2013, Volume:11 Issue:2


Effect of organic fertilizers on some of the qualities of shoot and root growth for pomegranate seedlings (Punica granatum L .)

Risme .M.Hamad

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

This study was conducted for the 2012 season in two different locations in the province of Anbar, the first site Enshi newly Sufis area of the city of Ramadi, near the the Euphrates River The second site is is located in the desert the Thmal area, which lies(70 km) southwestern of the Ramadi city) to study some of the different types of organic fertilizers (poultry remnants, peatmos fertilizer, remnants of cows, sheep remnants) and,1,2,3 concentrations of kg. -1 And each tree type and fertilizer at the site Qualities of shoot and root growth of two types of pomegranate are Salimi and wonderful. were used two types of irrigation water are freshwater in the first site (Sufia) and sulfur water at the site second (Thumel). Been obtained Seedlings from a nursery-governmental organizations accredited in the province of Najaf. Seedlings were Agriculture in the first site on 21.03.2013 and on 22.03.2013 at the second location. Use randomized block design full design Split plot (Split plot design) and three replicates for each class and location. Per site included on line 12, and the distance between the line and the last 4 m and the distance between seedlings 4 m and all seedlings were considered experimental unit, which numbered 78 seedlings at each site. Results showed that fertilizer treatment significantly affected the poultry recipes (leaf area Chlorophyll, dry %matter, potassium ) (6.62و4.22cm2, 68.31SPAD ,91.00 و87.65 %,1.80و1.65% ) Reaching The results also showed that the fertilizer treatment peatmos a significant impact on recipes (root length and number of roots) reaching (84.33, 70.00, 40.44 and 40.31) for my study first and second, respectively .

Effect of organic fertilizers on some of the qualities of shoot and root growth for pomegranate seedlings (Punica granatum L .)

Risme .M.Hamad

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

This study was conducted for the 2012 season in two different locations in the province of Anbar, the first site Enshi newly Sufis area of the city of Ramadi, near the the Euphrates River The second site is is located in the desert the Thmal area, which lies(70 km) southwestern of the Ramadi city) to study some of the different types of organic fertilizers (poultry remnants, peatmos fertilizer, remnants of cows, sheep remnants) and,1,2,3 concentrations of kg. -1 And each tree type and fertilizer at the site Qualities of shoot and root growth of two types of pomegranate are Salimi and wonderful. were used two types of irrigation water are freshwater in the first site (Sufia) and sulfur water at the site second (Thumel). Been obtained Seedlings from a nursery-governmental organizations accredited in the province of Najaf. Seedlings were Agriculture in the first site on 21.03.2013 and on 22.03.2013 at the second location. Use randomized block design full design Split plot (Split plot design) and three replicates for each class and location. Per site included on line 12, and the distance between the line and the last 4 m and the distance between seedlings 4 m and all seedlings were considered experimental unit, which numbered 78 seedlings at each site. Results showed that fertilizer treatment significantly affected the poultry recipes (leaf area Chlorophyll, dry %matter, potassium ) (6.62و4.22cm2, 68.31SPAD ,91.00 و87.65 %,1.80و1.65% ) Reaching The results also showed that the fertilizer treatment peatmos a significant impact on recipes (root length and number of roots) reaching (84.33, 70.00, 40.44 and 40.31) for my study first and second, respectively .

Effect of Some Chelated Fertilizers Sources of Iron in the Growth and Yield of Cucumber Under Protected Farming Conditions

F. M. AL – Hamadani, A. A. AL- Hadethi and B. R.

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A field experiment was conducted to study the effect of chelated Iron fertilizers produced from the reaction of Humic and Humic +Fulvic extracted from corn cubs and wheat straw with Iron sulphate added as Iron Humate (Fe-HAz) and Humate and fulvat Iron (Fe – HA +FAz ) extracted from corn cubs, Iron Humat (Fe –HAw ) ,Iron humat and fulvat (Fe–HA+FAw) extracted from wheat straw. Iron was also added as Fe–DTPA and FeSO4.7H2O. All sources were sprayed on the green part (A1 ) at a level of 2 Kg Fe.ha-1 and 10 kgFe.ha-1 when added to soil (A2) and half these amount added to green part and to soil (A3). Results showed that sources of Iron has significantly increasing cucumber yield .Fe-HA+FAz was out starting in the total yield, number of fruits and Phosphorus and Iron content. in leaves with the an increase of 33.69%, 36.32%, 30.59% and 145.81% respectively compared to control. mineral Iron source (FeSO4.7H2O) has achieved an increase of 18.73%, 9.90%, 11.90% and 57.55% of the parameters respectively compared to control. Fe-HA+FA extracted from wheat straw has achieved highest content of N and K in leaves with an increase of 61.23% and 114.08 % in comparison with the control treatment

The in Fluence of organic fertilizers , foliar spray with licorice extraction on growth and yield of the potato crop

Saad A. M. Al-Muhamadi Mohammed Khudair Hardan

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

This study was conducted in the spring seasons for 2011-2012 in privet farm in AL-Ramadi , AL-Anbar distrect near Euphratis never using potato tuber seed Solanum Tuberosum L. cultivar Desiree Elite . the tuber seed was planted using (RCBD). after tuber sprouting and all the diseased and physiological desorderd tuber was removel in 16 / 2 / 2011 and 27 / 1 / 2012 for both season respectively . The stady consist 16 treatment in the first season and 20 treatments in the second season . The treatment included 4 and 5 level of fertilizers given to the field for both season respectively . these treatment are , the control , catle manure , poultry procced manure and the chemical fertilizers and the mixture of the fertilizers in the second season , and the foliar sprays at 4 levels and these are the contrel treatment , foliar sprays with licorice extract at arate of 4 g.l-1, licorice extract + liquid organic fertilizer Leili 2000 and the liquid organic fertilizer Leili 2000 alone at arate of 1 ml.l-1 . The experimental results showed that : The chemical fertilizer significantly in hanced the vegetative growth characters such as plant hight , leaf area , dry weight of plant which reached 80.70 cm , 44.52 Des2 , 66.16 g respectively , while the mixture of the fertilizer in the second significantly increased the number of stem , plant hight , leaf area at the rates of 3.42 stem.plant-1 96.94 cm and 92.83 Des2 respectively . The foliar sprays with organic liquid fertilizer 2000 Leili significantly increased dry weight of plant , the percentage of phosphorus in the leaves at the rates of 54.26 g , 0.053 % respectively . The interaction between the chemical fertilizer and licorice extract and the organic liquid fertilizer Leili 2000 in the first season significantly increased the number of tuber per plant , plant yield , marketable yield and total yield at the rates of 11.84 tuber.plant-1 , 0.52 kg.plant-1 , 21.00 ton.ha-1 and 26.16 ton.ha-1 .

The Effect of foliar application with Boric Acid, Zinc Sulfate and Iron Claw on fruits set, vegetative growth and fruit traits of Olive cv. Nibali Mohassan.

Hameed. Hamdan AL-Ali Abd Al Rahman.Mahmood Alraw

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

This study was conducted in olive farm in General Commission of Desertification Combat / Enna County in Al Anbar Province during 2012, in order to study the impact of leafy spraying with boric acid at (100, 150 mg. liter -1), zinc sulfate at (5000 mg. liter -1) and Fe-EDDHA at (1000 mg .liter-1) and the mixture of them, on the growth and production of olive cv. Nibali Mohassan. The spraying was done until trees become wet completely dated 25/4/2012 at full bloom and spray the second month after the first spray. The design of experiment was full randomized blocks with three repeliciates, and LSD at level 5% was calculated to all treatments.The results showed that spraying with boric acid at 150 mg .liter -1 gave significant increase in shoot length , leaf area and fruits weight which reached 5,86 cm, 7.247 cm, 3.29 g respectively, comparing with other applications that caused trait 's decrease to reach 3.00 cm, 6.327 cm2, 2.7639 respectively. And the spraying with 150 mg . liter -1 boric acid + 5000 mg. liter -1 + zinc sulfate caused significant increase in oil percentage reached 19.09% comparing with 15.85%.While the treatment with 100 mg. liter -1 boric acid + 500 mg . liter -1+1000 mg. liter -1 Fe –EDDHA have had a good impact of studied characters such as leaf area, relative chlorophyll, fruit set, fruit coefficient, and production.Whereas the application (150 mg . liter -1 boric acid + 5000 mg. liter -1 zinc sulfate, 1000 mg .liter -1 Fe-EDDDHA) indicated a significant increase relative chlorophyll and boron content in leaves, and also increase the fruit set and fruit coefficient

Effect of soil and foliar application of Siapton 10L fertilizer on vegetative growth of Sour orange (Citrus aurantium L. )

Sami A. Altohafi Sinna A. Jafar AL-hammami Neshaat

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A factorial experiment was conducted in a lath house during the season of 2012 to study the effect of soil addition of growth regulator (Siapton 10L) with three concentrations 0, 2, 4 ml.L_1 and foliar spray with the same concentration and their interaction on vegetative growth of sour orang seedlings using RCBD design with three replicates . Results showed that the soil addition of growth regulator and foliar application and their interaction had a significant effect on vegetative growth characteristics. The interaction of soil addition 2ml.L_1 of Siapton 10L with spraying of 4 ml.L_1 gave the highest averages of plant height 106.67 cm, branches number 6.20 branch/plant, leaves number 79.67 leaf, and leaf area 2007.68 cm2, while lowest average of these characteristics were 34.33cm , 3.20 branch, 33.20 leaf/plant_1, and 703.84 cm2 at control .

Effect of Foliar application of K , Fe, Zn and CO2 Enrichment on Growth of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) Transplants.

1 Thamer H. Reja* Mohammed A. Salman

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

Influence of different foliar fertilizers and CO2 enrichment on growth characteristics of sweet orange transplants grown under nursery condition was investigated from Septemper 2009 to June 2011 .Three foliar fertilizers namely KNO3 ,Fe-EDDHA and ZnSO4 were used in three concentrations: 0(distilled water was used for spraying the control transplants), 5000 mg K L-1 + 20 mg Fe L-1 +15 mg Zn L-1 and 10000 mg K L-1 + 40 mg Fe L-1 + 30 mg Zn L-1. The transplants also exposed to three CO2 levels , near those of ambient air ( 0.0385 % ) ,( 0.0685 % )and( 0.0985 %) .The results demonstrated that the number of leaves, leaf area , number of shoots per transplants, stem diameter,dry weight of shoots and roots, relative chlorophyll content , leaf N content and percentage of carbohydrate in shoots were increased in transplants foliar sprayed with 10000 mg K L-1 + 40 mg Fe L-1 + 30 mg Zn L-1. Elevated CO2 level to(0.0985 %) increased number of leaves and leaf area, number of shoots/ transplants , stem diameter , shoots and roots dry weight and carbohydrate percentage in shoots .Whereas transplants grown under ambient air( 0.0385 % ) contained the highest relative chlorophyll content and N leaf content.

The effect of wounding, concentrations of indol butyric acid (IBA) and date taking the cuttings on the rooting of Ficus nitida L.

Haetham M. Mohamad, Mahmood S. Ahmed

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

This study was conducted in the greenhouse of Horticulture department in College Agriculture, Al-Anbar University from 1/3/ 2010 to 1/1/2011 using the Terminnl cutting of ficus nitida.L . The stady conducted wounding &diswounding, treating with IBA consintrations (0,3000,5000 or 8000 ) mgL and the dates of taking the cutting (March , April ,May or November) on rooting ability of Terminal cuttings to get good plants were studied in the experiment . the experiment condectedin complete Randomized Design (CRD) were used. Treatment means were Compared in Revised Least Significant Design test ( R.L.S.D ) at 0.05 level of probability. The results could summarized as follows All wounded treatment coaned raising in rooting persent to 51.43 % early in rooting of catting to 32.5 day , dry weiyht of cutting to 0.05 gr , number of Leaves to 35.34 Leve / plant , plant high to 13.19 cm in 6 mounths age . 3000 mg /L of ABA treatment want superior than other Treatments in thoae charactrstics to 52.76 % , 30 days, 0.06gr ,38.47 Leaves and 15.54 cm respectivlly . Best rooting and vegetative characterstic of new plants couldbe obtained in march and April date of cutting especially for rooting percentage .mean fresh and dry weigt of which were (59.43 , 78.85) % , (0.08 , 0.05) gr. Respectivlly , were as vegetative characterstics (94.44 , 20.33) leaves / plant and (7.91, 3.61)branch/plant and hight (11.66 , 14.5) cm plant after gmanthe from plating

Survey and description The Type of Safrawi Cultivar in Mosiaf region/ Hamah – Syria

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

This research was carried out during 2010-2011 in Mosiaf rذegion. We selected and described seven types (sub cultivar) of the main cultivar in this region which is called Safrawi from three places Hazoor, Al Warraka and Wadi El Kawwas. The fruit weight and pulp to pit ratio were studied in addition to calculate oil percentage in GCSAR laboratory by soxhlet, and the data were analyzed statistically by using Genstat 8 program in order to determine the least significant differences between them. The results of the study point to the presence of the biodiversity among the tress of the cultivar Safrawi in Mosiaf according to its fruits weight, pulp/pit and oil percentage, even among types grow in the same place, the Type S5 have had the highest oil percentage (27%) so it is good for oil production whereas the type S3 had good traits in both fruit weight and pulp/pit ratio ( 7.03, 4.79g) so it is recommended as a table olive type. From all above mentioned, arises the need for conserving these types in germplasms and consuming the evaluation of them by analyses its oil components and conducting biogenetic experiment to determine the genetic relationship among them .

EFFECT THE EXTRACTOF SOME YEASTSSPECIES ON BIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF OYSTER MUSHROOM (Pleurotus ostreatus)

Mowafaq M. MUSLAT

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of useSaccharomyces cerevisiae ortow Candida isolates (Candida utilis and C. tropicalis ) extract at 0.0 , 12.5 , 25 and 50 g.l.-1 and the extract ofSaccharomyces cerevisiae andtow Candida isolates at 12.5 g.l.-1fromeachgenus onmycellium growthof oyster mushroom ( Pleurotus ostreatus), mat and protein content. The results revealed that the best mycelial growth rate ofP. ostreatus ( 8.98 cm after 7 days ) was obtained with use media prepared from extract of 50 g.l.-1 of tow candida isolates and on media prepared from extract of 12.5 g.l.-1from S. cerevisiaeand 12.5 g.l.-1from C. utilis and C. tropicaliscompared to control treatment which given 4.50 cm . Where the best mat weight ( 0.0912 g.50ml-1of broth media ) was obtained after 24 days with the use of media prepared from extract of 12.5 g.l.-1 of S. cerevisiaeand 12.5 g.l.-1from C. utilis and C. tropicalis , whileusing media prepared from extract of 12.5 g.l.-1 of S. cerevisiae compared with the control which given 0.0037 g.50 ml-1 broth mediaafter 24 days from the inoculation.On the other hand the use of media prepare with extract of 12.5 g.l.-1from C.utilis andC. tropicalis given best result of protein content 21.11% compared with controlwhichgiven17.91%

Preparation of bio-organic fertilizer from some mineral and organic wastes

I. A. Abed.* H. M. Salih** W. M. Aljoboory

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A study was conducted in the laboratories of Soil and Water Resources Department, College of Agriculture ,University of Anbar in the Fall season of 2011-2012 to prepare compost from some organic waste (mixtures of ground wheat straw and chicken wastes) of 30:1 and 40:1 C:N ratio enriched with 0.46% P by weight from either calcinated or raw of phosphate rock and inoculated with one of microbes solubilizing phosphate as that Pseudomonas fluorescence or Bacillus pumilus or Aspergills niger. All these combined materials exposed to the composting process for one month with adequate temperature, moisture and mixing intervals to from bio-organic fertilizer and to make some evaluation of the product. The results showed that the combination of organic wastes of 30:1 C:N enriched with raw phosphate rock inoculated with P. fluorescence gave the highest percent of fulvic and humic acids at the end of composting process which were 11.7% and 12.36% respectively and the highest microbial density (2.037*106cfu.g-1).However, the combination of organic waste of 30:1 C:N enriched with calcinated phosphate rock and inoculated with P. fluorescence gave the highest available P.

Utilization of Sesaban for Preparation of Substrate to Develop two Strains of Agaricus bisporus

I. A. Abed , H. M. Rasheed

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A study has been carried out to use the vegetative part of the sesaban by a certain rates in preparation the substrate of the mushroom Agaricus bisporus. Through substrate preparation stages, the results showed an increasing of substrate temperature through the early six days of the fermentation process. The higher temperature recorded along fermentation duration was after 5 days from fermentation beginning for the B medium. (40% wheat straw, 20% horse manure, 30% sesaban, 5% calcium sulfate, 5% rock phosphate) Ammonia smell disappeared after 35 days from the fermentation starting date for the media A(45% wheat straw, 45% horse manure, 5% calcium sulfate, 5% rock phosphate), B and C(30% wheat straw, 45% horse manure, 15% sesaban, 5% calcium sulfate, 5% rock phosphate), while the duration increased to 39 days for the E medium(40% wheat straw, 20% chicken manure, 30% sesaban, 5% calcium sulfate, 5% rock phosphate). The lower average of C:N ratio for the medium after the fermentation and pasteurization process were 12.6:1 for the E medium then 12.7:1 for the F medium(30% wheat straw, 45% chicken manure, 15% sesaban, 5% calcium sulfate, 5% rock phosphate) while the C:N ratios significantly increased for the media B, D(45% wheat straw, 45% chicken manure, 5% calcium sulfate, 5% rock phosphate), C and A with the averages reached 14.8:1, 15.9:1, 16.9:1 and 24.1:1 respectively. The medium B reached the highest yield with the average of 855.33 gm6 kg-1 growth medium after 21 days from picking while the lowest yield was with the average of 284.49 gm 6 kg-1 growth medium for the E medium. The strain F599 was exceed with average yield 668.88 gm6 kg-1 growth media as compared with the C9 strain which reached average yield 536.49 gm 6kg-1 growth media. The medium B reached the highest number of fruit bodies which was 30.33 fruit bodies box-1 while the lowest number of fruit bodies was 13.33 fruit bodies box-1 for the medium E, the strain C9 was exceed as comparing with the strain F955 with the average of 26.21 and 23.05 fruit bodies box-1 respectively

Effects Interaction of Phosphogypsum Levels,Irrigation Water Salinity, Cotton Cultivars on Some Chemical Characteristics of Soil Affected with Saline.

Musa Fitekhan Yasein Khames Alawi Juwier

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A field experiment was conducted in a silty-loam soil in AL-Saqlawia district, 40 kilometer east the city of Ramadi at the center of AL- Anbar governorate in season 2012, to study the effects of adding phosphogypsum,Irrigation water salinity, cotton cultivars and the interaction among them in some of chemical properties of soil affected with saline. The design used is, the split–split plots design with RCBD. Irrigation treatments occupied the main plots which are, (w1) Irrigation with river water throughout the season; (w2) Irrigation by alternating between river and drainage water; and (w3) Irrigation with drainage water with salinity percentage of 3.55 dS.m-1 throughout the season long. cotton cultivars took sub–plots, and they are, (C1) Coker Welt 310; and (C2) Lashata. Levels of phosphogypsum was under the secondary plots sub–sub plots which are three levels: (GP0) without adding; (GP1) adding an average of 3 t.ha-1 ; and (GP2) adding an average of 6 t.ha-1. Cotton seeds were planted at 21/3/2012, soil samples representing the depths of the study 0-25,25-50,50-75cm were taken after second reaping at 25/9/2012 to measure; SAR, PH, ECe and dissolved positive ions(Ca+2,Mg+2,Na+) were estimated.The results showed that: Addition of 6 t.ha-1 of phosphogypsum significantly increased electrical conductivity. The increase at the first depth recorded 25.40%, at the second depth 26.93%, while at the third depth 24.27%. and significantly decreasing soil PH at the first and second depth only, with a declining rate of 3.66% at the first depth, and 2.97% at the second depth, while the third depth recorded an significantly increase in soil PH 1.99%. and significantly decreasing sodium adsorbtion Ratio at the first depth with a declining rate of 3.66% and 2.97% at the second depth. and significantly decreasing soluble sodium in soil at the first depth recording a decline rate of 37.10%, and at second depth 21.65%. and significantly increasing soluble calcium and magnesium for each depth in soil at rates of 37.65% 33.66% and 34.03% for Ca+2. 31.41%, 31.35% and 22.77% for Mg+2 at three depths, respectively compared with control. Irrigation with drainage water significantly increased electrical conductivity by 16.56%. soluble Sodium 28.33% compared with irrigation with river water.

Effect of Some Chelated Fertilizers Sources of Iron in the Growth and Yield of Cucumber Under Protected Farming Conditions

F. M. AL – Hamadani, A. A. AL- Hadethi and B. R. S

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A field experiment was conducted to study the effect of chelated Iron fertilizers produced from the reaction of Humic and Humic +Fulvic extracted from corn cubs and wheat straw with Iron sulphate added as Iron Humate (Fe-HAz) and Humate and fulvat Iron (Fe – HA +FAz ) extracted from corn cubs, Iron Humat (Fe –HAw ) ,Iron humat and fulvat (Fe–HA+FAw) extracted from wheat straw. Iron was also added as Fe–DTPA and FeSO4.7H2O. All sources were sprayed on the green part (A1 ) at a level of 2 Kg Fe.ha-1 and 10 kgFe.ha-1 when added to soil (A2) and half these amount added to green part and to soil (A3). Results showed that sources of Iron has significantly increasing cucumber yield .Fe-HA+FAz was out starting in the total yield, number of fruits and Phosphorus and Iron content. in leaves with the an increase of 33.69%, 36.32%, 30.59% and 145.81% respectively compared to control. mineral Iron source (FeSO4.7H2O) has achieved an increase of 18.73%, 9.90%, 11.90% and 57.55% of the parameters respectively compared to control. Fe-HA+FA extracted from wheat straw has achieved highest content of N and K in leaves with an increase of 61.23% and 114.08 % in comparison with the control treatment.

Efficiency of Some Chelated Fertilizers Sources of Zinc in the Growth and Production of Cucumber Under Protected Farming Conditions

A. A. AL- Hadethi , F. M. AL– Hamadani and B. R. S

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A field experiment was conducted to study the efficiency of chelated zinc fertilizers produced from the reaction of Humic and Humic +Fulvic extracted from corn cubs and wheat straw with zinc sulphate added as zinc Humate (Zn-HAz) and Humate and fulvat zinc (Zn–HA +FAz) extracted from corn cubs, Zinc Humat (Zn –HAw ) ,zinc humat and fulvat (Zn–HA+FAw) extracted from wheat straw. zinc was also added as Zn–DTPA and ZnSO4.7H2O. All sources were sprayed on the green part (A1) at a level of 2 Kg Zn.ha-1 and 10 kgZn.ha-1 when added to soil (A2) and half these amount added to green part and to soil (A3). Results showed that sources of zinc has significantly increasing cucumber yield. Zn-HA+FAz was out starting in the total yield, number of fruits and Phosphorus and Zinc content. in leaves with the an increase of 54.44%, 68.51%, 42.89% and 312.30% respectively compared to control. mineral zinc source (ZnSO4.7H2O) has achieved an increase of 32.22%, 35.07%, 13.921% and 151.97% of the parameters respectively compared to control . Zn-HA+FA extracted from wheat straw has achieved highest content of N and K in leaves with an increase of 80.78%, and 79.16% in comparison with the control treatment

Effect of organic Wastes on growth of corn (Zea Mays L.) Irrigated sewage water treated by phosphate rock.

Y. K. AL-Haddithy H. K. Hamad

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

Pots experiment carried out at college of Agriculture–university of Anbar during fall season 2012 to study effect of using cob of corn analyzed in growth of corn irrigated sewage treated by phosphate rock. This study including two factors was :irrigation water quality is. Fresh water (river water) w1and sewage treated by phosphate rock w2, no treated sewage w3. Second factor is ,organic wastes levels and forth levels is (O0) no added, (O1) 10 ton. hectar-1, (O2) 20 ton. hectar-1 and (O3) 30 ton.hectar-1 with three replicated using (RCBD).In the experiment end measured dry weight and plant heights were taken, also concentration of Fe, Mn, Zn, Cd for green part Decrease in dry weight for green part and plant heights when irrigated with no treated sewage it was values 42.01gm and 48.87 cm respectively, while increased in to 73.23, 74.60 gm and 85.17, 88.15 cm respectively with sewage treated by phosphate rock and fresh water. and Increase in dry weight with increasing organic waste levels it was 55.13, 63.33, 66.70, 67.97 gm respectively, as plant heights values 64.03, 75.60, 77.63, 78.99cm respectively with addition levels O0, O1, O2, O3. also Decrease of Fe, Mn, Zn, Cd concentrations for green part with irrigated sewage treated by phosphate rock it was 25.07, 25.40, 14.53, 0.19 mg.kg-1 respectively comparing no treated sewage it was values 30.62, 51.50, 23.02, 0.21 mg.kg-1 respectively. and Increasing of organic wastes level resulted Increase of Fe, Mn, Zn, concentrations in green part it was 29.54, 38.34, 19.08 mg.kg-1 respectively comparing with control. while decrease Cd concentration with organic wastes addition.

Effect Of Fuel Oil And Shenmbelan Plant On Some Hydraulic

Bassam Al Din Al Khteb Husham Mustafa Subhie Abd

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

Experiment was conducted at Al-Anbar university, Ramadi city to study the effects of fuel oil and shenmblan plant on some hydraulic properties of the gypsum soil . After dilution with benzene, fuel oil was mixed with soil in the ratio of 1 and 2 % based on soil dry weight. The plant was air dried and sieved through 2 cm diameter sieve and mixed with the soil in the ratio of 2, 4 and 6 % based on soil dry weight. Fuel and shenmblan plant mixed soil was incubated at field capacity for 30 days. Control was let without any addition. Horizontal water infiltration was estimated . Soil water diffusivity and Weighted Mean diffusivity was calculated. Unsaturated hydraulic conductivity as a function of volume moisture content. Data of distance of wetting front development with time were used for estimation of soil water permeability .Sorptivity was estimated from data of horizontal water infiltration in soil columns. Results could be briefed as follows: Soil water diffusivity and weighted mean diffusivity decreased when fuel oil and shenmblan plant were added. The decrease continued with increase in fuel oil and shenmblan plant ratios. unsaturated hydraulic conductivity decreased as fuel oil and shenmblan plant ratios increased. Addition of fuel oil and shenmblan plant caused a decrease in soil Penetrability to water . This decrease continued with increasing the ratios of fuel oil and shenmblan plant. Permeability value was 2.4980 cm/min1/2 for control and became 2.2084 and 2.1598 cm/min1/2 for l and 2 % fuel oil treatments, respectively, and 2.3160, 2.1916 and 1.8648 cm/min1/2 for 2 , 4 and 6 % of the shenmblan plant treatments , respectively . Sorptivity decreased when fuel oil and shenmblan plant were added .The value was 1.9057 cm/min1/2 for control, and became 1.8461 and 1.8095 cm/min1/2 for land 2 % fuel oil treatments, respectively, and 1.5414, 1.4705 and 1.2463 cm/min1/2 for 2, 4 and 6 % of the shenmblan plant treatments, respectively.

Effect of tillage depth and softening on some soil physical properties of potato growth and yield

SH. M. Almehmdy

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

The experiment was conducted to study the effect of tillage depths and softening on some soil physical properties, potato growth and yield (Solonum Tubersum L.) class Desiree during spring season of 2012. The experiment includes two factors; first, three tillage depths (d); 15 cm (d1), 30 cm (d2) and 45 cm (d3). Second factor: three softening soil (s) for levels: single softening (S1) and double softening (S2) and trible softening (S3). The treatments were distributed as a factorial experiment in three replicates in randomized complete block design. The irrigation was done at 50% depletion from available water, according to crop growth stages, depending on evaporation pan losses. The soil moisture content was measured at two tentions (0.3 , 15) bar before planting, also moisture contents are measured before and after 24 hr. Irrigation for crop maturity stage, to determinate volumetric soil moisture content. Bulk density and soil penetration resistance were measured before planting and after harvesting. Also crop length, root masses and tuber yield were measured at the end of season. The results showed that: By increasing tillage depths from 15 to 30 and 45 cm, some physical properties of soil were improved, increasing of volumetric soil moisture content and decreasing of bulk density, soil penetration resistance. Some properties of growth and potato yield were improved. While obtained negative effect of studied soil properties and growth, potato yield at frequency of soil softening. Positive percentages have been obtained for both physical properties of soil , growth and yield of potato when increasing tillage depths from 15 to 45 cm and soil softening for single , and as follows: Bulk density, soil resistance for penetration and root length have decreased about 8.00 , 40.00 and 26.32% respectively. Whereas root mass values and yield of potato increase about 39.10 , 42.00% , respectively.

Isolated and identification the oxadition and reduction bacteria from sulfate water in 70 K. region

Idham A.A.1, A.Shakar 2 , S. Abed Arzga

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A study was conducted at college of Agriculture University Anbar for evaluate the suitability of available sulfur water resources in the western desert region ,The study was focused on the available water treatment choices which guaranteed using sulfur water without any environment or health risks. A field study and survey for the existing wells was carried out including determination at wells flow rate, sulfur compounds content. Abundance and distribution for Sulfur oxidizing and reducing bacteria was isolated and study. The results showed the sulfur water was already existing in the western desert region particulate in the kilo 70 area which has the highest sulfur content, four sulfur oxidizer bacterial isolates were obtained 40% percentage and identification 2 isolates the first on T. thiopurus and the second T. dovellus, also gets 2 isolates from the sulfur reductase anaerobic bacteria with 20% percentage , identification to Desulfovibro spp. also microbial inoculated was prepared.

Effect of Leaching requirements and plot dimensions on salt distribution and growth, Yield of maize (Zea mays L.) irrigated with saline water

W.F. AL-Shammar Y.K. Hamza

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A field experimental was conducted in fall 2008 at Heet city of Al Anbar governorate in silty clay soil to study the effect of leaching requirement and plot dimensions on salt distribution and yield of maize crop. In irrigation was used saline mixed water 3 ds.m-1 from salty water well water of 5.83 ds.m-1 from the area has been mixed with Euphrates water of 1.07 ds.m-1. (R.C.B.D) factorial experiment was applied to study two factors the first was Leaching requirements with three level (0%, 15%, 25%) and the second factor was plot dimensions with two level (4×5) and (2×10).The design was used with three replicates. Results of this experiment showed that : Using L.R of 15% level caused an increase in grain yield of maize in compared to control where the production was depressed .When increasing L.R level up to 25% the yield was decreased to 10.27 ,11.32 and 10.50 Mg.ha -1 for control, with no addition of L.R there was an increase of an-ions and cations accumulation at soil surface layers and decreased with depth. It were for 35.5 ,37.1 ,35.7 and 32.7 meq.L-1 for depths 0-30 ,30-60, 60-90 and 90-120 cm respectively in comparing with total cautions of the soil before farming for the same depths respectively. They were 12.86 , 14.04 ,11.84 and 8.33 meq .L-1 same result were recorded for the anions, results indicated a decrease in cations and anions concentrations at surface layers and an increase of these ions at the lower layers by using L.R of 15% and 25% level data were 5.81, 7.14, 7.55 and 10.86 meq.L-1 for 15% L.R level for 5 depths 0-30 ,30-60, 60-90 and 90-120 cm respectively, with increasing L.R level to 25% .the total cautions were 4.51, 6.84, 7.25 and 13.5 meq.L-1 for same depths respectively .

Effect of Foliar application of Agrosoil – Plex on yield and yield Components of Wheat

Basher H. Abdullah Hamed K. Saleh Mohammed O. Al-U

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A field experiments were conducted during winter season of 2008-2009 at three locutions in Karkook irrigation Project , using two wheat cultivars (Sham-6 and IPA-99 ) to evaluated the effect of foliar application et Agrosoil-plex on yield and yield Components . R.C.B.D design with three replicates were used . Three treatment (T) were used at the three locations of two cultivars as a following : T1 = 30Kg (p20s) ha 1-applicated at sowing stage + 40kg (n) . ha which were application at three pant (1.3 at sowing stage , 1.3 at tillering stage and 1.3at Flowering stage ) . T2= Ti+ Foliar application ( Agrosoil – plex ) at one time with rate 150 mil. Ha-1 a ttilening stage . T3= Ti+ Foliar application ( Agrosoil – plex) at two at two time with rate 150 mil. Ha-1 at each time ( the First were at tillering and the second at booting stage ) . The plant height , number of kernels /spike , number of spike / m , 1000 kernels weight and grain yield at maturity stage were measured . The results revealed the Following : There is a significant differences between the three treatments of the two cultivars between the three treatments of the two cultivars in all studied character is tics except the 1000 Kernels weight of sham -6 Cultivar only . Foliar application (Agrosoil – plex) treatments (T2andT3) Surp aced the (T1) treatment , and (T3) treatment Surp aced the (T2) treatment in of hen Characters of the two Cultivars (T3) Treatment showed significant increased in grain yield with percentage 43-17% and 14-68% at sham – 6 and 33-97% and 16.27% of IPA-99 cultivar compared with (T1) and (T2) treatment respectively , and (T2) showed significant increased in grain yield with percentage 24.84% and 15.22% Compared with (T1) at the two cultivars Sham -6 and IPA-99 especially.

Effect of Compound Fertilizer and Spraying of Organic Nutrient Org– 306 on the Growth and Yield of Peanut

Hamada .M. AL – Fahdawi

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A field experiment was conducted in summer season 2011 in loam soil , to study the response of peanut growth and the yield to three levels of compound fertilizer 18% N , 46% P2O5 it (0 , 200 , 400) kg.h-1 were regarded as main plots , and organic nutrient org – 306 spraying (without spray , one spray ,two spray , three spray) were sub plots. These factors (3×4) were input with split plots system in Randomized Block Design in three replicates. Seeds were planted on 18 May, 100 cm between lines, 20 cm between hills, two seeds in each one. Many characteristics were evaluated and the following results were obtained: adding 400 kg.h-1 of compound fertilizer gave higher significant rate of plant dry weight about 155.8 gm , while the application of 200 kg.h-1 gave the highest rates of seeds number per plant 40.2 seeds , sound mature pods 81.5% and gave 4.8 , 3.2 t.h-1 for pods and seed yield respectively. Nutrient organic, org – 306 foliar for once with high level of compound fertilizer influenced significantly in plant dry weight and gave the highest rate about 209.9 gm. while it didn’t affect significantly the other characteristics. Consequently, compound fertilizer DAP is more effective in comparison with the organic nutrient for Org - 306 growth and yield of peanut.

EFFECT OF LOCATION AND EARLY DATE PLANTING ON YIELD AND ITS COMPONETS OF COTTON (Gossypium hirsutum L.) LASHATA VARIETY

A.H.A . AL-Wagga O.A. Ahmmed H.A. AL-wahab

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A field experiment was carried out at planting cotton in different date in Diyala province during growing season 2012 .The study include two location the first in farm research of agriculture collage / Diyala University the second in AL-mansoraya district near mountain chain Hmreen .The aim of present study was to determine the best perfect date planting variety (Lashata) in Diyala . four date planting was in (15/2,1/3,15/3,1/4) in two location and knowing effect date plant in characteristic and yield cotton .Design of experiment (R.C.B.D) in three replication .Results indication that first date planting in 15/2 gave a significant effect in indicator seed ,number bolls /plant and increase both number of open bolls ,bolls weight .Also Results showed the first location was significant effect in indicator seed ,number bolls /plant ,number of open bolls ,bolls weight and lint yield percentage up to (4.84 ,12.91 ,25.3 ,18.9 and 43.44 ) respectively .

Effect of Seed Soaking with pyridoxine, height and stages cutting in growth and Yield forage of Sorghumbicolor L. Moench.

NIHAD M.ABOOD , HAMEED KH. KHRBEET and . HAMDI J.

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A field experiment was conducted at the experimental farm of field crops department , Collage of Agriculture Abu - Ghraib ,Univ. of Baghdad , Iraq during the growing seasons of 2010 and 2011, to evaluate the effects of seed soaking with pyridoxine, cutting height and stages on some agronomic traits, green fodder yield and forage quality of Sorghumbicolor L. Moench cv. Kaffir. Layout of the experiment was Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) using split-split plot arrangement with three replicates. Pyridoxine concentration (0, 2, 4, and 6g/L) were assigned as main plots and cutting height (10, 20 and 30cm) above soil surface as sub-plots , while cutting stages at ( vegetative growth , 50% flowering and dough stage ) as a sub-sub plots . In each season three cuts were taken and in each one , the following traits were studied . Plant height, plant leaf area, green fodder yield, yield and percent of dry matter.The highest level of pyridoxine (6 g/L) resulted in a significant increment in plant height, plant leaf area, green fodder yield, dry matter yield, Plants with cutting height of 10 cm above soil surface gave the highest yield of green fodder and dry matter.

Effect of Planting Dates, Nitrogen Levels, and Spacing Between Plants on Seed Quality of oilseed Rape ( Brassica napus L.).

A.A.AL-Hameed* , A.M.A.AL-Jumaily** and A.Y.Nasra

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A field trail was conducted at the experimental farm , Field crop station, IPA center for agricultural research , Baghdad , Iraq 2002-2003 season to determine the effects of sowing dates, levels of nitrogen, distance during plants and the interaction between them on seed quality of rapeseed var. Cam-c. Rapeseed was sown in four sowing dates (5 0ct , 25 0ct , 14 Nov, 4 Dec). Every date was sown in a separated experiment. Split- plot design with four replications was used for each date. The main plots included the nitrogen levels (100, 200, 300) Kg N / ha, while the sub-plots included the distance (4, 8, 12)cm between plants. The results indicated that the first planting date 5 Oct gave the highest percentages of oil, linoleic, linolenic, erucic acids 43.49%, 18.94%, 11.94%, 42.78% and the lowest percentages of protein and oleic acid (27.95%, 9.34%) respectively. Whereas the fourth planting date gave the lowest percentages of oil, linoleic, linolenic, erucic acids 40.64%, 17.09%, 11.29%, 39.85% and the highest percentages of protein and oleic acid 29.81%, 13.4%respectively.The level 300 Kg N. ha-1 gave the highest percentage of protein 29.65% and the lowest percentages of oil, oleic, linoleic, linolenic, erusic acid 41.28%, 16.72%, 17.54%, 11.41%, 39.68% respectively, whereas 100 Kg N.ha-1 gave the lowest percentage of oil, oleic, linoleic, linolenic, erucic acids 42.96%, 11.78%, 18.54%, 11.70%,42.69%respectively.The intra-spacing 4cm gave the highest percentages of oil, oleic, linolenic, erucic 42.38%, 11.46%, 11.9%. 41.80%,and the lowest percentage of protein 28.73% whereas the intra- spacing 12cm gave the lowest percentages of oil, oleic, linolenic, erucic 41.84%, 11.08%, 11.47%, 40.70% and the highest percentage of protein 28.90% respectively. The interaction between the fourth planting date 4 Dec with 300 Kg N.ha-1 gave the highest protein percentage 30.02% and the lowest erucic acid percentage 38.14% while the first planting date 5 Oct with 100 Kg N.ha-1 gave the lowest protein percentage 27.54 and the highest percentage of erucic and linolinc acids44.12%,9.18respectively.It was concluded that early planting date gave the highest percentages of oil and erucic acid which is suitable for industrial purposeswhereas the oleic percentage increased in late planting

COMPETITIVE ABILITY OF SOME SOYBEAN CULTIVARS UNDER DIFFERENT PLANT DINSITIES WITH WEEDS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON YIELD, AND YIELD COMPONENTS

Jasim M. AL-Jumailly Faik T. AL-Chalabi Abdul-Late

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

A field experiment was conducted at a field located in Ramadi city/ Al-Anbar province during the growing seasons of 2010 and 2011, to evaluate the potential variations in growth traits of some soybean cultivars and its role in determining of competitive ability of these cultivars to accompanied weeds and their inpact on yield and yield components.. The study involved four different weed treatments (weedy, weed free,Treflan EC45% herbicide spray at recommended concentration(1.152 g.ha-1)and half of recommended concentration, respectively) as main treatments, whereas, sub plots involved two plant densities which were (400000 plants.ha-1) and (266666 plants.ha-1). Sub-sub plots comprised of four soybean cultivars (Ls 75, Lee 74, Giza 111 and Giza 35).For soybean cultivars, Giza 111 characterized with its ability to reduced weeds density and its dry weights, and increased control percentage of the accompanied weeds in a degree better than other cultivars under study. This cultivar achieved higher mean values for no. of pods (86.58 and 92.51 pod. plant -1), 100 seed weight (14.39 and 14.27 g) for both seasons, respectively. This was positively reflected in total yield characterizing this cultivar by showing higher means (3.422 and 4.085 t. ha-1). This gave an indicator that this cultivar had an ability to tolerate weed competition comparing with Ls 75 cultivar which recorded the lowest means for most studied traits. Most of soybean cultivars showed a response to the different treatments of weed control higher than their response to plant densities in reducing accompanied weed density. However, weed density significantly decreased in the highest crop density (D1) comparing with lowest density (D2) during the period 90 days in both seasons. The density ( D1) gave highest seeds yield

Compared the Efficiency Of Botanical Extract Oxamatrin and Bio-insecticicd Abamectin to Controlling Myzus persicae Aphid Insect on Hybrid Eggplant Solanum melongena in Greenhouses

Ahmad Mohammed Tarek

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

This research carried out in one of the greenhouses for the 2010-2011 season. Transplant eggplant Barcelona species being the most common and chosen two kinds of modern insecticides the first one is: botanical extract insecticide Oxamatrine and the second was bio-insecticide Abamectin is derived from fungi to controlling an insect of peach green Myzus persicae, then used Three concentrations of each pesticide. egg hatching of egg treated pesticide Abamectin was reduced to 9.5% at the highest concentration 0.05 ml active ingredient / liter of water, while the effect was lighter when less concentrations. While for botanical extract Oxamatrine did not have an impact effect on the percentage of eggs to hatch. and continued influence these pesticides on the Emerging nymphs from treated eggs where the mortality percentage to 58.9% when using Abamectin, either for Oxamatrine has reached 36.66%. .The treatment of new hatching nymphs resulted in Abamectin pesticides concentration of 0.05 ml active ingredient / liter of water to the death of all the nymphs after seven days, compared with 92 .5 death of nymphs treatment during Age latter and the same concentration of the pesticide either for extract vegetable Oxamatrine reached the highest death of 73.9% when treated nymphs first instars after one day of treatment, compared with 57.25% for the nymphs treatment last instars' with the same concentration and after one day, too. The impact of these transactions reflected on the final quantitative production of the crop, where increased weight of winning each plant to 7.75, and 6.20 kg / plant when using Abamectin and Oxamatrine respectively either the number of fruits / plant stood at 62.75 and 59.88 when Abamectin and Oxamatrine, respectively, and finally on the weight of the fruit reaching 118.2 and 98.6 g when Abamectin and Oxamatrine respectively., which demonstrates the effectiveness of the use of these alternative pesticides to protect the eggplant and insect control using the IPM programs.

Efficacy of some chemical and biological insecticides in reducing infestation and yield losses caused by the spiny cotton bollworm Earias insulana (Boisd) ( Lepidoptera : Noctuidae) on Lashata cultivar

Sindab S. Jasim Aldahwi 1 Abdul -Sattar A. Ali 2 S

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

Field experiments were undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of some chemical and biological insecticides against the spiny cotton bollworm Earias insulana (Boisd) and their impact on yield component of cotton, cultivar Lashata, at the location of the College of Agriculture /Abu-Ghraib during the growing season of 2010.Resulte indicated the superiority of the insecticide Cypermethrin in reducing losses in quantitative and qualitative characters of yield components of cotton, when used as one spray or two sprays during the growing season. The insecticide Comodor came the second in the effectiveness followed by Hostathion,the growth regulator Match and the biological insecticide Agreen respectively. When the insecticides where applied as one spray during bud formation stage, the percentages of yield losses in row cotton were,27.4, 30.2, 32.8, 35.3 and 37.6% respectively . However ,when these insecticides where applied for two times, the first one was at bud formation stage and the second was at the flowering and boll formation stage ,the percentages of yield losses were,15.4,18.2,19.6,21.5,and 24.3% for the mentioned insecticides respectively. According to the results of the present experiment ,the tested insecticides were varied in their effectiveness, however any of them could be used for controlling the pest ,taking in consideration the whole agro ecosystem, the timing of application and the growth stage of the host plant in order to ensure better control and environmental safety.

Separation and identification of pigments in tomato residue

Abdulmajeeed H. Al – samarraie(1), Nahla, T. Al –

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

Carotenoids of dry tomato residues were extracted by two systems of solvent namely acetone - petroleum ether (b . p. 40 – 60 °C)(System 1) and acetone – hexane – ethanol (1 : 2 : 1) (System 2) . The pigments in extracts were identified by HPLC technique . From the 17 pigments identified , lycopene was the major . System 2 gave higher percentage of lycopene (80.9 %) as compared with system 1 which gave 39.6 % . Formation of 37.7% of lycopene diepoxide might be the reason for the reduced percentage of lycopene when System 1 was used . ? – Carotene was extracted effeceintly (2.51%) by system 2 , while the percentage decreased to 1.7% when using System 1 due to oxidation which produse 1.8% of ? – Carotene diepoxide. On the contrary Lycoxanthin was efficiently extracted by system 1 (8%) rather than system 2 (2.1%) . Cis – isomers , mainly Cis – Lycopen – 1 was extracted by both systems (6.6 and 9.6% respectively). The appearance of these isomers may be due to exposure to light with oxygen

The Effect of Interference between Honey and Antibiotic on some Biological Features to Staphylococcus aureus

Hamdi A. Naeef ** Laith M. Najeeb ** Noor M. Taher

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

In the Study we investigate the effectiveness of interference between honey and antibiotics to Staphylococcus aureus, which one of the most resistant pathogens to antibiotics, and study there sensitivity forward 16 antibiotic and consecutive concentrations of honey, in addition to the interference between honey and antibiotics, and study the effect of honey on total lipids in bacterial cells. The results of sensitive test shown that, the isolation display variance response to antibiotics which used in this experiment, and also proved the high sensitivity of the isolation toward antibiotics like: Clindamycin, Amikacin and Ciprofloxacin, the most influential antibiotic with inhibition diameters 28, 21 and 20 mm, respectively. Increasing sensitivity of isolation in direct correlation with the increasing concentration of honey, and the isolation have recorded the maximum inhibition diameter 16.5 mmdisk in concentration 50% of honey, and when examining the interference between honey and antibiotics, results showed evident disparity in their sensitivity to the treatment, depended antibiotic type and honey concentration . In general the antibiotics activity increasing when the honey concentration is increase for example , the bacterial isolate became sensitive to Amoxillin clavulanic acid in diameters range between 31 and 34 to the treatment of antibiotic and honey wile , the isolate was resist to treatment of antibiotic alone . On the other hand the result showed effect of honey to change the total lipids, the honey decreasing the lipids in the bacterial cells opposition with concentration of Honey

Using Honey in Inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus

Hanaa Abdul LatefYaseen

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

Twenty eight samples from individuals at the Burning Ward in Ramadi General Hospital were collected. The objective was to isolate Staphylococcus aureus. These samples were all taken from patient women. Results have shown all samples belong to Staphylococcus, and that (26) isolates belong to Staphylococcus aureus germ with a ratio of (29.9%) and (2) isolate belong to Staphylococcus epidermidis with a ratio of (7.1%). Germ isolates were diagnosed using morphological and biochemical characteristics. The sensitivity of the isolates were tested against seven types of antibiotics. It was found that the highest average of inhibition diameter was (32) mm for Ciprofloxacin followed by Chromphenicol with an inhibition diameter of (30) mm, whereas Rifampin, Tobramycin and Cephotaxime gave the lowest inhibition diameter which was (2) mm. After that different concentrations ofnormal honey (20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80% besides the reference 100% concentration) were prepared. The inhibition activity of each of these concentrations on the different isolates of Staphylococcus using the spread method was carried out in addition to comparing the concentration inhibition circle with the used antibiotics. It was observed that the inhibition activity of the eight concentrations varied with concentration. The reference concentration gave a significant supremacy over all types of concentrations in inhibiting bacteria growth with an average of (42) mm Results of inhibition diameter of honey concentrations were compared with antibiotics. The highest inhibition activity belonged to honey concentration of 100% which was (42) mm representing inhibition activity higher than all antibiotics.

Compared the Efficiency Of Botanical Extract Oxamatrin and Bio-insecticicd

Ahmad Mohammed Tarek

Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume:11 Issue:2

This research carried out in one of the greenhouses for the 2010-2011 season. Transplant eggplant Barcelona species being the most common and chosen two kinds of modern insecticides the first one is: botanical extract insecticide Oxamatrine and the second was bio-insecticide Abamectin is derived from fungi to controlling an insect of peach green Myzus persicae, then used Three concentrations of each pesticide. egg hatching of egg treated pesticide Abamectin was reduced to 9.5% at the highest concentration 0.05 ml active ingredient / liter of water, while the effect was lighter when less concentrations. While for botanical extract Oxamatrine did not have an impact effect on the percentage of eggs to hatch. and continued influence these pesticides on the Emerging nymphs from treated eggs where the mortality percentage to 58.9% when using Abamectin, either for Oxamatrine has reached 36.66%. .The treatment of new hatching nymphs resulted in Abamectin pesticides concentration of 0.05 ml active ingredient / liter of water to the death of all the nymphs after seven days, compared with 92 .5 death of nymphs treatment during Age latter and the same concentration of the pesticide either for extract vegetable Oxamatrine reached the highest death of 73.9% when treated nymphs first instars after one day of treatment, compared with 57.25% for the nymphs treatment last instars' with the same concentration and after one day, too. The impact of these transactions reflected on the final quantitative production of the crop, where increased weight of winning each plant to 7.75, and 6.20 kg / plant when using Abamectin and Oxamatrine respectively either the number of fruits / plant stood at 62.75 and 59.88 when Abamectin and Oxamatrine, respectively, and finally on the weight of the fruit reaching 118.2 and 98.6 g when Abamectin and Oxamatrine respectively., which demonstrates the effectiveness of the use of these alternative pesticides to protect the eggplant and insect control using the IPM programs.