating the participation of staff of the educational process and the others in the responsibility for the decrease in the performance level .the scientific level of the students in the department of soil was declining in the final stages as compared to the primary stages which may indicates that the students scientific levels for the newly accepted students does not match the scientific content of the study subjects that they have in their final stages and especially the specialty ones.

Effect of Gibberellic acid and Organic fertilizer on certain chemical compounds for Wheat plant Triticum aestivum L.

Rajaa Fadel Hamdi , Saadi Sabaa Khamees

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

The experiment was conducted on plastics pots with capacity 9 kgs soil according to completely randomized design (CRD) with three replicates and used wheat cultivar (Abu-Ghraib) and used in this experiment the plant hormone gibberillic acid (100ppm) and organic fertilizer (144 gm/pot) and (gibberellic acid 100 ppm + organic fertilizer 144 gm/ pot). The aim of this research to study the effect of gibberillic acid and organic fertilizer and (gibberellic acid 100 ppm +organic fertilizer 144 gm/ pot) with control treatment on qualitative of amino acid in grain and dry shoot of wheat plant and also to study the effect of experimental treatments on Fe, Mn, Mg concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot. The results showed: gibberellic acid (100 ppm) and organic fertilizer and (gibberillic acid + organic fertilizer) lead to new amino acids comparative with the amino acid in the control treatment in wheat grain and dry shoot. And the results also showed,The gibberellic acid treatment led to increased Fe concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot, Their values were 148.6 and 114 ppm respectively. And also for organic fertilizer treatment this led to increase Fe concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot this value were 173.3 and 175.3 ppm respectively. The treatment (gibberellic acid + organic fertilizer) showed great increase in Fe concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot also and the results showed also, gibberellic acid led to decrease of Mn concentration in wheat grain and dry shoot of plant, Their values were 112.6 and 101 ppm respectively. While the organic fertilizer led to increase Mn concentration in grain and dry shoot of wheat plants and intraction in grain and dry shoot of wheat plants and increase Mn concentration in treatment (gibberellic acid + organic fertilizer) comparative with the control and the results also showed: gibberellic acid and organic fertilizer and (gibberillic acid + organic fertilizer) increased Mg concentration in grain and dry shoot of wheat plants comparative with the control treatments, Their values were 1359 and 1569 and 1899 ppm in wheat grain respectively and 2299 , 2308 , 3859 ppm in dry shoots of wheat respectively.

Effect of Foliar application of Micronutrient levels spraying on growth and yield of three Wheat Varieties .

Ismael A.Serhan – Al Jumelly

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

Field experiment was conducted in a sandy loam soil during winter season of 2009 . In the Falluja city Al – Anbar Governorate to know the effect of four levels of mixed micronutrient sprayed (Fe, Zn, Cu and B ) on wheat plants which were ( 0 , 50,100,150) m.g./l in growth and yield of three wheat varieties ( Abu Ghraib , Ipa 99 and Sham6 ).A factorial experiment arrangement in randomaized complete block design ( R.C.B.D.) with three replicates . The most important result were :- * Wheat varieties showed a different significant . The variety Ipa 99 gave a highest average in : flag leaf area , long of spike , number of spike /m2 , number pf grains per spike , weight of 1000 grain and grains yield (5.83 tan . h-1 ) . But the Sham 6 variety gave a highest rate in plant hight only . * Spraying micronutrient showed a significant effect for all traits. The leaf nutrition in leval 100 m.g .L-1 gave a highest rate in : plant hight, long of spike and number of grain per spike . While the high level 150 m.g . L-1 gave a highest rate in : flag leaf area .number of spike /m2 , weight of 1000 grain, and grains yield (5.79 tan.h.-1). * The interaction between varieties and sprayed micronutrient was significant effect in : flag leaf area , number of spike/ m-1 , number of grains per spike and grains yield (6.45 tan . h-1 ) .

Diallel crossing and effects in yield components and grain yield for some corn Genotypes Zea Mays L

Abed. M . Ahmed , Hamdi Jassim Hamadi , Saieed .A

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

Eight inbred line of maize were crossed in a half-diallel mating system . The seeds of parents and F1 crosses were sown in fall and spring season using a randomized complete block design ( R.C.B.D) with four replications . The characters studied were : leaf area / cm2,number of ear/plant ,ear length, number of rows/ear ,number of grain /ear ,300 seed weight and yield of single plant .The parents( H5,R153,ZP607,W13R, JEEZA 5 ,JEEZA 275, SP18 , SP19 ) and these crosses showed a significantly for all characters except number of ear/plant , The parents were generally combined in desirable direction several characters except number of eras/plant for each seasons , ear length for fall season and number of grain / row for spring season .The dominance gene action was more effective than the additive gene action for all characters in the both season .The narrow – sense heritability values were ranged between 2.9% and 25.2%for number of grain / row and leaf area, respectively in the fall season, while in the spring season, ranged between 6% for number of grain /row and 15.4% for number of rows /ear and weight of 300 grain ( gm ) . The broad sense of heritability values were ranged between 72.2% and 95.3% for ear length and yield of single plant for the fall season, respectively While in the spring season they ranged between 73.9% and 97.3% for leaf area and yield of single plant , respectively .The average degree of dominance was higher than one for all characters . which revealed over dominance .

Effect of Foliar application of Zinc and Potassium Fertilization on growth . yield and quality characteristics of two varieties of Sorghum bicolor ( L.) Moench

A. A. G. H. Alani , B. H. A. Al-Dulami

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

Two field experiment ware conducted in a private farm in the city of Rumadi- Anbar in the spring and autumn seasons of 2009, at silt clay loam soil. To study the effects of three levels of Potassium fertilizer (0, 90 and 180) Kg K. ha-1 from potassium sulfate (K %41.5) and three levels Zn add asd foliar application (0, 1 and 2) Kg Zn.ha-1 as Zinc Sulphate (Zn %23). on the growth, yield and quality characteristics of two genotypes of Sorghum (Rabih and Inkath) . The experiment split- split plot with R.C.B.D design was used with three replications. The important result for this study were: Inkath genotype has significant effect on weight of 500 grain, grain yield. harvest index and the percentage of protein in grain in both seasons respectively. The application level 90 Kg K. ha-1 caused highest average for leaf area, weight of 500 grain, grain yield and harvest index in both seasons, While 180 Kg K. ha-1 gives the highest average the percentage of protein in grain (8.14 and 8.09) % in both seasons. Increase level foliar feeding of Zinc have been caused increasment in all the growth, whereat at zinc at level 2 Kg Zn.ha-1 gave high average in both seasons. effect the double and triple interaction had significant effect in most of considered characteristics and Inkath genotype at the middle level of potassium and highest level of Zinc fertilizers (90 Kg K + 2 Kg Zn) . ha-1 give the highest average for leaf area, weight of 500 grain, grain yield (12.64 . 6.76) T. ha-1. while the same genotype at the highest level of both fertilizers (180 Kg K + 2 Kg Zn) . ha-1 give the highest average in percentage of of protein in grain (8.53 and 8.50) % in both seasons. from this study are conclude the Inkath genotype was more efficiency in exploiting the environmental condition and available nutrition especially at the level 90 Kg K. ha-1 with foliar feeding of level 2 Kg Zn is realize highest average in most of the characteristics in both seasons measure with Rabih genotype.

Effect of cutting stages and sowing dates on forage yield and quality of sorghum

H. J. H. Al-Dulami , O. I. K. Al-Fahdoy

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

A field trial was carried out on the city center of Al-Ramida during 2010 in field fallow to one of grower. The main objective was to find out the effect of cutting stages and sowing dates on forage yield and quality of sorghum. The layout of the experiment was a split plot in randomized complete block design with three replications , sowing date (15march, 1 and 15 April) were taken as main plots while , cutting stages (vegetative stage , 50% flowering and soft dough stage) were taken as the sub plots Results showed that sowing date of (1 April) gave higher plant height 198.28 cm , green forage yield 47.45 t.ha -1 , dry matter 12.84 t.ha -1 , yield of protein 1.42 t.ha -1 , yield of fiber 6.00 t.ha-1 and percentage of crude protein 12.38%. Cutting plants at soft dough stage gave higher of each of plant height 222.56 cm , green forage 41.96 t. ha -1 dry matter percentage 31.45% , dry matter 13.16 t.ha -1 , yield of protein 1.23 t.ha-1 , yield of fibers 6.71 t.ha-1 and percentage of crude fibers 51.53 % . There was a significant interaction between sowing dates and cutting stage for all characters.

Response of bread wheat cultivars to the effect of the herbicides pendimethalin and pyroxsulam and their influence on growth characteristics and grains yield and its components

H. S . M . Al-Agidi , Kh. W. Abadi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

Abstract Field experiment was carried out at the farm of the Dept. of Field Crop Science , College of Agriculture , University of Baghdad during the season 2008 / 2009 to evaluate the effect of pendimethalin and pyroxsulam herbicides on growth characteristics , grain and yield components of some wheat cultivars . Results showed that both herbicides were significantly efficienct in studied characteristics compared to weedy treatment . A positive effects were recorded for yield and yield components. The results showed that the reduction of weed density and weed dry weight in Iraq cultivar reached 90.7 plant / m2 , 24.4 g / m2 respectively . Tahaddi cultivar produced the highest grian yield ( 6.7 t / ha ) , biological yield ( 17.7 t / ha ) and harvest index (16.7 %) . However the cultivar Abu-Graib3 gave highest number of spikes 452.2 per / m2 . While IPA95 cultivar was 97.8 cm height . The differences of wheat cultivars in their growth characteristics may be considered as indicators for determination the cultivars competitive ability against weeds .

Effect additive of some pesticides on three wheat variety and associated weeds under irrigation land in Diyala

Hassan H. M. Al-Alawy , Adnan H. A. Al-Wakaa

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

The experiment was carried out at private farm_ Baladrooz Diyala city in winter season of 2005_2006 to study the effect of some pesticides:Topik As100 600 ml.ha-1, Lintur WG 120 g . ha-1, on growth and yield of three wheat variety : IPA 95 , IPA 99 and TMOZ 2 and for its weed control , and the effect of growth regulator Amistar fungicides 1000 ml .ha-1 on wheat yield production and its combination with herbcides. The experiment was conducted in randomize complete block design R.C.B.D as a factorial experiment two factor with three replicates . Result showed that IPA 99 gave greater plant height was 84.5 cm , while not significantly different from IPA 95 and TMOZ 2 in number tillers , number of seed per spike, 1000 seeds weigh and plant seed yield , Also result indicated that Lintur + Topik +Amistar gave greater effection growth and yield than other treatments , While not significant different with Litur +Topik in killer weed after 50 day of applied hericides and before 21 day to harvest was 90 , TMOZ 2 gave dcrease effect in killer weed was 34.25 and no significant with IPA 99 before 21 day to harvest , Amistar was more efficiency increased yield with all wheat varieties when applied to Litur + Topik , but not significant effect when use alone as compare with control treatment .

The effects of high temperature 45 Cْ at the lethal time (LT50%) on some biological aspects of the hairy grain beetle larvae (Trogoderma granarium) (Everts) (Coleo.: Dermestidea)

Azher m.Ali , Laith M.Abdullah , Falah A.Sabea

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

On experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of temperature 45Cْ at 50% LT on treated larvae of hairy grain beetle at relative humidity of 45% . Results showed significant effect of temperature on life parameters of insect .The treatment reduced the development rate for the stage of larvae for more than of the half the duration of the control treatment, more than a half of the average pupation percentages. The average duration was reduced of pupa to the third, while the effect was limited in the rate of emergence of adult. The data were 17 days, 46% , 4 days, 60%, 4 days respectively, compaired to the control treatment which was 29 days, 100%, 64% respectively. The results also indicated that the treatment showed significant effect on first and second generations originated from treated larvae . An obvious reduction was observed in rate of egg laying, and egg hatch which was reduced to a half and incubation to the third comparred to control treatment ,larvae duration was 18 days, the pupation percente was 73%, the average duration for the pupa was 5 days, adult emergence was 10% and the average of adult life span was 1 day, compared to 63 days, 100% , 7 day , 93% and 7 days respectively in the control treatment for the second generation. These results indicate the feasability of using the lethal temperature for the control of this pest and other stored products pest.

The effect of egg densities of Nipaecoccus vastator (Maskell) on the development period and predation efficiency of the predator Dicrodiplosis manihoti Harris larvae.

S.T.Ali , R. F. Ahmed , J. K. AL-Rubeae

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

Abstract The effect of different densities of the mealy bug Nipaecoccus vastator (Maskell) egg on the growth, development rates and predation efficiency of larvae of the Dicrodiplosis manihoti Harris was studied in laboratory under 30ْc and 60±5% relative humidity. The results revealed that the densities 5, 10, 15, 20 and 40 eggs of prey had a significant effect on the rate of development period of predator larvae, which reached to 16, 13, 10.8, 9.8 and 9.1 day respectively. Meanwhile, the daily predation rates increased significantly according to increasing of egg densities. The concluded results indicated that the feeding of larva of predator on the highest density of the prey eggs achieved the highest rates for growth, development and predation of the larvae in comparison with lower densities of eggs.

Response of young olive trees Olea europaea L. Sourani variety to foliar application of amino acids , organic acids and boron

Ali Ammar Ismael

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

Field experiment was conducted in silty clay loam soil during spring 2010 in general statement of horticultural and forestry research /Neaimiyia _Falluja ,to study the effect of foliar application with ( Selector –x ),Boron and interaction on some features of young olive trees – high oil Sourani variety .Selecter – x (amino acids 7 % , organic acid, vitamins and zinc 5 %) sprayed with 0 , 1 and 2ml/ L.Boron used in form of boric acid ( H3 BO3 ) 17% Boron sprayed with 0 , 200 , 400, 600 and 800 mg/ L . Factorial experiment in Randomized Complete Block Design RCBD with three replicates and the means tested in L.S.D.5% .The results indicated that : 1- vegetative growth features was increased significantly by foliar application with (Selector –x) . highest effect was observed with 2ml/ L concentration as average increase was 15.8% in branch length , 22.26 % in branches number , 10.4% in branches diameter ,24.05% in leaves number and 8.22% in leaf area. 2- Boron had asignificant effect on increasing vegetative growth features , highest effect was observed with 400 mg/ L concentration as average increase was 26.8%in branch length , 38.8% in branches number , 15.67% in branch diameter , 53.29% in leaves number and,14.08%in leaf area. while 600 and 800 mg / L concentration had no significant effect on the mentioned features . 3 – Selector – x and boron foliar application caused significant increase in percentage of P and K in leaves and their content of boron(ppm), while the dry matter and N did not affected . 4- The interaction between Selector – x and Boron resulted in asignificant effect on all studied features except dry matter , N and P.

Effect of foliar spraying of TOTALGRO and Gibberellic Acid on growth and yield of Apple Malus domestica cvs. Sharabi and Anna 1 . Leaf area and N . P . K contents

Samir A.A.Al-Isawi , Ihsan M.Helmi , Waleed A.A.A

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

This experiment was conducted at a private apple orchard located at Alfallujah area in province of Anbar during the growing seasons of 2009 and 2010 to find out the responses of Sharabi and Anna apple cultivars to foliar application of nutrient solution (TOTALGRO) containing NPK and GA3 and their interactions . Spraying nutrient solution (T) with five levels of without spray (T1) , (20-20-20) (T2) , (30-12-8) )T3( , (10-52-10) (T4) and (12-12-36) (T5) and Spraying GA3 (G) with four levels 0 )G1( , 50 (G2) ,100 (G3) and 150 (G4) mg /l . Each treatment replicated three times with a factorial experiment with RCBD. The experimental results showed that treatment (T2G2) significantly gave the highest leaf area of 40,18 and 41,83 cm2 in cv. Sharabi and 40,29 and 42,71 cm2 in cv. Anna and the highest leaves content of nitrogen of 2,19 and 2,40% in cv. Sharabi and 2,33 and 2,56 % in cv. Anna for both seasons , respectively . The lowest value of these parameters found in the control (T1G1) treatment . and The experimental results showed the highest in leaves content of Potassium was in (T5G2) of 1,69 and 1,78 % in cv. Sharabi and 1,74 and 1,98 % in cv. Anna for both seasons , respectively .

Effect of foliar spraying of TOTALGRO and GA3 on the growth and yield of Apple Malus domestica cvs. Sharabi and Anna 2- Yield characteristics

Samir A.A.Al-Isawi , Ihsan M.Helmi , Waleed A.A.A

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

This experiment was conducted at a private apple orchard located at Alfallujah province of Anbar during the growing seasons of 2009 and 2010 to find out the responses of Sharabi and Anna apple cultivars to foliar application of nutrient solution (TOTALGRO) and GA3 and their interactions . Treatments includes spraying nutrient solution (T) with five levels of without spray (T1) , (20-20-20) (T2) , (30-12-8) )T3( , (10-52-10) (T4) and (12-12-36) (T5) and spraying GA3 (G) with four levels 0 )G1 (, 50 (G2) ,100 (G3) and 150 (G4) mg /l . Each treatment replicated three times with a factorial experiment with RCBD. The number of trees used was 60 trees. The experimental results showed that treatment (T2G2) significantly gave the highest fruit weight of 42.73 and 43.92 g in cv. Sharabi and 111.23 and 121.36 g in cv. Anna and the highest yield per tree of 42.89 and 43.88 kg in cv. Sharabi and 40.81 and 41.45 kg in cv. Anna and the lowest total fruit acidity 0.471 and 0.446% in cv. Sharabi and 0.392 and 0.419% in cv. Anna for the two seasons, respectively. The lowest value of these parameters found in the control (T1G1) treatment , the highest total sugar of 6.14 and 6.37 % in cv. Sharabi and 8.33 and 8.61% in cv. Anna . the TSS does not influenced by these treatments .

Effect of different level of organic and nitrogen fertilizers on fruit yield apple.(Malus domestica ) CV.ANNA

Sameer Abed Ali Saleh Al-isawi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

This study was carried out during the growing season at 2007 and 2008 on apple cv Anna in private orchard at Radwania region (35 km – western Baghdad ).Trees were planted according to square method. This investigation aimed to verify the effect of different level of organic(0 ,5 , 10 , 15 kg/tree) and nitrogen for the former and (0 , 300 ,400 ,500g urea/tree) fertilizer on yield respectively. A randomized complete Block Design (RCBD) was used (with three replicates for each treatment combination). Result revealed that the treatment of (15 kg/tree)of organic fertilizer was superior significantly in fruit yield (82.29 kg ree) and other quality characteristics as compared with other treatments plants , whereas the lowest yield was that of the control untreated trees plants (67.54 kg/tree) . Nitrogen fertilizer of (500 g urea /tree) gave the highest fruit yield (89.02 kg ree) and highest quality values as compared with other treatments , Similarly a lower fruit Yield (56.08 kg/tree) was found in control trees. A significant interaction effect were recorded between the two fertilizer used regarding fruit yield and other quality traits .Organic fertilizer at 15 kg/tree with urae at 500 g urea/ gave the highest fruit yield(103.33 kg/tree) , whereas control treatment gave the lowest yield (45 kg/tree) . It can be concluded that organic fertilizer level of 15 kg /tree and nitrogen fertilizer level of 500 g urea/tree may be used effectively for higher fruit yield and quality characteristics cv Anna apple.

Effect of Spraying by Chelated Boron and Potassium on physical and chemical characteristics of two pomegranate Punica granatum L Cultivars .

M. Waez. , S. Al.Kilani , Mahmood Baghdadi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

The pomegranate trees Laffan and France cultivars were sprayed with chelated Boron and Potassium with ( 0,2.5,5 g/L K2O and 200,400 mg/L B) concentration. The spraying with Boron in 400 mg/L and Potassium with 5 g/L were significantly increased the fruits set percentage, yield, physical and chemical characteristics of two cultivars under study (The fruit set was 68.94% and 75.58 % respectively) while reduced in control to 54.95 % .The average of tree yield was (45.74 kg and 72.81 kg) and in the control was 18.59 kg. The fruit fresh weight was duplicate in this treatments, fruits content of total soluble solids was (16.82% ), total sugars was 8.68% total acidity reduced to 0.88% when in the control was (9.55%,4.9% and 1.2% ) respectively

Effect of planting date and phosphorus fertilizer on growth and yield of green pods on pea plant Pisum sativum L.

Mohamad Ali Al-Assaf

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

Research carried out in the Technical Institute / Mosul , during autumn season 2007 and 2008 to study the effect of three sowing date 15/ 10 , 30/10 , 14/11, and three levels of phosphate fertilizer 10, 20, 30 kg P2O5 / donum addition to the treatment comparison (without fertilization) in the vegetative growth and yield of green pods of peas variety Mammoth Melting Sugar and experience in the factorial design sectors as random , full data has been recorded : plant height, number of branches, mild and dry weight of shoot , number of days to lighten 50% of flowers , number of pods / plant, length of pod, number of seeds in the pod, yield per plant, and the total yield per unit area. The results indicated that early sowing date 15/10 led to a significant increase of all the qualities compared with the late date 14/11 except number of seeds per pod, resulting in added phosphate fertilizer 30 kg P2O5 to increase significant in all the studied traits compared with the treatment comparison. The effect of interference results indicated that early sowing date 15/10 and adding phosphate fertilizer level at 30 kg P2O5 resulted in a significant increase of all studied traits, and by 67.5%, 45.5%, compared with the delayed sowing date and without phosphate fertilizer plant holds the two strands of one sum up the total unit area respectively .

Effect of calcium carbonate and organic mater in Rhizobium lequme inoculums activity and their effect in lequme growth and yield

N. H. Arziag , J. S. Alkabiasy , Idham, A. A.

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

Abstract Extract of organic matter was used with Rhizobium legume inoculums and without it , and other compositions treatments from organic matter and NP- fertilizer ( control , 100%NP (160+160-NP 27-27% ) 1.5%C + NP50%, and 1.5%C) in tow calcareous soils (18% , 31% -CaCO3) to study the treatments role in infection achievement and growth and yield of plant. The treatments were carried out in the pot experiment 2009-2010agriculture season. The results indicated a significant increase in emergency percentage 95% with treatment C1.5%-C + NP50% + R. legume inoculum - 18% CaCO3), which recorded the best results for the characterization of plant and contents , roots nodule numbers included in two growth stages(50 ,53 nodule/plant) and 8 branches numbers ,98 cm height of plant , 51 gm/plant yield and beast contents. in addition of soil contents from N,P , and total microbial content. The treatment saved50% of fertilizer recommended of N,P through the content of the treatment and added microbial activity which improved the performance of calcareous soils.

Effect of Organic fertilizer and Mineral fertilizer on some properties of Soil , growth and Onion ( Allium cepa L.) yield.

Hassan Bardan Aswad

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

This experiment was conducted in loamy soil at farm Al-qaim region 400 Km west of Baghdad – Iraq to study the effect of organic matter (Fertilizer manure) instead of mineral fertilizer on growth and yield of Onion (Allium cepa L.) using six treatment (control & 72 + 240 Kg P +N /hr as super phosphate + urea & 8 ton/ hr organic manure & 10 ton/hr organic manure & 36 +120 Kg P + N /hr with 8 ton organic manure/hr and 36 + 120 Kg P + N /hr with 10 ton organic manure/hr). The results were indicated that the treatment (36 + 120 Kg P + N /hr with 8 ton organic manure /hr ) and (36 + 120 Kg P + N / hr with 10 ton Organic fertilizer/hr) the best percentage of germination , plant height , Leaves number , Blub volume , average of five blubs wieght ,and gave heigh rate of dry yield 26.20 ton/hr. on other hand the best results were obtained by using organic manure with or with out mineral fertilizers reduced bulk density , penetration resistance and increase Organic matter soil content, N and, P availability which were 1.33g/cm3 , 1.33 Kg / cm2 , 8.3 g / Kg , 85.4 mg / Kg , and 18.3 recepectivly and which tend on the percentage of N and P in the leaves of plant effective by this treatments.

Effect of Emitters Discharge and Operation Pressure on some Evaluation Parameters of Drip Irrigation System

Sh. M. Al-Mehmdy , A. M. Al-Kubaisi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

A field experiment was achieved at Al-Saqlawia Discreet / Al-anbar Province to study the effect of operation pressure and emitters' discharge on each of discharge variations, uniformity coefficient, and emission uniformity. Turbo type of emitters was chosen with two designed discharges , namely; 4 and 8 L.hr ? ¹. While the irrigation system was operated with three operation pressures , namely; 30, 40 and 50 Kpa. Actual discharge of emitters was measured, which discharge rates, discharge variation, uniformity coefficient and emission uniformity were calculated. The results showed that 50 Kpa operation pressure gave a nearest values for design discharge of emitters reached to 3.94 and 7.88L.hr ? ¹. Also, uniformity coefficient, emission uniformity and discharge variation values were the best values 96.77, 95.69, 9.64% and 96.21, 95.81, 9.58% which used, respectively.

Effect of using co- inoculums bacteria (Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Pseudomonas puteida ) to the improvement environment and Soybean growth and yield

Ali H. A. AL-Mansur

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

Abstract The present study was carried out to regulate the microbial activity in soil environment to be suitable for soybean so as the increase the activity of rhizobia fertelizering forming nodules and increasing the microbial inoculum activity through providing plant nutrients. A pot experiment was conducted by culturing soybean seeds (gesa-65)in sandy loam soil. Tow isolates of Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Pseudomonas puteida were used after evaluating their activities in the laboratory as co- inoculums in addition to the treatment of a single B. japonicum as well as a control treatment . Results have showd the ability of two isolates to produce IAA and dissolve phosphate compounds. P. puteida was able to produce NH3 and HCN as well as sidrophores and inhibit the growth of F. oxysporum mycelium. The co- inoculums of the two isolates were efficient for activity the highest rate of plant growth 93%, and nodules formation estimated after month of plant growth 42 nodule 90% activity. Also, the two isolates improved the nutrient status N, P ( 20.3,210 mg/kg soil) They increase the microbial density that dissolves phosphates and nitrogen fixation in the plant environment (5.26 ,5.32 Log cfu/g).The activity of the two isolates in soil environment was increasing the dry weight of the roots, vegetables, number of nodules , yields( 22.12 ,74.32 ,80 , 85.3 / plant), P and N conteats and protein percentage 36.25%.

Chemical composition of thyme seeds Thymus vulgaris and its antimicrobial activity

A. J. Abbas , M. A. Mousa , I. M. Kh. Al-aubadi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

The chemical composition of thyme seeds Thymus vulgaris and phytochemicals were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant seeds. The proximate analysis showed the percentages of moisture, ash, crude protein, lipids and crude fibers content of the seeds on dry weight basis as 7.00%, 10.00%, 7.55%, 35.00%, 9.87 % respectively. The qualitative determination of seeds showed the presence of phytochemicals tannins, alkaloids, resins, flavonoides, phenols, saponins and free of glycosides. The aqueous extract of the plant had acidic pH 6.2. Aqueous extracts were prepared in concentrations (25,50,75,100%) and alcoholic extracts 100% Each aqueous and alcohol extracts were tested for antimicrobial activity towards seven different strains of microorganisms included three bacterial which were Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus as well as four Fungal strains which were Alternaria alternata ,Aspergillus niger, Penecillium italicum and Trichoderma harzianum. The inhibitory activity of extracts were varying based on kind of extract, concentration and microorganism. It was shown that inhibition activity of aqueous extracts against Pseudomonas aeruginosa higher compared with other bacteria. The water extracts at (25,50,75) % concentration were not showed any inhibition effect against Staphylococcus aureus. The alcoholic extract was more effect on Pseudomonas aeruginosa than another bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Each aqueous and alcohol extracts displayed antifungal activity it was observed decline in diameter growth with increased of aqueous extracts concentrations. The aqueous extract 100% had high inhibition activity compared with other aqueous extracts This study confirms that thyme is one of plants that can used of its extracts in field of food preservation and the medicine. The presence of phytochemicals indicates its importance as a source of useful drugs.

isolation of some active materials from Cordial myxia fruits and study its biological activity against gram negative bacteria

B. T. Mahdi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

This study included isolation of some active materials from Cordial myxia fruits such as tannins, saponins and volatile oils with percentage of (69.2%),(23.1%), and (7.7%) respectively. Also the study included the determination of minerals in Cordia myxia fruit such as "P, Na, Ca and Mg" using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The concentrations of these minerals were (100ppm),(80ppm),(25ppm) and )95ppm) respectively. The anti-bacterial activity study was performed for the active materials isolated from cordial myxia fruits against two genus of pathogenic becteria, pseclomenas and klebasilla by using agar-well diffusion method. It appeared from this study that all of the isolate active material have inhibitory effect on bacteria was used. The inhibition zone diameter varies with the type of active compound, its concentration and the genus of bacteria

Effect of different concentration of honey in configuring dynamic membrane for some Isolate Pseudomonas aeruginosa

I. A. Abed , A. H. Abdel Karim , A. M. Turki ,

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

The present study is conducted to tested the ability of five isolate from bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa to form the biofilms and its inhibitory to honey has been examined to waward , by the use of spread method on the disks and the impact of different concentrations 10,20,30 and 40% of honey in the growth of isolates and the formation of the biofilm in the liquiod culture media . The results shown the process of using honey leadsto the inhabitation of growth and the lack of forming the biofilms to the five local isolates at concentrations 20, 30, and 40%.

Studying the effect of organic solvent extracts for Euphorbia prostrata against bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in vitro

Rana Talib AL-Ani

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:9 Issue:2

The aim of this study was to evaluate the biological activity of organic solvent extracts of Euphorbia prostrate on growth inhibition of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus and compare them with several antibiotics. The results of testing alcohol extracts showed high efficiency in inhibition of growth of S. aureus in concentration of 50mg/ml , but for P. aeruginosa , growth inhibition began at 70mg/ml. Results also showed that hexane extract had no effect on both bacteria. on the other hand, Ethyl acetate extract had inhibitive effects on S. aureus at 70mg/ml and on P. aeruginosa at 90mg/ml. When the activity of the three organic extracts on inhibition of test bacteria were compared with several antibiotics, identity of inhibition degree was found between them and even superiority on some others